1
Constructed Landscape
Final Project –
Landscape Project
FNBE February 2014 Intake
Group Members: Ang Wei Yi
Tang Ju Yi
T...
2
Content
1. Introduction 3
2. Site Analysis 4
3. Concept 5-6
4. Master Plan 7-8
5. Planting Plan 9-11
6. Costing 12-13
7....
3
1.0. Introduction
The selected site is a 10m x 10m site situated towards the north-east of Taylor's University Lakeside
...
4
2.0. Site Analysis
The selected site which is located north of CODA gallery experiences many elements. The sun
orientati...
5
3.0. Concept
The idea of this concept is to mainly solve the problem which exists around the site. This concept is to
pr...
6
On the outer wall of both sides of the free standing wall, two water features are installed to solve the
problem of dust...
7
4.0. Master Plan
This area is intended to be a waiting area for those that are waiting for their transport or even as a
...
8
Softscape is the living part of the landscape. Softscape refers to the elements of a landscape such as
plants, shrub, tr...
9
5.0. Planting Plan
Cross-section of the Planting Plan
10
5.1. Plant List
11
Key Common Name Botanical Name Qty
Shrubs
1 False Heather Cuphea Hyssopifolia 44
2 Peace Lilies Spathiphyllum 20
3 Snak...
12
6.0. Costing
Hard Landscape Costing
No. Item Unit Qty Rate (RM) Amount (RM)
1Wooden Bench m2 6 250.00 1500.00
2Cut ston...
13
Electrical Costing
No. Item Unit Qty Rate (RM) Amount (RM)
1Water resistant LED spot light no. 4 54.00 216.00
2 no. 10 ...
14
7.0. Construction Details
7.1. Construction Details of Water Feature
A simple water fountain wall can add beauty to an ...
15
The reservoir must be adequately sized for the water wall unit and its pump. The reservoir must be at
least three times...
16
7.2. Construction Detail of Bench
Benches are places for pedestrians to rest after walking. The basic requirements are ...
17
8.0. Maintenance Plan
-1st Month
Maintenance Issue Frequency Description
Watering Twice a day -Gardeners are needed to ...
18
- 2nd Month
Maintenance Issue Frequency Description
Watering Once a day -Gardeners are needed to water the
plants once ...
19
- 3rd Month
Maintenance Issue Frequency Description
Watering Once a day -Gardeners are needed to water the
plants once ...
20
- 4th Month – 12th Month
Maintenance Issue Frequency Description
Watering Once a day -Gardeners are needed to water the...
21
8.1. Maintenance Cost
No. Item Rate (RM) Amount (RM)
1
RM 50/day x 4 times a month 200.00
b. Supervisor RM 70/day x 4 t...
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FNBE0214_CL_Final Project_Report

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FNBE0214_CL_Final Project_Report

  1. 1. 1 Constructed Landscape Final Project – Landscape Project FNBE February 2014 Intake Group Members: Ang Wei Yi Tang Ju Yi Teoh Sze Ming Ong Jia Hui Ong Min Junn Wong Carol
  2. 2. 2 Content 1. Introduction 3 2. Site Analysis 4 3. Concept 5-6 4. Master Plan 7-8 5. Planting Plan 9-11 6. Costing 12-13 7. Construction Details 14-16 8. Maintenance Plan 17-21
  3. 3. 3 1.0. Introduction The selected site is a 10m x 10m site situated towards the north-east of Taylor's University Lakeside Campus. Located on next to the CODA gallery of the commercial and residential block of the campus, the selected site is mostly bare and the floor is covered with concrete pavement. Surrounding the site are some hedges, roads, walkways and the CODA gallery. This 10m x 10m site is selected because it is not properly used and developed. Therefore, by improving by this area, the landscape of the area will be improved dramatically.
  4. 4. 4 2.0. Site Analysis The selected site which is located north of CODA gallery experiences many elements. The sun orientation is from the east to the west of the site. During the noon, it is slightly towards the north of the site. Hence, the 10m x 10m site is always exposed to sunlight during the day because there are no surrounding tall buildings or trees that are able to block the sunlight. The main problem which can be found around the selected site is a traffic congestion located in between CODA gallery and Starbucks Cafe. This problem causes a massive problem to pedestrians as it is tough to move about the area. The traffic congestion is due to a few problems: I. It is a main walkway for pedestrians to move around the area II. it is a main spot for pedestrians to gather in front and next to Starbucks Cafe III. Stalls are setup along the main walkway The site also experiences dusty air with smoke coming from the northeast and east of the site. The dusty air is caused by moving vehicles and waiting/parked vehicles from the nearby roads which surrounds the site and smoky air is caused by smokers that smoke around Starbucks Cafe. Hence, the site experiences unhealthy air mostly from the east side of the site.
