Powered by Libraries: Leveraging Libraries for Semantic Web and Linked Open Data Projects

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While data is the cornerstone of scientific research, traditional mechanisms of research assessment overlook these data outputs, instead focusing solely on publications. However, publications are just the tip of the iceberg: in reality, science is based on a complex landscape of research data and activities, which can be published or shared beyond traditional journal articles. Information scientists and software engineers are now working to relate and make accessible all of this data for research networking, research evaluation, resource sharing, and hypothesis discovery. Furthermore, federal funding agencies are increasing their requirements for data sharing and data standardization. Researchers, though, are often largely unaware of data standardization efforts and tools to access shared data.

In order to deal with this onslaught of data, standards, and tools, universities are asking libraries to play an increasing role in information management strategies. This includes training, data housing, and dissemination of information about tool resources. Libraries are at a key intersection between the research community and semantic engineers, and are increasingly hiring specialists with a research background to provide data modeling, curation, and scientific information dissemination services. As a result, libraries have been working closely with the research community to build and integrate semantic tools into the entire research cycle. Librarians can help researchers understand ways to interpret and share their data, and use tools to query the large amounts of existing data.

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Powered by Libraries: Leveraging Libraries for Semantic Web and Linked Open Data Projects

  1. 1. Leveraging Libraries forSemantic Infrastructure Projects and Data Management Services for Maximum Data Reuse and Visibility Jackie Wirz, PhD VIVO, 2012
  2. 2. Powered by Libraries Hi there – This is Jackie. Since my slides are not very text-heavy and wouldn’t make much sense without some narrative, I’m annotating them inside these orange boxes. Jackie Wirz, PhD, BADASS wannabe VIVO, 2012
  3. 3. asdfdatacan becomplex Word
  4. 4. datacan beamazing
  5. 5. dataare aboutdiscovery
  6. 6. librariesare aboutdiscovery
  7. 7. poweredbylibraries The amazing thing about libraries is that they literally exist to help people findinformation – and you can’t ask for anything better than that while establishing semantic projects within a research community! This presentation touches on some of the reasons why research/linked open data can be complex, and why your library can help out.
  8. 8. Take something as simple as a tomato…
  9. 9. …there are a million ways to interpret even this simple fruit (yes it’s a fruit!).tomaytoe PANTONE 1795 C tomahto Solanum lycopersicum tdTomato 554ex 581em $64 http://rachaelherbert.blogspot.com/2010/07/you-say-tomatoe.html
  10. 10. And that’s just a tomato – we’re noteven getting to the rest of the health foods list. Image from www.blackhealthzone.com
  11. 11. datadefiesdefinitions
  12. 12. Data can start as a simple unit…
  13. 13. …that grows into an incredible wealth of knowledge.Image from Nathan Sawaya, LEGO Artist
  14. 14. There are so many data types out there…
  15. 15. …and people hope to build them into fantastical newareas of scientific research. This is the goal of linked open data – connect people, data together.
  16. 16. http://byronalexmarshall.blogspot.com/2010/06/dissecting- details.html …but there is a problem with that… (and it’s not just entropy)
  17. 17. data does notspontaneouslyassemble This is where semantic linkage helps – by helping form connections and facilitate discovery, we come closer to making assembly easier. But it still requires a lot of work.
  18. 18. Oh yeah, did I mention that there are just as many diverse types of data as there are toys? It is a common assumption that it is all digital, butdata comes in all shapes and sizes. And you know what? Libraries are adept at storing information in all shapes and sizes! From awkwardlylarge tomes to archived bits of lunar landing rovers, from digital bits to teraflops of sequencing data, libraries are adept at cataloging, storing and helping people find information.
  19. 19. a littlehistory…
  20. 20. Plimpton 322 Babylonian clay tablet, dated roughly1800 BCE. This is the first example of Pythagorean triples: proving that we’ve been writing down scientific information for a very, VERY long time.
  21. 21. In 1543, Copernicus and Vesalius authored the first scientific and medical texts. This forever changed the method of scientific communication – in order to be widely accepted, science now had to be printed and have data present (theconcept of Visual Certainty, first verbalized as such by Galileo).
  22. 22. Visual CertaintyFirst journal: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 1665. Nature first published in 1869, Science in 1880. Really, not much has changed in the methods by which scientists share information in over a hundred years!
  23. 23. ~30,000 journals Today, there are more than 30,000 journals currently in print!
  24. 24. 1,000,000 Mhamed el Aisati (2010)Published Papers 1817 2010
  25. 25. ~ 50 Million ArticlesAccording to some counts, there have been more than 50 million articles published in journals. That’s a lot.
