Full North American Online Travel Report 2009

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Full North American Online Travel Report 2009

  1. 1. North American Online Travel Report 2009
  2. 2. EyeforTravel Research 7-9 Fashion Street London E1 6PX UK For queries contact: amy@eyefortravel.com www.eyefortravelresearch.com EyeforTravel Ltd, April 2009 2 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  3. 3. North America Online Travel Report 2009 Table of Contents Table of Contents List of Figures 5 Methodology 14 Executive Summary 19 Chapter 1: North American Travel Market Overview 31 North American Travel Market Overview 31 US vs. Canada Travel Market Analysis 51 US Travel Market Analysis 59 Canadian Travel Market Analysis 68 Chapter 2: Online Market Infrastructure and Consumer Insight Overview 77 Internet Penetration 77 The Use of Electronic Payment Cards 78 Outbound Destinations 82 Chapter 3: North American Travel Sector Analysis 85 3.1 Airline Sector 85 US Airline Market Analysis 91 Canadian Airline Market Analysis 102 3.2 Hotel Sector 119 US Hotel Market Analysis 127 Canadian Hotel Market Analysis 138 3.3 Car Rental Sector 149 US Car Rental Market Analysis 158 Canadian Car Rental Market Analysis 169 3.4 Rail Sector 180 US Rail Market Analysis 185 Canadian Rail Market Analysis 188 3 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  4. 4. Table of Contents 3.5 Cruise Sector 192 US Cruise Market Analysis 197 Canadian Cruise Market Analysis 206 3.6 Bus Sector 213 US Bus Market Analysis 217 Canadian Bus Market Analysis 221 3.7 Package Sector 226 US Package Market Analysis 233 Canadian Package Market Analysis 243 Chapter 4: Online Travel Agent (OTA) Sector Analysis 253 North American OTA Market Overview 253 US OTA Market Analysis 260 Canadian OTA Market Analysis 270 4 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  5. 5. North America Online Travel Report 2009 List of Figures List of Figures Figure 1.1: North America Total Volume of Travel, 2002-2012F 31 Figure 1.2: North America Volume of Travel - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 31 Figure 1.3: North America Volume of Domestic Travel, 2002-2012F 32 Figure 1.4: North America Volume of Outbound Travel, 2002-2012F 32 Figure 1.5: North America Travel Market Gross Value, 2002-2012F 33 Figure 1.6: Spend per Trip in US$ (North America), 2002-2012F 33 Figure 1.7: North American Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (US$), 2002-2012F 34 Figure 1.8: North American Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2008 34 Figure 1.9: North American Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2002-2012F 35 Figure 1.10: North American Travel Market - Y-o-Y Growth by Sector, 2002-2012F 36 Figure 1.11: North American Travel Market - CAGR by Sector, 2002-2007 and 2008-2012F 36 Figure 1.12: Online Penetration of the North American Travel Market, 2002-2012F 37 Figure 1.13: Value of North American Travel Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 38 Figure 1.14: Sector Breakdown of North American Online Travel Market (%), 2008 39 Figure 1.15: Sector Breakdown of North American Online Travel Market (%), 2002-2012F 39 Figure 1.16: North American Online Travel Market - CAGR by Sector, 2002-2007 and 2008-2012F 40 Figure 1.17: Online/Offline Distribution Values - North American Airline Market, 2002-2012F 41 Figure 1.18: Online/Offline Distribution Values - North American Hotel Market, 2002-2012F 41 Figure 1.19: Online/Offline Distribution Values - North American Car Rental Market, 2002-2012 41 Figure 1.20: Online/Offline Distribution Values - North American Bus Market, 2002-2012F 42 Figure 1.21: Online/Offline Distribution Values - North American Cruise Market, 2002-2012F 42 Figure 1.22: Online/Offline Distribution Values - North American Railway Market, 2002-2012F 42 Figure 1.23: Online/Offline Distribution Values - North American Package Market, 2002-2012F 43 Figure 1.24: Value of the North American Travel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 43 Figure 1.25: North American Travel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2008 44 Figure 1.26: North American Travel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 44 Figure 1.27: North American Travel Market - Y-o-Y Growth Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 45 Figure 1.28: Spend per Trip (North America Averages) - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 45 Figure 1.29: North American Online Travel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 46 Figure 1.30: North American Online Travel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2008 47 Figure 1.31: Value of the North American Online Travel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 47 Figure 1.32: North American Online Travel Market - Y-o-Y Growth Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 47 Figure 1.33: North American Domestic Online Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2002-2012F 48 Figure 1.34: North American Domestic Online Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2008 49 Figure 1.35: North American Domestic Online Travel Market - Sector Breakdown Values (US$), 2002-2012F 49 Figure 1.36: North American Outbound Online Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2002-2012F 50 Figure 1.37: North American Outbound Online Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2008 50 Figure 1.38: North American Outbound Online Travel Market Value - Sector Breakdown (US$), 2002-2012F 50 Figure 1.39: US vs. Canada Total Volume of Travel, 2002-2012F 51 Figure 1.40: US vs. Canada Total Volume of Travel (%), 2002-2012F 52 Figure 1.41: US Volume of Domestic Trips, 2002-2012F 52 Figure 1.42: US Volume of Outbound Trips, 2002-2012F 53 Figure 1.43: Canada Volume of Domestic Trips, 2002-2012F 53 Figure 1.44: Canada Volume of Outbound Trips, 2002-2012F 53 Figure 1.45: Value of the North American Travel Market - US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 54 Figure 1.46: North American Travel Market - US vs. Canada (%), 2002-2012F 55 Figure 1.47: Average Spend per Person per Trip - US and Canada, 2002-2012F 55 Figure 1.48: North American Online Travel Market - US vs.Canada (%), 2002-2012F 56 Figure 1.49: Value of the North American Online Travel Market, US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 56 Figure 1.50: Online Penetration Comparison of the US and Canadian Gross Travel Markets, 2002-2012F 57 Figure 1.51: Online Penetration of the US Gross Travel Market, 2002-2012F 58 5 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  6. 6. List of Figures Figure 1.52: Online Penetration of the Canadian Gross Travel Market, 2002-2012F 58 Figure 1.53: Value of the US Gross Travel Market, 2002-2012F 59 Figure 1.54: Value of the US Online Travel Market, 2002-2012F 59 Figure 1.55: US Travel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 60 Figure 1.56: Value of US Gross Travel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 61 Figure 1.57: Outbound Travel Destination Trends, 2002-2012F 62 Figure 1.58: Value of US Online Travel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 62 Figure 1.59: US Online Travel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 63 Figure 1.60: Online Penetration Comparison of US Domestic and Outbound Travel Markets, 2002-2012F 63 Figure 1.61: US Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2002-2012F 64 Figure 1.62: US Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2008 65 Figure 1.63: US Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (US$), 2002-2012F 65 Figure 1.64: US Travel Market - Y-o-Y Growth by Sector, 2002-2012F 65 Figure 1.65: US Online Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2002-2012F 66 Figure 1.66: US Online Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2008 66 Figure 1.67: US Online Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (US$), 2002-2012F 67 Figure 1.68: US Online Travel Market - Y-o-Y Growth by Sector, 2002-2012F 67 Figure 1.69: Sector Online Penetration, 2002-2012F 67 Figure 1.70: Value of the Canadian Gross Travel Market, 2002-2012F 68 Figure 1.71: Canadian Travel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 69 Figure 1.72: Value of the Canadian Travel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 69 Figure 1.73: Value of the Canadian Online Travel Market, 2002-2012F 70 Figure 1.74: Canadian Online Travel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 71 Figure 1.75: Online Penetration Comparison of Domestic and Outbound Canadian Travel Market, 2002-2012F 71 Figure 1.76: Value of the Canadian Online Travel Market – Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 72 Figure 1.77: Canadian Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2002-2012F 73 Figure 1.78: Canadian Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2008 73 Figure 1.79: Canadian Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (CAD $), 2002-2012F 74 Figure 1.80: Canadian Travel Market - Y-o-Y Growth