Science is a moving target

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  • AW – We are two Ph.D. trained scientists-turned-librarians who are here to share insight on the research process.As we talk with you today, think about how your skills and interests may overlap with that of non-library researchers, and how you are probably in a great position to provide research support without a huge amount of “up-skilling,” training, or professional development. Purpose of the talk: getting librarians and researchers on the same page. Common skill sets and interests. Image modified from Roche.com
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  • AW - One nugget that we want to impress upon you, and maybe it’s something that you already know or suspect, is that the ideal “research cycle” does NOT match with reality. It’s useful as a framework, but doesn’t convey the reality of science and research as it really happens at universities. In reality, we are doing all of these things all the time… just like in the library.
  • AW – So, here we go. Let’s talk research!
  • AW – the conceptual version of the research cycle, nice and tidy.
  • AW – a common view of how time is more likely spent during the research cycle: mostly thinking, doing research, and getting famous.
  • AW –In fact, professors leading research groups spend an inordinate amount of time trying to keep themselves and their lab employed. Consider this: in 2012, the funding rate at NSF was about 25% (+/- 10%), or about a 1 in 4 chance of your proposal being funded. Many PIs are only supported by their institution for 4 – 6 months. A 9 month position is generous. A 12 month position is almost unheard of. It’s an unwritten rule that PI’s can’t fund themselves any more than 1-2 months on one project. So, if you have to fund yourself for 6 months, you need at least, at LEAST 3 projects funded on a regular basis. At a 25% funding rate, your writing 12 proposals a year, or about one per month.
  • AW – The reality of life in academia is that you are constantly working in funding. Because you have to have so many projects going to fund yourself, you are also constantly involved in research for one project or another, with bursts of compiling and sharing that usually occur around conference or agency report due dates.
  • AWTony Stark Image from http://hellotailor.blogspot.com/2012/05/costumes-and-characters-of-avengers_10.htmlBruce Banner Image from http://comicsbeat.com/everything-you-ever-wanted-to-know-about-the-avengers-movie/
  • AWAvengers eating Shawarma Image from http://imgur.com/bLBBu
  • This is a little bit of a tangent, but as scientists, this is something that Jackie and I have strong feelings about and feel uniquely qualified to discuss. Has anyone here aver been confused by the use of the words eScience or eResearch? Like, what is the difference between the two? Yes. We were too. So, let’s get it cleared up.
  • Basically, it’s data so big that it has to be processed on gridded machines. It’s not a scientific discipline; it’s a methodology. Are academic libraries involved in eScience? Maybe a little bit. True eScience is a very small chunk of a much larger research portfolio at universities.ARL definition of eScience: “E-science is defined broadly to include all of the natural and physical sciences, related applied and technological disciplines, as well as biomedicine and social sciences sharing research approaches with the natural sciences.” Why is it important to understand this? Because you have to be able to communicate clearly with scientists and researchers. Unless they are doing BIG stuff, it’s not eScience and they won’t know WTF you’re talking about. https://mediastream.cern.ch/MediaArchive/Photo/Public/2005/0511013/0511013_02/0511013_02-A4-at-144-dpi.jpg
  • From ESI: “E-Research projects often make use of grid computing or other advanced technologies, and are usually data intensive, but the concept also includes research performed digitally at any scale.”Basically refers to all of modern research, regardless of discipline. A definition so vague that it’s useless at least, and confusing at worst. “eResearch” is a distraction from the important question: how can libraries better integrate with, and better support [scientific] research? What should you be saying? DATA-DRIVEN or DATA-INTENSIVE work really well.
  • AW - Spend a minute talking about data & metadata – they are DIVERSE.
  • AW – Perhaps it’s not surprise that data and metadata are as diverse as the researchers creating them. Even a single dataset can be viewed or used differently by different scientists. http://rachaelherbert.blogspot.com/2010/07/you-say-tomatoe.html
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  • Metadata, holy smokes! Metadata is just as crazy as data.Librarians have many types of metadata, which can be as confusing to scientists as data can be to librarians. There is actually a tremendous amount of overlap between the two, but the lack of common understanding is what we believe to be one of the major disconnects between libraries and researchers. At OSU, we have a whole librarian just for this. Pretty awesome.
