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1. What is the LPI? 3. Main Findings and their Application 4. LPI Survey 2008 and Beyond 2. Implementation of the Survey
<ul><li>Trade logistics is playing an increasingly important role  </li></ul><ul><li>The LPI provides the most comprehensi...
What is the LPI The Project <ul><ul><li>Built upon the positive results demonstrated through pilot surveys that were carri...
<ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customs and border processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logistics c...
<ul><ul><li>World’s largest  freight forwarding  and  express carriers  companies, and several national/regional associati...
<ul><li>Innovative methodology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessments from professionals outside the country, trading with it <...
<ul><li>www.worldbank.org/lpi </li></ul><ul><li>Overall synthetic index (LPI) on a 1-5 scale, Ranking and component </li><...
LPI Survey - Implementation Respondents Within the Partners <ul><ul><li>Management agrees to sponsor the LPI survey with p...
Role of Partners Commitment <ul><ul><li>Assigned a global focal contact person in their firm who assisted with making prac...
World Map  provides a color-coded map for the global view of the overall LPI index and the seven key dimensions
Overall LPI Ranking  presents performance scores of all countries on the overall LPI index, as well as on the seven key di...
<ul><li>The overall LPI, on a 1 (worst) to 5 (best) scale) is aggregated by standard techniques (PCA) </li></ul>Overall LP...
Consistency & Robustness <ul><li>LPI consistent with intuitive knowledge of country performance, very specific ranking </l...
Numerical Outcomes
Key Findings <ul><li>Perceptions matter, professionals views are significant </li></ul><ul><li>Performance depends upon in...
More than income: the “logistics gap” China and Thailand
Key Policy Implications <ul><li>Expand the traditional agenda </li></ul><ul><li>infrastructure and customs IT, to areas su...
What is next? <ul><li>The World Bank and its partners plan to replicate the survey (Mid Nov-Mid Jan) </li></ul><ul><li>Imp...
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Connecting To Compete Nov7 2007 Rev

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Trade Logistics in the Global Economy

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Connecting To Compete Nov7 2007 Rev