by Sector, 2002-2012F 74 Figure 1.81: Canadian Online Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2002-2012F 75 Figure 1.82: Canadian Online Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2008 75 Figure 1.83: Sector Online Penetration, 2002-2012F 76 Figure 1.84: Canadian Online Travel Market - Y-o-Y Growth by Sector, 2002-2012F 76 Figure 1.85: Canadian Online Travel Market - Sector Breakdown (CAD $), 2002-2012F 76 Figure 2.1: Internet User Penetration - US vs. Canada (%), 2000-2007 77 Figure 2.2: Total Volume of Internet User - US vs. Canada, 2000-2007 77 Figure 2.3: Broadband Subscriber Penetration - US vs. Canada (%), 2000-2007 78 Figure 2.4: Financial Cards per Capita US vs. Canada, 2000-2007 78 Figure 2.5: US Travel Payment Methods, 2007 79 Figure 2.6: “I don’t like Giving out my Credit Card Number or Personal Information Online” 80 Figure 2.7: Canadians that Have Ordered the Following Products Online in the Last 12 Months, 2005 and 2007 81 Figure 2.8: Consumer Confidence Index US vs. Canada, 2002-2008 81 Figure 2.9: Most Popular Outbound Destinations for US Travellers, 2006-2007 82 Figure 2.10: Most Popular Outbound Destinations for Canadian Travellers, 2006-2007 82 Figure 2.11: Top US States by Canadian Visits, 2007 83 Figure 2.12: Canadian Traveller Spending by US State, 2007 83 Figure 3.1.1: Value of the North American Airline Market, 2002-2012F 85 Figure 3.1.2: Online Penetration of the North American Airline Market, 2002-2012F 85 Figure 3.1.3: Value of North American Airline Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 86 Figure 3.1.4: North American Online Airline Market as % of Total North American Online Travel Market 86 Figure 3.1.5: Value of the North American Online Airline Market Value, 2002-2012F 87 Figure 3.1.6: North American Airline Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 87 Figure 3.1.7: Value of North American Gross Airline Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 88 Figure 3.1.8: North American Online Airline Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 88 Figure 3.1.9: Value of North American Online Airline Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 89 Figure 3.1.10: North American Online Airline Market - US vs. Canada (%), 2002-2012F 89 6 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  7. 7. North America Online Travel Report 2009 List of Figures Figure 3.1.11: Value of North American Online Airline Market - US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 90 Figure 3.1.12: Online Penetration Comparison of North American, US and Canadian Airline Markets, 2002-2012F 90 Figure 3.1.13: US Airline Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 91 Figure 3.1.14: Value of US Domestic Airline Market, 2002-2012F 91 Figure 3.1.15: US Domestic Airline Market - Traditional Airlines vs. Low Cost Carriers (%), 2002-2012F 92 Figure 3.1.16: Value of the US Domestic Airline Market - Traditional Airlines vs. Low Cost Carriers, 2002-2012F 92 Figure 3.1.17: Online Penetration of the US Airline Market, 2002-2012F 93 Figure 3.1.18: Value of the US Airline Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 94 Figure 3.1.19: Online Penetration Comparison of Total, Domestic and Outbound US Airline Markets, 2002-2012F 95 Figure 3.1.20: Online Penetration of the US Domestic Airline Market, 2002-2012F 95 Figure 3.1.21: Online Penetration of the US Outbound Airline Market, 2002-2012F 95 Figure 3.1.22: Value of the US Online Airline Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 96 Figure 3.1.23: Value of the US Domestic Airline Market Value - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 96 Figure 3.1.24: US Domestic Online Airline Market - Online Penetration of Traditional Airlines and Low Cost Carriers, 2002-2012F 97 Figure 3.1.25: US Domestic Online Airline Market - Traditional Airlines vs. Low Cost Carriers (%), 2002-2012F 97 Figure 3.1.26: US Domestic Online Airline Market Value - Traditional Airlines vs. Low Cost Carriers, 2002-2012 98 Figure 3.1.27: Value of the US Outbound Airline Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 98 Figure 3.1.28: US Online Airline Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 99 Figure 3.1.29: Value of the US Online Airline Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 99 Figure 3.1.30: US Domestic Online Airline Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 100 Figure 3.1.31: US Outbound Online Airline Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 100 Figure 3.1.32: US Outbound Online Airline Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 101 Figure 3.1.33: Value of the Canadian Gross Airline Market, 2002-2012F 102 Figure 3.1.34: Canadian Airline Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 103 Figure 3.1.35: Value of the Canadian Airline Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 103 Figure 3.1.36: Canadian Domestic Airline Market - Traditional Airlines vs. Low Cost Carriers (%), 2002-2012F 104 Figure 3.1.37: Value of the Canadian Domestic Airline Market - Traditional Airlines vs. Low Cost Carriers, 2002-2012F 105 Figure 3.1.38: Online Penetration of the Canadian Airline Market, 2002-2012F 106 Figure 3.1.39: Value of the Canadian Airline Market - Offline vs. Online, 2002-2012F 107 Figure 3.1.40: Airline Sector Contribution to Canadian Total, Domestic and Outbound Online Travel Markets, 2002-2012F 108 Figure 3.1.41: Online Penetration Comparison of Total, Domestic and Outbound Canadian Online Airline Markets, 2002-2012F 108 Figure 3.1.42: Online Penetration of the Domestic Canadian Travel Market, 2002-2012F 109 Figure 3.1.43: Online Penetration of the Outbound Canadian Travel Market, 2002-2012F 109 Figure 3.1.44: Value of the Canadian Domestic Airline Market - Online vs. offline, 2002-2012F 110 Figure 3.1.45: alue of the Canadian Outbound Airline Market - Online vs. offline, 2002-2012F 110 Figure 3.1.46: Canadian Online Airline Market Value - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 111 Figure 3.1.47: Canadian Online Airline Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 112 Figure 3.1.48: Canadian Domestic Airline Market - Traditional Airlines vs. Low Cost Carriers (%), 2002-2012F 112 Figure 3.1.49: Online Penetration of Traditional Airline & Low Cost Carrier Canadian Domestic Airline Markets, 2002-2012F 113 Figure 3.1.50: Value of Canadian Domestic Online Airline Market - Traditional Airlines vs. Low Cost Carriers, 2002-2012F 113 Figure 3.1.51: Canadian Online Airline Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution %, 2002-2012F 114 Figure 3.1.52: Value of Canadian Online Airline Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 115 Figure 3.1.53: Canadian Domestic Online Airline Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002- 2012F 116 Figure 3.1.54: Canadian Outbound Online Airline Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 116 7 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  8. 8. List of Figures Figure 3.1.55: Value of Canadian Domestic Online Airline Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 117 2002-2012F Figure 3.1.56: Value of Canadian Outbound Online Airline Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 118 2002-2012F Figure 3.2.1: Value of North American Gross Hotel Market, 2002-2012F 119 Figure 3.2.2: Online Penetration of the North American Hotel Market, 2002-2012F 120 Figure 3.2.3: Value of the North American Hotel Market, Offline vs. Online, 2002-2012F 120 Figure 3.2.4: North American Online Hotel Market as % of Total North American Online Travel Market 120 Figure 3.2.5: Value of North American Online Hotel Market, 2002-2012F 121 Figure 3.2.6: North American Hotel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 122 Figure 3.2.7: Value of North American Hotel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 122 Figure 3.2.9: Value of North American Online Hotel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 123 Figure 3.2.10: North American Hotel Market - US vs. Canada (%), 2002-2012F 124 Figure 3.2.11: Value of North American Hotel Market - US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 124 Figure 3.2.12: North American Online Hotel Market - US vs. Canada (%), 2002-2012F 125 Figure 3.2.13: Online Penetration Comparison of North American, US and Canadian Hotel Markets, 2002-2012F 125 Figure 3.2.14: Value of the North American Online Hotel Market - US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 126 Figure 3.2.15: US Hotel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 127 Figure 3.2.16: Value of the US Hotel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 128 Figure 3.2.17: Online Penetration of the US Hotel Market, 2002-2012F 128 Figure 3.2.18: Value of the US Hotel Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 129 Figure 3.2.19: US Gross, Domestic and Outbound Online Hotel Markets as % of Respective Online Travel Market, 2002-2012F 130 Figure 3.2.20: Value of the US Online Hotel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 