Grammar Presentation Of Silent Letter

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Grammar Presentation Of Silent Letter

  1. 1. Grammar Explanation Presenter: Chen Zuo TESOL master candidate
  2. 2. Silent Letter <ul><li>knife -- not nife? </li></ul><ul><li>knock--not nock? </li></ul><ul><li>name-- not nam? </li></ul><ul><li>make-- not mak? </li></ul>
  3. 3. History of English A Great Mirror in Our English Learning
  4. 4. Without the mirror <ul><li>You will be driven mad! </li></ul><ul><li>Why is English spelling so complicated??? </li></ul>
  5. 5. With the guide of the mirror <ul><li>1476 </li></ul>Printing press was introduced
  6. 6. By William Caxton <ul><li>The dividing point between the Middle and Modern English periods. </li></ul>Caxton Showing the First Specimen of His Printing to King Edward IV
  7. 7. <ul><li>Spelling is gradually fixed because of printing press </li></ul><ul><li>Pronunciation is still changing </li></ul><ul><li>The gap between spelling and pronunciation began to widen. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Spelling--In the books <ul><li>Knock </li></ul><ul><li>Knife </li></ul>
  9. 9. Pronunciation--Consonant simplification <ul><li>The consonant in consonant clusters ceased to be pronounced during the 15th and 16th centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Silent letter </li></ul><ul><li>k in kn- </li></ul><ul><li>Knock </li></ul><ul><li>Knife </li></ul>Knowledge Knee knob
  10. 10. Silent letter <ul><li>b in –mb words </li></ul><ul><li>bomb </li></ul><ul><li>tomb </li></ul><ul><li>comb </li></ul><ul><li>thumb </li></ul>
  11. 11. The silent e in the end—to indicate the preceding vowel is long. Old English—nam a [a] Middle English—nam e [ ə ] Modern English—nam e (silent) <ul><li>t i me [tajm] </li></ul><ul><li>n a me [nejm] </li></ul><ul><li>m a de [mejd] </li></ul>
  12. 12. Quiz <ul><li>Why is there a “silent” letter in the beginning like knife or knock ? </li></ul>

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