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Five key themes in enterprise cloud computing migration

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Five key themes in enterprise cloud computing migration

  1. 1. 1<br />Five Key Themes in Enterprise Cloud Computing Migration<br />A Research Report, May2011<br />Copyright © 2011 WaveLength Market Analytics LLC and Winn Technology Group, Inc. All Rights Reserved.<br />
  2. 2. So what is a key theme anyway?<br />2<br />
  3. 3. A key theme is a recurring perception or observation, reflecting major vulnerabilities, strengths, or opportunities. These obviously differ by tech segment and company, but those with broad application are highlighted here.<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Five key themes in enterprise cloud computing migration<br />Enterprise cloud computing will be bigger and grow faster than most think – 6 converging trends together create substantial enterprise economies that only increase with cloud computing. <br />2<br />3<br />4<br />5<br />1<br />Winners will be determined by their ability to differentiate service offerings, which will include function/app + ecosystem + user experience + pricing.<br />Cloud computing growth will drive network and data center equipment spending in carrier and enterprise segments for medium-term equipment transitions. <br />Understanding enterprise buying behaviors in the Early Cloud Era paramount to tapping market opportunities.<br />We’re now in the Early Cloud Era, moving from a client-server environment to a cloud computing architecture.<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Using industry history as a guide, enormous technology shifts change the market dynamics between entrenched competitors and challengers creating new winners and losers. <br />Cloud computing current penetration into enterprise market is surprisingly high, but its percentage of IT is very low, so it’s much too early to pick winners.<br />Singular inevitability: business models will change for nearly all technology and telecommunications segments. <br />Key theme #1<br />We’re now in the Early Cloud Era, moving from a client-server environment to a cloud computing architecture.<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Industry-leading enterprises need experience in Cloud. To avoid being left behind, these Cloud Pioneers dabble with non-mission critical apps. <br />Apps will quickly evolve to mission critical ones as cloud computing empowers new and truly transformative ways, particularly those enabling mobility.<br />Cloud computing is a mile wide and an inch deep, but rapidly growing as our survey results more than 20% of IT will be in the Cloud by 2015.<br />Key theme #2<br />Enterprise cloud computing will be bigger, faster than most think – 6 converging trends (cost and app speed deployment efficiencies, SANs, virtualization, IT outsourcing, data center upgrades and mobility) together create substantial enterprise economies that only increase with cloud computing.<br />6<br />
  7. 7. With proven growth and monetization models, AWS and Salesforce.com will be challenged. With an increasing number of vendors competing for the customer, long-term winners will be determined by differentiated service offerings will include:<br />The ecosystem of partners offering a complete solution,<br />User experience aspects that seek to address current user concerns, such as management tools, network performance, Interoperability with multiple clouds/internal clouds, legacy application support, service levels, and SLAs,<br />Pricing and costs because it’s a business where scale and economics are everything.<br />Key theme #3<br />Amazon’s AWS and Salesforce.com currently lead the market, but with many vendors competing for the customer, differentiated service offerings that include function + user experience + ecosystem+ pricing will determine the winners.<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Cloud means new performance demands on the WAN and the data center requiring new efficiencies in 1) new equipment to power it and 2) software to manage it.<br />Cloud = new enterprise WAN performance demands = new service provider demand.<br />Initial surge will be accommodated via capacity upgrades; but ultimately to compete, service providers must make fundamental network architecture changes to rapidly deploy new services and to guarantee performance and service levels. <br />Key theme #4<br />Cloud computing growth will drive network and data center equipment spending in carrier and enterprise segments for medium-term equipment transitions.<br />8<br />