130 Figure 3.2.21: Online Penetration Comparison of Total, Domestic and Outbound US Hotel Markets, 2002-2012F 131 Figure 3.2.22: Value of the US Online Domestic Hotel Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 132 Figure 3.2.23: Online Penetration of the US Domestic Hotel Market, 2002-2012F 132 Figure 3.2.24: Value of the US Online Outbound Hotel Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 132 Figure 3.2.25: Online Penetration of the US Outbound Hotel Market, 2002-2012F 133 Figure 3.2.26: US Online Hotel Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 134 Figure 3.2.27: Value of the US Online Hotel Market, Direct vs. Indirect, 2002-2012F 134 Figure 3.2.28: US Domestic Online Hotel Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 135 Figure 3.2.29: US Outbound Online Hotel Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 135 Figure 3.2.30: Value of the US Domestic Online Hotel Market Value, Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 136 Figure 3.2.31: Value of the US Outbound Online Hotel Market Value, Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 136 Figure 3.2.32: Canadian Hotel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 138 Figure 3.2.33: Value of the Canadian Hotel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 139 Figure 3.2.34: Online Penetration of the Canadian Hotel Market, 2002-2012F 139 Figure 3.2.35: Value of the Canadian Hotel Market, Offline vs. Online, 2002-2012F 140 Figure 3.2.36: Online Penetration of the Canadian Domestic Hotel Market, 2002-2012F 141 Figure 3.2.37: Online Penetration of the Canadian Outbound Hotel Market, 2002-2012F 141 Figure 3.2.38: Canadian Gross, Domestic and Outbound Online Hotel Markets as % of Respective Online Travel Market, 2002-2012F 142 Figure 3.2.39: Value of the Canadian Online Hotel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 143 Figure 3.2.40: Value of the Canadian Domestic Hotel Market - Offline vs. Online, 2002-2012F 143 Figure 3.2.41: Value of the Canadian Outbound Hotel Market - Offline vs. Online, 2002-2012F 144 Figure 3.2.42: Canadian Online Hotel Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 144 Figure 3.2.43: Value of the Canadian Online Hotel Market, Direct vs. Indirect, 2002-2012F 145 Figure 3.2.44: Canadian Domestic Online Hotel Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 146 Figure 3.2.45: Canadian Outbound Online Hotel Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 146 Figure 3.2.46: Value of the Canadian Domestic Online Hotel Market, Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 147 8 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  9. 9. North America Online Travel Report 2009 List of Figures Figure 3.2.47: Value of the Canadian Outbound Online Hotel Market, Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 147 Figure 3.3.1: Value of the North American Gross Car Rental Market, 2002-2012F 149 Figure 3.3.2: North American Car Rental Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 149 Figure 3.3.3: Value of North American Gross Car Rental Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 150 Figure 3.3.4: Online Penetration of the North American Car Rental Market, 2002-2012F 151 Figure 3.3.5: Value of the North American Online Car Rental Market, 2002-2012F 151 Figure 3.3.6: Value of the North American Offline Car Rental Market, 2002-2012F 152 Figure 3.3.7: Online Penetration of the North American Domestic Car Rental Market, 2002-2012F 152 Figure 3.3.8: Value of North American Domestic Car Rental Market - Offline vs. Online, 2002-2012F 153 Figure 3.3.9: Online Penetration of the North American Outbound Car Rental Market, 2002-2012F 153 Figure 3.3.10: Value of North American Outbound Car Rental Market - Offline vs. Online, 2002- 2012F 154 Figure 3.3.11: North American Car Rental Market - US vs. Canada (%), 2002-2012F 155 Figure 3.3.12: Value of the North American Car Rental Market - US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 155 Figure 3.3.13: North American Online Car Rental Market - US vs. Canada (%), 2002-2012F 156 Figure 3.3.14: Value of the North American Online Car Rental Market - US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 156 Figure 3.3.15: Car Rental Sector Contribution to Total North American, US and Canadian Online Travel Markets, 2002-2012F 157 Figure 3.3.16: US Car Rental Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 158 Figure 3.3.17: Value of the US Car Rental Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 158 Figure 3.3.18: Car Rental Sector Contribution to US Total, Domestic and Outbound Travel Markets, 2002-2012F 159 Figure 3.3.19: US Car Rental Market - Online vs. Offline (%), 2002-2012F 160 Figure 3.3.20: Value of the US Car Rental Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 160 Figure 3.3.21: Online Penetration Comparison of Total, Domestic and Outbound US Car Rental Market, 2002-2012F 161 Figure 3.3.22: Car Rental Sector Contribution to US Total, Domestic and Outbound Online Travel Markets, 2002-2012F 162 Figure 3.3.23: US Online Car Rental Market, Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 162 Figure 3.3.24: Value of US Online Car Rental Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 163 Figure 3.3.25: Online Penetration of the US Domestic Car Rental Market, 2002-2012F 163 Figure 3.3.26: Value of US Domestic Car Rental Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 164 Figure 3.3.27: Online Penetration of the US Outbound Car Rental Market, 2002-2012F 164 Figure 3.3.28: Value of US Outbound Car Rental Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 164 Figure 3.3.29: US Online Car Rental Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 165 Figure 3.3.30: Value of the US Online Car Rental Market, Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 165 Figure 3.3.31: US Domestic Online Car Rental Market, Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 166 Figure 3.3.32: US Outbound Online Car Rental Market, Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 167 Figure 3.3.33: Value of the US Domestic Online Car Rental Market, Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 167 Figure 3.3.34: Value of the US Outbound Online Car Rental Market, Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 168 Figure 3.3.35: Canadian Car Rental Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 169 Figure 3.3.36: Value of the Canadian Car Rental Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 170 Figure 3.3.37: Online Penetration of the Canadian Car Rental Market, 2002-2012F 170 Figure 3.3.38: Value of the Canadian Car Rental Market, Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 171 Figure 3.3.39: Online Penetration Comparison of Total, Domestic and Outbound Canadian Car Rental Market, 2002-2012F 172 Figure 3.3.40: Car Rental Sector Contribution to Canadian Total, Domestic and Outbound Online Travel Markets, 2002-2012F 172 Figure 3.3.41: Canadian Online Car Rental Market - Domestic vs. Outbound Distribution (%), 2002- 2012F 173 Figure 3.3.42: Value of the Canadian Online Car Rental Market - Domestic vs. Outbound Distribution, 2002-2012F 173 Figure 3.3.43: Value of the Canadian Domestic Car Rental Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 174 Figure 3.3.44: Online Penetration of the Canadian Domestic Car Rental Market, 2002-2012F 175 9 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  10. 10. List of Figures Figure 3.3.45: Value of the Canadian Outbound Car Rental Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 175 Figure 3.3.46: Online Penetration of the Canadian Outbound Car Rental Market, 2002-2012F 175 Figure 3.3.47: Canadian Online Car Rental Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 176 Figure 3.3.48: Value of the Canadian Online Car Rental Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 176 Figure 3.3.49: Canadian Domestic Online Car Rental Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 177 Figure 3.3.50: Canadian Outbound Online Car Rental Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 177 Figure 3.3.51: Value of the Canadian Domestic Online Car Rental Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 178 Figure 3.3.52: Value of the Canadian Outbound Online Car Rental Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 178 Figure 3.4.1: Value of the North American Gross Rail Market, 2002-2012F 180 Figure 3.4.2: North American Rail Market, Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 180 Figure 3.4.3: Value of the North American Rail Market, Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 181 Figure 3.4.4: Online Penetration of the North American Rail Market, 2002-2012F 181 Figure 3.4.5: Value of the North American Online Rail Market, 2002-2012F 182 Figure 3.4.6: Online Penetration of the North American Domestic Rail Market, 2002-2012F 182 Figure 3.4.7: North American Online Rail Market - US vs. Canada (%), 2002-2012F 183 Figure 3.4.8: Value of the North American Rail Market - US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 183 Figure 3.4.9: Value of the North American Online Rail Market - US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 184 Figure 3.4.10: US Rail Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 185 Figure 3.4.11: Value of the US Rail Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 185 Figure 3.4.12: Online Penetration of the US Rail Market, 2002-2012F 186 Figure 3.4.13: Value of the US Rail Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 186 Figure 3.4.14: Online Penetration of the US Domestic Rail Market, 2002-2012F 187 Figure 3.4.15: Canadian Rail Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 188 Figure 3.4.16: Value of the Canadian Rail Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 188 Figure 3.4.17: Online Penetration of the Canadian Rail Market, 2002-2012F 189 Figure 3.4.18: Value of the Canadian Rail Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 190 Figure 3.4.19: Online Penetration of the Canadian Domestic Rail Market, 2002-2012F 190 Figure 3.5.1: Value of the North American Gross Cruise Market, 2002-2012F 192 Figure 3.5.2: North American Cruise Market - US vs. Canada (%), 2002-2012F 193 Figure 3.5.3: Value of the North American Cruise Market, US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 193 Figure 3.5.4: Online Penetration of the North American Cruise Market, 2002-2012F 194 Figure 3.5.5: Value of the North American Online Cruise Market, 2002-2012F 195 Figure 3.5.6: Value of the North American Online Cruise Market - US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 195 Figure 3.5.7: North American Online Cruise Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 196 Figure 3.5.8: Value of the North American Online Cruise Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 197 Figure 3.5.9: US Cruise Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 198 Figure 3.5.10: Value of the US Cruise Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 198 Figure 3.5.11: Cruise Sector Contribution to US Total, Domestic and Outbound Travel Markets, 2002-2012F 199 Figure 3.5.12: Online Penetration of the US Cruise Market, 2002-2012F 199 Figure 3.5.13: Value of the US Cruise Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 200 Figure 3.5.14: Online Penetration Comparison of the US Gross, Domestic and Outbound Cruise Market, 2002-2012F 200 Figure 3.5.15: US Online Cruise Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 201 Figure 3.5.16: Value of the US Online Cruise Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 201 Figure 3.5.17: Online Penetration of the US Domestic Cruise Market, 2002-2012F 202 Figure 3.5.18: Value of the US Domestic Cruise Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 202 Figure 3.5.19: Online Penetration of the US Outbound Cruise Market, 2002-2012F 203 Figure 3.5.20: Value of the US Outbound Cruise Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 203 Figure 3.5.21: US Online Cruise Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 203 Figure 3.5.22: Value of the US Online Cruise Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 204 Figure 3.5.23: Value of the US Domestic Online Cruise Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 204 10 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  11. 11. North America Online Travel Report 2009 List of Figures Figure 3.5.24: US Domestic Online Cruise Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 205 Figure 3.5.25: Value of the US Outbound Online Cruise Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 205 Figure 3.5.26: US Outbound Online Cruise Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 205 Figure 3.5.27: Canadian Cruise Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 206 Figure 3.5.28: Value of the Canadian Cruise Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 207 Figure 3.5.29: Online Penetration of the Canadian Cruise Market, 2002-2012F 208 Figure 3.5.30: Value of the Canadian Cruise Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 208 Figure 3.5.31: Canadian Online Cruise Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 209 Figure 3.5.32: Value of the Canadian Online Cruise Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 209 Figure 3.5.33: Value of the Domestic Canadian Cruise Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 210 Figure 3.5.34: Value of the Outbound Canadian Cruise Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 210 Figure 3.5.35: Canadian Online Cruise Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 211 Figure 3.5.36: Value of the Canadian Online Cruise Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 211 Figure 3.5.37: Value of the Canadian Domestic Online Cruise Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 212 Figure 3.5.38: Value of the Canadian Outbound Online Cruise Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 212 Figure 3.6.1: Value of the North American Gross Bus Market, 2002-2012F 213 Figure 3.6.2: North American Bus Market - US vs. Canada (%), 2002-2012F 213 Figure 3.6.3: Value of the North American Bus Market - US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 214 Figure 3.6.4: Online Penetration of the North American Bus Market, 2002-2012F 215 Figure 3.6.5: Value of the North American Online Bus Market, 2002-2012F 215 Figure 3.6.6: North American Online Bus Market - US vs. Canada (%), 2002-2012F 216 Figure 3.6.7: Value of the North American Online Bus Market - US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 216 Figure 3.6.8: US Bus Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 217 Figure 3.6.9: Value of the US Bus Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 218 Figure 3.6.10: Online Penetration of the US Bus Market, 2002-2012F 218 Figure 3.6.11: Value of the US Bus Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 219 Figure 3.6.12: Online Penetration of the US Domestic Bus Market, 2002-2012F 219 Figure 3.6.13: US Online Bus Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 220 Figure 3.6.14: alue of the US Online Bus Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 220 Figure 3.6.15: Canadian Bus Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 221 Figure 3.6.16: Value of the Canadian Bus Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 222 Figure 3.6.17: Online Penetration of the Canadian Bus Market, 2002-2012F 223 Figure 3.6.18: Value of the Canadian Bus Market, Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 223 Figure 3.6.19: Online Penetration of the Canadian Domestic Bus Market, 2002-2012F 224 Figure 3.6.20: Canadian Online Bus Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 225 Figure 3.6.21: Value of the Canadian Online Bus Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 225 Figure 3.7.1: Value of the North American Gross Package Market, 2002-2012F 226 Figure 3.7.2: North American Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 226 Figure 3.7.3: Value of the North American Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 227 Figure 3.7.4: North American Package Market - US vs. Canada (%), 2002-2012F 227 Figure 3.7.5: Value of the North American Package Market - US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 228 Figure 3.7.6: Online Penetration of the North American Package Market, 2002-2012F 229 Figure 3.7.7: Value of the North American Online Package Market, 2002-2012F 229 Figure 3.7.8: North American Online Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 230 Figure 3.7.9: Value of the North American Online Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 230 Figure 3.7.10: North American Online Package Market - US vs. Canada (%), 2002-2012F 231 Figure 3.7.11: Value of the North American Online Package Market - US vs. Canada, 2002-2012F 231 Figure 3.7.12: North American Online Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 232 Figure 3.7.13: Value of the North American Online Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 233 Figure 3.7.14: US Package Market - Package vs. Non-Package Travel (%), 2002-2012F 233 Figure 3.7.15: US Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 234 11 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  12. 