  5. 5. 5 3.0. Concept The idea of this concept is to mainly solve the problem which exists around the site. This concept is to provide a waiting area with benches as the students are able to wait around this area for their transport during the evening. With this, the traffic congestion will be solved as the pedestrians' walkways will not be blocked by those waiting around. To solve the problems at site, the concept is to have a place with benches for people to wait, green spaces to create a healthy landscape a provide better air, has a glass roof with vines growing on top of it to block of some of the sunlight. A radial series of benches surrounds a small garden in the middle of the radial benches. The area has two entry points with a main pathway in the middle. The small garden in the middle provides a green area to improve the landscape as well. The glass roof is a continuous structure from the existing glass roof near the selected site. The top of it is covered by vines but not covered densely as sunlight is needed by the plants underneath the roof. It is also meant to be a
  6. 6. 6 On the outer wall of both sides of the free standing wall, two water features are installed to solve the problem of dusty and smoky air. With it, water is able to reduce the amount of dust and smoke particles in the air, creating a healthier environment within the site. Apart from that, the water features are installed to reduce the temperature at the site as the site is constantly heated by the sun during the day. With water features, water is able to reduce the temperature within the site, creating a more comfortable place to be as it a waiting area.
  7. 7. 7 4.0. Master Plan This area is intended to be a waiting area for those that are waiting for their transport or even as a place where people can meet up. With a round garden surrounded by benches, the area creates a small sense of enclosure and it improves the area from just being an empty area to green waiting area. 4.1. SoftScape
  8. 8. 8 Softscape is the living part of the landscape. Softscape refers to the elements of a landscape such as plants, shrub, trees and flower. Due to design program of the landscaping, softscaping can be experimented with implementing the subtlest of ideas of the landscaping area. Softscaping is trees and shrub that lend their colour and character to brighten the pathway and driveway. Planning the arrangement of the plants is to create reflect of sensibilities of the inhabitants and create character to the landscape. In the proposed site, there are a few types of softscapes such as evergreen shrubs, vines, groundcovers and grass. They are the main things that allow a green space to exist within the site. 4.2. Hard Scape Hardscape are the business of creating visionary urban space and being a source of creativity and inspiration for landscape. Hardscape is refers to the built environment including paved area like streets and sidewalk, structure, wall and also large structure where upper soil is no longer exposed to the air but is covered in durable material. Hardscape can offer a part of their professional by advising the cost, samples and ensuring each scheme complete the customer satisfaction. In the proposed site, one of the main hardscape is the glass roof which provides shelter from rain and sunlight. Thus a space is created where people are able to gather.
