Mobile Device: Trend, Growth and Future Prospect

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Report on impact of mobile devices on businesses and learn about mobile usage statistic, mobile marketing, Mobile phone users worldwide, Mobile technology, Mobile app usages, Mobile Internet Access, Mobile devices statistics, Mobile App Statistics and Mobile Marketing Facts & Statistics that are affecting consumer behaviors and driving sales around the world.

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Mobile Device: Trend, Growth and Future Prospect

  1. 1. TREND,GROWTHANDFUTUREPROSPECTOFMOBILE COMPREHENSIVEOVERVIEW COMPILED BY: VIVEK K. SINGH Mobile Device
  2. 2. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES
  3. 3. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES Analysis of many sources finds smartphone penetration worldwide will remain under a third in 2013, according to figures from eMarketer. Data show that several markets worldwide reached a milestone in mobile usage in 2012. By the end of 2012, over half of mobile phone users in six countries had made the switch from feature phones to smartphones. The coming years will see a domino effect hit regions around the world as smartphones become the norm in more places. The worldwide smartphone penetration rate among mobile users will remain just under a third in 2013, eMarketer expects, and will approach the halfway point by 2017. eMarketer estimates that in 2012, six countries (South Korea, Norway, Sweden, Australia, the UK and the US) saw smartphone user penetration rates among mobile phone users rise above 50% for the first time. As a percentage of population, a majority of residents in South Korea, Australia, Norway and Sweden will also use smartphones this year, eMarketer estimates, though average penetration worldwide among the total population will come in under 20%. South Korea led the world in 2012 in the share of mobile users who used a smartphone, at 60%. Australia, at 53%, was the only other country in Asia-Pacific to pass the halfway mark in 2012, with Japan set to follow in 2014. In regional terms, only North America will boast average smartphone penetration rates above 50% in 2013 among mobile users, as Canada crosses the 50% mark this year. Western Europe as a whole will cross that boundary in 2014. Led by Nordic countries Norway and Sweden, along with the UK, Western Europe boasted three countries with smartphone penetration above 50% among mobile users in 2012. Two other Nordic countries and the Netherlands will follow close behind, and larger markets including Germany, France, Italy and Spain will pass the smartphone tipping point in 2014. (eMarketer, 2013) The travel category involves only 2% of mobile activity, according to a new Google mobile search behavior study entitled ‘Mobile Search Moments Study'. Yet, 12% of mobile travel searches resulted in a purchase. On the bright side, travel searches on smartphones led to an above-average number of follow-up actions. A majority of these follow-up actions occurred within an hour of the mobile search, a much more rapid move to potential conversion than is the average for desktop searches. The majority of mobile searches take place in the afternoon and evening, and most happen in a place likely to have a desktop connection available. Startlingly, smartphone users located at a school were more likely to launch a travel search - defined as searching for prices for flights, hotels, etc.-than any other type of search from a school. In partnership with Nielsen, Google analyzed over 6,000 mobile searches and the actions that resulted, drawing precise and measurable connections between mobile searches and the online and offline conversions that they drive. (Hotelmarketing, 2013) There is no global web, according to the findings of the Wave 5 of GlobalWebIndex by Trendstream. Wave 5, and subsequent comparison with all the previous waves of research that they have carried out since GlobalWebIndex started in July 2009, show that there may be some broad global trends but the behavior of consumers is increasingly variable as you go from country to country and region to region. Trendstream believes that those differences will only grow. The use of different platforms such as mobile, tablet and TV to access the internet is becoming more widespread and the return of traditional paid-for content (enabled by the rise in app use) are just two trends that are likely to boost the localization of internet consumption patterns. Some of the findings show that:
  4. 4. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES  Mobile internet usage is growing globally largely thanks to the increasing use of mobile applications or apps that take full advantage of enhancements in user interface in recent years.  Internet users in the APAC region still lead in terms of the proportion of mobile users that are downloading apps on the mobile phones just as they lead the world in internet usage on mobiles.  On the other hand, the share of mobile users in LATAM markets downloading apps is stagnant.  Mass video consumption is diversifying into multiple internet platforms.  Professional content is driving global differentiation.  Younger users are the least adverse to paying for content.  Micro-blogging and social networking are growing fastest.  Micro-blogging growth is being driven by BRIC.  Real-time moves users towards transmission and away from creation.  Facebook has grown fastest globally since Wave 1, However, broader social networking decline is kicking in.  Massive decline in contribution on Facebook.  Young demographics show the impact of the transmitter economy.  Social network brand interactions are catching the branded website.  Growing demand for one to one relationship and content. They also listed some truths/realities:  Reality 1 - traditional sources still drive mass knowledge. Even active micro bloggers turn to traditional new sources.  Reality 2 - traditional TV is not in decline even for heavy social users. (We are social, 2011) Americans are the most likely to have used QR code, according to a study of QR code usage among consumers in the US, UK, Germany, and France. The study of 2,000 Americans and 1,000 Europeans undertaken by Pitney Bowes found that US consumers were more likely to report having scanned QR codes across every medium by which the codes were delivered. For QR codes printed in magazines, nearly two out of five Americans between 18 to 24 years old and 36% of Americans between 25 to 34 years old reported having scanned one. In Germany, where usage was next highest, 27% of 18- to 24-year-olds and 23% of 25- to 34-year-olds had tried scanning barcodes in magazines. On average, young adults across every country were most likely to have tried scanning a magazine, at 27%. These consumers tended to be more familiar with scanning barcodes located on printed materials such as mail, posters or packaging-21% had tried each. They were less likely to scan QR codes delivered through digital screens, e.g. on a
  5. 5. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES website (13%), in an email (9%) or on TV (7%). (eMarketer, 2013) Worldwide smartphone penetration will reach 45% of mobile phone users in 2016, according to eMarketer. Smartphone user adoption worldwide, by region, 2013 and 2016 (% of mobile phone users) (eMarketer, 2013) While smartphones have gone mainstream in many regions around the globe, adoption among emerging countries is still developing. China is the only country among the high-growth BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) markets where smartphones are predominant, owned by two-thirds of Chinese mobile subscribers as of the first half of 2012, according to new research from Nielsen. In contrast, feature phones (devices with no touchscreen, QWERTY keypad or operating system) are still dominant in India and Russia, owned by 80% and 51% of mobile subscribers, respectively. There's no clear favorite type of mobile device in Brazil, with mobile ownership split between 44% feature phones, 36% smartphones and 21% multimedia phones (touchscreen and/or QWERTY keypad, but no operating system). Mobile ownership in the BRIC markets by type of device (among mobile subscribers aged 16+, first-half 2012): Much in the same manner as social media, smartphones-with their advanced functionality and access to a multitude of apps-influence everything from consumers' interaction with both brands and each other, to and shopping and purchase decisions. (nielsen, 2013) The Generation Y age group is the most likely to use mobile and tablet apps, according to a study by Flurry from September 2012. The greatest percentage of smartphone app users worldwide, 33%, were concentrated among those ages 25 to 34. Among tablet app users as well, the greatest share were between 25 and 34. Smartphone and tablet app users worldwide, by demographic, September 2012 (% of total) Why is generation Y leading the pack? Because they are in a demographic sweet spot. Younger consumers are more likely to have too little money to afford a smart device, compared to their slightly older peers. Older consumers may have the money, but are less likely to see a smartphone as useful or relevant to them. Members of Generation Y are young enough to value smartphones but old enough to be able to buy them, suggesting that they will be smartphone power users for years to come. (eMarketer, 2013) EyeforTravel.com canvassed opinions from a cross section of industry about what they thought were the big trends of 2012 and where we could be headed in 2013.
