Wo c 2012 educational deck


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Wo c 2012 educational deck

  1. 1. Discover Chile
  2. 2. Wines of Chile• Not for Profit trade organization that promotes Chilean wines around the world• Learn more about Chile! • www.winesofchile.org • facebook.com/WinesOfChile • twitter.com/drinkchile
  3. 3. Today• Learn a bit about Chile and what‟s happening in the wine industry• Discover the diversity of our wines and terroirs• Taste 6 wines from 3 valleys• Enjoy tremendous quality and value
  4. 4. Quick Facts• 2x size of California• 3000 miles of coastline; approx. 100 miles wide• Population: 15.5 million - 0ver 5 million live in the capital, Santiago• Principal exports: copper, fish, fresh fruit and wine• 4th largest exporter of wines to the US
  5. 5. Geography: A Land of ExtremesNorth: Atacama Desert South: Patagonia
  6. 6. Geography: A Land of ExtremesWest: Pacific Ocean East: Andes MountainsNatural barriers protect biodiversity creating aviticultural paradise
  7. 7. Climatic Diversity Mediterranean Climate East to West Topography Wide range of Microclimates
  8. 8. Wine History• 16th Century - Vines brought to Chile by the Spanish• 1850‟s - French vitis vinifera brought to Chile• 1860‟s - Phylloxera destroys European wine stock• 1938 to 1974 - New plantings and technology banned• 1994 - Carmenere re-discovered at Carmen• Wine Revolution begins!
  9. 9. Age of the Terrior Hunter• 1979 - Miguel Torres brings temperature controlled fermentation tanks and clonal selections to Curicó Valley• 1980‟s - Search for extreme coastal and Andean foothill vineyards begins• 1982 - Pablo Morandé plants in cool and windy Casablanca after visiting Carneros• 1990‟s - New and exciting regions are discovered and planted throughout the country • 1993 - Limarí Valley • 1993 - Bio Bio Valley • 1995 - Malleco Valley • 1997 - Elqui Valley • 1998 - San Antonio Valley
  10. 10. New Viticulture• Major farming changes in last two decades • Experimentation with new clones and rootstocks • Drip irrigation • Hillside plantings • Canopy management • High density planting • Organic, biodynamic and sustainable practices • Satellite photos to track vigor • Multiple passthroughs during harvest • New valleys being sought out
  11. 11. New Winemaking• Major changes in winemaking technology • Global investment in technology • Global winemaking perspective • Gravity flow wineries • Stainless steel and temperature controlled fermentation • Small batch fermentation • Judicious oak use • Lees contact on Pinot Noirs• Development in the small, garagiste sector pushing quality • (MOVI) Movement of Independent Vintners • (VIGNO) Vignadores de Carignan
  12. 12. Chile Today• There are 14 active regions in Chile• Country continues to evolve with new terroirs being discovered and planted by “terroir hunters”• White Grapes being cultivated: Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Gris, Gewürztraminer, Riesling, Semillon, Viognier, Pedro Ximenez• Red Grapes being cultivated: Cabernet Sauvignon, Carmenere, Merlot, Syrah, Pinot Noir, Malbec, Cinsault, Carignan, Cabernet Franc
  13. 13. Virtual Tasting Tour
  14. 14. CasablancaValley• 1982 - Pablo Morandé establishes region after visiting Carneros in CA• First cool climate region to be planted to Vitis Vinifera - 4100 ha under vine• 18km from ocean• Soils are decomposed granite, sand, loam and clay• Best varietals: Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay and Pinot Noir
  15. 15. Sauvignon Blanc• Originates from the Bordeaux region of France• Most imported white wine into US from Chile• One of the most distinctive and aromatic white varietals - flavors can range from grassy and herbal to citric and tropical• Its crisp acidity and dry, refreshing flavor profile makes it one of the most food friendly wines on the planet• Best regions in Chile: Casablanca and San Antonio
  16. 16. Limari Valley• One of the northernmost regions• Long known for fruit production and archeological sites• Chardonnay excelling in limestone• 1993 - First winery established; 1800ha planted vineyards 10km from ocean• 8 wineries in Limari Valley currently including Maycas, Casa Tamaya and Tabali
  17. 17. Chardonnay• Originates in Burgundy, France• 2nd most imported white wine in US from Chile• The most popular white wine in the US, almost 25% of all wine consumed• Evolution in farming in Chile and Improved winemaking techniques • Less oak and Malolactic being used • Lees stirring and judicious oak treatment • New terroirs discovered in Limarí in limestone soils with Bio Bio and Malleco in the South• Best regions in Chile: Casablanca, San Antonio and Limari Valleys
  18. 18. Pinot Noir• Small but growing impact in Chile• Late 90„s - New plantings and investment in cool regions• New Dijon Clones brought in (115, 667, 715, 777)• Old Valdivieso and Concha y Toro clones still exist• Young winemakers traveling to Burgundy, California and Oregon• Best in the cooler, coastal regions of Casablanca, San Antonia, Leyda and Bio Bio