  9. 9. The fight for the enterprise customer is already underway, but vendors that will thrive will…<br />Target business management, as well as IT,<br />Identify and nurture your best partners, as many vendors and integrators, and service providers are involved in the sale and solutions,<br />Learn how best to support the leading role that applications play,<br />Step up to the challenge and excel at making and managing substantial and mutually beneficial partnerships, particularly as the market changes.<br />Key theme #5<br />Understanding enterprise buying behaviors in the Early Cloud Era paramount to tapping market opportunities.<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Five key themes in enterprise cloud computing: key theme #1<br />Enterprise cloud computing will be bigger and grow faster than most think – 6 converging trends together create substantial enterprise economies that only increase with cloud computing. <br />1<br />2<br />3<br />4<br />5<br />We’re now in the Early Cloud Era, moving from a client-server environment to a cloud computing architecture. <br />Winners will be determined by their ability to differentiate service offerings, which will include function/app + ecosystem + user experience + pricing.<br />Cloud computing growth will drive network and data center equipment spending in carrier and enterprise segments for medium-term equipment transitions. <br />Understanding enterprise buying behaviors in the Early Cloud Era paramount to tapping market opportunities.<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Using industry history as a guide, enormous technology shifts change the market dynamics between entrenched competitors and challengers creating new winners and losers. <br />Cloud computing current penetration into enterprise market is surprisingly high, but its percentage of IT is very low, so it’s much too early to pick winners.<br />Singular inevitability: business models will change for nearly all technology and telecommunications segments. <br />Key theme #1<br />We’re now in the Early Cloud Era, moving from a client-server environment to a cloud computing architecture.<br />11<br />
  12. 12. The computing evolution continues<br />1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s<br />12<br />
  13. 13. 58% are doing “something” in the Cloud<br />More enterprises are doing or thinking about the Cloud than those that are not.<br />Cloud Pioneers: <br />Using Cloud Computing<br />Cloud Stragglers: No Plans <br />Cloud Pioneers: <br />In Trial<br />Cloud Planners: Planning for Cloud<br />S: For each of the following types of cloud deployment, we’d like to know if it’s currently in production, in trial, is planned in 24 months? N=127<br />13<br />
  14. 14. According to the 2008 US Business Census, there are 18,469 “non-public” organizations with 500 or more employees. So, this means 7,591 are using or testing a cloud solution, 3,103 are planning, and 7,775 have no plans <br />14<br />
  15. 15. However, the exact percentage of IT that is cloud is unknown, but certainly very low.<br />15<br />
  16. 16. “Cloud computing is only in its infancy. Today the best data we have seen suggests that well over 90% of computing capacity is run in-house by the same organizations that consume it.” <br />Lanham Napier, Rackspace Hosting CEO <br />Feb. 10. 2011, Q4 2010 Earnings Conference Call <br />16<br />
  17. 17. Just who are Cloud Pioneers anyway?<br />Q: For each of the following types of cloud deployment, we’d like to know if it’s currently in production, in trial, is planned in 24 months? N=127<br />17<br />
  18. 18. Cloud Pioneers are larger organizations, commercial as opposed to government, with global networks, more remote and mobile workers, and already using a cloud solution, as opposed to just testing.<br />18<br />
  19. 19. What types of clouds do Cloud Pioneers use? Will that change in the near future?<br />19<br />
  20. 20. Besides SaaS, Pioneers mostly use private clouds and PaaS<br />Q: For each of the following types of cloud deployment, we’d like to know if it’s currently in production, in trial, is planned in 24 months? N=127<br />20<br />
  21. 21. In the next 24 months, Pioneers and Planners will aim for internal private, public, and hybrid clouds<br />21<br />Cloud planned by all segments in the next 24 months<br />Additional clouds planned by Cloud Pioneers <br />Q: For each of the following types of cloud deployment, we’d like to know if it’s currently in production, in trial, is planned in 24 months? N=127<br />21<br />
  22. 22. Hybrid and public clouds are high on the list, suggesting quick market development reminiscent of the VOIP market rise.<br />22<br />
  23. 23. “We added just over 9,000 net servers in 2010. Which means that even though we are the leading hosting and Cloud computing specialists, we captured only one tenth of a percent of the total addressable market in 2010. All these data points arrive at the same conclusion. That the hosting and Cloud computing market is still in its very early stages.”<br />Lanham Napier, Rackspace Hosting CEO <br />Feb. 10. 2011, Q4 2010 Earnings Conference Call<br />23<br />