  6. 6. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES 1. The mobile revolution got underway but it is still early days: One of the most interesting findings from EyeforTravel's detailed consumer research this year was that 46% of travel suppliers agree with the statement that mobile has increased customer engagement. According to EyeforTravel's General Manager, Gina Baillie, those travel brands that understand how mobile can enhance the entire travel consumer experience will be the winners in 2013 and beyond. When it comes to mobile, travel industry mentor and guest columnist Don Birch is clear on one thing: that the mobility (tablets and smart phones) revolution has only just begun. He says that we will see a major shift in the way travelers follow the travel cycle. 2. Mobile only deals and pricing it right: For Sarah Gavin, the Director of Public Relations and Social Media at Expedia.com one of the biggest trends of 2012 was the rise of deals available exclusively through mobile. Rosie Akenhead, EyeforTravel.com's Global Events Director, pointed out whether or not you should price differently on mobile and desktop was a big trending topic in early 2012. Time will tell. 3. Serious about social and the personal touch: For Rémi Lefevre, Global Community Manager Upscale & Luxury Brands at Intercontinental Hotels Group (IHG), 2011 saw all major hotel brands hop on the social media bandwagon. But he said that 2012 really was the year where we all streamlined our strategies and started to scale up our efforts. This has been especially true in terms of social media customer care. Today hoteliers seem to understand the importance of those now not-so-new channels of communication, both for getting valuable feedback from their guests as well as engaging in real conversations with them. Ultimately the aim is to provide them with added value and a sense of personalization. 4. Content AND format will be king: Guest reviews have become crucial and many brands are finding diverse ways to integrate guests' feedback on their websites. But where will people read these reviews? For Don Birch it will be on smaller screens. He said that there will be demand for more demand for more content, but in tablet sized bites. Content and format will be king. 5. The emergence of ‘nonline' travel: 2012 saw the coming of age of the multi-tasking, multiscreen traveler. Google's Rob Torres, managing director of advertising and marketing travel sector said that 2012 was the first year of ‘nonline travel'. While travellers have long been at the forefront of the digital revolution, they have now integrated online and offline in every stage of travel (dreaming, researching, booking, experiencing and sharing). He said that they no longer see a line between online and offline during the five stages of travel and neither do smart travel advertisers. Travellers now share their offline travel experiences via video and social; they use information acquired online which was formerly available only offline, to plan their travel. They are also the smartest travellers we've ever seen. They're savvier searchers than ever, and travel suppliers and OTAs have faster and better insights and tools than ever to serve them. 6. Google and the portable concierge: More and more people will have a portable concierge in their pocket or bag that helps them research and book things like excursion trips, restaurant reservations, flight changes and so on. And every travel supplier and OTA will have the chance to make that travel advisor work through advertising, mapping technology, video, and easy-to-use mobile websites and apps, says Torres. 7. Loved up with loyalty: Rewards continue to be a huge trend in online travel. Expedia launched its Expedia Awards programme in 2011. Within a year, 3.7 million Expedia travellers had signed up - that's an average of 7,000 travellers enrolling each day. This programme will be expanded. In fact in September 2012 Expedia launched a similar reward scheme for small business travellers. 8. Big Data is here: there is now no excuse to not be customer centric: Data and analytics has never been so important for the travel industry, according to EyeforTravel's Akenhead. She said that ‘Out' are the days of trial and error, ‘in' are fact-based decisions that make logical business sense. She expects to see the clever travel businesses making supreme choices on their email and social marketing efforts, and reaping the benefits too. s. Gazing into the crystal ball, her prediction is that there digital spend will grow more than offline as it becomes less easy to track its success. 9. Market movements: the patterns we see in major markets will continue. Western countries in general will see flat or gentle growth. In the leisure travel industry, people will keep taking primary holidays but discretionary travel will remain slow. There may be further cuts in UK but Northern Europe (Benelux) and the Nordic will remain strongish. What seems certain, however, is that the BRIC countries will continue to see growth. Travel firms will do well to think about how their offering catering to these growing markets. 10. Collaboration and crowdsourcing is here to stay: P2P (person to person) is very on-trend right, according to Akenhead. It seems with the ability to communicate with people so easily in all corners of the world the desire to collaborate, share services and have more authentic travel experiences will continue. AirBnb is one
  7. 7. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES of these that seems to be flying. The company's chief executive reportedly said recently that his company would fill more rooms than Hilton Hotels by the end of the year! We'll see. One thing is certain, AirBnb recognizes the need to stay fresh and relevant. (Eye for Travel, 2012) 1.7 billion People around the world will access the internet via a mobile device in 2013, according to eMarketer's estimates. By 2016, there will be a staggering 2.5 billion mobile internet users worldwide. 15% of consumers are already using the mobile web for travel services, and another 13% are using mobile applications downloaded from one of the top app stores, according to research by Tealeaf. Delivering a compelling experience in the mobile channel is critical for successfully engaging consumers. A recent Harris Interactive survey revealed that 85% of consumers who had conducted a mobile transaction in the last year expected the experience on their mobile devices to be better than using a laptop or desktop computer. The same Harris Interactive survey also showed that only 41% of consumers thought the mobile experience lived up to their expectations. There is a huge gap between the expectation and the actual experience. The Harris Interactive survey also revealed that 63% of all online adults would be less likely to buy from a company via other purchase channels if they experienced a problem conducting a mobile transaction. (tnooz, 2012) If you have a mobile or smartphone, there's a 55% chance you use it at least once a week according to Global - Ipsos Open Thinking Exchange (Ipsos OTX) and Ipsos Global @dvisor infographic and commentary on the trends and behaviors that define people's lives in today's social media age. If you live in the Middle East or Africa, that figure spikes to 70%. As would be expected in terms of the way new technology is adopted, the under 35s are far more inclined at 69% to use their mobile or smart phones to go online at least once a week than their 50- to 64-year-old counterparts, of whom only 33% claim to get online via their phones at least once a week. (ipsos, 2012) Destinations still have to improve m-tourism experience towards their visitors, pointing out that great technology is useless if it does not provide them the right content on the right time, according to TCI Research's global benchmarking survey TRAVELSAT© Competitive Index. With a Competitive Index hardly exceeding 100 (meaning just "Acceptable" on the TRAVELSAT Scale), digital hospitality today is not rated higher than the "Staff efficiency in Tourist Info Centers". However the survey highlights significant differences according to the destinations, markets and travel segments:  North American and Pacific regions tend to offer a better experience than European destinations  Digital services and mobile apps are powerful drivers of competitiveness amongst BRIC markets.  Tourists coming for special motivations (cultural events, golf, shopping, parks...) tend to be more satisfied with digital hospitality experience during their stay.  Apps and digital services quality should be improved for short stays in priority.  Web influencers are happier than average with digital services...providing they have more abilities to find their way in the jungle of apps available!
  8. 8. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES (Abouttourism, 2012) Tnooz and tealeaf produced a webinar ‘The Mobile Traveler Experience' (see video) to outline some of the problems at the heart of the new mobile traveller experience:  What does ‘mobile first' really mean?  How do consumers use mobile phones for travel today?  How should the travel industry approach the design and development of mobile services? Websites on a smartphone are used most to research retail purchases (24%), followed by travel (10%) and 7% for finance, according to the findings from a YouGov survey commissioned by Tealeaf, of about 2,000 Americans and 2,000 Britons in September 2012. Results were projected onto the population as a whole using statistical models. Tnooz has summarized five takeouts from the report: 1. Travel research shows the most fragmentation in mobile usage: While the 25 to 34 age range in the US tops the list of those going to a physical travel agent, respondents from this demographic are also least likely to look at a physical brochure. Meanwhile, 35 to 44 year olds in the US are most likely to use smartphones or tablets for vacation research. Similarly, while the 35 to 44 age group in the US is second least likely to venture offline, respondents here are most likely to use smartphones or tablets. The use of tablets in general is high amongst this age range and, with jobs and childcare to juggle, one reason for this could be the convenience factor of shopping online via mobile devices. 2. Smartphone usage skews younger and iPad usage skews older: Tablets in general are used most amongst the three middle age ranges, peaking amongst 35- to 44-year-olds the iPad sees the largest weekly usage amongst 35-to 44-year-olds in both the US (15%) and the UK (21%). 3. Web surfing behavior and Web booking behavior differs: For travel bookings, the use of a tablet for making purchases through a website (8% US and 5% UK) is more popular than a smartphone (5% US and 3% UK). 4. Mobile-optimized websites are still used more than apps: In the UK and US, mobile sites are used more than mobile apps for travel research and booking. But that may be a bit of a Catch-22, as the lack of apps and promotion of apps may mean that consumers aren't yet educated about them. 5. Use of laptops and desktops beat all other options for actual purchases: said another way, smartphones are used for research far more than to make bookings. Ditto, tablets. (tnooz, 2012) Smartphone owners expect mobile websites to load in under five seconds, want the ability to take action when on a mobile website, and when it comes to travel, 63% want to search for flight times, hotels, and car rentals.
  9. 9. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES With its latest survey Google has affirmed that smartphone owners want sites to be optimized for their smaller screens and are inclined to abandon those that aren't. (Hotelmarketing, 2012) Below are the "most important tasks" users want to be able to perform or accomplish on mobile websites in the travel category according to the survey: (Marketing Land, 2012) Over the last decade, travel has been impacted the most by three key technology evolutions, according to findings featured in a Tnooz-Sabre webinar ‘Technology and its massive impact on the travel experience':  Diversity of devices  Bulk of bytes