  1. 3. 1. What is the LPI? 3. Main Findings and their Application 4. LPI Survey 2008 and Beyond 2. Implementation of the Survey
  2. 4. <ul><li>Trade logistics is playing an increasingly important role </li></ul><ul><li>The LPI provides the most comprehensive data on country performance </li></ul>Logistics Performance Index (LPI) and its indicators Unique and consistent resource for: policy makers, reformers, and the trade facilitation constituency
  3. 5. What is the LPI The Project <ul><ul><li>Built upon the positive results demonstrated through pilot surveys that were carried out for the World Bank by TSE, Finland. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is supported by the members of GFP with active support and participation of FIATA and GEA. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the product of a survey of operational staff in global forwarding and express carriers companies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is designed to assess their perception of trade logistics performance of the countries they are dealing with and in the country in which they operate. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is now available to policy makers, researchers, firms, stakeholders, and international organizations (e.g. World Bank, IMF, WTO, WCO, UNCTAD) to further promote the agenda of trade facilitation. </li></ul></ul>The Dataset <ul><li>The LPI is an effective measure of trade facilitation to allow policy makers and researchers to: </li></ul><ul><li> benchmark a country’s overall performance on several dimensions in trade logistics, and </li></ul><ul><li>assess the quality of a country’s connections to the global market </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customs and border processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logistics competence of local service providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timeliness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracking and Tracing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ease of arranging international shipments </li></ul></ul>Unique dataset to measure country performance across several dimensions of logistics:
  5. 7. <ul><ul><li>World’s largest freight forwarding and express carriers companies, and several national/regional associations were surveyed through a web-based questionnaire : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing country coverage - LPI Built upon 5500 country “international” assessments </li></ul></ul>Global Facilitation Partnership The GFP will be instrumental in the dissemination strategy. <ul><li>Partnership with the private sector </li></ul>World Bank TSE FIATA Global Express Other global partners
  6. 8. <ul><li>Innovative methodology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessments from professionals outside the country, trading with it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment of domestic business environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numerical information (time and cost data) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaire designed with input from logistics professionals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Primary data gathered for 150 countries </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>www.worldbank.org/lpi </li></ul><ul><li>Overall synthetic index (LPI) on a 1-5 scale, Ranking and component </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logistics Business environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numerical data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Available as: Rankings, Maps, scorecards </li></ul>
  8. 10. LPI Survey - Implementation Respondents Within the Partners <ul><ul><li>Management agrees to sponsor the LPI survey with project team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senior management identifies a focal person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The focal person mobilized operational personnel – the respondents – (i.e. sent an e-mail invitation to take the survey) </li></ul></ul>Partner entities Multinational firms/ National Associations of FF A two-step approach . <ul><ul><li>Respondents were the participating logistics professionals who deal with international shipments </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. Role of Partners Commitment <ul><ul><li>Assigned a global focal contact person in their firm who assisted with making practical arrangements for the LPI survey. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engaged key personnel worldwide in answering the LPI survey. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get access to comparative analysis of the logistics perceptions of their firm against the LPI results. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Receive a report on 30 countries of choice free of charge. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have the opportunity to interact with the LPI team of experts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtain the right to use the LPI logo for public relations. </li></ul></ul>Benefits
  10. 12. World Map provides a color-coded map for the global view of the overall LPI index and the seven key dimensions
  11. 13. Overall LPI Ranking presents performance scores of all countries on the overall LPI index, as well as on the seven key dimensions, in a sortable table format
  12. 14. <ul><li>The overall LPI, on a 1 (worst) to 5 (best) scale) is aggregated by standard techniques (PCA) </li></ul>Overall LPI Scores Country LPI Rank Score South Africa 24 3.53 Malaysia 27 3.48 Chile 32 3.25 Turkey 34 3.15 Hungary 35 3.15 Czech Republic 38 3.13 Poland 40 3.04 Latvia 42 3.02 Argentina 45 2.98 Estonia 47 2.95 TOP 10 COUNTRIES LOWER MIDDLE INCOME Country LPI Rank Score China 30 3.32 Thailand 31 3.31 Indonesia 43 3.01 Jordan 52 2.89 Bulgaria 55 2.87 Peru 59 2.77 Tunisia 60 2.76 Brazil 61 2.75 Philippines 65 2.69 El Salvador 66 2.66 TOP 10 COUNTRIES LOW INCOME Country LPI Rank Score India 39 3.07 Vietnam 53 2.89 Sao Tome and Principe 57 2.86 Guinea 62 2.71 Sudan 64 2.71 Mauritania 67 2.63 Pakistan 68 2.62 Kenya 76 2.52 Gambia, The 77 2.52 Cambodia 81 2.50 TOP 10 COUNTRIES UPPER MIDDLE INCOME
  13. 15. Consistency & Robustness <ul><li>LPI consistent with intuitive knowledge of country performance, very specific ranking </li></ul><ul><li>Homogeneous respondent population </li></ul><ul><li>The LPI, on a 1 (worst) to 5 (best) scale) is aggregated by standard techniques (PCA), so as to reduce noise, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confidence interval (+/- 10 %) provided, on average 8 places in the ranking. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. Numerical Outcomes
  15. 17. Key Findings <ul><li>Perceptions matter, professionals views are significant </li></ul><ul><li>Performance depends upon infrastructure, border processes, and quality of services - areas where significant gaps are observed but </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… the level of service (predictability, reliability) ultimately matters most for traders and depends upon the weakest link in the supply chain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Private sector services as well as public </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>More than income level </li></ul>LPI strongly associated with competitiveness outcomes: growth, trade expansion and diversification of exports
  16. 18. More than income: the “logistics gap” China and Thailand
  17. 19. Key Policy Implications <ul><li>Expand the traditional agenda </li></ul><ul><li>infrastructure and customs IT, to areas such as </li></ul><ul><li>logistics services or border agencies coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Synergies and comprehensiveness of reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-cutting reforms supported by broad c onstituencies </li></ul><ul><li>exporters, service operators, public agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Typology and rankings </li></ul><ul><li>capacity to initiate a virtuous circle of performance improvement </li></ul>New thinking needed to address the case of the most severely constrained countries (e.g. LLDCs)
  18. 20. What is next? <ul><li>The World Bank and its partners plan to replicate the survey (Mid Nov-Mid Jan) </li></ul><ul><li>Improved and more friendly questionnaire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase the number of respondents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involve additional sponsoring organizations, including national associations </li></ul></ul>Global launch of the LPI Nov 5 www.worldbank.org/lpi

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