GIS and Petroleum Land Management


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Presentation from 2009 LandmanXchange Conference in Dallas, TX. Provides the concept and need for GIS and GPS in Land Services, Land Management, and Surface or ROW management.

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GIS and Petroleum Land Management

  1. 1. Mapping in the New Millennium: The use of GIS in Petroleum Land Management and Infrastructure Development William L. Gardner, Jr. M.I.S. Geospatial Scientist GIS Data Maps Lufkin, TX
  2. 2. What are Maps <ul><li>Maps function as a visualization tool for spatial data set to scale . </li></ul><ul><li>They are a simplified depiction of space, which highlights relations between objects within that space. </li></ul><ul><li>Cartography (The Art and Science of Map Making) dates back to the Stone Age and appears to predate written language by several millennia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lascaux Cave paintings 16,000 years old </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Maps and Petroleum Industry <ul><li>Every aspect of the Petroleum Industry requires accurate maps for decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Landmen require maps in all aspects of their work </li></ul><ul><li>Their work has an impact on both the client and the landowner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Landowners want to be able to visualize a rig location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clients want immediate status reports on their work </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Derived Information from Data <ul><li>A buy area creates incredulous amounts of information (paper) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geologic Evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lease Checks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title Summaries with Mineral Ownership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lease Purchases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unit Designations and Division Orders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Well Staking with Pad Site, Gathering Lines, and Lease Roads </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Landmen and Maps <ul><li>The staple for landmen for years has been the Tobin ® Maps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even the GLO and the RRC will refer you to them for information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some use the Compass & Allen scale </li></ul><ul><li>Many use Greenbrier Graphics or some other form of deed plotter software </li></ul><ul><li>Mineral ownership files are for each tract is in spreadsheet </li></ul>
  6. 7. Landmen, Maps and Data <ul><li>Drawing and coloring all this information on a Tobin ® gives you a pretty picture, but still does not give you access to your DATA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You have to bounce back and forth between your Tobin and your spreadsheet to work with your client. Oh and where is the LEASE?? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Lease Checks Title Summary Geologic data Lease Purchase Unit Decs Well Data, Facility Data, Financials Surface Data/Easements
  8. 9. Geographic Information Systems <ul><li>Geographic Information Systems (GIS) captures, stores, analyzes, manages, and presents data that is linked to location </li></ul><ul><li>Location Data can be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Raster: Aerial photo’s, satellite imagery, scanned historic maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vector-Representing: Points (Fire Hydrants), Lines (Roads), Polygons or Areas (Tract Boundaries) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. The Structure of GIS <ul><li>GIS works with layers of geo-referenced information </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you the ability to link the spatial (map) aspect to the attributes (data) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Functions of GIS <ul><li>Provides centralized, rapidly recallable long term storage and retrieval of data or information </li></ul><ul><li>Can act as a Model or Planning tool towards future development </li></ul><ul><li>Can combine or intersect layers together to insure or prevent inadvertent construction or development of an area ** </li></ul>
  11. 12. Most Important Function of GIS <ul><li>Allows you to ask the Map a question to get a Database answer. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whose property is this? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allows you to ask the Database a question to get a Map answer. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where are my leases expiring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In other words, GIS allows you the ability to create “Smart Maps” </li></ul>
  12. 13. Additional Functions & Bargains <ul><li>Properly designed, databases allow for access of wealth of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Additional tables can be related for further even further information </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for hyperlinks of scanned documents, photo’s, CAD drawings, etc. </li></ul>