  10. 10. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES  Speed of sharing. Just 10 years ago...  Only 5% households had broadband internet  Wi-Fi wasn't even a thought  Social media didn't exist  Only 50% of people had a cell phone of any kind  500k mobile all made in 2000 vs 9.6 million tweets in 2012 during each Olympic Opening Ceremony. And today... Facebook:  955 million active users  526 million daily active users  500 million monthly mobile app users  300 million photos uploaded per day  52% plan to spend less time on Facebook in 2012  2x more users trust amazon than Facebook with data. Everyone else:  1 billion tweets posted every 3 days  4 billion YouTube videos watched daily  25% fortune 100 companies using pinterest  150+ million LinkedIn accounts  30+ million instagram users pre-Facebook acquisition  7 terabytes of new data created by twitter daily  On of twitter processing 40-5- terabytes daily  4 million visits to travel flash sales sites daily The webinar also listed trends impacting travel inspiration, travel decisions, and in-transit experience: TRENDS IMPACTING TRAVEL INSPIRATION:  Social sharing: is evolving to include new mediums like audio.  Crowd-sourcing: reinvents itself and continues to be used in new ways as people put the power of the crowd to creative use.  Interactive touchwalls: invade retail allowing retailers to draw in & keep people in-store longer and more often. Tomorrow's potential - destinations themselves could enable life-size, fun interactive trip planning on-site at airports, hotels, and even offline agency storefronts.  Immersive experiences: connect buyers with products in more real, vibrant and engaging ways.  Second screen interactions: 42% of tablet owners use their device while watching TV.  Info overload + attention deficient society. TRENDS IMPACTING TRAVEL DECISIONS:  Social CRM and intelligent data mining  Extreme meritocracy  Data visualization and its democratization  NFC and mobile payments. TRENDS IMPACTING THE IN-TRANSIT EXPERIENCE:
  11. 11. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES  Recording personal travel histories  Self-charging technology  Trading data for convenience  Online to offline  Location-based services  Quantified self and travel behavior optimization. (tnooz, 2012) Recent research reports reveal that the popularity of mobile channels will continue to increase in the coming years, as it has become a significant aid in this fast-paced and competitive sector. The predictions by IDC show that by 2015, the sale of smartphones will attain the magic figure of 982 million, while the number of web users on mobile will exceed desktop internet users by 2014, according to Morgan Stanley. Some of the emerging trends in mobile industry and the marketing opportunities associated with them in the travel industry are:  Smartphones will continue to stay: With the increasing demand of smartphones, it can well be said that smartphones will increasingly be used for hotel booking. Bookings made via a mobile device will surpass the number of booking made through PC. It is believed that smartphone, will very soon become the new laptop and the hotel industry is also ready to reap the benefit of the emerging trend. For a range of firms, the mobile channel has already become a travel planning and hotel distribution channel.  Use of smartphones in M-Commerce: There are only a handful of smartphone users who utilize mobile phones to shop, pay bills and make transactions, but the situation is changing fast, since the mobile users are becoming highly comfortable with their phone for commerce.  The Merging of Social, Local and Mobile has potential: The continued development in social, local and mobile presents a host of opportunities to travel providers. Firms like Hotel Tonight and Uber have accepted mobile as a new medium with an entirely new user dynamics for travellers exploring new cities. (Hotel and Resort Insider by TravelMole, 2012) Mobile phone use in developing countries has surpassed that of developed areas, according to a recent World Bank report. About three-quarters of the world now have easier access to a mobile phone than a bank account, electricity, or clean water, the report said. Following a "mobile first" path, the developing world is using mobile apps to help build and educate rather than entertain. Between 2000 and 2010, the number of mobile users in developing countries surpassed those in high-income nations, jumping from 29% to 77 in less-developed areas. Already, between 80 and 95% of the population of Kenya, Mexico, and Indonesia send text messages. In the 12 years since the turn of the century, mobile phones have multiplied the world over, growing from less than 1 billion in use, to 6 billion this year - a pace that is unmatched in the history of technology, the World Bank said. It took 128 years to reach 1 billion fixed telephone line users; mobile networks achieved that in two decades. By about 2015, the World Bank expects the number of mobile subscriptions to actually overtake the world's population. In Oct. 2011, the number of wireless subscriber connections surpassed the US population -327.6 million versus 315.5 million, according to CTIA. Mobile applications not only empower individual users, according to the World Bank but they enrich their lifestyles and livelihoods, and boost the economy as a whole. Below on the next page an infographic represent the study. (PCMAG, 2012)
  12. 12. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES
  13. 13. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES Smartphones are irreversibly changing the way that users access the internet, not just in developed markets like the UK and US, but also in emerging markets. The April 2012 Ericsson ConsumerLab report "Emerging App Culture" indicated that smartphone users in Brazil, India and Russia were avid app and mobile internet users. The report, which is based on online surveys performed in all three countries and on-device measurements in India in late 2011, found that 63% of new and 75% of mature smartphone users accessed the mobile internet via a mobile app on a daily basis. Among many users in these countries, smartphones are not just for on-the-go internet access, but a primary internet device: Approximately half of users in Brazil and Russia and 68% of new users in India used their smartphone for more than 50% of their total time online. While the behavior shift was evident among consumers who already owned a smartphone, broader adoption faces significant barriers in emerging markets. Price sensitivity is high, and outside of large cities, 3G coverage and Wi-Fi access are unreliable. Despite these barriers, however, smartphone penetration is on the rise. eMarketer expects smartphone penetration in Brazil, India and Russia to reach 16.8%, 6.2% and 18.5% in 2012, respectively, up from 10.3%, 2.8% and 10.8% in 2011. (eMarketer, 2012) By 2016, smartphones and tablets will put power in the pockets of a billion global consumers, according to Forrester. Mobile is not simply another device for IT to support with a shrunken website or a screen- scraped SAP application. Rather, mobile is the manifestation of a much broader shift to new systems of engagement. (Forrester Inc., 2012) Smartphones and tablets are becoming widespread worldwide, including in the BRIC countries, according to a December 2011 survey by UM (formerly Universal McCann). The survey found smartphone penetration among internet users to be higher in the larger markets of China (59%), India (37%) and Brazil (35%) than in Russia (28%). Smartphone and tablet penetration in BRIC, December 2011 (% of internet users): 
  14. 14. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES UM's survey included only internet users who go online at least every other day; in less-developed markets these tend to represent some of the highest earners in their respective countries, as studies in Mexico and China have shown. Smartphone users represent a relatively small percentage of mobile phone users in Russia, 11.8% in July 2011, according to GfK Group. As forecast elsewhere in the world, expect smartphone penetration in Russia to increase as prices for both devices and data services drop in the future. eMarketer forecasts that internet users in Russia will reach 67.9 million in 2012, comprising nearly 50% of the country's total population, compared to 42.4% in China, 42% in Brazil and 8.9% in India. (eMarketer, 2012) Cruise sector recorded the biggest increase in bookings via mobile devices in the last six months. 20% of travel brands surveyed globally are using mobile for direct sales, according to findings from a video co- produced by EyeforTravel & Digital Visitor using research data from EyeforTravel's Social Media & Mobile in Travel report that looks at the upcoming trends in Social Media and Mobile and the impact it has had on the travel industry. (View video here). Other findings show that:  25% of travel brands are using mobile for building brands awareness.  65% of travel industry respondents revealed they are allocating 25% of their marketing budget to their mobile distribution strategy.  Direct bookings via mobile devices increased by 30% in the third quarter of 2011.  The cruise sector has seen the biggest increase in bookings via mobile devices over the last six months. (Eye for Travel, 2012) 75% of internet users surveyed worldwide preferred receiving retail promotions via email over text, According to a March 2012 report from Ipsos. Internet users in the UK and US were even more inclined to prefer email than the average internet user, at 87% and 86%, respectively. Internet users in the largest emerging-market countries, though, were less partial to email-based marketing messages. Among the so-called BRIC countries, Brazil came closest to the worldwide average, with 76% of respondents in the country preferring email. Respondents in Russia, India and China also preferred email over text, but greater portions of respondents (at 32%, 34% and 43%, respectively) in those countries preferred receiving promotions via text message. In countries like India and China, where total internet user numbers can measure in the hundreds of millions and mobile users approach the billion mark, these percentage differences can mean a much broader reach for promotions than in more developed markets such as the UK or US. In a statement, Ipsos claimed that worldwide, promotions via email are preferred for online purchases and the ease of printing coupons for in-store use. This may be true for consumers in developed economies and for
  15. 15. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES worldwide campaigns, but marketers should consider localizing promotions for the hundreds of millions of people who are primarily on feature phones in India, China and similar markets. (eMarketer, 2012) A January 2012 report from Google showed the level of smartphone owners in selected countries who access the internet via smartphone daily, in February 2011 and October 2011 (in % of respondents). (eMarketer, 2012) Smartphone and tablet users in Germany, Italy and the UK responded more favorably to mobile ads than US device owners did, according to Q3 2011 research from Nielsen. With smartphone ads, in particular, users in Germany, Italy and the UK were significantly more likely than users in the US to take actions-click on ads, conduct research or make purchases. Only 20% of US smartphone owners went on to purchase via PC after seeing a mobile ad, compared to 34% of smartphone owners in Germany. Moreover, only 11% of US smartphone owners researched a mobile advertiser after viewing a mobile ad, compared to 27% of smartphone owners in Italy. Smartphone owners in the UK were less responsive to most mobile ad tactics than smartphone owners in the other two Western European countries studied; however, users in the UK still were more responsive than users in the US in every mobile activity category. US tablet owners tended to respond slightly better to ads on their devices than US smartphone owners. To illustrate, 16% of tablet owners went on to purchase at a store after viewing a tablet ad, compared to only 6% of smartphone owners. Also, 24% of US tablet owners clicked to view a full ad or product offering, vs. 11% of US smartphone owners. This could be due to a more aesthetically pleasing ad viewing experience on a tablet device. Also, smartphone owners are often using their device to accomplish a specific task in a short time period, whereas tablet owners are more likely to browse. The novelty of the mobile ad landscape in Western European nations could be a reason for better ad performance than in the US. Smartphones, tablets and mobile ads are newer to Western European consumers, which could account for the increased time spent and actions performed in response to mobile ads. The growth trajectory for mobile advertising in the US is steep as well. However, US consumers have already expressed both cynicism and indifference toward mobile ads. For instance, in January 2012, 42% of US smartphone owners told market research firm InsightExpress they either very much or somewhat disliked mobile ads; and 32% were neutral in their attitude toward them. (eMarketer, 2012) According to comScore "2012 Mobile Future in Focus" report highlighting insights primarily from mobile markets in the US, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom, Japan, and Canada. Key findings highlighted in 2012 Mobile Future in Focus include:  Smartphones gain adoption among ‘early majority', driving mobile media consumption: nearly 42% of all US mobile subscribers now use smartphones, along with 44% of mobile users across the EU5 (comprised of France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK). Mobile media use (defined as browsing the mobile web, accessing applications, or downloading content) saw increased growth as a result, surpassing the 50% threshold in many markets, supported by the proliferation of high-speed networks and increased public Wi-Fi availability.
