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Schneider Alex Kretschmer Presentation Deck Facility Modules Nyc Sept 2011


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Schneider Alex Kretschmer Presentation Deck Facility Modules Nyc Sept 2011

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Schneider Alex Kretschmer Presentation Deck Facility Modules Nyc Sept 2011

  1. 1. Data Center Facility ModulesAvailability, Integration, Operation & Maintenance, CostAxel KretschmerRegional Director Systems Engineers
  2. 2. Schneider Electric = energy managementbillion € sales in 2010 Energy Building Industry Power IT% of sales in new economies Diversified end markets – FY 2010 sales 1people in 100+ countries Utilities & Infrastructure 20% Industrial & machines 24% Data centres 17% Non-residential buildings 30% Residential 9%of sales devoted to R&D Listed on the Paris 1 Proforma with Areva D integrated on 12-month basis Stock Market – CAC40 2Schneider Electric
  3. 3. Data Center specific trends Booming demand for Efficiency of scale cost-effective solutions • Cloud computing • Market growth and solidity • Co-location & outsourcing • Competition to attract IT • Consolidation / load concentration • Density • Virtualization Speed and simplicity Energy consciousness • Complexity of greater heterogeneity and density • Energy and commodity • IT & facilities convergence, costs despite different cycles • Sustainability & global • Standardization, flexibility, warming awareness modularity • Smart grid demand • Public policy response 3Schneider Electric
  4. 4. Traditional data center defined ● Power and cooling devices from various manufacturers are integrated for a project ● Power and cooling equipment (other than heat rejection) is located indoors ● System performance is predicted by analysis ● Controls are created for the project ● Management software is customized for the project ● Cooling is by CRAC/CRAH units located in the IT room ● Air is distributed under floor via vented tiles ● Outdoor heat rejection via dry cooler, condensor, or cooling tower Used in over 90% of installed data centers Still used in over 80% of new data centers 4Schneider Electric
  5. 5. Traditional approaches create uniquechallenges for retrofits 5Schneider Electric
  6. 6. Modular power and cooling plants defined ● End-to-end power and cooling systems are pre-engineered and pre-manufactured ● Standard building blocks are available ● Modules may be internally fault tolerant, and can be combined to achieve redundancies ● Equipment arrives in pre-packaged modules, such as skids, containers, or kits ● System performance is guaranteed by spec ● Controls are standard ● Management software is standard for the modules Standardization is responsible for many of the benefits, modularity is the key enabler of standardization 6Schneider Electric
  7. 7. Four basic forms of modular power and cooling plants Plant provides power and1 chilled water to water cooled IT pods in rooms Plant provides power and2 chilled air to air cooled IT pods in rooms3 Plant provides power and chilled water to IT containers Plant provides power and4 chilled air to IT containers Note: All systems designed for IT loads using hot aisle containment Schneider Electric 7
  8. 8. 1/2 MW of power & cooling in 4 parking spaces 8Schneider Electric
  9. 9. Facility Module Family COOLING MODULE COOLING MODULE Chilled water Air 500kW 400kW POWER MODULE 500kW UPSSchneider Electric 1000kW Switchgear 9
  10. 10. Chilled Water Module Chiller Power Room Modular Chillers Free CoolersMechanical Room Chiller Cooler Controls Chilled Water Storage Tank Free Cooler Controls Service Access Door Service Access Door Grounding Plate - 4x 10Schneider Electric
  11. 11. Power Module Example 500kW Symmetra PX APC InRow™ Coolers 500kVA Transformer (optional) Critical Output Switchboard Service Access DoorsFire Suppression System Primary Switchboard Service Access Doors Equipment Rear Access Doors 11 Schneider Electric
  12. 12. Facility Module FamilyCOOLING MODULE COOLING MODULE POWER MODULEChilled water Air ● Two forms of ●480V to 208V step-down ●1300 gallon storage Economizers transformer (isolation tank ●Air-to-air heat exchange optional) (IEC=400v) ●Hydronics: DASH, ●Indirect Evaporative ●500 kW N+1 Symmetra chemical & glycol Cooling PX UPS system; 415V feeders, etc. ●50kW sensible cooling per in/out (IEC=400V) ●In-line vertical chilled module ●InRow™ RP coolers water pumps ●IEC Heat Exchanger (no ●Netbotz environmental ●BMS system mixing of IT air and outside air) monitoring and security ●VSD drives for pumps 12Schneider Electric
  13. 13. Why People Are Interested design installation commissioning fast Facility Modules weeks days days Traditional months months weeks take it with you easy to scale new or extend the life flexible Facility Modules yes yes yes Traditional no no no manufactured Pre programmed standardized system softwarepredictable Facility Modules yes yes yes Traditional no no no operation efficiency lead time tuned for max Facility Modules factory verified low-risk easy performance much time and Traditional field tested high-risk effort to tune 13 Schneider Electric
  14. 14. Facility changes are usually not fast or simple! 14Schneider Electric
  15. 15. Case Study - fast“Pre-manufactured or pre-fabricated approaches to data center construction offer a Time to Market reduction of greater than 50%.” The consultants jungle December 14th, 2010 15Schneider Electric
  16. 16. add capacity in building blocks-power, cooling, IT 16Schneider Electric
  17. 17. add redundancy to ITwith power and cooling blocks 17Schneider Electric
  18. 18. flexible to scale capacity 500 kW with room to grow 18Schneider Electric
  19. 19. flexible to scale capacity 500 kW to 1.0 MW 19Schneider Electric
  20. 20. flexible to scale capacity 500kW to 1.5 MW 20Schneider Electric
  21. 21. pre-programmed software =predictable efficiency without the large project 21 Schneider Electric