  9. 9. 9 5.0. Planting Plan Cross-section of the Planting Plan
  10. 10. 10 5.1. Plant List
  11. 11. 11 Key Common Name Botanical Name Qty Shrubs 1 False Heather Cuphea Hyssopifolia 44 2 Peace Lilies Spathiphyllum 20 3 Snake Plant Sansevieria Trifasciata 22 Ground cover 4 Manilla Grass Zoysia Matrella 16 5 Pinto Peanut Arachis Pintoi 30 Vines 6 Chinese Hydrangea Vines Schizophragma integrifolium 4
  12. 12. 12 6.0. Costing Hard Landscape Costing No. Item Unit Qty Rate (RM) Amount (RM) 1Wooden Bench m2 6 250.00 1500.00 2Cut stone slab m2 5 350.00 1750.00 3Free Standing Brick Wall m 0.8 135.00 108.00 4Precast concrete slab (with pattern) m2 5 100.00 500.00 5Brick edging m 10 25.00 250.00 6Water Feature no. 2 4000.00 8000.00 7Glass Roof m2 25 1000.00 25000.00 Subtotal 37108.00 Soft Landscape Costing No. Item Unit Qty Rate (RM) Amount (RM) 1Shrubs no. 20 7.00 140.00 no. 44 15.00 660.00 no. 22 5.00 110.00 2Ground covers no. 30 1.60 48.00 m2 16 28.00 448.00 3Vines no. 4 30.00 120.00 4Soil m3 60 60.00 3600.00 5Hole Excavation a. Shrubs no. 100 15.00 1500.00 b. Ground covers no. 20 5.00 100.00 6Excavation for turfing m2 75 30.00 2250.00 7Mulching a. Shrubs m2 50 5.00 250.00 b. Ground covers m2 20 5.00 100.00 Subtotal 9326.00 a. Spathiphyllyum b. Cuphea Hyssopifolia c. Sansevieria Trifasciata a. Arachis Pintoi b. Zoysia Matrella a. Schizophragma integrifolium
  13. 13. 13 Electrical Costing No. Item Unit Qty Rate (RM) Amount (RM) 1Water resistant LED spot light no. 4 54.00 216.00 2 no. 10 10.00 100.00 3Under bench LED light no. 8 27.00 216.00 4Installation of Electrical Wiring no. once 300.00 300.00 Subtotal 532.00 Maintenance Cost No. Item Rate (RM) Amount (RM) 1 RM 50/day x 4 times a month 200.00 b. Supervisor RM 70/day x 4 times a month 280.00 2Material Cost RM 100/day x once a month 100.00 b. Pest Control RM 100/day x once a month 100.00 c. Replacement of Dead Plants RM 100/day x once a month 100.00 3Water Feature Maintenance RM 1400/day x once a month 1400.00 4Shrub pruning RM 50/day x 2 times a month 100.00 5Path Maintenance RM 50/day x 2 times a month 100.00 Subtotal 2380.00 Sum of Subtotals 49346.00 5% Preliminaries 2467.30 10% Contingencies 4934.60 Total 56747.90 Estimated (RM) 56800.00 LED 1.2W round inground uplight Labour Cost a. Labourers a. Fertiliser
  14. 14. 14 7.0. Construction Details 7.1. Construction Details of Water Feature A simple water fountain wall can add beauty to an area. Additionally, many people are relaxed by the sound of water, and they use water fountain walls to help them rest and meditate. All water fountain walls have a few basic components. First, it requires a reservoir that can hold enough water to make a beautiful waterfall. Also, a recirculating pump is required to pump the water from the reservoir to the top of the wall. Another necessary component is a pipe or tube delivery systemthat the water is pumped through, in addition to a head at the top of the wall. There are several types of heads, including spray heads that shoot the water through holes in a pipe and free- flow heads that simply let the water flow freely. Also, of course, the structure requires a wall or other surface to create the desired effect.
  15. 15. 15 The reservoir must be adequately sized for the water wall unit and its pump. The reservoir must be at least three times bigger than the minimum expected flow per minute. Reservoir length and width should be at least twice the design drop unless measures are taken to contain and collect splash. Factors requiring consideration include splash, wind, sunlight and noise.
  16. 16. 16 7.2. Construction Detail of Bench Benches are places for pedestrians to rest after walking. The basic requirements are that the height of the seat should be low enough for the person’s feet to be on the ground giving no pressure to the thighs. Fixed benches must be able to withstand all climatic conditions and therefore must be made much more durable than movable types which can be easily stored in a shed. Benches should be approximately 425/450mm high. The height is limited so they will be comfortable for the average person. The basic materials are wood and metal. Wood is the most versatile of all materials – teak being the most durable and weather resistant of all woods.
  17. 17. 17 8.0. Maintenance Plan -1st Month Maintenance Issue Frequency Description Watering Twice a day -Gardeners are needed to water the plants twice every day -Young plants require more care and therefore sufficient water is to be provided everyday -Snake Plants (Sansevieria Trifasciata) requires less watering. Fertilising Twice a month -Gardeners are needed to spread fertilisers to the plants twice a month -Young plants require more nutrients in order for them to grow properly and quickly -Peace Lilies (Spathiphyllum) require more frequent fertilisation for it to grow properly Pest Control Twice a month -Gardeners are to use biological ways to control pest Water Feature Once a month -Cleaners are to clean the water feature and maintain the cleanliness of the water as well as the functionality of the water pump Shrub Pruning None -Gardeners need not prune much of the young plants as they need to grow -Weeding is important to prevent weeds from absorbing the nutrients and the retardation of the growth of plants -Vines need to be pruned to ensure that it will climb up the glass roof. Path Maintenance None -Gardeners need not trim much of the grass as they are still short and young In short, during the period of the first month, the plants need extra care from the gardeners to ensure that the growths of the plants are not retarded.