  16. 16. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES  Smartphone platform wars intensify as Android and Apple take the lead in most markets.  Surge in mobile App usage shapes a dual mobile browsing experience, fuelling category growth: in 2011, both the US and EU5 saw the growth in mobile app use exceed the growth in mobile browser use, leading to both markets seeing the same percentage of their mobile audience use both apps and browsers to access mobile media. Health ranked as the fastest-growing mobile media category in the US in 2011, followed by Retail and other commerce-related categories such as Electronic Payments and Auction Sites.  Mobile retail information leads to emergence of Smartphone shopping behaviors: more than half of the US smartphone population used their phone to perform retail research while inside a store in 2011, illustrating the emergence of savvy smartphone shoppers who bring online shopping behaviors in-store - a trend seen in other markets as well. At the end of 2011, nearly 1 in 5 smartphone users scanned product barcodes and nearly 1 in 8 compared prices on their phone while in a store.  Mobile devices fuel social networking on-the-go, driving real-time online interaction: 64.2 million US smartphone users and 48.4 million EU5 smartphone users accessed social networking sites or blogs on their mobile devices at least once in December 2011, with more than half of these mobile social networking users accessing social media almost every day. While mobile social networking users showed the highest propensity to read posts from people they knew personally, more than half of those in the US and nearly half in the EU5 also reported reading posts from brands, organizations, and events.  Mobile connectivity and connected devices encourage cross-platform digital media consumption among ‘digital omnivores': tablets quickly rose in popularity in 2011, taking less than two years to account for nearly 40 million tablets in use among US mobile users and outpacing smartphones which took 7 years to reach the same. By the end of 2011, nearly 15% of US mobile users also had tablets - a trend seen across other markets as well. (comScore, 2012) 1.8 billion Mobile device units were sold to end users worldwide in 2011, up 11.1% on 2010, according to Gartner. Smartphones accounted for 31% of all device sales with 472 million units sold, up 58% year on year. The analyst firm's findings chime with those released earlier this year by Strategy Analytics. Apple has displaced Samsung as the leading smartphone vendor in the field, with a 23.8% share of the high end handset market in the fourth quarter of last year, and 19% across the whole 12 months. Apple sold 35.5 million iPhones in the last three months, according to Gartner. (telecoms, 2012) 61% of mobile users are unlikely to return to your mobile site if they had trouble or if your site was too hard to use, according to a March 2011 study by Compuware. 40% said they would visit a competitor's site instead, and 19% said they would have a negative overall perception of your business if they had a bad mobile experience with your site. Research shows that web retailers could increase consumer engagement by 85% with a mobile-specific website. 51% of consumers are more likely to purchase from retailers that have mobile-specific websites. Leon Spencer shares five best practices to keep in mind when building your mobile website:  KISS - that's right...Keep It Super Simple! Think about it. When you're on your mobile device you are most likely on-the-go. When you want some sort of information, you need it quick and you don't want to have to hunt all over for it. Make sure that your navigation and layout is simple. Don't try to include everything from your main website into your mobile site. People searching mobile are only looking for basic information.  Design for Thumbs...not Mice. Again, you're not putting together a site that someone is going to spend a ton of time on. You want to make it as easy and simple for them to navigate as you can. If they can
  17. 17. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES click-to-call you with their thumb or find a map to your location with their thumb, then you are on the right track.  Prioritize your Content - Give your mobile site user the most often needed information first. Maybe it's just your telephone number. Maybe it's your address. Whatever it is make sure that you come up with your own order of priorities for the information you are providing. You can use Google Analytics from your main website to see what is most often being searched on mobile devices and this should help you in sorting your content.  Use Uniquely Mobile Features - make sure that you're not building your mobile presence in the same way you would for desktops. Use the functionality of what a mobile device provides to enhance your engagement with your customers. For example, mobile devices use GPS. Keep that in mind if you are offering content that could be relevant to specific geographical areas. Don't waste your site user's time by giving them content that's not relevant to their location. Let's say you have multiple locations for your business. Through location-based technology in mobile you can provide the most relevant location of your business to a user that is searching for your company. Another way to use mobile features is to provide content that would be relevant to what the user would actually be doing at the time they are searching for you on a mobile device.  Make it easy to convert - Because people are most likely out and on-the-go when they are accessing your mobile site, so their ability to get distracted and move on is high. So, if you are collecting information in a web form - make it short and sweet. Don't require a lot of fields to be completed because it can be difficult and take too much time. Think of the bare minimum that you may need. Make it easy to call you! Maybe put a click-to-call button at the very top of your mobile site. Wherever you place it make sure it is very easy to see. (BlogNotions, 2011) Currently 38% of travel brands have a mobile friendly website, up from 35% in February 2011, according to the second edition of EyeforTravel's Travel Marketing & Distribution Barometer published in November 2011. At 67%, China was the country with the highest proportion of brands with mobile friendly sites. The UK stood at 55%. Spain had the lowest out of the countries surveyed at 20%. (Eye for Travel, 2011) Mobile devices, including smartphones and tablets, now account for 7% of worldwide traffic on the Web, according to a report by comScore. ComScore found that 37% of cellphone traffic takes place over a Wi-Fi connection. That has continued to grow in recent years; the report noted that Wi-Fi traffic through mobile devices grew as much as 3% in the last three months alone. Most startling among the mobile statistics is the disproportionate usage rate of Apple iPad owners. The report found that the iPad accounts for 97% of all tablet traffic in the US. Analysts at IDC recently estimated Apple has sold 75% of all tablets. Apple said in July 2011 that it had sold close to 29 million iPads since the device went on sale in April 2010. (Hotelmarketing, 2011) Smartphone adoption in Europe stands at 39%, according to InSites Consulting "The world is mobile" study. 28% have a smartphone with Internet/data subscription and 11% have a smartphone without internet/data subscription. 47% of smartphone-connected Europeans will surf the mobile internet every day and 66% of connected smartphone users log on to their social media profile(s) every day. 56% of Europeans smartphone users follow brands on social media. (InSites Consulting - four words newsletter, 2011) The number of passengers carrying smartphones has almost doubled in the past 12 months, jumping from 28% to 54%, according to the annual SITA-Air Transport World passenger self-service survey found.
  18. 18. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES The figure soars to 74% of business and first class passengers and frequent flyers, with exactly three-quarters of passengers passing through the world's busiest airport, Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson, carrying one. SITA-ATW spoke to nearly 2,500 passengers at Abu Dhabi International Airport, Beijing International Airport, Frankfurt International Airport, Mumbai International and Sao Paulo Guarulhos. The combined passenger numbers for the airports reached 283.5 million last year. Highlights of the survey's findings include:  73% would like to use mobile boarding passes, with 17% already having done so.  Almost a quarter (23%) have used Bluetooth connections at an airport.  Around a third (33%) use mobiles to check in - 36% for business and first class passengers.  Over 50% of business and first class receive SMS text messages for alerts.  Four out of five do not want to receive information about shopping deals at airports, although passengers at Abu Dhabi (34%), Beijing (32%) and Mumbai (30%) do.  75% of smartphone users would connect to a free wifi network at an airport and are generally looking to access trip-related information.  The most popular activity when connected at the airport is information on flights (77%), security (50%), departure gate walking times (40%), directions (21%) and airport parking (21%). (tnooz, 2011) Three of every five US smartphone owners age 13 and older accessed social networking or blog destinations on their mobile devices for the three-month average period ending June 2011, according to comScore. The number of US smartphone users who ever access social networking or blog destinations on their mobiles (both browser and app) has grown 72% in the past year to reach an audience of 47.8 million visitors. In addition, those users accessing social network or blogs almost daily meanwhile nearly doubled, growing 90% to 28.1 million smartphone users. comScore data indicates social networking is one of the most popular mobile activities in the US. In Europe, which includes the UK, France, Germany, Italy and Spain for this comScore analysis, mobile social networking usage displayed similar trends to the US, with two of every five smartphone owners accessing these sites during the month. More than 35.7 million smartphone owners in Europe accessed social networking or blog
  19. 19. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES destinations on their mobile in June, an increase of 80% from the previous year. Daily usage surged as well, with 17.9 million smartphone users accessing social sites on their device almost daily in Europe, climbing 94% from June 2010. comScore analysis indicates Facebook and Twitter are among the largest social networking sites globally, and both brands have developed a growing mobile audience as well. Slightly more than half of US smartphone owners (50.9%) and 31.7% of European smartphone owners accessed Facebook on their device in June 2011. Meanwhile, Twitter reached 12.5% of the smartphone audience in the US and 7.4% of the European smartphone audience.
  20. 20. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES About 7 in 10 (69%) US smartphone and tablet users check social network status updates on their mobile device, making it the most popular mobile social networking activity, according to September 2011 data from Prosper Mobile Insights. Viewing photos closely follows in popularity (66%). Other mobile social networking activities performed by more than half of mobile users include updating status (53%) and sending emails (51%), while 49% post photos taken on their smartphone/tablet. Only 26.5% go to retailer pages to find deals while shopping, and 15% don't access social media sites on their mobile device. (MarketingCharts, 2011) 61% of online travel companies surveyed in a recent global EyeforTravel poll do not have a mobile friendly website; while 71% do not have a mobile app. Jeremy Copp, VP Mobile Europe, comScore, a speaker at the EyeforTravel Summit event in May 2011, shared that in the EU5 countries (France, Germany, Spain, UK, Italy), 11.3 million consumers accessed travel services via mobile in February 2011 alone. Travel application access grew by 52% year-on-year. Out of the EU5, 36% of mobile market now use apps or their mobile browser. Interestingly, Spain is leading the way in terms of smartphone adoption (adopting at a higher rate than even the US) but EyeforTravel found that French travel companies were the heaviest investors in mobile followed by Germany. Mobile is only going to continue to grow. The rapid development of social networking sites and the consequent need to be constantly connected is fuelling mobile growth. Japan's social networking site ‘Mixi' shows how social networking trends can encourage mobile access and overtake desktop access. 84% of their page views are now via mobile (report by Morgan Stanley as cited by Dave Scheine, Director of European Operations, Yelp). Many travel companies don't want to hear that they need to invest money into yet another distribution and marketing channel but quite simply, if your customer is searching for travel information online and your site is not optimised for mobile or you don't have an app then chances are they will find your competitors first. (aboutourism, 2011) Internet usage via mobile is quickly becoming as important as internet usage via PC among those who own smartphones, according to research from Google and the Mobile Marketing Association (MMA) conducted during the first half of 2011 in several countries around the world. In the US, the survey found, 58% of smartphone owners had used their phone to go online every day during the week before polling, vs. 78% who said the same of their PC. When asked about usage the day before polling, 53% said they used the mobile internet multiple times, compared with 67% who said the same of their PC. Daily social networking activities show an even smaller spread between mobile and PC usage. In the US, there was only a 9 percentage point gap between the two. Smartphone users in selected countries who us online or mobile social networks at least once a day, Q2 2011 (% of respondents):  Compared to social networking, which has truly taken off as a major mobile activity, online video usage on smartphones is still low. But frequent viewing rates are becoming comparable to those for the desktop web. Two in 10 smartphone users in the US said they watched mobile video every day, compared with 34% who watched each day on their computer.
