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Britons still happy despite financial woes, survey findsLevel 2            Intermediate 1 Key wordsFill the gaps in the se...
Britons still happy despite financial woes, survey findsLevel 2            Intermediate    Britons still happy despite fin...
Britons still happy despite financial woes, survey findsLevel 2              Intermediate 3 Comprehension checkAre these s...
Britons still happy despite financial woes, survey findsLevel 2            IntermediateKEY1 Key words                     ...
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Britons Still Happy Despite Financial Woes

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Britons Still Happy Despite Financial Woes

  1. 1. Britons still happy despite financial woes, survey findsLevel 2 Intermediate 1 Key wordsFill the gaps in the sentences using these key words from the text. The paragraph numbers are given tohelp you. recession outweighed worthwhile anxious rate well-being loyalty potential energized worse off1. If one thing is ____________________ by something else, the other thing is more important, useful or valuable. (para 1)2. A ____________________ is a period when trade and industry are not successful and there is a lot of unemployment. (para 1)3. If you are ____________________, you have less money than you had before. (para 1)4. If you ____________________ something in a survey, you give it a score from one to ten. (para 2)5. If something is ____________________, it is worth the time, money or effort that you spend on it. (para 2)6. ____________________ is the satisfactory state that someone should be in that involves such things as being happy, healthy and safe and having enough money. (para 4)7. If you feel ____________________, you feel worried because you think something bad might happen. (para 4)8. A person’s ____________________ is the possibility they will develop or achieve something in the future. (para 7)9. ____________________ is the support you always give someone because of your feelings of duty and love towards them. (para 8)10. If you feel ____________________, you are full of enthusiasm and energy. (para 10) 2 Find the informationFind the following information in the text as quickly as possible.1. How many people were questioned in the survey?2. What was the average score for life satisfaction?3. What was the average score for the question about whether people thought what they did in life was worthwhile?4. What was the average score for satisfaction with the financial situation?5. How many people rated their anxiety level as five out of ten?6. Which country introduced the idea of ‘gross national happiness’? D • TE DE E SI A L EB LO B W N IA© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2012 M W P O DO O FR BE C N T ONEWS LESSONS / Britons still happy despite financial woes, survey finds / Intermediate O H •P CA
  2. 2. Britons still happy despite financial woes, survey findsLevel 2 Intermediate Britons still happy despite financial or happy” and then quantify how much happiness woes, survey finds they can create by spending taxpayers’ money. They can spend money “on supporting childcare, Randeep Ramesh parenting or help for mental health”. 1 December, 2011 6 Layard says it is not worthwhile for politicians to spend1 According to a survey by the Office for National too much time on reducing inequalities. “Although I Statistics (ONS), most people in the UK are satisfied believe that one pound to a poor person means more with life. Many are worried about work and money than one pound to a rich person and more equal but this is outweighed by happiness they get from societies are happier, I don’t think redistribution of their children, their relationships and where they live. wealth will produce a happier population.” The ONS released the results of the survey days after economists predicted that the recession would 7 The science of well-being has become fashionable. be deep, long and leave the public in 2015 worse off Cameron has mentioned the Himalayan Buddhist than they were in 2002. But it shows that the country kingdom of Bhutan as introducing the idea of “gross is unaffected, in an emotional sense, by the crisis national happiness”. France’s President Sarkozy that is coming. has asked two Nobel prizewinners how to measure happiness. In fact, ideas about happiness have a2 The survey of 4,200 adults, conducted between April long history. It began in Western thought with the and August 2011, is part of Prime Minister David Greek philosopher Aristotle. “Aristotle … said there Cameron’s £2 million campaign to understand how was more to life than how we feel, more than just the country is doing – he doesn’t want to focus just pleasure and pain. It was about how we develop on GDP. The survey showed that on average people our potential and work with our communities,” said rated their life satisfaction at 7.4 out of 10. When Felicia Huppert from Cambridge University’s centre asked whether things they did in life were worthwhile, of well-being. people on average gave a score of 7.6. 