Myths of reading non fiction text pp


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Myths of reading non fiction text pp

  1. 1. Grade 7 Social Studies
  2. 2. Statement #1 There is no difference between reading fiction and non-fiction.
  3. 3. SO FALSE  More difficult than fiction  Different text features and structure  Different reading strategies  How does a text book look different?  Use bold, italics, vocabulary lists, key words, boxes, pictures, graphic organizers  Read with a purpose  What questions are you trying to answer?  Reading fiction is like watching a movie.  Nonfiction is more like a newscast or watching a slide show.
  4. 4. Statement #2 When reading a text book, you have to read every single word.
  5. 5. SO FALSE  Non-fiction reading is reading to learn something.  What do you want to learn?  Use text features to distinguish important from unimportant information  Look for key ideas  Skim and scan  Read quickly to get general idea (skim) and look for one thing in particular (scan)
  6. 6. Statement #3 Never skip passages when reading non-fiction books.
  7. 7. SO FALSE  Skim titles, key words, bold-faced words  Skim picture captions, boxes highlighed main points  Scan timelines, graphs, charts  Skim introductions and headings to get clues about main ideas  Know what information you are looking for!
  8. 8. Statement #4 Reading something once is enough.
  9. 9. SO FALSE  Usually once = not enough  Skim once quickly to determine main idea of passage  Identify parts need more careful reading  Re-read only those sections  Good reading is selective reading!  What am I looking for?  What sections are relevant?
  10. 10. Statement #5 If you skim or read too quickly, your reading comprehension will decrease.
  11. 11. SO FALSE  Harvard Report: experiment, Dr. Perry (psychologist), Director of the Harvard Reading- Study Center  1500 1st year students  30-page chapter from a history book to read  20 min. and write essay on what they had read  Only 15 students could write short statement about what they had read  Why?  Only 15 skimmed and got to the end to read the part marked “summary”  Ask yourself what information you need to get out of a reading assignment, then look for those points.
  12. 12. Statement #6 The faster you read, the less you understand.
  13. 13. SO TRUE  Research shows no connection between reading speed and comprehension  Reading comprehension depends on your ability identify important information  Focus on purpose for reading (e.g.: locate important main ideas and details)  Research shows that reading quickly can also increase comprehension
  14. 14. TRY THIS Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at an Elingsh uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoetnt tihng is taht frist and lsat tteer is at the rghit pclae. The rset can be a toatl mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit a porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae we do not raed ervey lteter by itslef but the wrod as a wlohe.
  15. 15. Moral of the Story  Reading non-fiction requires different skills  Good readers read with a purpose  Know what you are looking for  Good reader locate information  Distinguish between relevant and irrelevant information  Identify main ideas and supporting details  Use non-fiction text features