  21. 21. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES The vast majority of smartphone users surveyed around the world said they planned to increase usage of the mobile internet in the next year, including 91% of US respondents, suggesting the rates of these and other mobile content activities will continue to rise. The survey found that 31% of US internet users had a smartphone. eMarketer estimates that 31% of US mobile users will have a smartphone by the end of this year, rising to 43% by 2015. (eMarketer, 2011) Smartphone adoption continues to spread across the globe at various rates, according to comScore. Canada's smartphone penetration reached 32.8% in March 2011, marginally higher than that of the US. The UK led all reportable markets in smartphone penetration at 40.8%, followed by Spain (40.2%) and Italy (38.3%). (comScore, 2011) Mobile users, especially smartphone users, have been warming up to the check-in over the past year, according to comScore. But services like Facebook Places and foursquare are not the only location-based tools consumers want. In Q1 2011, mobile Wi-Fi hotspot provider JiWire found that nearly half the users of its hotspots would be interested in checking in, up from 27% just the previous quarter. Services that would help them find store locations or other points of interest were even more popular, and interest had grown. Mobile Wi-Fi users had also increased their appetites for location-aware reviews, ways to connect with others and tools to check product inventory nearby. Overall, the proportion of respondents not interested in any kind of location-based services dropped by nearly half, from 22% to 12%. Location-based services that are of most interest to mobile Wi-Fi users in North America, Q1 2011 (as % of respondents): One barrier to adoption of location-based services has been privacy concerns, which are heating up throughout the mobile space. Majorities of both male (52%) and female (59%) app downloaders told Nielsen in April that they were worried about privacy. Women were 7% points more likely to be concerned. Nielsen also found privacy was an issue that cut across age groups, though the oldest users were most worried. Still, the growing interest in both check-ins and other location-based services suggests some users at least are becoming more comfortable with sharing information about where they are via mobile. As marketers and developers continue to educate mobile users about the risks and rewards of sharing data, they should note that services other than the check-in may be more enticing to many consumers. (eMarketer, 2011) Smartphone Penetration Across Global Markets March 2011 Total Mobile Subscribers Ages 13+ Share of Mobile Subscribers United Kingdom 40.80% Spain 40.20% Italy 38.30% Canada 32.80% United States 32.20% France 31.40% Germany 28.30% Japan 9.70% Total Smartphone Subscribers 100.00% Source: comScore MobiLens
  22. 22. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES The number of internet connected devices is set to explode in the next four years to over 15 billion (twice the world's population) by 2015, according to Cisco's fifth annual forecast of upcoming trends. Cisco predicts the proliferation of tablets, mobile phones, connected appliances and other smart machines will drive this growth. The company said consumer video will continue to dominate internet traffic. It predicts that by 2015, 1 million minutes of video will be watched online every second. Cisco's Visual Networking Index also estimated that at the same time more than 40% of the world's projected population will be online, a total of nearly 3 billion people. The networking giant forecast that by 2015 internet traffic will reach 966 exabytes a year. An exabyte is equal to one quintillion bytes. In 2004, global monthly internet traffic passed one exabyte for the first time. (BBC, 2011) The travel industry's love affair with apps is waning, according to findings from EyeForTravel's "Travel Distribution & Marketing Barometer". The industry is investing more in mobile websites than Apps. The findings show that only 8% of the big travel companies (those spending between US$51 to US$100 million on marketing) do not have a mobile site whilst 25% do not have a mobile application. Interestingly those that have invested in these channels report a similar success across both apps and mobile web with 42% seeing an increase in traffic from both apps and the mobile website. This would suggest it's the higher costs related to app building that is slowing investment. The cost of mobile marketing seems to be hindering the smaller travel companies. Over 67% of travel companies with a marketing budget of less than US$400K are not yet tracking and recording traffic and bookings from mobile browsing or apps. With lastminute.com reporting a 400% growth in mobile browsing in 2010, tracking is obviously key. (Eye for travel, 2011) The number of consumers accessing travel information via mobile devices when on holiday has doubled in the last year, according to a global survey of 1,700 people carried out by Frommers. 52% of respondents said that they were most likely to access travel information on their mobile devices when travelling, compared to 27% in 2010. Respondents aged between 18 and 34 are the biggest advocates, with 72% of this age group accessing mobile travel content on holiday, compared to only 48% in 2010. The survey also revealed the top six types of mobile travel content that consumers want when on holiday. The most important function is seeing points of interest like attractions, restaurants and shops on a map (57%), followed by key phrases in local languages (55%), local offers (51%), itineraries and walking tours (50%), local etiquette and customs (49%) and tipping and currency converters (45%). Interestingly, the 18-34 age bracket expressed an increased interest in accessing information related to local etiquette and customs and it ranked as the third most important type of content for this age group. In terms of influencing holiday decision making, the survey revealed that user reviews on travel websites and travel guidebooks are equally important with 81% of consumers considering them very influential. Editorial content on travel websites came in a close second with 80%. Social media has become more notably more important in holiday decision making, with 36% of respondents considering online social networks as influential, compared to 22% in 2010. This indicates that using social media as a means of planning travel will be increasingly important to businesses. Businesses should also look to engage with holidaymakers via social networks when they return home as over half (51%) of all respondents indicated they are likely to post a hotel review online, and over one third of all respondents would post travel photos(38%) or share travel experiences on Facebook (33%). The survey revealed that travellers are increasingly more reliant on digital content in all phases of the travel cycle, considering many types of information as influential to their decision making than in prior surveys. The most common time to look for destination information online continues to be before deciding where to go (93%), however, over 77% now look for destination information online when booking accommodation and flights,
  23. 23. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES compared to less than 48% in 2010. There have also been significant rises in demand for destination content after booking but before leaving, while on holiday and after returning. When planning a holiday consumers ranked "description destinations" and "special offers and deals" as the most important travel content, with 88% each. At the booking stage, "maps of destinations" (83%), is the most important closely followed by airport transportation information and city or resort guides (81% each). After booking but before travelling consumers rated weather as the most important information (85%), followed by attractions, events and maps (84% each). Despite this increased demand, consumers continue to encounter many negative experiences on travel websites. The most common problems are confusing websites, poor site navigation and insufficient destination information, with 58% each. This suggests that by addressing these common complaints, businesses could benefit from opportunities to engage successfully with consumers before, during and after their holiday. (Hotelmarketing, 2011) Google says it is already seeing 19% of all hotel queries in search being conducted on mobile devices, supporting the idea that mobile is now more important than ever in travel marketing. The stat also backs recent data from eMarketer which suggested the number of US consumers, for example, using a mobile to research travel products will climb from 19.7 million in 2010 to 29.7 million by next year. Google, of course, has a vested interest in persuading hoteliers to throw part of their marketing budget into mobile search as well as existing desktop web PPC advertising. But despite the ulterior motive, such data is pretty compelling and travel companies are being urged to consider mobile in the same way as perhaps they interact with consumers on the web-based journey. (Hotelmarketing, 2011) Over 2 billion people worldwide will own at least one smartphone by 2015, with unit sales growing over 175% from 2010, according to Parks Associates' forecasts. Hardware and software innovations, such as dual-facing camera-supported video chat and app-enabled content consumption, will continue to drive this market through the down economy. Parks Associates indicates that smartphone shipments jumped 70% in 2010, with approximately 500 million users. (Parks Associates, 2011)
  24. 24. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES Mobile user populations in Brazil, Russia, India and China have stabilized, and growth is now focused on the mobile internet and mobile ad spending. Overall spending levels in India, Russia and Brazil are still low, but the Chinese market will see over $700 billion in mobile ad spending next year. By 2015, eMarketer predicts, advertisers in China will spend nearly $1.4 billion on mobile. eMarketer's estimates of mobile ad spending include display, search and messaging-based formats and are based on a meta-analysis of data from several firms as well as overall trends in advertising and mobile markets. Spending growth this year will be highest in Brazil and China, where it will more than double. Between 2012 and 2015, eMarketer expects strong, double-digit annual growth in all four countries. Growth rates will start to taper off as these markets mature. Ad spending in BRIC is following either already high or fast-growing mobile internet usage in those countries:  In China: eMarketer estimates nearly half of mobile phone users, or 371.2 million people, will use the mobile web at least monthly by the end of 2011. By 2015, over 600 million mobile users in China will be mobile internet users, making China by far the largest single-country market for the mobile web.  In Russia: mobile web penetration will go from 29% of mobile users this year to 36% by 2015.  Growth in India and Brazil will be more dramatic. Triple-digit growth in mobile web users in India will end this year, but penetration will rise from 12% in 2011 to 34% by 2015. In Brazil, 11% of mobile phone users will be online this year, rising to one in four by 2015. (eMarketer, 2011) A greater number of US and European (EU5) mobile users accessed online content through Web browsers on their mobile devices than through applications in the final three months of 2010, according to data from comScore. In addition, mobile Web use is growing faster than application use, the measurement firm estimated. Thirty-six percent of US mobile users and 29% of Europeans (EU5) browsed the mobile Web in the three months ending December 2010, while application access reached 34% of Americans and 28% of Europeans respectively. Compared with the same period in 2009, application access grew by 8% in the US and 7% in Europe. Meanwhile, browser use grew at a faster pace, increasing by 9% and 8%, respectively. Percentage of browser and application users (3 months average ending December 2010: (ClickZ, 2011)
  25. 25. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES Comparisons of the growth of the US smartphone install base and EU5 smartphone install base during 2010 show the US making gains, according to "the 2010 Mobile Year in Review" report by comScore. Smartphone installed base by subscribers (3 months average ending December 2010): The report indicates that the US had a smartphone install base of about 63.2 million in December 2010, compared to about 72.6 million in the EU5 nations of Italy, UK, Germany, Spain and France. While the combined EU5 nations have a smartphone install base about 15% larger than that in the US, comScore data indicates the EU5 base was 25% larger in December 2009. In addition, 47% of US mobile subscribers use mobile media, compared to 35% of EU5 mobile subscribers. Smartphone adoption grew considerably in the US and EU5 markets during 2010. Spain has the highest rate of smartphone adoption of all six markets, 37.6%, up about 38% from 27.3% in December 2009. Spain surpassed 2009 leader Italy in November 2010. The UK had the fastest year-over-year growth of the six markets, increasing about 63% from 21% to 34.3% and taking third place. The US came in fourth with a 27% adoption rate, up about 61% from 16.8% the prior year and in fourth place ahead of Germany and France.