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  • JWImage from Flikr Creative Commons
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  • JWwww.motivationals.org
  • JWCTSAconnect VIVOhttp://www.cs.vu.nl/~frankh/clouds/Facebook-Network-Feb-2011-zoom.jpg
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  • JWImage modified from http://putdowntheurinalcake.com
  • JWImage from http://www.agilepmsolutions.net/grant-writing-solutions
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  • JWData collected from the eagle-i Network
  • JWImage modified from http://putdowntheurinalcake.com
  • AW – what is the role of libraries in supporting data management? First, librarians have to familiarize themselves with data and research process (which motivates this talk). Many institutions/data librarians have conducted interviews with faculty, and not surprisingly, they discovered a huge diversity of data, as large a diversity of needs, and almost universal inadequacy in researcher data management practices. Role of library: web content, workshops, consultations, formal education (grad level), and maybe, curation of data. Which leads to next slide… From JESLIB 2012; 1(3): “The interviews revealed a broad diversity in asset content and format, a large number of disparate needs, and an inadequate funding base for many researchers.” No Shit! Really?!
  • AW -"Open-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol”is a data transport architecture and protocol.Shared: maybe on a web site. Someone might find it.Discoverable: People/Google WILL find it.OPeNDAP: they can find it, and extract only what they want/need.MODIS – orbits the Earth and collects a global snapshot every 1-2 days. Data products are available at multiple stages of processing, from radiances to derived products, at 2 grid scales (4 km and 9 km), and binned time composites ranging from daily, 3 days, 8 days, to monthly, seasonal, annual. Talk about data management! And yet, you can go to NASA’s ocean color page, search for a lat/lon range, a time range, and which products you are interested in, and download only those data. How? OPeNDAP. There is your model for data curation in an eScience age. So, if you’re thinking about a data repository, think about how you can make it work as flexibly and efficiently as possible.
  • AW – one of the biggest challenges that researchers face is organizing their data and tracking changes through processing steps. Solutions are as variable as the researchers themselves.
  • AW – naming conventions go a long way toward organizing data and making it easy to find. Librarians are well-versed in the organization or information, e.g. cataloging. Apply that experience to data organization – no problemo! Think Dewey Decimal Classification or Library of Congress Classification.Hat tip to BrianWestra for this exampleImage from Jorge Cham, www.phdcomics.com
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  • JWModified from the most excellent xkcd.com
  • JWImage from Johan Bollen et. Al. Clickstream Data Yields High-Resolution Maps of Science, PLoS One 2009http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0004803
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  • AW – So, let’s review.
  • AWImage modified from the most excellent xkcd.com
  • AW – All librarians can be more integrated than we realize, and many of our skills directly translate. Think about the things we’ve talked about today - metadata, locating or depositing data in databases, dissemination of research results, instruction, creating web resources, visualization, impact metrics, ontologies, and others. So, use an awareness of the realities of the research cycle to find ways to GET OUT THERE!
  • AW – find opportunities! They are out there!
  • Pretty Pictures
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  • Science is a moving target

    1. 1. SCIENCE IS A MOVINeScience, Team Science the Data Deluge and More
    2. 2. Hello there!
    3. 3. 1 | Research 1012 | The Cycle3 | +Library
    4. 4. Jackie…
    5. 5. Amanda…
    6. 6. Research Rocks
    7. 7. 1 | Research 101
    8. 8. The Research Cycle
    9. 9. The Research Cycle
    10. 10. 1. Brilliant Idea! 2. Build Idea 3. Fund IdeaThe Research 4. Research Cycle 5. Compile 6. Share & Store 7. Fame, Fortune
    11. 11. 1. Brilliant Idea! 2. Build IdeaThe Research 3. Fund Idea Cycle: 4. Research What people 5. Compile think 6. Share & Store 7. Fame, Fortune (cure cancer)
    12. 12. 1. Brilliant Idea! 2. Build IdeaThe Research 3. Fund Id Cycle: What Really Happens 4. Research 5. Compile 6. Share & Store 7. Fame, Fortune
    13. 13. 1. Idea! 2. Build 3. FUND Idea 4. Research 1. Idea #2 IDEAThe Research 2. Try #2 Cycle: 0. Failure!! What Really 0. Try Beer Happens 1. Idea #896 2. Build #896 5. Compile 6. Share & Stor
    14. 14. The Research Cycle: What People Think
    15. 15. The Research Cycle:What Really Happens
    16. 16. escience+ eresearch = ewhat?
