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2017 Greater Mekong Forum - Session 28 - Electric power cooperation in the GMS from the perspective of energy security


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This presentation, given by Associate Professor Tan Min of Kunming University of Science and Technology, was the second in session 28 of the Greater Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy that looked at the regional power trade cooperation in the Greater Mekong. As the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) cooperation, it was well recognized that full scale regional electricity trade represents an unprecedented opportunity for economic and environmental benefits for individual countries and the entire Greater Mekong Sub-region. After decades of insignificant volumes of cross-country electricity trade, GMS countries have not reached a consensus on several important issues for building a regional power trade market. Recently, Yunnan Province has moved from power deficit to power surplus. The provincial government and the power companies are seeking ways to export excess electricity to the neighboring countries where power demands are high. This session was designed to discuss the potential and prospects of GMS regional power trading, the benefits and challenges of such a trade, and proposals for further cooperation from legal, economic and technical perspectives with the aim to promoting the trade.

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2017 Greater Mekong Forum - Session 28 - Electric power cooperation in the GMS from the perspective of energy security

  1. 1. Electric Power Cooperation In GMS From The Perspective Of Energy Security TAN Min Dr. & Associate Prof. Kunming University of Science and Technology, China
  2. 2. 1.Does Energy Security Have Different Dimensions? Supply Security: Consumer Country/Import Country Demand Security: Producing Country/Export Country Transport Security: Consumer Country/Import Country Producing Country/Export Country Use Security: Consumer Country
  3. 3. 2.WhatAre The Dimensions Of Electric Power Security? Supply Security: Production<Demand Demand Security: Production>Demand Transport Security: City→Village Station→User Use Security: Harmful to User? Harmful to Environment?
  4. 4. 3.What Kind Of Electric Power Security Do GMS Members Meet With? Cambodia: Supply Security, Transport Security Laos: Supply Security, Transport Security Myanmar: Supply Security, Transport Security Thailand: Supply Security, Transport Security Vietnam: Supply Security, Transport Security China(Yunnan & Guangxi): Demand Security
  5. 5. 4.How Will GMS Members Deal With Electric Power Security They Meet With? Solve By Themselves Cooperate With Other Countries
  6. 6. 5.Which Countries Can GMS Members Choose To Cooperate With When Facing Electric Power Security? Other GMS Members Other Neighbor Countries
  7. 7. 6.WhatAre The Advantages Of GMS Members Choosing To Cooperate With Other GMS Members When Facing Electric Power Security? Geographical Reason: Closer To The Distance Institutional Reason: Common Rules Constraint
  8. 8. 7. What Can GMS Members Do When Dealing With Electric Power Security By Cooperating With Other GMS Members? Trade: Buy or Sell Investment: Import or Export
  9. 9. 8.What Institutional Constraints Exist Between Or Among GMS Members Carrying Out Electric Power Cooperation? World Trade Organization: GATT, GATS, TRIMs, etc. ASEAN-China Free Trade Area: TIG Agreement, TIS Agreement, INVESTMENT Agreement, etc. Greater Mekong Subregion Economic Cooperation: IGA, RPTOA, MOU-1, MOU-2, etc. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank: $ 120 billion
  10. 10. 9.What RegulationsAre Bound The Electric Power Cooperation Between Or Among GMS Members? Trade Liberalization Article 3 of TIG Article 11 of GATT & Article 2 of TIG Non-Discrimination Article 1 of GATT & Article 2 of GATS Article 3 of GATT & Article 17 of GATS Article 2 of TIG & Article 19 of TIS Promote Investment Liberalization Article 2,4,5,10 of INVESTMENT Agreement Fair and Impartial Investment Protection Article 7,8,9,14 of INVESTMENT Agreement Judicial Settlement of Disputes
  11. 11. 10.What Is The Role Of China In The Electric Power Cooperation Between Or Among GMS Members? China’s Policy: “Belt & Road” Initiative China - ASEAN Investment Cooperation Fund: $ 10 Billion Silk Road Fund: $ 40 Billion Lancang–Mekong Cooperation Fund: $ 10 Billion (ing) China’s Hope: Supply Electric Power To Other GMS Members Invest In Electric Power Sector Of Other GMS Members Base On Business Conditions Need Appropriate Protection