12. List of Figures Figure 3.7.16: Value of the US Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 234 Figure 3.7.17: Online Penetration of the US Package Market, 2002-2012F 235 Figure 3.7.18: Value of the US Package Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 236 Figure 3.7.19: US Online Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 237 Figure 3.7.20: Value of the US Online Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 237 Figure 3.7.21: Online Penetration of the US Domestic Package Market, 2002-2012F 238 Figure 3.7.22: Value of the US Domestic Online Package Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 238 Figure 3.7.23: Online Penetration of the US Outbound Package Market, 2002-2012F 239 Figure 3.7.24: Value of the US Outbound Online Package Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 239 Figure 3.7.25: US Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 240 Figure 3.7.26: Value of the US Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 240 Figure 3.7.27: US Domestic Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 241 Figure 3.7.28: Value of the US Domestic Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 241 Figure 3.7.29: US Outbound Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 241 Figure 3.7.30: Value of the US Outbound Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 242 Figure 3.7.31: Canadian Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 243 Figure 3.7.32: Value of the Canadian Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 244 Figure 3.7.33: Online Penetration of the Canadian Package Market, 2002-2012F 245 Figure 3.7.34: Value of the Canadian Package Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 245 Figure 3.7.35: Canadian Online Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 246 Figure 3.7.36: Value of the Canadian Online Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 246 Figure 3.7.37: Online Penetration of the Canadian Domestic Package Market, 2002-2012F 247 Figure 3.7.38: Online Penetration of the Canadian Outbound Package Market, 2002-2012F 247 Figure 3.7.39: Value of the Canadian Domestic Package Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 248 Figure 3.7.40: Value of the Canadian Outbound Package Market - Online vs. Offline, 2002-2012F 248 Figure 3.7.41: Canadian Online Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 249 Figure 3.7.42: Value of the Canadian Online Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 249 Figure 3.7.43: Canadian Domestic Online Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 250 Figure 3.7.44: Canadian Outbound Online Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 250 Figure 3.7.45: Value of the Canadian Domestic Online Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 251 Figure 3.7.46: Value of the Canadian Outbound Online Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 251 Figure 4.1: North American Online Travel Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution (%), 2002-2012F 253 Figure 4.2: Value of the North American Online Travel Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 253 Figure 4.3: Value of the North American Online Travel Market Sector Breakdown (US$ million) - Direct vs. Indirect, 2008 254 Figure 4.4: North American Online Travel Agent Market - Sector Breakdown (%), 2002-2012F 255 Figure 4.5: Value of the North American Online Travel Agent Market - Sector Breakdown, 2002-2012F 255 Figure 4.6: US Online Travel Market - Direct vs. Indirect, 2002-2012F 256 Figure 4.7: Canadian Online Travel Market - Direct vs. Indirect, 2002-2012F 256 Figure 4.8: North American Online Airline Market - Direct vs. Indirect as % and value, 2002-2012F 257 Figure 4.9: North American Online Hotel Market - Direct vs. Indirect as % and value, 2002-2012F 257 Figure 4.10: North American Online Car Rental Market - Direct vs. Indirect as % and value, 2002-2012F 258 Figure 4.11: North American Online Bus Market - Direct vs. Indirect as % and value, 2002-2012F 258 Figure 4.12: North American Online Cruise Market - Direct vs. Indirect as % and value, 2002- 2012F 258 Figure 4.13: North American Online Rail Market - Direct vs. Indirect as % and value, 2002-2012F 259 12 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  13. 13. North America Online Travel Report 2009 List of Figures Figure 4.14: North American Online Package Market - Direct vs. Indirect as % and value, 2002- 259 2012F Figure 4.15: Value of the US Online Travel Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002-2012F 260 Figure 4.16: Value of the US Online Travel Market Sector Breakdown (US$ million) - Direct vs. Indirect, 2008 261 Figure 4.17: US Online Travel Agent Market Sector Breakdown (%), 2008 261 Figure 4.18: US Domestic Online Travel Market - Direct vs. Indirect (%), 2002-2012F 263 Figure 4.19: Value of the US Domestic Online Travel Market - Direct vs. Indirect, 2002-2012F 263 Figure 4.20: US Outbound Online Travel Market - Direct vs. Indirect (%), 2002-2012F 264 Figure 4.21: Value of the US Outbound Online Travel Market - Direct vs. Indirect, 2002-2012F 264 Figure 4.22: Indirect US Online Airline Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 265 Figure 4.23: Value of the Indirect US Online Airline Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002- 2012F 265 Figure 4.24: Indirect US Online Hotel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 266 Figure 4.25: Value of the Indirect US Online Hotel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 266 Figure 4.26: Indirect US Online Car Rental Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 267 Figure 4.27: Value of the Indirect US Online Car Rental Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002- 2012F 267 Figure 4.28: Indirect US Online Cruise Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 268 Figure 4.29: Value of the Indirect US Online Cruise Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 268 Figure 4.30: Indirect US Online Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 269 Figure 4.31: Value of the Indirect US Online Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002- 2012F 269 Figure 4.32: Value of the Canadian Online Travel Market - Direct vs. Indirect Distribution, 2002- 2012F 270 Figure 4.33: Value of the Canadian Online Travel Market Sector Breakdown (US$ million) - Direct vs. Indirect, 2008 271 Figure 4.34: Canadian Online Travel Agent Market Sector Breakdown (%), 2008 271 Figure 4.35: Canadian Domestic Online Travel Market - Direct vs. Indirect (%), 2002-2012F 273 Figure 4.36: Canadian Domestic Online Travel Market Y-o-Y Growth, Direct vs. Indirect, 2002- 2012F 273 Figure 4.37: Canadian Outbound Online Travel Market - Direct vs. Indirect (%), 2002-2012F 273 Figure 4.38: Canadian Domestic Online Travel Market Y-o-Y Growth - Direct vs. Indirect, 2002- 2012F 274 Figure 4.39: Indirect Canadian Online Airline Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 275 Figure 4.40: Value of the Indirect Canadian Online Airline Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002- 2012F 275 Figure 4.41: Indirect Canadian Online Hotel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 276 Figure 4.42: Value of the Indirect Canadian Online Hotel Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002- 2012F 277 Figure 4.43: Indirect Canadian Online Car Rental Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002- 2012F 277 Figure 4.44: Value of the Indirect Canadian Online Car Rental Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 278 Figure 4.45: Indirect Canadian Online Cruise Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 279 Figure 4.46: Value of the Indirect Canadian Online Cruise Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002- 2012F 279 Figure 4.47: Indirect Canadian Online Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound (%), 2002-2012F 280 Figure 4.48: Value of the Indirect Canadian Online Package Market - Domestic vs. Outbound, 2002-2012F 280 13 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  14. 14. 18 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  15. 15. Executive Summary North America Online Travel Report 2009 Executive Summary > North American Travel Market Overview 2009 to be the first year this decade that a decline in travel expenditure is expected in the region The value of the North American travel market reached an estimated US$389,376 million in 2008 and a further 16% increase in volume is expect by 2012, but growth has slowed. 2009 is expected to be the first year this decade for a decline in the total value of travel expenditure and we forecast a recovery in 2010. Fastest growth in Hotel and Cruise sectors Airlines continue to account for the largest proportion of travel spend, followed by Hotels. In 2008 these sectors accounted for 35% and 25% of the total market respectively. Fastest growth has been in the Hotel and Cruise sectors. Online penetration of North American travel market reaches 35% Distribution trends within the North American market reveal some particularly interesting patterns. Whilst offline channels continue to account for the majority of travel spend online channel have been rapidly gaining share. In 2008 the online penetration of the North American travel market reached about 35% of the value. By 2012 we are expecting almost half of travel expenditure to be online. Growth rates of the online channel are expected to be lower than previous years but between 2008 and 2012 a total growth in value of almost 50% is forecast. The online travel market by 2012 is predicted to reach a value of US$201,382 million. That is an additional US$57,498 million annually to be circulated online by the end of 2012. All growth is online While the gross travel market experiences a relatively stagnant period, amongst this, the online travel market is showing very healthy growth and continuing to erode offline share. This illustrates the growing importance of online channels and the resilience to the economic downturn. The Airline sector dominates the online travel market (56%) and online expenditure on Airline products reached US$75,964 million in 2008. The value of the online travel market is forecast to grow in value by 44% between 2008 and 2012. The Hotel sector accounts for 32% of the total online travel market and US$42,831 million in 2008. Growth by 2012 is forecast to be up by a value of over 50%. The Car Rental sector is the next largest sector accounting for 7.7% and a value of US$10,389 million (2008). 