  22. 22. Modular data center Facility Infrastructure Management> StruxureWare StruxureWare for data centres IT Room management Security management Power management IP network StruxureWare StruxureWare StruxureWare Central Operations Power (InfraStruxure Central) (InfraStruxure Operations) (ION Enterprise) Controller Cooling Cooling Facility Power Module Air Module Water Module Racks UPS PDUs Chillers Security IP cameras, Door access Controls Temperature Switchgear, Sensors & Rack Heat Cooling Towers, Switchboards, Security Exchangers Pumps, Fans, ATS CRAC Heaters Economizer /Evaporative Chiller Plant Powe Plant IT room UPS, power HVAC control Video Security Racks, Cooling, Surveillance measurement 22Schneider Electric
  23. 23. 7+ Reasons why Facility Modules 23Schneider Electric
  24. 24. Reason #1: Economizer regulations ● ASHRAE, LEED, and local regulations require economizer modes Old model: Economizer assists mechanical plant, when possible New model: Mechanical plant assists economizer, when needed. ● Maximization of free cooling is a complex design and control problem, difficult to achieve in a unique design ● An integrated design, that considers IT supply temperatures and airflows, load factors, and ambient conditions is best achieved in a standardized, pre-engineered system Adding an economizer to a data center is like adding a turbocharger to a car: one-off attempts are not likely to perform well 24Schneider Electric
  25. 25. Economizer mode becomes dominant Hours where economizer mode carries 100% of the load Air-air heat exchanger technology Isolated from outdoor air; not fresh air Economizer carries part of load for remaining time IT inlet 80.6 degrees F Cooling plant at 2/3 rated load 25Schneider Electric
  26. 26. Reason #2: IT Power Management ● Power management functions in IT equipment will play a major role in reducing overall energy use of data centers Old model: Long term adaptations to slow changes in load New model: Cooling plant optimizes for wide swings in IT load ● Traditional plant design responds through interventions (moving tiles, turning equipment on and off, adding equipment) ● An optimizing cooling plant adapts to changing load and airflow requirements by design Dynamic power variation makes it much more complicated to predict performance and successfully implement a unique traditional design without gross over-provisioning 26Schneider Electric
  27. 27. Reason #3: Speed of deployment ● Modularity is not automatically faster ● Modularity allows standardization. It is standardization that makes cycle time faster Old model: 18 month design-build-commission cycle New model: 4 month order-install cycle. Design is off-the-shelf. Systems mainly pre-commissioned. ● Eventually standard power and cooling modules will be inventory items Buy a standard car is faster than build your own unique car 27Schneider Electric
  28. 28. Reason #4: Scale – Capacity, redundancy, .. ● Oversizing remains a major drag on the data center industry ● It is the dominant contributor to energy inefficiency ● It causes waste of CAPEX and OPEX Old model: Build it now because it is too painful - slow - risky - burdensome - costly to adapt later New model: Modular design for scalability ● Capacity can also be scaled to meet changes in power density and redundancy Designing with standardized modular plants is inherently more scalable than traditional methods 28Schneider Electric
  29. 29. Reason #5: Control & management systemcosts● Controls and management system cost in traditional data center is around $.50 -$1.50 per watt (under 10% of system cost)● To actually correctly engineer such unique systems for a traditional data center should cost about $5 per watt (nearly equal to expected system cost) if we ● Optimized for energy savings ● Did full testing under all operating and fault conditions ● Documented the system fully ● Embedded effective diagnostics ● Did appropriate fault-tree and event-tree analysis ● Designed to accommodate expected changes The costs of optimized control and management software must be spread across many data centers; Making standardized modular plants allows this 29Schneider Electric
  30. 30. Reason #6: Lower installed and operating costsExtra installed costs Installed cost savings ● Container / skid / package costs ● One-time engineering ● More smaller devices replace fewer ● Defer costs of capacity not yet larger devices required ● Programming & configuration ● Rigging ● Documentation ● Shipping / installing damage ● Factory vs field laborExtra operating costs ● Less field testing ● None identified Operating cost savings ● Reduced expertise requirements ● Energy costs ● No maintenance costs on capacity These savings are not speculative. yet required not they are common sense 30 Schneider Electric
  31. 31. Reason #7: Operation and Maintenance ● Reduced risk of human error ● Easier to standardize processes and procedures ● Repeatability – reduced field delays ● More flexibility to adapt to changing business needs Old model: One-off designs create unique requirements  higher risk New model: Continuous improvement across business / industry ● Makes concurrent maintainability easy This represents the majority of value as most risk of downtime is associated with operating and maintaining the data center. 31Schneider Electric
  32. 32. Conclusion ● Quality ● Repeatability ● Cost ● Just in Time ● Preservation of Capital ● Flexibility on Capacity and Redundancy ● PUE ● Concurrent Maintainability ● Integration into other Systems ● Operation and Maintenance 32Schneider Electric
  33. 33. Resources Economizer Modes of Data Center Cooling Systems APC White Paper 132 Containerized Power and Cooling Modules for Data Centers APC White Paper 163 Hot vs. Cold Containment for Data Centers APC White Paper 135 APC White Paper Library APC TradeOff Tools™ Library 33Schneider Electric
  34. 34. Help people make themost of their energy