  26. 26. Word…
  27. 27. Studies by Tenopir and colleagues have shown that the average amount of time scientists spend reading a single journal article has gone down…5045403530 1977 1982 1987 1992 1997 2002 Tenopir and King (2007) TRACE Archive
  28. 28. … but that the total number of articles that a scientists reads has increased dramatically over the last thirty years.300250200150100 1977 1982 1987 1992 1997 2002 Tenopir and King (2007) TRACE Archive
  29. 29. scientists spend one month a year reading journal articles
  30. 30. that’s just journal articles…
  31. 31. That doesn’t count posters, grants, theses, e-mail, anddata. There’s a lot of data out there… it’s enough to make a http://www.scribd.com/doc/5107/They-didnt-study person depressed.
  32. 32. http://lasirenagrill.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/iceberg11.jpg and Shutterstock.comarticles data
  33. 33. If we spend one month a year reading journal articles, we spend 24/7/365 dealing with data.
  34. 34. “We are Drowning inInformation butStarved forKnowledge” John Naisbitt
  35. 35. “We are Drowning indata butStarved forKnowledge” Hello there! Jackie’s bad paraphrase of John Naisbitt
  36. 36. Landscape of OHSU School of Basic Science School of Nursing Dentistry Schools School of School of Pharmacy Medicine Clinical Science Research Centers OHSU Resources Shared Research Other Resources Resources Cores
  37. 37. The Library is Basic School ofSwitzerland. School of Dentistry Nursing Science Seriously. Schools School of School of Pharmacy Medicine Clinical + Science Research Centers OHSU OHSU Library Shared Research Other Resources Resources Cores
  38. 38. More importantly, School of Basicthe library works School of Science Nursing Dentistrywith every single department, Schools research center, and resource in School of School of the university. Pharmacy Medicine Clinical + Science Research Centers OHSU OHSU Library Shared Research Other Resources Resources Cores
  39. 39. Librarians: wear darkglasses, black cardigans, knit and own several cats. LIBRARIAN STEROTYPE [ME]
  40. 40. NOT TRUE!!!Librarians are a diversegroup of professionals with a variety of expertise and skills. LIBRARIAN STEROTYPE [ME]
  41. 41. In addition to basic science nerds like myself, the library is filled withinformation professionals, ontologists, data specialists and scholarly communication specialists. LIBRARIAN STEROTYPE [Geeks] [MLIS] [ME] [ONTOLOGY] [DATA Curation][Scholarly Communication] Stick figures by xkcd.com
  42. 42. Traditional libraryservices shouldn’t be overlooked! traditional library services
  43. 43. Remembers, libraries Image from Wikipedia: Library of Ashurbanipal The Flood Tablet.jpghave been cataloging, sorting and helping people find information for thousands of years! This is a clay tablet from the Library of Ashurbanipal.
  44. 44. The library of today is a mix of classic information support with cutting edge technology.
  45. 45. technology
  46. 46. Libraries employ emerging technology specialists, ITG and computer support people and information architects. Nerdycomputer awesomeness? Check! http://6.mshcdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/geek-600.jpg
  47. 47. reference
  48. 48. Don’t discount traditional reference! Reference librarians are experts at listening to people and discerning the real source of the question (and it isn’t as simple as it sounds – just ask your librarian about the subtleties of the reference interview sometime). These professionals have the skills to listen and interpret questions from a wide variety of fields and still be able to find the exact data that people are looking for. Their specialty is the ability to adapt to the extreme subject specialization of patrons, discern the root of the question and identify the information that patrons need.http://www.mcphee.com/laf/ And we don’t sush people. Ever.
  49. 49. user experience
  50. 50. Libraries employ experts in user experience – if you build it and it is awkward to use, NOBODYWILL USE IT! We try to keep Lebron James happy every time he searches our webpage. Image: Flickr user Keith Allison
  51. 51. digital collection & metadata specialist
  52. 52. Metadata: so important, but it can be so complex!Luckily, libraries employ metadata specialist that know when to apply the appropriate metadataschema. This helps us work with researchers in away that makes the most sense for them and us!
  53. 53. Digital Librarians help identify repositories across theworld, increasing the chances of finding grey literature and data not indexed in MEDLINE, WoS or Scopus! Map from Repository66.org
  54. 54. ODG
  55. 55. Image modified from Roz Chast Ontology Development Group = Awesomeness!Melissa and Carlo have talked to you about several ofour projects, and it is of note that the library is their home.
  56. 56. dataspecialist
  57. 57. Data Management Plans are great, but they are a“stick” mechanism to get researchers to engage in data. Our data specialist provides assistance with this, but… Diagram from Dan LaSota, U Alaska
  58. 58. …is also looking at other ways to help with data in theresearch community in a more integrated fashion. Data literacy = very important! This is not the ideal way to label files (but is horridly close to what my file system looks like).