19 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  16. 16. Executive Summary Growth in the value of the outbound travel market has been higher than the domestic travel market, but in 2009 a decline of 4.8% is expected in the outbound market for the first time. Good recovery is forecast for 2010. Domestic travel accounts for around 64% of the total online travel market and outbound 36%. Outbound travel products for North American consumers have performed well online and increased in share from 28% in 2002. From 2010 we expect grow in both domestic and outbound online markets to hit double digit figures again. Canada increases it significance in the North American travel market but US spend more per trip Canadian travellers accounted for 9.4% of total North American travel trips in 2002 and by 2012 we expect this to increase to 11.3%. Canada has out performed the US from a volume growth perspective. Canada is expected to grow by 1.8% in 2009, while the US experiences a decline of around 1%. In value terms, the US contributes 90% to the North American market and this is expected to remain relatively consistent during the review period in this report. US travellers have a higher spend per trip than Canadian travellers. US online travel market valued at US$123,346 million in 2008 The US accounts for 91% of the total North American online travel market. The US online travel market reached an estimated value of US$123,346 million in 2008 and Canada US$12,252 million (CAD $12,869 million). The US online market is slightly more advanced than Canada but penetration is relatively similar. 35.2% of US travel expenditure was online in 2008 against a 31.5% penetration for Canada. By 2012 we forecast 44.8% of all US travel expenditure to be online and 42% of Canadian. A continuously changing travel distribution landscape The contrast between the performances of online and offline channels is enormous. Online channels have been remarkably productive and growth rates have remained in double digit figures for every year reviewed in the report – with the exception of 2009 when annual growth is expected to fall to a level of 6.3% (still well above growth levels for the offline market for the entire period). Put alongside offline productivity, the 5.2% decline in the offline market for 2009 makes a very strong statement. The online channels certainly now seem strong despite times of instability. US outbound travel market is growing Just under 70% of US travel expenditure is currently on domestic travel. Outbound travel is growing well and at higher rates than the more mature domestic market. 2009 is however expected to result in an estimated 4.8% decline. Mexico and Canada are receiving the most outbound travellers, followed by the UK. Growth has been strongest in Germany 20 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  17. 17. Executive Summary North America Online Travel Report 2009 and Japan. A slightly higher proportion of domestic travel is bought online in comparison to outbound travel, but only marginally. Canadian travel market reaches US$38,869 million (CAD $40,825 million) in 2008 By 2012 the Canadian travel market is expected to be 73% larger in size than it was in 2002. The Canadian market is very different from the US in that outbound travel accounts for the majority of the Canadian travel market. In 2008 outbound travel contributed around 67% to the total Canadian travel market. Annual growth has generally been higher for outbound travel and a 5.5% CAGR is expected for the 2007-2012 review period. Canadian online travel market valued at US$1,986 million (2008) Online channels are also becoming increasingly significant for the Canadian travel market. Online penetration has jumped from 11% in 2002 to around 32% in 2008. Growth is expected to slow but continue to expand and penetrate around 42% of the market by 2012. The online travel market is divided fairly evenly between domestic and outbound markets, despite the domination of the outbound segment in the gross market. The domestic market has a higher online penetration and when in 2012 we forecast that 60% of domestic travel will be purchased online, 33% of the outbound segment will be online. Growth online for both has been remarkable though. Airline products make up a significant 61% of the Canadian online travel market and the data reveals that there is a lot of room for growth for some of the travel sectors. > Airline Sector Airline sector to continue to grow in size through 2009 The North American Airline market reached a value of US$136,638 million in 2008 and growth is expected to slow but remain positive in the next few years. The domestic market accounts for the majority of the North American Airline sector but only marginally. The Canadian travel market has increased its share of the total North American airline market and accounted for around 12% in 2008, up from 7.7% in 2002. LCCs are growing their share in both markets and in the US reached about one third in 2008. During ten year period to 2012, Canadian Airline market to double in size In 2008 the Canadian Airline market reaches a value of US$16,548 million (CAD $17,381 million). The Airline sector accounts for around 43% of total Canadian travel market. Outbound travel dominates and accounts for 74% of the total Canadian Airline market (2008). Growth is expected to be lower in 2009 but still positive. Traditional airlines make up the majority of the market and recently regained some lost share. Following stronger growth from Traditional Airlines in 2002-2007, the reverse picture is predicted for the upcoming period and LCCs are forecast to grow at higher rates in the 2007-2012 period. The Traditional segment experienced a 4.8% decline in 2008. 21 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  18. 18. Executive Summary Growth of online Airline market remarkable Online channels have played a major part in the distribution of Airline products to North American travel consumers. Online penetration in the North American Airline market has reached 56% and expected to expand further to around 68% by 2012. The Airline sector accounts for over half of the total North American online travel market. Online penetration of US airline market increased to 54% in 2008 which was a value of US$68,490 million. The convergence of offline/online distribution occurred in 2006/07 and in 2009 we expect 60% of US airline expenditure to be on online, growing to about 70% by 2012. Online penetration is marginally higher in the domestic market to the outbound airline market. Online penetration in the Canadian market is 20% lower than the US In 2008, approximately 45% of the expenditure on Airline products by Canadian consumers was online. This is forecast to jump to 49% in 2009. Online channels will continue to grow in significance. In the Canadian market, negative growth in offline channels is calculated for most years under review and so there is certainly an increasing importance towards online channels. Online penetration rates for domestic/outbound is significantly different – 77% of domestic Airlie product expenditure is online and 34% of outbound (2008). Growth online for both sub-sectors (Traditional and LCC) are expected to withstand the pressures from the current economic climate and power forward to reach record levels. Online expenditure outweighs offline expenditure in the outbound Airline market for the first time in 2008 Growth in outbound Airline expenditure by North American consumers via online channels has been significant at a 26.3% CAGR (2002-2007) against a -3.1% CAGR for the value of offline channels. In 2008 online expenditure on outbound Airline products outweighed the offline expenditure for first time when online penetration reached 53.2%. With this pattern continuing, by 2012 we expect the online penetration of the outbound segment to reach 66.3%. Direct distribution constantly growing within US and Canadian online Airline markets In 2009 approximately 66% of online expenditure by US consumers was Direct with suppliers. This trend is expected to continue. OTAs are still playing a vital part in the travel supply chain and generated US$45,141 million in 2008 (34% of market). OTAs have a higher penetration in the outbound airline segment – 10% more. The role of OTAs in the Canadian online Airline sector has declined and direct bookings reached US$5,818 million (CAD $6,110 million) in 2008. During the 2002-2007 review period, Direct distribution grew at a 37.1% CAGR and by 2012 we forecast 82% of expenditure to be Direct. OTAs have held their share of the outbound market better than 22 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  19. 