  24. 24. Five key themes in enterprise cloud computing: Key theme #2<br />Enterprise cloud computing will be bigger and grow faster than most think – 6 converging trends together create substantial enterprise economies that only increase with cloud computing. <br />2<br />1<br />3<br />4<br />5<br />We’re now in the Early Cloud Era, moving from a client-server environment to a cloud computing architecture.<br />Winners will be determined by their ability to differentiate service offerings, which will include function/app + ecosystem + user experience + pricing.<br />Cloud computing growth will drive network and data center equipment spending in carrier and enterprise segments for medium-term equipment transitions. <br />Understanding enterprise buying behaviors in the Early Cloud Era paramount to tapping market opportunities.<br />24<br />
  25. 25. Industry-leading enterprises need experience in Cloud. To avoid being left behind, these Cloud Pioneers dabble with non-mission critical apps. <br />Apps will quickly evolve to mission critical ones as cloud computing empowers new and truly transformative ways, particularly those enabling mobility.<br />Cloud computing is a mile wide and an inch deep, but rapidly growing as our survey results more than 20% of IT will be in the Cloud by 2015.<br />Key theme #2<br />Enterprise cloud computing will be bigger, faster than most think – 6 converging trends (cost and app speed deployment efficiencies, SANs, virtualization, IT outsourcing, data center upgrades and mobility) together create substantial enterprise economies that only increase with cloud computing.<br />25<br />
  26. 26. It’s already a large market already scratching the surface of an enormous one<br />26<br />
  27. 27. So what is motivating cloud adoption?<br />27<br />
  28. 28. Cost cutting, speedy app deployment, mobility drive cloud<br />Q: Using a scale from 1 to 6where 1 is not at all important and 6 is extremely important, please rate the following as motivators in your transition to cloud computing? N=127 % who say motivator is 5 or 6.<br />28<br />
  29. 29. According to Cisco, 2014 enterprise mobile traffic will be 27x greater than 2009<br />…and enterprise mobility has barely begun.<br />29<br />
  30. 30. The ability for seamless growth without CapEx is a winner<br />Q: On a 1 to 6 scale, how much do you agree with the following statements… ? N=127<br />30<br />
  31. 31. Economies gained by IT outsourcing also drive cloud<br />Q. Yes or no, do you outsource any of the following functions… ? (n=126)<br />31<br />
  32. 32. With their higher levels of nearly every type of IT outsourcing, Cloud Pioneers clearly demonstrate link between higher levels of IT outsourcing and cloud.<br />32<br />
  33. 33. Pioneers have higher percentage of IT that is outsourced<br />Q: Regarding your IT infrastructure, approximately what percentage is outsourced to a 3rd parties for management… ? (n=126)<br />33<br />
  34. 34. Pioneers also have higher levels of data center outsourcing<br />Q: Which best describes your data center operations… ? (n=126)<br />34<br />
  35. 35. And Pioneers consistently outsource apps more often<br />Q: We want to know how your apps are managed. Do you outsource management of… ? N=127<br />35<br />
  36. 36. Expect even more outsourcing in coming years<br />Q: On a 1 to 6 scale, how much do you agree with the following statements… ? N=127<br />36<br />
  37. 37. Other converging technology trends also drive cloud.<br />37<br />
  38. 38. Pioneers and Planners use more networked storage<br />Q: Do you store app data using local storage, a storage area network, network attached storage or a hybrid… ? N=127<br />38<br />
  39. 39. Pioneers and Planners also use more virtualized servers and storage<br />Q: Regarding servers, approximately what percentage is virtualized… ? N=127<br />39<br />
  40. 40. With higher levels of server virtualization<br />Q: Regarding servers, approximately what percentage is virtualized… ? N=127<br />40<br />
  41. 41. And high levels of storage virtualization<br />Q: Regarding storage, approximately what percentage is virtualized… ? N=127<br />41<br />
  42. 42. So with the rise of public clouds and greater levels of virtualization, to mitigate those risks associated with resource virtualization in a shared Cloud, expect Pioneers and Planners to demand the ability to segment some virtual network components by Cloud tenant. <br />42<br />
  43. 43. Pioneers and Planners, seeking to remain leaders in their own industries, are testing the Cloud waters, but with what apps?<br />43<br />
  44. 44. Apps that are not mission critical apps making the Cloud move<br />Q. Again for apps, is a cloud computing architecture in production, in trial, planned, or not planned? N=78<br />44<br />
  45. 45. However, this is due to change as greater numbers are planning for supply chain, Tier 1 storage than those that actually use them today. Note expected levels of unified communications in the Cloud, likely driven by the need to better serve remote and mobile workers, nearly 27.4% either use, pilot, or plan to use it. <br />45<br />
