Types of governments

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Types of governments

  1. 1. TYPES OF GOVERNMENTS What are the types of governments we find in our world and what are their advantages and disadvantages? Use the State of the World Atlas to see which countries have which system.
  2. 2. DICTATORSHIP—one person has all the power. <ul><li>Advantages: organized and controlled. Efficient and there are no public protests or riots. </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages: limited individual rights, uncertain transition of power, usually dependent on the military, no debate, no free press, no opposition parties. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Pakistan, Sudan, Cuba </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul>Using cows to explain dictatorship
  4. 4. Using cows to explain dictatorship <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul><ul><li>The government takes the cows, and gives you nothing for them </li></ul><ul><li>If you complain about it, they put you in jail or shoot you </li></ul>
  5. 5. MONARCHY—a royal family <ul><li>Advantages: stable, controlled, traditional, unifying. </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages: No criteria (other than birth) for ruling, expensive, monarch is remote from everyday people, limited individual rights, no voting. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Jordan, Monaco </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul>Using cows to explain monarchy
  7. 7. <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul><ul><li>The monarch allows you the privilege of milking your cows and giving him ½ the milk. </li></ul><ul><li>If you complain, the monarch will take both your cows and the milk. </li></ul>Using cows to explain monarchy
  8. 8. DEMOCRACY—rule by the people. <ul><li>Advantages: protects individual rights, input is taken from many different sources to make a governmental decision, people are the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages: takes more time to make decisions, more costly. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Canada, USA, Japan, Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the State of the World Atlas, 44% of the world’s population live in a stable democracy. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul>Using cows to explain democracy
  10. 10. <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul><ul><li>After milking your cows, you and your neighbors all vote on who should get the milk. </li></ul>Using cows to explain democracy
  11. 11. <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul><ul><li>After milking your cows, you and your neighbors all vote on who should get the milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Whoever gets the most votes gets the milk. </li></ul>Using cows to explain democracy
  12. 12. UNCERTAIN DEMOCRACY OR TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT <ul><li>This is a country that is not yet established, there are instances of corruption, voting fraud and government mismanagement….they are in ‘transition’ The Philippines is considered to be an uncertain democracy. WHY? </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>You have two cows, just like democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>But many times the cows do not produce milk, there are problems with the cows. The government uses them without asking or does not help you to take care of them. </li></ul>Using cows to explain transitional democracy
  14. 14. SOCIALISM <ul><li>Government plays a heavy role in running the nation. High taxes, high level of services. </li></ul><ul><li>Such as: Holland, Denmark, Finland. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul><ul><li>And two chickens </li></ul>Using cows to explain socialism
  16. 16. <ul><li>You have two cows (and two chickens) </li></ul><ul><li>The government takes the cows and puts them in a barn with everyone else’s cows </li></ul><ul><li>You have to take care of all the cows </li></ul><ul><li>Someone else takes care of your chickens. </li></ul><ul><li>You get as much milk and as many eggs as you need. </li></ul>Using cows to explain socialism
  17. 17. Military Dictatorship <ul><li>A military dictatorship occurs when a country is led by a top official (like a general) in the army. Military dictatorships tend not to allow of individual rights and freedoms. Burma is a military dictatorship. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul>Using cows to explain military dictatorship
  19. 19. <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul><ul><li>The military leaders take your cows and shoot them in order to feed their soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>If you complain, the government puts you in jail, shoots you, or forces you to join the army. </li></ul>Using cows to explain military dictatorship
  20. 20. THEOCRACY---rule by the clergy <ul><li>A theocracy is a country in which the religious leaders are also leaders in the government. The society is run by religious beliefs and dogma. Iran is the only theocracy we have today, but there are many groups that are fighting for their nation to become a theocracy such as in Palestine, Afghanistan, Egypt and Pakistan. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul>Using cows to explain theocracy
  22. 22. <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul><ul><li>The government tells you that if you want to keep your cows and continue farming, you have to follow the religion of the leaders. </li></ul>Using cows to explain theocracy
  23. 23. COLLAPSED STATE (ANARCHY)—no government <ul><li>Unfortunately, we also have nations in the world in which the people are living in a state of anarchy. The government is either non-existence or it is not effective. Somalia, the Congo, Iraq and Afghanistan are all in a state of anarchy. In many instances, warlords are ruling portions of the nation. </li></ul><ul><li>VIDEO—What is it like to live in a state of anarchy? Somalia and Congo case studies. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul>Using cows to explain anarchy
  25. 25. <ul><li>You have two cows. </li></ul><ul><li>Either you sell the milk at a fair price, or your neighbors take your cows and possibly kill you. </li></ul><ul><li>There are no laws or police to protect you. </li></ul>Using cows to explain anarchy

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