  59. 59. research specialist OK, most people call this type of position a “scholarlycommunications librarian”, but since most researchers have no idea what scholarly communication mean, Iprefer to refer to this field as research specialist. What does she do?
  60. 60. bigstockphoto_stack_of_papers_1196666 She helps research analyze their research outputthrough citation analysis. But there’s more! She works on promoting Public Access, and provides assistance with the NIH Public Access Policy. Moreover…
  61. 61. http://ufert.se/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/250px-DataTNG.jpeg…she understands that research output comes in many different sizes and shapes, and looks to measure research impact in other ways.
  62. 62. subjectspecialist That’s me!
  63. 63. I was hired because I understand why this cartoon is too, too true.
  64. 64. http://aocpmr.org/students/journal-club/ I do a variety of things to keep integrated into theresearch community. I participate in journal clubs on campus…
  65. 65. NCBI …I am a trainer on NCBI resources…
  66. 66. I attend and give seminars in departmental seminar series.
  67. 67. I also teach several classes (data visualization, researchethics, publishing ethics, presentation skills, and more!).
  68. 68. Demotivational Poster from Despair.comAnd I sit on University committees. Whether I like it or not!
  69. 69. Researcher Administration So this is how it works: I liaise with the research community and the University at large (including Stick figures by xkcd.com administration), and help target the efforts of our more specialized Ontology, Data and Research librarians.Research Liaison [ONTOLOGY] [DATA Curation] [Research Communication]
  70. 70. From the most excellent xkcd.com
  71. 71. Watch out! LI BRARYModified from the most excellent xkcd.com
  72. 72. Example of Research Output fromSciVal. This is cool, but it makes us at the library wonder…
  73. 73. what happensbetween publications?
  74. 74. let’s use morethan the tip of the iceberg toconnect scientists together!
  75. 75. Small Scale: we are integrating into a laboratory, working with them to use laboratory inventory software. We’ll attend lab meetings, watch them create and store data, and get the real skinny on how they deal with data day-to-day.http://www.flickr.com/photos/duncanmacinnis/2287565841/sizes/o/in/photostream/
  76. 76. Large Scale: I organized a university-wide researchconference that brought together researchers from all across OHSU.
  77. 77. Over four days, we had 180 posters, 140 oralpresentations, 4 poster sessions, 3 invited keynote speakers and a lot of coffee
  78. 78. Being an organization that likes to organize, we created an onlineschedule that tracked each presenter, displayed their title and sessionalong with their rank. Presenters were able to link up their persona inthe online scheduling system to Facebook, and could like sessions and share their participation with friends.
  79. 79. Basic School of Science School of Nursing DentistryRemember the landscape of Schools OHSU? School of School of Pharmacy Medicine Clinical Science Research Centers OHSU Resources Shared Research Other Resources Resources Cores
  80. 80. Basic School of We got School of Dentistry Nursing Scienceresearchers to participate Schools from EVERY part of the School of School of University! Pharmacy Medicine Clinical Science Research Centers OHSU Resources Shared Research Other Resources Resources Cores
  81. 81. More importantly… University Librarian Content Instruction, Ontology Historical Col. &Access Services Management & Research & Development Archives Systems Outreach Group
  82. 82. We got all branches of the library involved. University Librarian Content Instruction, Ontology Historical Col. &Access Services Management & Research & Development Archives Systems Outreach Group As much as it is important to make the research community aware of the library, it is also important to keep the entire library involved. This helps generate enthusiasm and create a sense of accomplishment as we move forward with our work with the research community.
  83. 83. Oh yeah, baby! semantic projects
  84. 84. Melissa, Carlo and Chris have done an amazing job at thisconference describing how we are involved with semanticprojects. I won’t go into much about it here, but I want to point out that our good relationships with the research community make it easier to initiate, collaborateand develop projects with the research community. We aren’t “crazy folk from the library” – we’re people that have helped them with information, and can be a valuable part of the research enterprise.
  85. 85. The challenges of data can be met by the professionals in the library! Libraries have been helping define and deal with largevolumes of diverse information – extending this to the specific areaof data is a natural extension of our professional work. The answer could be as close as your local library!
  86. 86. Oh wow, where did the time go? This annotation capturesonly a tiny bit of my verbal onslaught, and there is so muchmore I’d like to tell you all – please feel free to contact me at any time. If there is one thing you take away from this presentation, let it be this:
  87. 87. asdfdatacan becomplex...
  88. 88. …librariescan help youwith that.
  89. 89. wirzj@ohsu.eduSeriously, contact me at any time. I’d love to hear from you! Jackie Wirz, PhD wirzj@ohsu.edu 503.494.3443 Skype: jacqueline.wirz

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