  46. 46. Not all applications will quickly go to the Cloud quickly, some may never be moved, but the types of applications that will be moved to the Cloud are relatively consistent among both Pioneers and Planners. <br />46<br />
  47. 47. However… app development speed is not really faster than client-server, at least not yet<br />Q: On a 1 to 6 scale, how much do you agree with the following statements… ? Base = Pioneers (N=58)<br />47<br />
  48. 48. …Nor did it yield those cost savings…<br />Q: On a 1 to 6 scale, how much do you agree with the following statements… ? Base = Pioneers (N=58)<br />48<br />
  49. 49. Nonetheless, Pioneers still say they’re mostly satisfied<br />Q: On a 1 to 6 scale, how much do you agree with the following statements… ? Base = Pioneers (N=58)<br />49<br />
  50. 50. …and plan to use cloud for a both new and legacy apps<br />Q: Does or will your organization in the next 24 months, use cloud architecture to… ? N=127<br />50<br />
  51. 51. Suggesting that enterprises will adopt cloud faster than previous new technology paradigms.<br />51<br />
  52. 52. In just three years, Pioneers and Planners expect about 30% of IT to be in the Cloud<br />Q: What percentage of your IT will be outsourced to a cloud provider by 2012? 2015? N=127<br />52<br />
  53. 53. Five key themes in enterprise cloud computing: key theme #3<br />Enterprise cloud computing will be bigger and grow faster than most think – 6 converging trends together create substantial enterprise economies that only increase with cloud computing. <br />3<br />2<br />4<br />5<br />1<br />Winners will be determined by their ability to differentiate service offerings, which will include function/app + ecosystem + user experience + pricing.<br />Cloud computing growth will drive network and data center equipment spending in carrier and enterprise segments for medium-term equipment transitions. <br />Understanding enterprise buying behaviors in the Early Cloud Era paramount to tapping market opportunities.<br />We’re now in the Early Cloud Era, moving from a client-server environment to a cloud computing architecture.<br />53<br />
  54. 54. With proven growth and monetization models, AWS and Salesforce.com will be challenged. With an increasing number of vendors competing for the customer, long-term winners will be determined by differentiated service offerings will include:<br />The ecosystem of partners offering a complete solution,<br />User experience aspects that seek to address current user concerns, such as management tools, network performance, Interoperability with multiple clouds/internal clouds, legacy application support, service levels, and SLAs,<br />Pricing and costs because it’s a business where scale and economics are everything.<br />Key theme #3<br />Amazon’s AWS and Salesforce.com currently lead the market, but with many vendors competing for the customer, differentiated service offerings that include function + user experience + ecosystem+ pricing will determine the winners.<br />54<br />
  55. 55. Salesforce.com is first billion dollar Cloud company in 2010<br />55<br />
  56. 56. “Other”, where AWS resides, approaches $1 billion in 2010 <br />56<br />
  57. 57. “In terms of AWS, we're extremely pleased with how AWS is going. It's growing at a very fast rate. …But we did see actually an acceleration of growth in AWS from Q3 to Q4. So built into that number, it actually accelerated.” <br />Thomas Szkutak, Amazon CFO in Q4 2010 Earnings Call<br />57<br />
  58. 58. Accelerating demand brings entrants both established -- think HP or IBM with service enablement for service providers or Cisco-EMC joint venture, Acadia -- and start-ups aplenty, sparking new waves of acquisitions (think Verizon purchase of Terremark or Time Warner Cable purchase of NaviSite). <br />58<br />
  59. 59. So many tech segments compete for the customer<br />59<br />Infrastructure as a Service <br />Software as a Service<br />Platform as a Service<br />Communications as a Service<br />Cloud Services-enabling Products & Services<br />Consulting & Professional Services for Cloud<br />Cloud Vendors<br />= Business model re-alignment and sales channel challenges for entire industry<br />
  60. 60. Albeit different depending on the tech segment, all are fighting for differentiation - itself rooted in understanding what limits cloud adoption.<br />60<br />
  61. 61. As for security concerns, reduced control & data breaches are tops for all segments<br />Q: Using a scale from 1 to 6 where 1 is not at all important and 6 is extremely important, please rate the following as security concerns that limit adoption to cloud computing? N=127 (Score represents an average rating where the max is 6)<br />61<br />
  62. 62. Overall, Pioneers are concerned less about security than Planners and far less concerned than Stragglers. So, securing cloud apps is likely a real barrier for both the mainstream enterprise, and for mission-critical app migration to The Cloud.<br />62<br />
