Significant Gas Pipeline Incidents

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Over the years, there have been numerous gas pipeline incidents which have cause millions of dollars in lost revenue, lives, and property damage. Although some of the responsibility lies with federal or state governments, private and public stakeholders have a responsibility to implement comprehensive health and safety system management and plan emergency response based on capability for readiness and preparedness.

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Significant Gas Pipeline Incidents

  1. 1. Presented by: The Windsor Consulting Group, Inc.
  2. 2. Significant Pipeline Incidents  Belgium 2004: A major natural gas pipeline exploded in Ghislenghein, Belgium near Ath (50 kilometers southwest of Brussels), killing 24 people and leaving 122 wounded, some critical  Canada 1962: An explosion on a gas pipeline occurred on a lateral line about 50 kilometers northwest of Edson, Alberta. 8 people were killed. 1965: An explosion from a gas line destroyed several apartments in the LaSalle Heights Disaster in LaSalle, Quebec killing 28 people, the worst pipeline disaster in Canadian history 1996: A gas pipeline, owned and operated by TransCanada Corporation ruptured at a crossing of the La Salle River in St. Norbert, Winnipeg resulting in an explosion, fire and loss of one home. There were no injuries or deaths reported. 2003: A backhoe punctured a pipeline in Etobicoke, Ontario the resulting explosion killed 7 people 2007: A crude oil pipeline owned and operated by Kinder Morgan Energy Partners was ruptured by an excavator digging a storm sewer trench in Burnaby, British Columbia
  3. 3. Significant Pipeline Incidents  China 2010: Dalian Pipeline disaster - The explosion of two petroleum pipelines and subsequent fire in the port of Dalian, in northern China's Liaoning province on Saturday, on July 17, 2010, caused fatalities, damages and an ecological disaster, releasing 11,000 barrels of oil into the Yellow Sea, and covering up, according to different sources, from 50 to 430 km2 of sea and coast lines.  Kenya 2011 Nairobi pipeline fire kills approximately 100 people and hospitalized 120.  Mexico 1959 On July 1, a petroleum pipeline exploded, and burned for 7 hours in Coatzacoalcos. 12 people were killed, and 100 more injured 2010: The explosion on December 19, 2010 of an oil pipeline at a Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) pumping station in San Martín Texmelucan de Labastida in central Mexico killed at least 27 people and injured more than 50. The explosion is believed to have been caused by attempts to puncture the pipe to steal oil
  4. 4. Significant Pipeline Incidents  Nigeria 1998: At Jesse in the Niger Delta in Nigeria, a petroleum pipeline exploded killing about 1200 villagers, some of whom were scavenging gasoline. The worst of several similar incidents in this country. (October 17, 1998) 2000: Another pipeline explosion near the town of Jesse killed about 250 villagers. (July 10, 2000) 2000: At least 100 villagers died when a ruptured pipeline exploded in Warri. (July 16, 2000) 2000: A leaking pipeline caught fire near the fishing village of Ebute near Lagos, killing at least 60 people. (November 30, 2000) 2003: A pipeline punctured by thieves exploded and killed 125 villagers near Umuahia, Abia State. (June 19, 2003) 2004: A pipeline punctured by thieves exploded and killed dozens of people in Lagos State. (September 17, 2004) 2006: An oil pipeline punctured by thieves exploded and killed 150 people at the Atlas Creek Island in Lagos State. (May 12, 2006) 2006: A vandalized oil pipeline exploded in Lagos. Up to 500 people may have been killed. (December 26, 2006) 2008: The Ijegun pipeline explosion (May 16)
  5. 5. Significant Pipeline Incidents  Russia 1989 The Ufa train disaster. Sparks from two passing trains caused gas leaking from an LPG pipeline near Ufa, Russia to explode. Workers with the pipeline noticed pressure dropping in the line, but they increased pressure instead of searching for a leak. Trees up to 4 kilometers away were felled by the blast, and 2 locomotives and 38 passenger cars on the trains were derailed. Up to 645 people were reported killed on June 4, 1989.  United States 2013 (20 August) Explosion of a natural gas pipeline near Kiowa southwest of Oklahoma City 2013 (8 October) Explosion of a natural gas pipeline near Rosston, Oklahoma
  6. 6. Significant Pipeline Incidents National All Pipeline Systems: Serious Incidents: 1993-2012 Year Number 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Totals 2013 YTD 3 Year Average (2010-2012) 5 Year Average (2008-2012) 10 Year Average (2003-2012) 20 Year Average (1993-2012) Fatalities Injuries Property Damage Gross Barrels Spilled Net Barrels Lost (Haz Liq) (Haz Liq) 1,668 1,609 711 531 6,564 4,502 14,315 13,248 20,000 20,000 11,117 11,097 54,456 52,796 10,981 10,981 16,114 16,114 0 0 0 0 860 860 4,048 3,518 4,513 4,513 12,176 11,961 6,755 5,755 364 364 3,104 3,104 0 0 1,500 1,245 67 76 59 63 49 70 66 62 40 36 61 44 39 32 43 37 46 34 33 29 17 22 21 53 10 21 22 38 7 12 12 23 13 19 15 8 13 19 12 10 111 120 64 127 77 81 108 81 61 49 71 56 47 34 47 55 62 104 52 55 $3,999,515 $38,927,797 $5,108,902 $13,657,499 $4,379,250 $41,641,086 $54,555,184 $6,594,791 $4,623,094 $4,729,928 $9,688,900 $9,172,317 $17,962,166 $8,058,829 $18,546,862 $47,792,096 $18,890,344 $381,117,557 $6,931,342 $10,755,096 986 367 1,462 $707,132,555 169,246 162,198 19 7 35 $4,205,292 24,763 24,763 32 14 70 $132,934,665 1,535 1,450 36 12 66 $93,097,287 2,345 2,094 40 14 58 $52,891,551 3,332 3,132 49 18 73 $35,356,628 8,462 8,110
  7. 7. Significant Pipeline Incidents
  8. 8. Significant Pipeline Incidents
  9. 9. Significant Pipeline Incidents
  10. 10. Significant Pipeline Incidents National All Pipeline Systems: Consequences Summary Statistics: 2008-2012 Year Public Fatalities Industry Fatalities Public Injuries Industry Injuries Total Property Damage Public and Private Property Damage Emergency Response & Remediation Damage to Industry Property Value of Product Lost 2008 7 87% 1 12% 41 74% 14 25% $565,389,018 $27,997,687 $56,009,533 $456,629,985 $24,751,812 2009 9 69% 4 30% 44 70% 18 29% $172,782,930 $35,937,982 $26,850,342 $100,930,159 $9,064,445 2010 12 63% 7 36% 80 76% 24 23% $1,632,709,071 $655,464,004 $888,612,649 $74,709,336 $13,923,081 2011 8 66% 4 33% 34 65% 18 34% $362,229,269 $54,736,921 $174,415,960 $114,185,214 $18,891,172 2012 9 90% 1 10% 39 70% 16 29% $189,632,159 $25,995,134 $79,638,174 $6,946,635 45 72% 17 27% 238 72% 90 27% $2,922,742,448 $800,131,730 $1,222,940,701 $826,092,869 $73,577,147 Total $77,052,216
  11. 11. Significant Pipeline Incidents
  12. 12. Significant Pipeline Incidents 2012 PMSHA Federal Enforcement Budget Allocation

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