  18. 18. 18 - 2nd Month Maintenance Issue Frequency Description Watering Once a day -Gardeners are needed to water the plants once every day -Plants are towards an independent stage where less care is required -Peace Lilies does not need watering as it is located next to a water feature. Its soil only needs to be moist. Fertilising Once a month -Gardeners are needed to spread fertilisers to the plants once a month -Intermediate -Peace Lilies (Spathiphyllum) require more frequent fertilisation for it to grow properly Pest Control Twice a month -Gardeners are to use biological ways to control pest Water Feature Once a month -Cleaners are to clean the water feature and maintain the cleanliness of the water as well as the functionality of the water pump Shrub Pruning Once a month -Gardeners need not prune much of the young plants as they need to grow -Weeding is important to prevent weeds from absorbing the nutrients and the retardation of the growth of plants -Vines need to be pruned to ensure that it will climb up the glass roof. Path Maintenance Once a month -Gardeners need to trim the paths once a month as the grass will start to grow tall Electrical Once a month -Electricians will need to check for any electrical leakages and ensure that the pump of the water feature is working properly
  19. 19. 19 - 3rd Month Maintenance Issue Frequency Description Watering Once a day -Gardeners are needed to water the plants once every day -Plants are towards an independent stage where less care is required -Peace Lilies does not need watering as it is located next to a water feature. Its soil only needs to be moist. Fertilising Once a month -Gardeners are needed to spread fertilisers to the plants once a month -Intermediate -Peace Lilies (Spathiphyllum) require more frequent fertilisation for it to grow properly Pest Control Twice a month -Gardeners are to use biological ways to control pest Water Feature Once a month -Cleaners are to clean the water feature and maintain the cleanliness of the water as well as the functionality of the water pump Shrub Pruning Once a month -Gardeners need not prune much of the young plants as they need to grow -Weeding is important to prevent weeds from absorbing the nutrients and the retardation of the growth of plants -Vines need to be pruned to ensure that it will climb up the glass roof. Path Maintenance Once a month -Gardeners need to trim the paths once a month as the grass will start to grow tall Electrical Twice a month -Electricians will need to check for any electrical leakages and ensure that the pump of the water feature is working properly
  20. 20. 20 - 4th Month – 12th Month Maintenance Issue Frequency Description Watering Once a day -Gardeners are needed to water the plants twice a week -Plants are independent stage where less care is required -Peace Lilies does not need watering as it is located next to a water feature. Its soil only needs to be moist. Fertilising Once a month -Gardeners are needed to spread fertilisers to the plants once per month -Intermediate -Peace Lilies (Spathiphyllum) require more frequent fertilisation for it to grow properly Pest Control Twice a month -Gardeners are to use biological ways to control pest Water Feature Once a month -Cleaners are to clean the water feature and maintain the cleanliness of the water as well as the functionality of the water pump Shrub Pruning Once a month -Gardeners need not prune much of the young plants as they need to grow -Weeding is important to prevent weeds from absorbing the nutrients and the retardation of the growth of plants -Vines need to pruned to ensure that it will lush Path Maintenance Once a month -Gardeners need to trim the paths once a month as the grass will start to grow tall Electrical Once a month -Electricians will need to check for any electrical leakages and ensure that the pump of the water feature is working properly Trimming Once a month -Gardeners need to trim the tall plant once a month
  21. 21. 21 8.1. Maintenance Cost No. Item Rate (RM) Amount (RM) 1 RM 50/day x 4 times a month 200.00 b. Supervisor RM 70/day x 4 times a month 280.00 2 Material Cost RM 100/day x once a month 100.00 b. Pest Control RM 100/day x once a month 100.00 c. Replacement of Dead Plants RM 100/day x once a month 100.00 3 Water Feature Maintenance RM 1400/day x once a month 1400.00 4 Shrub pruning RM 50/day x 2 times a month 100.00 5 Path Maintenance RM 50/day x 2 times a month 100.00 Total 2380.00 Labour Cost a. Labourers a. Fertiliser

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