  63. 63. To mitigate security risks, enterprises need visibility and control into their traffic’s network paths, as well as the networks and network resources used on backup. The ability to restrict certain traffic from being transported beyond borders or to certain networks is also useful. Encryption that can be dynamically applied on a per-user, per application, per location or network path for data rest and/or in transit is also key. <br />
  64. 64. Therefore, completely standards-based security compliance will be an essential component of any cloud solution.  <br />
  65. 65. Non-security cloud concerns differ significantly by group<br />Q: Using a scale from 1 to 6where 1 is not at all important and 6 is extremely important, please rate the following as concerns that limit adoption to cloud computing? N=127<br />65<br />
  66. 66. Let’s look at the top five concerns for each group, as each one gives us different clues to how the market will develop.<br />66<br />
  67. 67. Pioneers’ concerns driven by cloud experience show how their cloud solution could work better<br />Q: Using a scale from 1 to 6where 1 is not at all important and 6 is extremely important, please rate the following as concerns that limit adoption to cloud computing? N=58 (Score represents an average rating where the max is 6)<br />67<br />
  68. 68. Based on REAL cloud experience, network performance is clearly Pioneers’ biggest concern that limits cloud adoption. This is significant. Mission-critical applications won’t move full-scale into the Cloud until carrier networks offer scalable end-to-end application performance.<br />68<br />
  69. 69. From a network perspective, the Cloud’s impact has significant impact on network management, operational support systems, business support systems, and security. So successful Cloud services require network operator infrastructure that is capable of highly-scalable and intelligent IP-aware transport.<br />
  70. 70. In addition, infrastructure must be able to process significant amounts of traffic and potentially also session data; the ability to gain some understanding of traffic type without necessitating intrusion at the packet header will also be of value. <br />
  71. 71. Stragglers concerns driven by lack of qualified help, cost, and perceptions that cloud is not proven <br />Q: Using a scale from 1 to 6where 1 is not at all important and 6 is extremely important, please rate the following as concerns that limit adoption to cloud computing? N=53 (Score represents an average rating where the max is 6)<br />71<br />
  72. 72. Since Stragglers view the Cloud as unproven, they are a long way from it. Nonetheless, they do show the importance of educated channel partners– also a requirement of a more mainstream market.<br />72<br />
  73. 73. Planners, in solutions design mode, want billing, management, and interoperability<br />Q: Using a scale from 1 to 6where 1 is not at all important and 6 is extremely important, please rate the following as concerns that limit adoption to cloud computing? N=32 (Score represents an average rating where the max is 6)<br />73<br />
  74. 74. Planners point to how vendors can differentiate as the market develops from Early Could to the Middle Cloud Era. Vendors must address issues such as data portability between apps, vendor neutral APIs, interoperability of clouds, measurable SLAs, and remediation that is truly usage-based.<br />74<br />
  75. 75. Ultimately, enterprise IT wants cost savings and outsource responsibility for tactical implementation of the IT strategy and do so without losing control of strategyand the day-to-day management decisions.<br />75<br />
  76. 76. Management tools with extremely granular and flexible reporting are key, as the enterprise will need to control Cloud services on an aggregate and on a per application, per enterprise location/site, per service, per user, and per user class basis. This helps IT and network resources understand what is being used, when, and by whom. <br />76<br />
  77. 77. SLAs equal to network SLAs will be important to developing cloud market<br />Q: On a 1 to 6 scale, how much do you agree with the following statements… ? N=127<br />77<br />
  78. 78. Cloud and network service providers will need to prove availability over time and at peak periods, so SLAs demonstrating that availability will be critical. Operators will be expected to seamlessly integrate charge-back mechanisms and present enterprise customers with a single invoice integrating true pay-per-usage for all services.<br />
  79. 79. User experience improvements to enable hybrid clouds critical to develop market<br />We are here<br />Current offerings very similar; no sustainable differentiation<br />More Enduring Differentiation<br />79<br />