    17. 17. escience:What Is it?
    18. 18. eresearch:What Is it?
    19. 19. you say tomato…
    20. 20. tomaytoe PANTONE 1795 C tomahto Solanum lycopersicum tdTomato 554ex 581em $64
    21. 21. Data comes in many flavors
    22. 22. MetaData comes in many flavors
    23. 23. 2 | The Cycle
    24. 24. 1. Brilliant Idea! 2. Build Idea 3. Fund IdeaThe Research 4. Research Cycle 5. Compile 6. Share & Store 7. Fame, Fortune
    25. 25. Where do good ideas come from?
    26. 26. Hypothesis |incremental |data
    27. 27. Literature
    28. 28. conferences
    29. 29. Thinking (really hard)
    30. 30. Group Drinking Thinking
    31. 31. 1. Brilliant Idea! 2. Build Idea 3. Fund IdeaThe Research 4. Research Cycle 5. Compile 6. Share & Store 7. Fame, Fortune
    32. 32. Existing data | literature | Databases
    33. 33. Existing data | literature | Databases
    34. 34. Colleagues  Team Science
    35. 35. Advanced Imaging Research Center Dental Clinical Hartford Center Behavioral Neuroscience Casey Eye Institute Research Center for Geriatric Biochemistry and Center for Coastal Margin Observation Nursing Excellence Basic Molecular Biology and Prediction School of Cell and Developmental School of Science Center for Ethics in Health Care Nursing Biology Dentistry Center for Evidence-Based Policy Molecular and Medical Center for Policy & Research in Genetics Emergency Medicine Molecular Microbiology Center for Research on Occupational Environmental Toxicology Schools and Immunology Physiology and Child Development and Rehabilitation Pharmacology Center Science and Engineering Dotter Interventional Institute School of School ofHarold Schnitzer Diabetes Health Center Pharmacy Medicine Heart Research Center Jungers Center for Neurosciences Clinical Anesthesiology and Research Science Perioperative Medicine Knight Cancer Institute Dermatology Layton Aging and Alzheimers Disease Diagnostic Radiology Center Emergency Medicine Methamphetamine Abuse Research Family Medicine Research Center OHSU Epilepsy Center One Sky Center Centers OHSU Resources Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology Medicine Oregon Brain Institute Neurological Surgery Oregon Center for Aging and Neurology Technology Obstetrics & Gynecology Oregon Center for Complementary & OHSU Library Ophthalmology Alternative Medicine in Neurological Science Education and Outreach Orthopaedics & Disorders Center for Diversity and Rehabilitation Oregon Clinical and Translational Multicultural Affairs Otolaryngology & Head & Research Institute Medical Photography Neck Surgery Oregon Evidence Based Practice Educational Communications Pathology Institute Shared Pediatrics Psychiatry Oregon Health Policy Institute Oregon Hearing Research Center Research Advanced Computing Public Health & Preventive Oregon National Primate Research Center Other Resources Resources Advanced Light Microscopy Medicine Radiation Medicine Affymetrix Microarray Oregon Stem Cell Center Surgery Illumina Microarray Oregon Stroke Center Bioanalytical/Pharmacokinetics Parkinson Center of Oregon Biostatistics Portland Alcohol Research Center Research Pharmacy DNA Services Research Center for Gender-Based Departmental Cores Electronics and Instrumentation Medicine Design Vaccine and Gene Therapy Institute Cores Flow Cytometry Vollum Institute Histopathology Proteomics Transgenic Mouse Models
    36. 36. Advanced Imaging Research Center Dental Clinical Hartford Center Behavioral Neuroscience Casey Eye Institute Research Center for Geriatric Biochemistry and Center for Coastal Margin Observation Nursing Excellence Basic Molecular Biology and Prediction School of Cell and Developmental School of Science Center for Ethics in Health Care Nursing Biology Dentistry Center for Evidence-Based Policy Molecular and Medical Center for Policy & Research in Genetics Emergency Medicine Molecular Microbiology Center for Research on Occupational Environmental Toxicology Schools and Immunology Physiology and Child Development and Rehabilitation Pharmacology Center Science and Engineering Dotter Interventional Institute School of School ofHarold Schnitzer Diabetes Health Center Pharmacy Medicine Heart Research Center Jungers Center for Neurosciences Clinical Anesthesiology and Research Science Perioperative Medicine Knight Cancer Institute Dermatology Layton Aging and