  19. 19. Maule Valley• Land of Ancient Vines• Chile‟s largest wine growing region with 31,000 ha under vine (43% of Chile‟s total)• Ancient, bushed trained vines being rediscovered• Carignan finding success in the region as well Malbec and Cabernet Sauvignon• Exciting field blends being produced• New findings of slate and schist soils creating buzz
  20. 20. Carignan• Old Vines Rediscovered• 1,200 ha planted; most in Maule• 50 to 75 year old dry farmed, low yielding “bush-trained” vines• Experiencing renaissance• Higher acidity than most Chilean varietals
  21. 21. Colchagua Valley• Referred to as the “Napa Valley of Chile”• Cabernet Sauvignon and Carmenere are top varietals• Wineries experimenting with Syrah, Malbec, Cabernet Franc, Grenache and Mourvedre• Coastal areas now being planted to white varietals• Named “Wine Region of the Year” by Wine Enthusiast in 2005 and was home to Wine Spectator 2009 “Wine of the Year”
  22. 22. Cachapoal Valley• 85% red wines• Known for Carmenere and Cabernet Sauvignon• Small, landlocked area• Three distinctive sectors: • Rancagua - home of Chilean Rodeo • Peumo - promising for Carmenere • Cachapoal Alto - premium red wine area with alluvial, clay and gravel soils
  23. 23. Carmenere• Fastest growing red Chilean variety in US• Mistaken for Merlot until 1994• Ampelographer Jean Michel Boursiquot discovered the varietal at Carmen interspersed with Merlot plants• Favors a long growing season in moderate to warm climate• Perfect for Chile‟s long growing season• Very dark in color, rich in body, with soft tannins
  24. 24. Elqui Valley• Northernmost wine growing region in Chile• Known for its crystal blue skies and long growing season• 508ha planted• High altitude vineyards being explored at 2000M• Sauvignon Blanc and Syrah are promising varietals• Only 2 wineries, Falernia and Cavas del Valle, in Elqui at the moment - more wineries farming vineyards
  25. 25. Syrah• Small Production, High Quality• First bottling was 1996• Wide range of styles exist• Ripe, rich and accessible from warmer inland climates• Structured age worthy wines with dark berry fruit from Andean Foothills• Elegant, peppery and herbal from the coast• Excellent examples exist in the following regions: Elqui, Aconcagua (first plantings by Errazuriz), Colchagua, San Antonio
  26. 26. Aconcagua Valley• 2 hours north of Santiago• Mt Aconcagua is 23,000 ft above sea level• Was the most northern valley until 1993• Primarily red grapes but white grapes being cultivated on the coast• 5 wineries in the valley with Errazuriz being the largest and most prestigious
  27. 27. Merlot• Originates from the Bordeaux region of France where it is the most widely planted red grape• In recent years, Merlot has enjoyed a explosion in popularity, especially in the United States, South America, Italy and Australia. In California, plantings have risen from 4,000 acres in 1988 to over 50,000 today. (inspite of Sideways)• Merlot‟s popularity is due to the fact that it is softer, fruitier, and earlier-maturing than Cabernet Sauvignon• For the last 15 years, after Carmenere was rediscovered in Chile, Merlot has been planted and cultivated on its own• Best regions in Chile: Colchagua, Cachapoal and Maipo
  28. 28. Red Blend• 2nd most imported red wine in US after Cabernet Sauvignon• Typically made in Bordeaux style with Cabernet, Merlot, Cabernet Franc• New unique blends with Carmenere, Syrah, Malbec and Petit Verdot emerging• Huge range of diverse wines• Very exciting today!
  29. 29. Maipo Valley• Most famous wines and established wine region• Cabernet is king; 60% of vineyards planted to Cabernet Sauvignon• Chile‟s oldest and most famous wineries are located in Maipo• Mountains and hills on all sides• Well drained, alluvial and colluvial soils• Best vineyards on old terraces• Unique microclimates
  30. 30. Cabernet Sauvignon• Originally from Bordeaux and brought to Chile in 1850‟s• Chile‟s most famous red varietal and largest red wine imported in US• Grown in a variety of terroirs across Chile• Most important grape to Red Blends and Icon wines• Big structured wines can age for a long time• Maipo is benchmark along with Aconcagua, Colchagua and Curicó
  31. 31. Southern Valleys• Itata • 11,000 ha under vine • Muscat of Alexandria and Pais widely planted• Bio Bio • 3,500 ha planted to vines • Aromatic cool climate varieties: Pinot Noir and Chardonnay. Riesling, Gewürztraminer and Sauvignon Blanc show promise• Malleco • 13 ha planted to vines • Chardonnay and Pinot Noir show excellent promise
  32. 32. Wines of Chile• Learn more about Chile! • www.winesofchile.org • facebook.com/WinesOfChile • twitter.com/drinkchile
  33. 33. Gracias!