  80. 80. Five key themes in enterprise cloud computing: key theme #4<br />Enterprise cloud computing will be bigger and grow faster than most think – 6 converging trends together create substantial enterprise economies that only increase with cloud computing. <br />2<br />3<br />1<br />5<br />4<br />Winners will be determined by their ability to differentiate service offerings, which will include function/app + ecosystem + user experience + pricing.<br />We’re now in the Early Cloud Era, moving from a client-server environment to a cloud computing architecture.<br />Understanding enterprise buying behaviors in the Early Cloud Era paramount to tapping market opportunities.<br />Cloud computing growth will drive network and data center equipment spending in carrier and enterprise segments for medium-term equipment transitions. <br />80<br />
  81. 81. Cloud means new performance demands on the WAN and the data center requiring new efficiencies in 1) new equipment to power it and 2) software to manage it.<br />Cloud = new enterprise WAN performance demands = new service provider demand.<br />Initial surge will be accommodated via capacity upgrades; but ultimately to compete, service providers must make fundamental network architecture changes to rapidly deploy new services and to guarantee performance and service levels. <br />Key theme #4<br />Cloud computing growth will drive network and data center equipment spending in carrier and enterprise segments for medium-term equipment transitions.<br />81<br />
  82. 82. What are the opportunities for hardware vendors?<br />82<br />
  83. 83. Let’s first take a quick look at data center projects.<br />83<br />
  84. 84. Most Pioneers and Planners finished, or are working toward data center consolidation<br />Q: For each of the following we’d like to know if it’s currently in production, in trial, being planned in the next 24 months, no plans at this time or don’t know … ? N=127<br />84<br />
  85. 85. Most have or are working toward expanding data center capacity<br />Q: For each of the following we’d like to know if it’s currently in production, in trial, being planned in the next 24 months, no plans at this time or don’t know … ? N=127<br />85<br />
  86. 86. While optimizing data center energy<br />Q: For each of the following we’d like to know if it’s currently in production, in trial, being planned in the next 24 months, no plans at this time or don’t know … ? N=127<br />86<br />
  87. 87. And increasing switching capacity to handle the growing load<br />Q: For each of the following we’d like to know if it’s currently in production, in trial, being planned in the next 24 months, no plans at this time or don’t know … ? N=127<br />87<br />
  88. 88. They also improve manageability with management tools<br />Q: For each of the following we’d like to know if it’s currently in production, in trial, being planned in the next 24 months, no plans at this time or don’t know … ? N=127<br />88<br />
  89. 89. And performance/efficiencies with automation tools<br />Q: For each of the following we’d like to know if it’s currently in production, in trial, being planned in the next 24 months, no plans at this time or don’t know … ? N=127<br />89<br />
  90. 90. Let’s take a look at technology strategies and projects enterprises pursue prior, during, and after cloud deployment.<br />90<br />
  91. 91. Before cloud deployment, security is upgraded and SANs are used<br />Q: For each of the following were they necessary before cloud computing, during initial deployment, follow-on work, future plans, or no plans? N=78<br />91<br />
  92. 92. Makes good sense and explains why Pioneers are not as concerned about security.<br />92<br />
  93. 93. Pioneers also migrate to storage area networks and increase WAN and LAN bandwidth. <br />93<br />
  94. 94. Other Pioneers improve WAN performance during deployment <br />Q: For each of the following were they necessary before cloud computing, during initial deployment, follow-on work, future plans, or no plans? N=78<br />94<br />
  95. 95. Still others plan to increase WAN bandwidth afterwards<br />Q: For each of the following were they necessary before cloud computing, during initial deployment, follow-on work, future plans, or no plans? N=78<br />95<br />
  96. 96. But remember, Pioneers are still most concerned about network delays.<br />96<br />
  97. 97. And facing rapidly growing traffic demands that will be 3x greater in 2014 than 2009<br />97<br />97<br />
  98. 98. How can the WAN or the carrier network provide the required performance? Service providers will ultimately be judged on a Quality of Experience that is based on end-to-end performance of network, infrastructure, application, and management tools.<br />98<br />
  99. 99. Initially, network service providers will increase capacity, but eventually, they will have to fundamentally re-architect the network. Same with storage, it needs a new architecture purpose-built for the Cloud, combining storage, network, content, and context intelligence.<br />99<br />