Alzheimers Disease Diagnostic Radiology Center Emergency Medicine Methamphetamine Abuse Research Family Medicine Research Center OHSU Epilepsy Center One Sky Center Centers OHSU Resources Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology Medicine Oregon Brain Institute Neurological Surgery Oregon Center for Aging and Neurology Technology Obstetrics & Gynecology Oregon Center for Complementary & Ophthalmology Alternative Medicine in Neurological OHSU Library Orthopaedics & Disorders Science Education and Outreach Rehabilitation Oregon Clinical and Translational CeDMA Otolaryngology & Head & Research Institute Medical Photography Neck Surgery Oregon Evidence Based Practice Educational Communications Pathology Institute Shared Pediatrics Psychiatry Oregon Health Policy Institute Oregon Hearing Research Center Research Advanced Computing Public Health & Preventive Oregon National Primate Research Center Other Resources Resources Advanced Light Microscopy Medicine Radiation Medicine Affymetrix Microarray Oregon Stem Cell Center Surgery Illumina Microarray Oregon Stroke Center Bioanalytical/Pharmacokinetics Parkinson Center of Oregon Biostatistics Portland Alcohol Research Center Research Pharmacy DNA Services Research Center for Gender-Based Departmental Cores Electronics and Instrumentation Medicine Design Vaccine and Gene Therapy Institute Cores Flow Cytometry Vollum Institute Histopathology Proteomics Transgenic Mouse Models
    37. 37. Advanced Imaging Research Center Dental Clinical Hartford Center Behavioral Neuroscience Casey Eye Institute Research Center for Geriatric Biochemistry and Center for Coastal Margin Observation Nursing Excellence Basic Molecular Biology and Prediction School of Cell and Developmental School of Science Center for Ethics in Health Care Nursing Biology Dentistry Center for Evidence-Based Policy Molecular and Medical Center for Policy & Research in Genetics Emergency Medicine Molecular Microbiology Center for Research on Occupational Environmental Toxicology Schools and Immunology Physiology and Child Development and Rehabilitation Pharmacology Center Science and Engineering Dotter Interventional Institute School of School ofHarold Schnitzer Diabetes Health Center Pharmacy Medicine Heart Research Center Jungers Center for Neurosciences Clinical Anesthesiology and Research Science Perioperative Medicine + Knight Cancer Institute Dermatology Layton Aging and Alzheimers Disease Diagnostic Radiology Center Emergency Medicine Methamphetamine Abuse Research Family Medicine Research Center OHSU Epilepsy Center One Sky Center Centers OHSU Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology Medicine Oregon Brain Institute Neurological Surgery Oregon Center for Aging and Neurology Technology Obstetrics & Gynecology Oregon Center for Complementary & Ophthalmology Alternative Medicine in Neurological OHSU Library Orthopaedics & Disorders Science Education and Outreach Rehabilitation Oregon Clinical and Translational CeDMA Otolaryngology & Head & Research Institute Medical Photography Neck Surgery Oregon Evidence Based Practice Pathology Institute Shared Educational Communications Pediatrics Psychiatry Oregon Health Policy Institute Oregon Hearing Research Center Research Advanced Computing Public Health & Preventive Oregon National Primate Research Center Other Resources Resources Advanced Light Microscopy Medicine Radiation Medicine Affymetrix Microarray Oregon Stem Cell Center Surgery Illumina Microarray Oregon Stroke Center Bioanalytical/Pharmacokinetics Parkinson Center of Oregon Biostatistics Portland Alcohol Research Center Research Pharmacy DNA Services Research Center for Gender-Based Departmental Cores Electronics and Instrumentation Medicine Design Vaccine and Gene Therapy Institute Cores Flow Cytometry Vollum Institute Histopathology Proteomics Transgenic Mouse Models
    38. 38. Basic School of Science School of Nursing Dentistry Schools School of School of Pharmacy Medicine Clinical ScienceResearch Centers OHSU + OHSU Library Shared Research Other Resources Resources Cores
    39. 39. Colleagues  Team Science
    40. 40. 1. Brilliant Idea! 2. Build Idea 3. Fund IdeaThe Research 4. Research Cycle 5. Compile 6. Share & Store 7. Fame, Fortune
    41. 41. Money, money, money
    42. 42. Where Money Trees Grow
    43. 43. How We can Help….