  13. 14. The GIS Map <ul><li>With GIS, the “onscreen” map is all most now a living, growing document. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As you add to, change from or delete, the changes are all reflected in the work. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EVERYTHING that you have worked on and put into a tract of land can now be at your fingertips. </li></ul><ul><li>GIS is rapidly becoming an applications platform that encompasses the entire lifecycle of the Petroleum sector. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Geologist Division Order Analyst Landman ROW Agent Accounting Engineering Production Supervisor Management/Owners
  15. 16. The GIS Map <ul><li>Paper maps are now a byproduct of the updates and analysis. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These maps can now show more sophisticated information and structure </li></ul></ul>
  16. 20. The Other Influence: GPS <ul><li>Data is commonly generated from: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical Maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerial Photos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey Notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Positioning Systems (GPS) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 21. GPS Overview <ul><li>GPS is a complex system of satellites (32) and computers (ground stations) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>24 of these satellites are in constant orbit, 2 are in geosynchronous with the United States </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Each satellite has an atomic clock in it for accurate time sequencing </li></ul><ul><li>These satellites communicate with receivers to determine the latitude and longitude of the receiver on Earth by computing the time difference for signals from different satellites to reach the receiver </li></ul>
  18. 22. Basic (Recreational) GPS Units <ul><li>Accuracy: 9-15 ft (especially if WAAS enabled) </li></ul><ul><li>Are fairly inexpensive </li></ul><ul><li>Are fairly easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Can put a point on the map and can navigate you to a location fairly accurately </li></ul>
  19. 23. Map Grade GPS <ul><ul><li>Accuracy: Less than foot to less than 3 ft. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trimble Geo-XH is now sub-foot </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can collect points, lines, and areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can build a database at same time spatial data is captured </li></ul></ul>
  20. 24. Pulling It All Together <ul><li>With GPS, information on the ground that is either: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To small to be seen from aerial photography, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To new to be on an aerial photograph </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can be captured with accuracy and added to the existing data in the map. </li></ul><ul><li>This data can then be used to make informed decisions regarding your lease, well, or surface </li></ul>
  21. 25. Pulling It All Together <ul><li>GIS with GPS bring all data/information to the desktop </li></ul><ul><li>No more fumbling through file cabinets </li></ul><ul><li>Once data stored, it can be retrieved at any time in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Long term cost benefits have constantly shown to outweigh initial investments </li></ul>
  22. 26. Is GIS Currently Being Used?? <ul><li>Chevron is according to some sources the first company to use GIS in the mid 1980’s </li></ul><ul><li>Today, most every major E & P company uses GIS to centralize their data </li></ul><ul><li>Most every Major Pipeline Company is heavily involved </li></ul><ul><li>This trend will continue as both the market and technology evolve </li></ul>
  23. 27. Why Do I Need To Learn This? <ul><li>With tight economic climate, client companies are going to expect more for their money </li></ul><ul><li>Brokers in order to keep long term clients need to invest for future lease expirations. </li></ul><ul><li>Landmen need to centralize and store for ready retrieval information pertinent to their profession. </li></ul>
  24. 28. Investment & Training <ul><li>At minimum, ArcGIS ArcVIEW needs to be purchased preferably with Microsoft Access or Crystal Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Training can be through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tutorials: Getting to Know ArcGIS Desktop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online training: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authorized software training center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third party training center geared to specific industry </li></ul></ul>
  25. 29. Data Acquisition or Purchase <ul><li>Federal Geo Data One Stop: </li></ul><ul><li>State Agencies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Texas Natural Resource Information Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>County Appraisal Districts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third party organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobin, HTSI, Whitestar. </li></ul></ul>
  26. 30. Can I Learn this? <ul><li>Changing technology will require Landmen to learn GIS so if you want to stay in the game, guess what!! </li></ul><ul><li>Expect a steep learning curve at first, but it does get easier </li></ul><ul><li>Even with training, you will not REALLY learn the software till you apply it to a real world scenario </li></ul><ul><li>Be patient and subscribe to blogs and postings. </li></ul>
  27. 31. Questions?? Much thanks to JD Carr and Don Childs with for allowing me the opportunity to present at this forum W. L. Gardner, Jr. M.I.S. Geospatial Scientist GIS Data Maps Lufkin, TX. 936-676-4837