  100. 100. Network service providers must offer differentiated network performance and availability service levels to suit differing application needs; it allows transport network monetization required for successful operations and prevents over-the-top application providers from being “under-fed” from a performance perspective. So policy management will be key. <br />100<br />
  101. 101. The impetus on the network provider will be two-fold; they must ensure a high Quality of Experience of the Cloud service while significantly lowering transaction processing and billing costs. Remember that Cloud will be a business of shaving pennies, so efficient resource management of network and data resources is critical.  <br />
  102. 102. Carrier equipment needs to support these imperatives. A dynamic control plane will be a vital to maximizing cloud resources; it must also have access into the data plane and integrate multiple layers in the solution. Compression and caching, especially for wireless, will also be essential to efficient content delivery with optimal caching locations determined by the frequency with which content is accessed. <br />
  103. 103. Five key themes in enterprise cloud computing: key theme #5<br />Enterprise cloud computing will be bigger and grow faster than most think – 6 converging trends together create substantial enterprise economies that only increase with cloud computing. <br />2<br />3<br />4<br />1<br />5<br />Winners will be determined by their ability to differentiate service offerings, which will include function/app + ecosystem + user experience + pricing.<br />Cloud computing growth will drive network and data center equipment spending in carrier and enterprise segments for medium-term equipment transitions. <br />We’re now in the Early Cloud Era, moving from a client-server environment to a cloud computing architecture.<br />Understanding enterprise buying behaviors in the Early Cloud Era paramount to tapping market opportunities.<br />103<br />
  104. 104. The fight for the enterprise customer is already underway, but vendors that will thrive will…<br />Target business management, as well as IT,<br />Identify and nurture your best partners, as many vendors and integrators, and service providers are involved in the sale and solutions,<br />Learn how best to support the leading role that applications play,<br />Step up to the challenge and excel at making and managing substantial and mutually beneficial partnerships, particularly as the market changes.<br />Key theme #5<br />Understanding enterprise buying behaviors in the Early Cloud Era paramount to tapping market opportunities.<br />104<br />
  105. 105. Who is involved in the buying decision?<br />105<br />
  106. 106. Top management is very involved<br />Q: On a 1 to 6 scale, how much do you agree with the following statements… ? N=127<br />106<br />
  107. 107. Vendors need a more “top down” sales approach. Any time a strategic advantage is involved, as well as significant cost reduction, there’s opportunity to sell at the executive level. Those looking to become the trusted third party would be well-served by focusing here, as well.<br />107<br />
  108. 108. Executives need simple, high level, targeted marketing and sales materials. Follow IBM’s lead in teaching executives to understand and prepare for sales discussions.<br />108<br />
  109. 109. Enterprises do not and will not go it alone<br />Q: On a 1 to 6 scale, how much do you agree with the following statements… ? N=127<br />109<br />
  110. 110. Many involved partners within the ecosystem of vendors<br />Q: For each of the following types of participants in cloud implementation, on a scale of 1 to 6 where 1 means “not at all involved” and 6 is very Involved,” what’s the involvement level of… ? N=78<br />110<br />
  111. 111. What trusted third parties do what? What are the roles of differing ecosystem members?<br />111<br />
  112. 112. Pioneers mostly involve software and integrators for crafting strategy<br />Q: For each of the following types of participants in cloud implementation, on a scale of 1 to 6 where 1 means “not at all involved” and 6 is very Involved,” what’s the involvement level of… ? N=78<br />112<br />
  113. 113. Planners involve nearly everyone, but they’re planning.<br />113<br />
  114. 114. Software and VARs most involved in developing solution<br />Q: For each of the following types of participants in cloud implementation, on a scale of 1 to 6 where 1 means “not at all involved” and 6 is very Involved,” what’s the involvement level of… ? N=78<br />114<br />
  115. 115. Integrators and non-telco service providers most involved in cloud app migration<br />Q: For each of the following types of participants in cloud implementation, on a scale of 1 to 6 where 1 means “not at all involved” and 6 is very Involved,” what’s the involvement level of… ? N=78<br />115<br />