19. Executive Summary North America Online Travel Report 2009 the domestic market and in value terms growth of indirect channels for outbound market has been more impressive. > Hotel Sector Dip in the North American Hotel market forecast for 2009 The North American Hotel market reached an estimated US$97,751 million in 2008, up 4.2% from 2007. Despite dip in 2009 (-3.6%), the Hotel market is reported to have performed well and by 2012 we expect the size to almost double from 2002 levels. Positive growth is expected to return again in 2010 and annual growth of around 7% is expected for the next three years. US and Canadian Hotel markets expected to experience a decline – but in different years The US Hotel market has reported slightly higher rates of growth than the Canadian market during the full review period of this report. Both markets are expected to take a hit from economic pressures but the Canadian market registered a 2.5% decline in 2008 when the US increased by 5.8%. Then when the Canadian market returns to positive growth with a 1.8% increase forecast in 2009, the US is expected to decline by 3.4%. By 2010 both markets are forecast to pick up and growth between 6% and 8% is expected. US outbound Hotel market feeling the impact US consumers have increased their expenditure on Hotel products consistently during the review period and the sector share of the total US travel market has also increased. The value of the US Hotel market reached an estimated US$87,958 million in 2008, up 5.6% from 2007, but a 3.4% decline is expected for 2009. Growth is higher in the outbound market in comparison to the domestic market for all years under review except 2008 and 2009. Canadian domestic Hotel market took a bigger hit in 2008 The Canadian Hotel market accounts for about quarter of Canadian travel market. The market valued reached an estimated US$9,793 million in 2008 (CAD$10,285 million). This represents a 2.5% decline from 2007 but growth is expected to return in 2009 at 1.8%. The Hotel market is divided fairly evenly between the domestic and outbound Hotel segments (outbound was around 52% in 2008). The decline of the Hotel market in 2008 included a larger decline for the domestic segment. North American consumers buy more and more Hotel products online Online penetration rates of the Hotel market are slightly below the Airline sector, but relative to all other Travel sectors, the online Hotel market has performed very well. The 23 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  20. 20. Executive Summary growing confidence of North American consumers is clearly reflected in the figures. Growth of the online Hotel market has been at a 25.3% CAGR (2002-2007) and although it is expected to slow we forecast double digit rates. Whilst the online Hotel market is predicted to be impacted by economic pressures and forecast to record the lowest actual growth rate in the review period in 2009 (annual growth of 3.7%) we do continue to see growth. By 2010 growth is expected to return to a healthy level of 14.8% and maintained above 13% for the following 2 years. Largest plunge yet for the offline US Hotel market (-9%) expected in 2009 The expansion of online hotel market been impressive in the US market. The offline Hotel market is expected to take a large plunge in 2009. Growth is accounted for by online channels and although growth online is expected to slow from previous years, a 3.5% annual increase is predicted nonetheless. Online channels increasingly vital in any Hotel distribution strategy targeting the region but maintaining the efficiency and integration of both channels remains important Growth in online expenditure has been double the growth of offline channels. The Hotel market is a significant sector online, accounting for around one third of the total North American online travel market. Outbound Hotels have performed particularly well in recent years and in 2008 made up around 27% of the total online Hotel market. Online/Offline gap for US Hotel market forecast to close by 2010 In 2008, 44.6% of the total expenditure by US travellers on Hotel products was online. This equated to a value of US$39,268 million, an increase of 13.7% from 2007. In 2010 we forecast the online penetration to exceed the 50% mark. It is very clear from the data that growth online has well exceeded growth offline. During 2002-2007 the offline market edged up at a 2.7% CAGR when the online market grew at a 24% CAGR. In the 2007-2012 review period, all growth is expected to be online as offline is predicted to experience a -2% CAGR. Canadian online Hotel market growing faster than the US – but sizes very different The Online Canadian Hotel market has grown relatively faster than the US but understandably values are very different due to the sheer size of the US market. The US online Hotel market was valued at an estimated US$39,268 million in 2008 and Canada US$3,563 million (CAD $3,742 million). Actual growth rates are expected to be higher for Canada. Online penetration soars in the Canadian Hotel market The online penetration in the Canadian Hotel market has continuously increased. In 2008 penetration reached 36.3%, a significant shift from 10% in 2002. During 2002-2007 the 24 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  21. 21. Executive Summary North America Online Travel Report 2009 offline market displayed basically stagnant growth rates with a 0% CAGR and against this the online market grew at a 32.5% CAGR. In 2008 the only decline was accounted for by the offline channels with an 8.4% fall in value when the online market increased in value by almost 10%. Further decreases in the value of the offline market are expected. Online penetration rates are similar in the domestic and outbound segments, just slightly higher for the domestic market but values are almost equal. Positive growth is expected throughout 2009 and forecast annual growth of 13% for both segments. US outbound online Hotel market has grown five times the size during the 5 years to 2008 The US outbound online Hotel market has grown faster than the domestic market. The cross over point between online/offline distribution will arrive sooner for the outbound segment (in 2009) and this is particularly interesting having started at lower levels than the domestic market. Rapid growth has led to an expected 50.2% online penetration in 2009. The domestic market is forecast to catch up in 2010. Higher overall average growth is also expected for the outbound segment going forward, except 2009 when a decline of 4.3% expected. The domestic market has, however, not been static and has expanded to three times the size. OTAs lose share of the US Hotel market but gain good value US travel consumers make relatively good use of OTAs when purchasing Hotel products. In 2008 43% of expenditure was Indirect. The OTA share of the Hotel market has declined with Direct to consumer distribution strengthening, but OTAs are expected to hold a pretty good share. The value of Direct distribution grew at a 29.8% CAGR (2002-2007) and Indirect distribution grew at an 18.3% CAGR. Although OTAs have lost market share, their value has increased enormously, particularly for the outbound segment. Clear move towards Direct Hotel channels by Canadian consumers OTAs had good hold in the Canadian market in 2002 at around 54%. In 2008 there has been a shift in online distribution and 65% of expenditure went via Direct channels. The value of expenditure via Direct channels grew at a significant 41.7% CAGR (2002-2007) and although OTAs are losing market share the value of the Indirect market grew at a notable 22.8% CAGR as well. OTAs have held their share better in the outbound product segment. > Car Rental Sector North American Car Rental market reaches US$26,282 million in 2008 The Car Rental sector accounts for around 6.8% of total North American travel market (2008), which is an estimated value of US$26,282 million and an increase of 1.6% on 2007. In 2009 a further 1.7% growth is forecast and a 3.5% CAGR for the 2007-2012 25 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  22. 