  26. 26. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES Smartphone users skew younger in the US than in the more developed EU5 smartphone market. The US has higher percentages of smartphone users in the 18-to-24 bracket (16.7% compared to 14.5%) and 25-to-34 bracket (27.2% compared to 23.6% percent). Meanwhile, in EU5, those 55 and older represent 18.1% of the smartphone market, compared to 12.6% in the US. It should also be noted that in the US, the fastest-growing age segments in 2010 were 13-to-17-year-olds (up 86% to 4.3 million) and 55 and older (up 78% to 8 million). In Europe, the fastest growth came from 13-to-17-year-olds (up 66% to 4.6 million users) and 18-to-24-year-olds (up 54% to 10.5 million users). In December 2010, nearly 47% of mobile subscribers in the US were mobile media users (browsed the mobile web, accessed applications, downloaded content or accessed the mobile internet via SMS), up about 17% from the previous year, according to other report data. comScore says the growth in mobile media usage is largely attributable to the growth in smartphone adoption, 3G/4G device ownership and the increasing ubiquity of unlimited data plans, all of which facilitate the consumption of mobile media. (MarketingCharts , 2011) Mobile phones have become an indispensable accessory for young Brazilians. Brazil ranks second behind Italy among the markets where multiple SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) cards are used among those aged 15-24, according to a Nielsen study conducted in nine countries (US, Germany, Spain, Italy, U.K., Brazil, Russia, China, India). SIM is a portable memory chip that makes it easy to switch to a new mobile phone by simply sliding the SIM out of the old phone and into the new one. Ever since SIM cards started being used in place of the CDMA technology (Code Division Multiple Access), they became part of the new norm for young Brazilians. Multiple SIM usage, Age 15-24, Quarter 1, 2010:
  27. 27. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES With only 40% of young Brazilian consumers taking advantage of advance data services such as mobile internet, instant messaging, email, ring tone, game or screen saver downloads, mobile service providers have an opportunity to expand usage of these services. In fact, only between five and seven percent of young Brazilians use any of these advanced data options currently. Chinese youth lead the way ahead of the US for advanced data usage, with mobile internet the most popular among 73% and 48% respectively. Advanced data users, Age 15-24, Quarter 1 2010: (nielsen, 2011) Here are some of Forrester's key mobile trends for 2011:  The mobile-social-local category will explode but generate little revenue. Social location services will attract growing audiences but face continuing privacy issues because of the difficulty engaging with customers in contexts that are innately personal and intimate. Many geo-targeted mobile campaigns will launch that won't lead to meaningful revenue in 2011.  2011 will be the year of the "dumb" smartphone. Lower prices will drive mainstream adoption of smartphones - but new users are likely to be less engaged and active than iPhone or Android early adopters. But even the newer crop of smartphone users will consume more mobile media than ever before and show incremental usage of mobile data.  Mobile marketing spend will top $1 billion. Advertisers will finally earmark dedicated resources to mobile and find quantifiable ROI through a medium that can generate real leads, drive foot traffic, and sell products and services. Smartphone adoption will drive more activity usually associated with the PC, such as hotel booking, product research, trading stocks and finding nearby restaurants.  Mobile will connect consumers with the physical world. 2011 is finally the year that NFC (Near Field Communication) begins to matter, as the market shifts from the trial stage where NFC technology is in
  28. 28. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES place. Other technologies like QR codes and augmented reality (AR) apps will prompt users to hold their smartphones up to products and other objects around them. These features will remain niche but provide a springboard for brands willing to experiment.  4G will remain mostly hype. 4G technology will have little impact in 2011, with few LTE devices available before year end. It's taken almost seven years for half of mobile users in the U.S. and Europe to get on 3G networks, according to Forrester.  Casual gaming will lead content charge. Here's where "Angry Birds" comes in. The casual games market will continue to boom in 2011 and Forrester expects new business models based on subscriptions, micro-payments, and in-app billing to expand from gaming to categories including news and music. Forrester closes its report by advising companies to "ignore the technology hype" because technologies like LTE, NFC and mobile AR are disruptive but will take years to emerge. It further points out that many companies embraced apps without considering that consumers will quickly toss them aside if they don't provide any real value. (Forrester, 2011) Half of travel firms believe the value of mobile websites have yet to be realized but 70% expect to make more revenue from mobile in the next 12 months, according to Travolution research. Travolution conducted a trade and consumer survey in November 2010 through research partner eDigitalResearch for the next edition of Travolution dedicated to apps. Of the 470 travel organizations that responded only 17% had a smartphone app and a similar proportion said they had a mobile enabled website. And of those with mobile sites 43% said they had the same functionality as their conventional sites. Among those with apps 44% said they include destination guides. Firms that had apps and mobile websites said they were most often developed in-house. (Hotelmarketing, 2010) Apple's App Store reached a landmark 10 billion downloads in January 2011, further underlining the lead of the iPhone-maker in mobile online software battle. Apple launched the mobile application store for the iPhone back in mid-2008 and it proved to be an instant hit, driving sales of the smartphone and helping reshape the way mobile content was delivered. The iPhone app store offers more than 300,000 programs, and there are also more than 40,000 apps available for the iPad. Its closest rival is privately-held GetJar, which sells software for all platforms, and reached one billion downloads in June 2010. Google's Android Market and Nokia's Ovi Store are among other larger mobile online stores. (Hotelmarketing.com, 2011) There will be a significant consumer and enterprise shift away from the desktop and laptop PC in favor of mobile devices like smartphones, tablets and netbooks in 2011, according to a new white paper from Deloitte entitled "Technology, Media & Telecommunications Predictions 2011?. The white paper forecasts that out of $815 million which will be spent globally on PC- and non-PC computing devices, $375 million (46%) will be spent on smartphones. The second- and third-largest revenue drivers will still be traditional laptops ($200 million, 24.5%) and desktops ($150 million, 18%). However, the remaining $90 million will consist of tablets ($50 million, 6%) and netbooks ($40 million, 5%). This means a combined 57% of 2011 computing device sales will consist of non-PC devices.
  29. 29. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES Deloitte estimates the current worldwide PC install base at more than 1.5 billion units, and PC device sales are expected to increase 15% year-over-year in 2011. By the end of 2011, Deloitte projects mobile devices will represent about 25% of the global computing device install base. In one sign of rising mobile devices being used for functions once handled by PCs, during November 2010, the number of visitors to web-based email sites declined 6% compared to the previous year, while email engagement declined at an even greater rate, according to new comScore MobiLens data. However, during the same time period, the number of users accessing email via their mobile devices grew by 36%. (MarketingCharts , 2011) Out of eight countries examined, Italy leads in smartphone penetration among the age group 15-24, with 47% of young people in this age group owning a smartphone, compared to 31% of adults over 25, according to a study from The Nielsen Company entitled "Mobile Youth Around the World". Smartphone penetration among European youth averages 28% in the countries surveyed, while penetration among older adults in Europe is 27%. Global smartphone vs. Feature phone usage, Age group 15-24, January-June 2010: All countries tend to skew male in smartphone adoption with one notable exception; the US, where 55% of smartphone users age 15-24 are female. In the overall US smartphone population, 55% were male. India had the most severe gender imbalance for smartphone use among subscribers 15-24 (80% male). Smartphone users, breakdown by gender, Age group 15-24, January-June 2010: At 70%, young Chinese advanced data users have a significantly higher mobile internet usage rate than the rest of the world. The US comes in a distant second with 48% usage among mobile subscribers age 15-24. Rates of young mobile internet usage are extremely low in Brazil (5%) and India (4%). Among European youth, those in the UK are more likely to use mobile internet (46%), with 20% or more usage than other European countries including Russia (39%) and Italy (24%). US youth are the clear global leaders in mobile email usage (39%), more than doubling the next-highest rate of mobile email use (Russia, 19%). This may reflect more
  30. 30. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES sophisticated wireless networks and frequent texting usage in other parts of the world. Chinese youth also lead in mobile ringtone downloads and IM, and tie with Russian youth for mobile screensaver downloads. Price was the most common consideration in selecting a mobile phone for young people in almost all surveyed countries, although Nielsen data indicates that is true among other age groups, too. Youth aged 15 to 24 put price as the first purchase driver, with the exception of Russian youth, 21% of whom placed design/style first. Personal payment for mobile charges increases as teens move into young adulthood. Across the countries surveyed, personal payment increases on average 30% once mobile users exit their teen years. Germany and Brazil are tied for the highest percentage of teens who say they pay their own bill, while Italy has the lowest. The US has the lowest rate of personal payment among ages 20-24, with only 45% of youth in that age bracket paying for their own service. US mobile phone owners age 13-17 send and receive an average of 3,705 texts per month, according to other recent data from The Nielsen Company. This is more than double the next-highest average number of texts sent and received in average month, 1,707, performed by 18-to-24-year-olds. (MarketingCharts, 2011) The usage of mobile phones has become ubiquitous in our daily lives. In developed regions every individual has a mobile phone and its penetration is drastically increasing in developing countries. The Japanese mobile users were the most connected of the three markets (Japan, US and Europe) researched by comScore in October 2010. Japanese users topping the list of connected media usage, browser usage and application usage. SMS services are still popular in European regions, however, if one looks at the mobile usage of Japanese users this functionality will be extinct in the near future. Majority of Japanese users use their mobile phones to send emails. 4.7% of mobile users in the US have accessed travel service from their mobile, compared to 4.1% in Europe and 3.3% in Japan.