  116. 116. Consultants and hardware partners most involved in management<br />Q: For each of the following types of participants in cloud implementation, on a scale of 1 to 6 where 1 means “not at all involved” and 6 is very Involved,” what’s the involvement level of… ? N=78<br />116<br />
  117. 117. Offering successful, comprehensive Cloud solutions will require skill diversity, meaning a strong ecosystem offering complementary, best of breed strengths. Partnerships must be significant and meaningful, and the ability to manage them must become a core competency.<br />117<br />
  118. 118. Enterprises may say they want an overall integrator for anentire solution, but we think they will be as unlikely to implement a single-vendor, end-to-end Cloud solution as they have been to implement single-vendor, end-to-end network solutions.<br />118<br />
  119. 119. Software & integrator most important partners<br />Q: For each of the following types of participants in cloud implementation, on a scale of 1 to 6 where 1 means “not at all involved” and 6 is very Involved,” what’s the involvement level of… ? N=78<br />119<br />
  120. 120. Software vendors have a solid market position because the Cloud is really about the app. Integrators need to reinforce their position by saying that the Cloud is really distributed IT resource placement and management, requiring a very strong yet equal understanding of computing, applications, security, and the underlying network. <br />120<br />
  121. 121. It will be challenging for network service operators to establish the credibility for their own infrastructure or software-as-a-service offerings. They need to concentrate on services closer to their core competency or extensions of current services. Obvious ones are storage, which is similar to web hosting, or Cloud-based unified communications and apps supporting or enhancing mobile communications.<br />121<br />
  122. 122. What is important in the buying decision?<br />122<br />
  123. 123. Professional services key to purchase decision<br />Q: In selecting your most important partner, which 2 capabilities were most critical… ? N=78<br />123<br />
  124. 124. The market demands qualified professional services, measureable SLAs and business process re-engineering also needed, while performance management & monitoring lag …but probably won’t for long, as management offers genuine differentiation.<br />124<br />
  125. 125. Professional services will become increasingly important as the market moves toward the Middle Cloud Era. Expect enterprises to look for demonstrable professional services experience in, including substantive investment in best practices, knowledge management, resource allocation, and tool development.<br />125<br />
  126. 126. The network: a cloud service’s most evaluated infrastructure component<br />Q. Starting with a 1, please ran the following according to how much evaluate a cloud provider’s underlying infrastructure? N=78<br />126<br />
  127. 127. Since the network will likely get the most scrutiny, even as larger share of equipment sales shifts to service providers, equipment vendors will still need powerful brands.<br />127<br />
  128. 128. Willingness for long contracts still low<br />We would sign a multi-year contract with our cloud services provider<br />Q: On a 1 to 6 scale, how much do you agree with the following statements… ? Base = Pioneers (N=58)<br />128<br />
  129. 129. But expect this to change in the next few years. In the Early Cloud Era, there’s likely relatively little loyalty to those third parties that help with cloud strategy, planning, or deployment – so there’s still much opportunity. This is likely short-term as better-defined Cloud service offerings appear along with a maturing market.<br />129<br />
  130. 130. What do these key themes mean to your business? <br />WaveLength Market Analytics LLC (www.wlanalytics.com)<br />Winn Technology Group, Inc. (winntech.net)<br />with contributions from <br />Telecom Strategy Partners LLC (telecomstrategypartners.com)<br />Channel NavigatorLLC (channelnav.com)<br />Copyright © 2011 WaveLength Market Analytics LLC and Winn Technology Group, Inc. All Rights Reserved.<br />
  131. 131. Goal: Understand broad enterprise migration-to-the Cloud trends and the channel to customer<br />Random sample drawn from Winn Enterprise/mid Market DB that included high-level IT decision-makers (Senior Managers, Directors, and VPs)<br />Primary research data collection methodology collected by Winn Q3/Q4 2010 by using a telephone survey, supplemented by e-survey, landing page provided to provide respondents the ability to answer via Web, and incentives to increase response rates<br />Sample size = 127; weighted to present distribution of US companies greater than 500 employees<br />Screener to define respondent as Cloud Pioneer or Planner: Organizations using only SaaS not included; they had to use another cloud service model and must actually have IT staff working on it<br />Appendix: Goals and Methods<br />

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