Higher education in the online world


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Earlier higher education was considered to be largely immune to economic cycle. However, several new tides have buffeted the higher education system caused by an unexpectedly prolonged economic downturn.

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Higher education in the online world

  1. 1. Higher Education in the Online World1 © 2012 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM
  2. 2. HIGHLIGHTS Higher Education in the Online World Earlier higher education was considered to be largely immune to economic cycle. However, several new tides have buffeted the higher education system caused by an unexpectedly prolonged economic downturn. The objective of this paper is to analyse these changes and understand the role of online information technologies (IT) in responding to the changes2 © 2012 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM
  3. 3. Spending Crisis: Downturn & Demography Some interesting statistics Enrolment by Institution Type 2.20% Public Research University • Out of the USA’s 21 million enrolled students, 72% went to public colleges and universities in 19% Public Other 4- year 2010 18.10% Public 2 Year • About 60% of students (FTE-adjusted) enroll in 7.60% four-year colleges and 40% of students enroll in 19% Private Research University two-year colleges Private Other 4 - Year 34% Private 2 - Year • Due to the continuing downturn, state spending is also reducing as a share of per capita real educational costs. • Two reasons for higher enrolment in HEIs • Downturns • Fewer jobs and greater competition for existing jobs3 © 2012 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM
  4. 4. Internationalization of Higher Education • By 2009, 690,000 foreign students were enrolled in US HEIs • Decadal growth rate of 2.6% and about 3.5% of total enrolment of 20.4 million • Many foreign students are critical elements of masters and doctoral programs, particularly in research-intensive universities. • Case in point: Stanford University’s Computer Science Department, about three fourths of the doctoral students come from overseas. The US recognizes that it needs to do more at the level of higher education to retain its leadership position4 © 2012 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM
  5. 5. The Seven Implications • Deleting or reducing academic programs 1 • Greater emphasis on remedial education among underprepared groups 2 • Greater emphasis on upper levels of education and research among well- 3 prepared K-12 graduates • Shift to research-intensive education for the privileged 4 • Greater reliance on part-time faculty 5 • Greater reliance on international students 6 • Impact on other stakeholders: (Greater spending on CRM systems, online synchronous and asynchronous instruction, online learning management and instructional design and online research 7 management, publishers developing online course material)5 © 2012 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM
  6. 6. Voices of Stakeholders Elite institutions worry less about spending on synchronous learning than on Administrators view learning how to support face-to-face technologies as only one teacher student interaction component, and not even the through technologies. major one within the domain of technologies that improve the efficiency of learning. MOOCs (massive open online courses) are less relevant to the elite institutions than to the average public college. For administrators the primary Textbook publishers and need in learning technology is library software providers better user data management to see learning technologies enable the smooth functioning of as the leading edge of admissions, enrolment, grading change in higher and other requirements. education.6 © 2012 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM
  7. 7. Trends in Growth and IT Spending • Unexpected importance of administrators in leading the on boarding of online technologies • The funding crisis is shifting more responsibility away from faculty (who were the traditional decision makers) to professional managers. • The role of the system integrator appears to have become critical • The growing use of social media for learning requires integration of college software with social media, while maintaining security under compliance laws • To reduce costs, many HEIs are shifting out of proprietary systems to open-source or free software It is expected that SIs and startups will deliver fairly significant changes to the educational experience by making use of online technologies7 © 2012 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM
  8. 8. Categories of Technological Change Complementary Technologies • Making the experience faster and cheaper • Incorporating personal consumer devices such as smartphones • Better quality of information, pedagogical tools and research collaboration Substitutive Technologies • Re-usable digitized lectures and artificial intelligence tools8 © 2012 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM
  9. 9. Discussions and Conclusion  HEIs, which are traditionally conservative, have become open to online technologies  Administrators, not faculty, are leading the on boarding on online technologies  Despite the interest in startups as leading the technological shift, the role of the system integrator has become ever more critical  Disruptive technologies are not immediately visible on the horizon  Demand for teaching that could substitute for the lecturer facing a large class in which teacher-student interaction is limited9 © 2012 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM
  10. 10. For more details please visit the link below: http://www.wipro.com/Documents/insights/whitepaper/high er_education_in_the_online_world.pdf10 © 2012 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM
  11. 11. About Wipro Council for Industry Research Wipro set up the Council for Industry Research, comprised of domain and technology experts from the organization, to address the needs of customers. It specifically surveys innovative strategies that will help customers gain competitive advantage in the market. The Council, in collaboration with leading academic institutions and industry bodies, studies market trends to help equip organizations with insights to facilitate their IT and business strategies. For more information on the Research Council visit www.wipro.com/insights or mail wipro.insights@wipro.com11 © 2012 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM
  12. 12. About Wipro Technologies Wipro Technologies, the global IT business of Wipro Limited (NYSE:WIT) is a leading Information Technology, Consulting and Outsourcing company, that delivers solutions to enable its clients do business better. Wipro Technologies delivers winning business outcomes through its deep industry experience and a 360 degree view of “Business through Technology” – helping clients create successful and adaptive businesses. A company recognised globally for its comprehensive portfolio of services, a practitioner’s approach to delivering innovation and an organization wide commitment to sustainability, Wipro Technologies has over 135,000 employees and clients across 54 countries. For more information, please visit www.wipro.com12 © 2012 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM
  13. 13. Thank You ©Wipro Limited, 2012. All rights reserved. For more information visit www.wipro.com No part of this document may be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the authors. Wipro is not liable for any business outcome based on the views presented in this document. For specific implementation clients should take advise from their client engagement manager.13 © 2012 WIPRO LTD | WWW.WIPRO.COM