  31. 31. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES Mobile behaviors by percent of total mobile audience, 7 October 2010: Looking at the social networks used, Facebook leads in the US and Europe, while Mixi leads in Japan. Twitter is doing a great job in Japan and Facebook and YouTube need to step up their game in order to conquer the Japanese market. (SocialTimes, 2011) Top four mobile social media brands:
  32. 32. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES Although applications deliver the best experience today, they are costly to develop and require specialist skills to build and manage. HTML 5 could take over in the near future, providing many of the advantages of applications such as offline access of websites and geo-location services, according to experts at the "Does Mobile Matter" session at the World Travel Market. Mobile applications are a ‘short-term bet', according to a mobile expert speaking at the Does Mobile Matter? Session. Giving his top 10 tips for mobile, CX Partners Managing Director Giles Colbourne claimed mobile would become the centre of all businesses and advised companies to think about mobile first and build out from there. (Hotelmarketing, 2010) While mobile search overall has increased four-fold in the past year, according to Google, searches for travel- related terms have jumped 12 times and hotel-specific terms are up 30 times in the same period. Moreover, those travelers are booking differently than those doing so from a desktop, and are often choosing places to stay on the eve of their trip or once they have reached their destination. Whether 2010 finally shapes up to be the year for mobile, it already has a huge head start in one sector: travel. As a result, marketers with apps are raking in profits. The mobile-search traveler is likely to be on business. More than 60% of surveyed business travelers make reservations or bookings via mobile vs. nearly 40% of personal travelers, according to Google research. Car- rental service Avis says travelers with corporate accounts and BlackBerry devices have had a big hand in its 100% growth in mobile web reservations year over year. (Hotelmarketing, 2010) Patently Apple first introduced us to Apple's future iTravel App in April 2010. In July, Apple followed up with two new iTravel services relating to Airline and hotel services. Today, Apple's next iTravel direction takes us to the cruise line industry. Apple knows that researching and putting together a cruise itinerary could be a daunting experience for consumers. Trying to figure out where to go, what excursions and/or off-shore activities to take or sifting through an endless list of cruise line services, could be intimidating. Planning a cruise with Apple's iTravel for cruise lines will greatly simplify that process from pre-cruise to post- cruise. Apple's future iTravel app will take advantage of NFC and location based technologies to enhance your cruise line experience with such services as social networking, interactive ship maps, the ability to purchase onboard tickets to shows or restaurants and even to act as a universal remote to control in-cabin electronics and climate control. Apple's latest patent even surprises with a very strong hint of providing a future iPhone with a pico projector so as to possibly enhance your travel experience by being able to show off your excursion iMovies to an audience. (Hotelmarketing, 2010) Consumers do consider apps a must, according to an October 2010 survey from interface design agency EffectiveUI conducted by Harris Interactive. More than three-quarters of mobile app users said they expected all brand name companies to have a mobile application, and nearly as many said they expected the app to be easier to use than the company's website. But the survey also highlighted the danger of developing an app for its own sake. Almost 7 in 10 app users said their perception of a brand would be negatively affected if it had an app that wasn't useful or helpful. And many apps appear to fall into this category; 38% of respondents said they were not satisfied with most apps from their favorite brands. An earlier survey from Adobe found most mobile device users preferred using browsers to apps for a variety of functions, despite the assumption among marketers and industry experts that apps provide a better user experience. These users may also have been unimpressed with many of the apps they had tried.
  33. 33. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES Marketers must keep ease of use and also utility in mind when designing apps. The application must be a natural fit for the brand and offer a genuine value to users, or they could be actively turned off from the brand. (eMarketer, 2010) October 2010 saw a surge of 134% in mobile web usage, compared to last year. Global mobile data traffic surged in October 2010 at the fastest rate in seven months, raising the prospect of new orders for the makers of telecoms equipment. The largest mobile internet browser firm, Opera, said that global data traffic through its browser rose 15% in October 2010 from September 2010, and surged 134% from a year ago. The mobile internet market has boomed since the introduction of Apple's iPhone in 2007 and a raft of other smartphones hitting the market. The Blackberry, iPhone and Nokia browsers all have 16 to 18% market shares. (ITPRO FIT FOR BUSINESS, 2010) Mobile internet is demonstrating unprecedented early stage growth, with adoption rate growing faster than desktop internet did, according to Morgan Stanley. Apple is currently leading the charge. Subscribers to various technologies at the 11th Quarter after launch:  Mobile internet (iPhone + iTouch - launched June 2007): around 86 million  Mobile internet (NTT docomo I-mode - launched 6/99): around 31 million  Desktop Internet (Netscape - launched 12/94): around 18 million  Desktop internet (AOL - v2.0 launched 9/94): around 8 million Estimated number of days to reach 1 million units sold:  Nintendo Wii: 13  Nintendo DS: 15  iPad: 28  iPhone: 74  Netbooks: 180  BlackBerry: 300+  iPod: 360+ Morgan Stanley indicates that 3G is key to the success of mobile internet and that 2010 is estimated to be the mainstream inflection point when 3G penetration rate will reach the 20% mark. Global 3G+ subscribers and penetration rate, 2007 - 2014:  2007: 273 million (8% penetration rate)  2008: 430 million (11%)  2009: 688 million (15%)  2010: 1,055 million (21%)  2011: 1,503 million (27%)  2012: 1,928 million (33%)  1013: 2,348 million (38%)  2014: 2,776 million (43%) USA has surpassed Japan as country with most 3G users in the first quarter of 2009. USA has become the global leader in mobile users and innovation. 3G users in Japan vs USA, 2003-2009:  2003: 3million (Japan) / nil (USA)  2004: 16 million / 2 million  2005: 36 million / 8 million
  34. 34. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES  2006: 57 million / 21 million  2007: 74 million / 54 million  2008: 87 million / 82 million  2009: 99 million / 123 million (Morgan Stanley Research, 2010) Apple sold 14.1 million iPhones in the third quarter of 2010, up 91% year-on-year and 67.86% quarter-on- quarter. The figure puts the total number of iPhones sold since launch at 73.72 million. The company sold 4.19 million iPads during the same period. (telecoms, 2010) Smartphone use accounts for 65% of all mobile cellular traffic worldwide, despite smartphone penetration running at just 13%, according to Informa Telecoms & Media. Usage is set to increase exponentially over the next five years, with average traffic per smartphone user increasing by 700% by 2015. Smartphone users across the globe currently average 85MB of traffic per month, with Apple's iPhone proving the handset on which most traffic is generated. Devices running the Android OS sit behind the iPhone in terms of traffic generation, and the Google-backed OS will not overtake Apple in this metric, Informa said, because Android will be deployed across low-, mid- and high-user segments. The traffic disparity between smartphone and non-smartphone is most pronounced in North America, where 86% of mobile data traffic is currently generated by smartphone users, according to Malik Kamal-Saadi, principal analyst at Informa Telecoms & Media. Average traffic per user (ATPU) for smartphones is set to hit 776MB/month by 2015. Growth in Western Europe will also be impressive, hitting 736MB/month in 2015, up from less than 44MB/month in 2009. The highest use will remain in the advanced markets of Japan and South Korea, which currently average 199MB/month and 271MB/month. (telecoms, 2010) A cross-market analysis of mobile activities in Japan, the U.S. and Europe revealed significant differences among consumers by geography, according to a study by comScore. Mobile users in Japan were the "most connected" of the three markets, with more than 75% using connected media (browsed, accessed applications or downloaded content) in June 2010, compared to 43.7% in the US and 38.5% in Europe. Japanese mobile users also displayed the strongest usage of both applications and browsers with 59.3% of the entire mobile population accessing their browsers in June and 42.3% accessing applications. Comparatively 34.0% of mobile users in the US and 25.8% in Europe used their mobile browsers, with 31.1% in the US and 24.9% in Europe accessing applications. Select Mobile Behaviors in Japan, United States and EU5 (UK, DE, FR, ES and IT) June 2010 Percent of Total Mobile Audience Japan United States Europe Total Audience: 13+ yrs old 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% Used connected media (Browsed, Accessed Applications or Downloaded Content) 75.20% 43.70% 38.50% Used browser 59.30% 34.00% 25.80% Used application 42.30% 31.10% 24.90% Messaging Usage Sent text message to another phone 40.10% 66.80% 81.70% Used major instant messaging service 3.30% 17.20% 12.60% Used email (work or personal) 54.00% 27.90% 18.80% Social Media/Entertainment Accessed Social Networking Site or Blog 17.00% 21.30% 14.70% Listened to music on mobile phone 12.50% 13.90% 24.20% Took photos 63.00% 50.60% 56.80% Captured video 15.40% 19.20% 25.80% Watched TV and/or video on mobile phone 22.00% 4.80% 5.40% Played games 16.30% 22.50% 24.10% Financial Information Accessed bank accounts 8.00% 9.40% 7.10% Accessed financial news or stock quotes 16.10% 10.00% 7.20% Retail/Travel Accessed online retail 7.20% 5.50% 4.10% Accessed classifieds 4.20% 6.60% 4.20% Accessed travel service 3.30% 4.70% 4.10% Other Accessed maps 15.70% 16.00% 10.80% Accessed traffic reports 12.60% 8.20% 5.90% Accessed weather 34.10% 22.30% 13.70% Source: comScore MobiLens