22. Executive Summary review period. The domestic market dominates at about 63%. The US market generated US$24,553 million in 2008 after modest growth of a 4.3% CAGR (2002-2007). The Canadian market generated US$1,880 million (CAD $1,896 million) in 2008 after a slightly higher growth of a 7.2% CAGR (2002-2007). In Canada the outbound market accounts for the majority whereas in the US the domestic market dominates. Online penetration of Car Rental market behind Airline and Hotel sectors Online distribution in the North American Car Rental market has increased but remains behind the Airline and Hotel developments. In 2008 online expenditure was around 39% for Car Rental and a value of US$11,157 million, this was an increase of 9% from 2007. By 2012 the sector is expected to reach the half way mark between online/offline distribution. Growth has been good with a 20.3% CAGR during 2002-2007 and although expected to slow in the upcoming period we forecast a 9.5% CAGR (2007-2012). Growth is expected to be particularly lower in 2009 but double digit growth forecast from 2010. Online growth for US Car Rental market drops for 2008/09 but still very positive Online penetration of the US Car Rental market reached 40% in 2008 and in fact most growth in the market has been online. During 2002-2007 the online market grew at a 19.4% CAGR and offline experienced an almost 1% decline. Similar trends are forecast for the latter review period. Besides 2008/09 online growth is recorded in double digit figures but in 2009 it is still expected to grow by 7.6% online. The US Car Rental market accounts for around 93% of the total North American online Car Rental market and reached a value of US$9,767 million in 2008 which was an increase from US$3,684 million in 2002. Annual growth in the US appears to be more erratic. Online penetration is higher in the US domestic market for Car Rental. Offline channels for the Canadian Car Rental market started weakening around 2007/08 The Canadian online Car Rental market reached an estimated value of US$622 million (CAD$653 million) in 2008 after a 30% CAGR during 2002-2007. which from US$99 million (CAD $155 million) showed slightly higher growth rates than the US. Online penetration in the Canadian Car Rental market reached 33% in 2008. The online market is forecast to grow in double digit figures for the upcoming period and a 14.3% CAGR is forecast. For Canada, online penetration is slightly higher in the outbound segment in comparison to the domestic segment. Direct online distribution dominates the Car Rental market Direct online distribution dominates the online Car Rental market in both markets and the proportion has increased. In 2008 66% was Direct in the US market. As with some other sectors, the OTAs have held their share better in the outbound market. In 2008 the Indirect Car Rental market in the domestic segment declined for the first time by 2.7%. 26 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  23. 23. Executive Summary North America Online Travel Report 2009 Growth in the value is expected to pick up again in 2009 but higher growth is expected from Direct channels. Direct online distribution accounts for the majority of sales in the Canadian market as well. > Rail Sector North American Rail market forecast to fall 5.1% in 2009 The Rail sector is a smaller part of the North American travel market and generated US$3,162 million in 2008. A decline of 5.1% is expected for 2009 and growth to return again in 2010. The Rail market is evenly split between domestic and outbound segments. Online Rail penetration low but shown good growth Online penetration of the Rail sector reached 22.3% in 2008. The online market is entirely accounted for by the domestic segment. The US market generated US$2,871 million in 2008 and the Canadian market US$290 million (CAD $305 million). All the online distribution of Rail products (not as part of packages) is considered Direct. > Cruise Sector 3.5% decline in the value of the North American Cruise market forecast for 2009 The Cruise sector makes up around 3% of the North American travel market. The value of the sector reached US$12,732 million in 2008 which was an increase of 1.2% on 2007. The growth of the Cruise sector has been relatively high in comparison to other sectors, but growth has slowed since 2007, and in 2009 a 3.4% decline is forecast. Canada has increased its significance in the North American Cruise market and grown its share from 2.2% in 2002 to 6.8% in 2008. Canada has therefore grown faster than the US but from smaller base numbers. For Canada specifically, the Cruise market has left a very positive period of growth for a short while and there was a 1.7% decline in 2008. The US is also expected to decline in 2009 by 2.8%. Online North American Cruise market to double in size by 2012 Online Cruise distribution is in its infancy when put along side other online travel sectors. The penetration has, however, grown from 4.1% in 2002 to 11.3% in 2008 and is expected to reach around 19% by 2012. The online/offline gap is therefore expected to remain to be wide. Nevertheless, although from small base numbers, very strong online growth rates have been reported and a 29.3% CAGR calculated for the 2002-2007 period. Between 2008 and 2012 we forecast the online Cruise market to double in size. 27 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  24. 24. Executive Summary Canadian Cruise consumers enter the online marketplace In the past, all online North American Cruise revenue has been solely generated by US consumers. Until 2008, Canadian’s purchased all their Cruise products offline, but movement is now being seen in the Canadian online market. OTAs driven online Cruise market OTAs have really driven the development of online Cruise market in the entire region and generate about 94% of the online Cruise revenue. As with other sectors, Direct distribution is gradually increasing and this trend is expected to continue, however OTAs will continue to dominate. > Bus Sector Not huge movement reported in the Bus market The share of the Bus sector in the North American region is around 3% (2008), declining its share by approximately 1% during the review period. The value of the sector was valued at an estimated US$10,702 million in 2008 and although the Bus market has marginally grown in value, the total expenditure on Bus products has remained largely unchanged. Online channels generate less than 6% of gross Bus revenue Online revenues are lower in comparison to other sectors and 5.8% of Bus products were purchased online in 2008. By 2012 this is forecast to increase to just over 10%. The value of the online travel market in 2008 reached US$624 million. Direct channels have led the development of the online Bus market but OTAs are beginning to play a role. > Package Sector Significant room for growth online in the Package market The Package sector accounts for about one quarter of the North American travel market (2008) and a value of US$101,979 million. In 2009 we are expecting a 3.9% decline in the value of the market but expect recovery by 2010. We highlight the need for developments in the online space within this sector. Online penetration in 2008 was 2.1%, up from 1% in 2002. By 2012 we do not forecast much movement and expect just 3% to be online by 2012. Direct distribution dominates the online marketplace for Packages but OTAs are expected to start to become more significant from 2009. 28 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  25. 25. Executive Summary North America Online Travel Report 2009 > Online Travel Agents Landscape Revenue from Direct distribution to the North American market growing in most sectors Increasing Direct distribution has become the trend for most travel sectors in the North American market. OTAs have as a result gradually lost their share of the online market. In 2002 OTAs generated around 47% of online revenue from North American travel consumers and in 2008 this reduced to 35%. By 2012 this is expected to reduce further to 31%. In value terms, the Indirect market has grown in size alongside growing online markets in general and a 17.5% CAGR was calculated for the 2002-2007 review period. In 2008 the value of the Indirect market reached US$47,841 million. So growth has been healthy for the OTA sector but we do forecast the biggest dip for the market in 2009; 1.9% growth is expected for the Indirect market and 8.4% growth for Direct channels. In 2010 we expect to see good growth return and forecast a 9% growth for that year. Airline products dominate OTA revenue Airline products make up the majority of OTA revenue and accounted for around 52% in 2008. This is largely accounted for the sheer size of the online Airline market. Hotel products are also very dominant. Expenditure on Bus, Rail and Package products is mainly channelled direct to suppliers. Nevertheless, these sectors have edged up their share in OTA revenues marginally and have as a consequence eroded some of the Airline share. The share of OTAs in the Canadian market is more pronounced that in the US. In 2008 25% of the Canadian online market was Indirect and 36% of the US market. 29 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.
  26. 26. 30 © EyeforTravel Research. All rights reserved.

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