8 Huppert said that “probably the most important work3 However, there were signs of stress in British society. recently was by American researcher Jonathan Haidt Satisfaction with the financial situation had the lowest who looked at the importance of relationships.” Haidt average score of 6.2 out of 10, followed by work identified five values in societies: care, fairness, situation, with 6.7 out of 10. When asked about their loyalty, respect and purity – and suggested that the work-life balance, low scores were also given, with first two were the most important. Huppert, said: “A an average of 6.4 out of 10. lot of young people think that wealth and celebrity will4 People were most satisfied with their personal make you happy. In fact, the data shows it is about relationships and mental well-being, which had relationships and … a feeling that you contribute.” the highest scores – both scored at 8.3 out of 10. 9 Paul Allen from the ONS said another big factor in However, politicians will be worried about the answer happiness was health. “We see that when people’s given to this question: “Overall, how anxious did you health was bad they would report anxiety. We are feel yesterday?” More than a quarter rated this 5 out trying to understand how people rate happiness.” of 10 – where 10 was feeling “completely anxious”. 10 One of the most interesting aspects of the new5 Lord Layard, a professor of economics, said it was science of happiness is about language. Britons likely that life satisfaction would decrease when associated happiness with being “calm, relaxed and the recession gets worse. “We know from other peaceful” rather than “energized and excited”. Allen European countries that life satisfaction is sensitive said this could be seen in recent street protests. to business cycles and in recessions life satisfaction “They held up signs saying: ‘We are not happy about decreases.” Layard said politicians could use the this.’ It was very British.” information to reduce the pain of recession. But they would need to first identify how to measure © Guardian News & Media 2011 happiness, then find what makes people “miserable First published in The Guardian, 01/12/11 D • TE DE E SI A L EB LO B W N IA© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2012 M W P O DO O FR BE C N T ONEWS LESSONS / Britons still happy despite financial woes, survey finds / Intermediate O H •P CA
  3. 3. Britons still happy despite financial woes, survey findsLevel 2 Intermediate 3 Comprehension checkAre these statements true (T) or false (F) according to the text?1. Most people in the UK are unhappy with their lives.2. The lowest score was given to satisfaction with the financial situation.3. The highest score was given to personal relationships and mental well-being.4. Life satisfaction will probably rise as the effects of the recession are felt.5. Lord Layard believes that redistribution of wealth will produce a happier population.6. According to Felicity Huppert, many young people think wealth and celebrity make you happy. 4 Find the wordFind the following words and phrases in the text.1. a noun meaning a series of actions intended to produce political or social change (para 2)2. an abbreviation meaning the total value of the goods and services that a country produces in a year, not including income received from money invested in other countries (para 2)3. a three-word phrase meaning the relationship between the amount of time and effort that someone gives to work and the amount that they give to other aspects of life, such as their family (para 3)4. a verb meaning to measure or describe something as a quantity (para 5)5. a three-word noun phrase meaning changing the way money is shared between people (para 6)6. a noun meaning treating everyone equally and in a reasonable way (para 8)7. a noun meaning the state of being famous (para 8) 5 Phrases with prepositionsComplete the phrases from the text using prepositions. Check your answers in the text.1. ______________ average 4. satisfied ______________2. according ______________ 5. sensitive ______________3. focus ______________ 6. associate ______________ 6 Word-buildingComplete the table. adjective noun 1. pure 2. loyal 3. fair 4. anxious 5. satisfied 6. unequal 7 DiscussionAre people in your country happy? Why? Why not? D • TE DE E SI A L EB LO B W N IA M W P© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2012 O DO O FR BE C N T ONEWS LESSONS / Britons still happy despite financial woes, survey finds / Intermediate O H •P CA
  4. 4. Britons still happy despite financial woes, survey findsLevel 2 IntermediateKEY1 Key words 4 Find the word1. outweighed 1. campaign2. recession 2. GDP (Gross Domestic Product)3. worse off 3. work-life balance4. rate 4. quantify5. worthwhile 5. redistribution of wealth6. well-being 6. fairness7. anxious 7. celebrity8. potential9. loyalty10. energized 5 Phrases with prepositions 1. on2 Find the information 2. to 3. on1. 4,200 4. with2. 7.4 out of ten 5. to3. 7.6 out of ten 6. with4. 6.2 out of ten5. more than a quarter6. Bhutan 6 Word-building 1. purity3 Comprehension check 2. loyalty 3. fairness1. F 4. anxiety2. T 5. satisfaction3. T 6. inequality4. F5. F6. T D • TE DE E SI A L EB LO B W N IA© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2012 M W P O DO O FR BE C T ONEWS LESSONS / Britons still happy despite financial woes, survey finds / Intermediate O H N •P CA

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