  35. 35. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES Messaging methods also varied with Europeans displaying the strongest use of text messaging with 81.7% sending a text message in June, compared to 66.8% in the US and just 40.1% in Japan. Japanese users exhibited the highest reach in the email category at 54%, while consumers in the US were most likely to use instant messaging services on their mobile (17.2%). Social networking/blogs reached the greatest percentage of mobile users in the US at 21.3%, followed by Japan at 17.0% and Europe at 14.7%. Japanese users were most likely to capture photos (63.0%) and watch TV/video (22.0%) on their mobiles, while Europeans were most likely to listen to music (24.2%) and play games (24.1%). A demographic analysis of mobile media users across markets showed that mobile media consumption was more balanced across age segments in Japan when compared to the US and Europe. In the US, 25-34 year olds were 44% more likely to access mobile media than an average mobile user, with 18-24 year olds 39% more likely. In Europe, 18-24 year olds represented the most-connected segment, 54% more likely to be mobile media users, while persons age 25-34 were 35% more likely. The US and Europe also showed greater gender disparity among mobile media audiences. Females were 9% less likely to be mobile media users in the US, while females in Europe were 16% less likely. Across markets, local and global brands showed varying levels of adoption by mobile audiences. In all three markets, the top mobile social media brand mirrored the top PC- based social networking brand with Facebook leading in the US and Europe and Mixi leading in Japan. Local brands Gree and Mobage Town were the 2nd and 4th most accessed social networking brands in Japan. Twitter was the only brand to be ranked in the top four in all markets. (comScore, 2010) Mobile technology is being adopted by the corporate travel industry in four key ways: mobile itinerary management, security and safety on the road, mobile commerce, and automating and expediting the travel process, according to a whitepaper by BCD Travel "Changing the DNA of Managed Travel: Using Social and Mobile to Enhance Productivity, Morale and the Bottom Line". Thanks to the growth in the usage of smart-phones and the Social Web, today's workforce has developed new habits and expectations around interactive information-sharing, mobility, interoperability, user-centered design and collaboration. These expectations are changing the way they see, and move through, the landscape of managed travel. The white paper argues that, properly deployed, social Web and mobile technology can help keep travellers informed and aware, offer newly personalized corporate travel experiences and feed vital information into the corporation's program management framework and processes. (Travel Industry Wire, 2010) Availability of free Wi-Fi does influence venue choice with nearly two-thirds of respondents indicated that free Wi- Fi influences their choice of venue, according to In-Stat's Wi-Fi Hotspot research. An additional 31% indicated that free access may influence their choice, and just 5% said that it would have no influence over venue choice. Some of the research findings include: Mobile Media Usage in Japan, United States and EU5 (UK, DE, FR, ES and IT) by Demographic Segment June 2010, Total Mobile Audience Age 13+ Connected Media Audience Index* Japan United States Europe Total Audience: 13+ yrs old 100 100 100 Male 102 110 116 Female 98 91 84 Persons Age: 13-17 114 130 133 18-24 117 139 154 25-34 114 144 135 35-44 111 117 103 45-54 105 85 78 55+ 80 39 57 Source: comScore MobiLens Top Mobile Social Networking/Chat/Blog Brands in Japan, United States and EU5 (UK, DE, FR, ES and IT) by Audience Size June 2010, Total Mobile Audience Age 13+ Japan United States Europe Mixi Facebook Facebook Gree MySpace YouTube Twitter YouTube MSN / Windows Live / Bing Mobage Town Twitter Twitter Source: comScore MobiLens
  36. 36. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES  Worldwide annual hotspot connects, or sessions, will reach over 2 billion by the end of 2010 with annual hotspot connects anticipated to grow to over 11 billion by 2014.  Asia/Pacific will have about a quarter of the worldwide hotspot venues over the forecast period.  By 2012, handhelds are anticipated to account for half of hotspot connects.  The total worldwide hotspot market size will swell to 319,200 venues by year-end. (WiFi Foundation, 2010) According to Google, it is a matter of when, not if, mobile devices will overtake the desktop as the web access point of choice for users. Therefore, the trend that will have the greatest impact on the travel business is the astronomical rise in the use of smart phones. The combination of sophisticated mobile devices coupled with location based applications, the possibility of offline navigation with no roaming fees, augmented reality and more of such developments mean the world of travel planning and buying continues to evolve. Even as it seems there is plenty to do considering the latest technology and gadgets-related developments, it is also emphasized that gadgets or distribution technology do not make that much difference in terms of total travel spend worldwide. However, a business' performance can be impacted by changes in technology. A simple example is the decline of the brick and mortar travel agencies after the web developed. Now, does that mean if a business does not have a native iPad application, it's doomed to fail? Doubtful. And on the other hand, if a business spends too much time on the latest/greatest gadget, it could seriously mis-direct resources. It is an interesting dilemma: How much attention / money should one spend on emerging technology? Unfortunately, there are no obvious answers and mistakes can be grievous down the road due to path-dependent development. Significantly, travel-related mobile activities such as viewing maps, getting directions, researching local activities and travel products have gained steam faster than transactions to date. However, the growth opportunity in the mobile market as a source of travel-related transactions is far too big to be ignored and is gaining serious momentum. Google believes that as smartphones with full web kit browsers continue to grow, more and more users will be able to access the web and search with Google from their mobile devices. The company wants to enable users to search as easily on their phones as they do on the desktop; keep in mind that searches on mobile phones are generally incremental to desktop searches as users often search with their phone when they are away from a desktop - on the road, away for the weekend. At the same time, Google acknowledges that search on the mobile device is special, however, in that there are unique characteristics of the phone that let us expand the ways users can search. Overall, it is clear that travel planning and booking will happen anytime, anywhere - even up to the last minute. Also, travellers will draw upon the advice and influence of their social graph throughout the travel life cycle - and can immediately broadcast reviews and other insights back to their social graph whenever they want. Finally, with location-aware services out there, everyone (including businesses) will make their communications more relevant, based on where the traveler is physically located, at any given point in time. (Hotelmarketing, 2010) As of August 2010, travellers have downloaded Hilton-brand apps 340,000 times. Revenue generated from room bookings across Hilton's brands via the mobile apps soared 200% in May vs. May 2009. Hilton expects customers will book "well over" 100,000 room nights via mobile apps in 2010. The surge that Hilton Worldwide has seen this year in its iPhone application downloads and mobile room bookings surprises even Chuck Sullivan, the company's senior vice president of global online services.
  37. 37. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES Part of what's driven the surge in app use since Hilton launched its first apps has been the rollout of 3G networks. (Hotelmarketing, 2010) Microsoft released a new version of its Bing app for the iPhone and iPod touch and it incorporates Bing Travel features for the first time. When mobile users click on Travel, they can conduct flight searches and also view the estimated price for alternative airports and dates. Consumers can utilize Bing Travel's predictive technology to see recommendations on whether they should "buy now" or wait, and they also can see displays of top deals from their local airports. Consumers can also view a flight status feature to see if their flights are on time. Separately, Bing upgraded the app's mapping features, giving more prominence to information about traffic, business listings and neighborhood labels. The feature also enables users to switch between map and list views. (tnooz, 2010) The most recent Apple iTravel patent reveals that in addition to making room reservations, travellers could also make requests about temperature, lighting, and the types of food or beverages to have available, etc. Then, the iPhone could act as a room key and as a remote control for things like A/V devices. The initial iTravel patent detailed an application that could connect to various airlines or transportation services, and book or retrieve reservations for flights, hotels, car rentals, etc., all from the device. Check-in/Baggage Claim data and identity information could also be accessed in the app to make boarding and retrieving or checking luggage that much easier. The most recent iTravel patent reveals that in addition to making and retrieving reservations, the iTravel app could actually communicate with equipment on airplanes and add a layer of personalization to travel. The iTravel app could also connect directly to hotel services like dry cleaning, room service and the hotel spa, and make it easy to reserve tables at nearby restaurants, book cabs or get suggestions for local entertainment. Finally, the app could be used to pay your bill, request transportation, use reward programs and also keep track of receipts. (TourismExchange, 2010) The threshold of 5 billion mobile phone subscribers will be exceeded this year for the first time. By the end of the year, the 4.5 billion figure will have increased by 12 per cent to 5.1 billion. Of these, 800 million persons are already using the fast UMTS mobile communications standard; an increase of 37 per cent. In 2011, there will already be more than one billion UMTS subscribers. The number of mobile phone subscribers has doubled in the past five years. This figure is expected to rise by 10 percent to 5.6 billion in 2011. The growth in developing and emerging countries is especially strong. According to the most recent data from the UN agency International Telecommunication Union (ITU), more than half the homes in these countries, even in rural areas, have a mobile phone connection. Landlines are rarely found or not at all. In the EU the number of mobile phone subscribers is expected to rise to around 650 million by the end of 2010. This is a growth of almost 3 per cent compared to the previous year. Nearly a third of these now use UMTS. Germany has the most mobile phone contracts in the EU: around 111 million by the end of 2010. Germany is followed by Italy (87 million), Great Britain (81 million), France (62 million) and Spain (57 million). By comparison: There are an anticipated 220 million in Russia and 287 million in the USA. The use of mobile communications is increasing far more in Asia and South America than in Europe and North America. In China, the number of mobile phone subscribers has risen by almost 13 percent this year to around 844 million. This figure is expected to grow by one-tenth within the next year to 930 million. In India, the number of subscriptions will go up by 30 per cent to 680 million. In Brazil, there will be 193 million connections by the end of the year; a growth of 11 percent. Japan is technically very advanced: 96 percent of all mobile communications users already use UMTS. (EITO, 2010) A greater portion of Chinese mobile subscribers are accessing the internet via mobile devices than users in the US, according to a report from The Nielsen Company. Research conducted by the measurement firm also
  38. 38. COMPREHENSIVE OVERVIEW ON MOBILE DEVICES suggested more Chinese users download mobile applications and make use of mobile instant messaging services than their US counterparts. Although mobile devices are only just reaching widespread penetration in China, Nielsen found 38% of mobile subscribers there claim to access online content on a monthly basis, compared with just 27% of subscribers in the US. In addition, 20% of users in China claim to download mobile apps and 23% use mobile instant messaging products, compared with 18% and 16% of US users, respectively. China also surpassed the US in terms of text message usage, with 86% of users there using SMS services compared with 64% of US subscribers. Two areas in which the US continues to outpace China in terms of adoption, however, are location-based services and e-mail. Nielsen's research was based on face-to-face surveys with 4,946 consumers age 15 and up in 19 cities around China. The interviews were conducted in March 2010. (ClickZ, 2010) Whether tourists are backpacking in Bali or camel trekking across the Sahara, the Postcards app captures their image on iPhone and android smartphones, sending it to the folks back home by conventional post. In the recent two-month test-phase, 18,000 holidaymakers sent unique ‘DIY' postcards using the free app - which can be accessed from both Android and iPhone platforms. Already one of the Apple website's top 30 apps in their ‘free stuff' travel section, the free ‘Postcards' download lets users take a photo or upload from their library and input text to family and friends. It costs UK£1.49 to send first class postcards anywhere in the world, processed via PayPal. The worldwide postcards are sent to a printing firm in Dorset via file transfer protocol (FTP) at 4pm every day. They are then run off using state-of-the-art Xerox printers and collected for dispatch by Royal Mail at 5.15pm the same day. (Travelmole, 2010)

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