    44. 44. How We can Help….
    45. 45. 1. Brilliant Idea! 2. Build Idea 3. Fund IdeaThe Research 4. Research Cycle 5. Compile 6. Share & Store 7. Fame, Fortune
    46. 46. 1000900800 Number of labs with inventory700 Total number of labs600500400300200100 0 Lab Notebooks
    47. 47. Lab Notebooks: Next Generation
    48. 48. 1. Online resourc 2. workshops 3. consultations Datamanagement 4. coursework 5. Collaboration 6. Data curation
    49. 49. Shared vs discoverable vs OPeNDAP
    50. 50. Data Tracking | version control
    51. 51. s/n, variable Retain order Project_instrument_location_YYYYMMDDhhm mss_extra.extIndex/grant conditions Leading zero! Naming conventions
    52. 52. 1. Brilliant Idea! 2. Build Idea 3. Fund IdeaThe Research 4. Research Cycle 5. Compile 6. Share & Store 7. Fame, Fortune
    53. 53. Data does not speak for itself…
    54. 54. Scientists speak for their data
    55. 55. Casual |conference |paper |funding
    56. 56. VISUALIZATIONCasual |conference |paper |funding
    57. 57. Posters / TalksCasual |conference |paper |funding
    58. 58. PapersCasual |conference |paper |funding
    59. 59. 1. Brilliant Idea! 2. Build Idea 3. Fund IdeaThe Research 4. Research Cycle 5. Compile 6. Share & Store 7. Fame, Fortune
    60. 60. LIBRARY
    61. 61. Metrics and altmetrics
    62. 62. Torture numbers, and theyll confess to anything. ~Gregg Easterbrook
    63. 63. Statistics can be made to prove anything - even the truth. ~Author Unknown
    64. 64. Curation & Ontologies
    65. 65. 1. Brilliant Idea! 2. Build Idea 3. Fund IdeaThe Research 4. Research Cycle 5. Compile 6. Share & Store 7. Fame, Fortune
    66. 66. Yeah, right.
    67. 67. 3 | +Libraries
    68. 68. how can we bestIntegrate With theResearch Cycle? Hello there!
    69. 69. LIBRARIAN STEROTYPEDon’t think like this…
    70. 70. LIBRARIAN STEROTYPE [Amanda] [Geeks] [MLIS] [Jackie] [ONTOLOGY] [DATA Curation][Scholarly Communication] We Already Do!
    71. 71. Just as writers read tosculpt theirskill, visualizerslook…Look aroundyou. You are looking at opportunity. Jessica Hagy
    72. 72. Thank You
    73. 73. Contact us! wirzj@ohsu.eduamanda.whitmire@oregonstate. edu
    74. 74. Shameless PlugS! March 15th, 2013 @ OHSU, UW, U Utah Knowledgeomics:The Art and Science of Scholarship and Research
    75. 75. questions?
    76. 76. SCIENCE IS A MOVINeScience, Team Science the Data Deluge and More
    77. 77. 1 | Research 1012 | The Cycle3 | +Library

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