It was written in Spanish and published
in 1887 by a small press in Berlin.
It took some two years to write.
Rizal started writing the novel
apparently in 1884 in Madrid.
In mid-1885, he continued to write
during his months in Paris
The last part of the book was completed
in Germany in 1886.
The Noli Me Tangere is, therefore, not
merely an attack on the Spanish colonial
regime; it is a charter of nationalism.
As a novel, it has noticeable literary
defects, but as a work of political
propaganda, it is powerful and moving.
The ultimate message is not always
clearly spelled out, but the abuses and
defects of the colonial regime are
pitilessly laid bare.
Rizal balances the national portrait by
highlighting the virtues and good
qualities of the unspoiled Filipino.
Rizal ran into much more lively reactions,
for and against.
Archbishop Pedro Payo, a Dominican, got a
copy and sent it to the rector of the school
(UST) for judgment. (August 30, 1887)
Judgment: it declared the Noli me tangere,
“heretical, impious and scandalous in the
religious order, and the antipatriotic,
subversive of public order, offensive to the
government of Spain and to its method of
procedure in these islands in political
Rizal protested the judges that he had
desired to fulfill his duty to Spain and
to the Philippines.
The Comision permanente de censura
was asked whether the book was to be
allowed to enter the country.
Father Salvador Font, an Augustinian,
prepared a report, recommending the
complete prohibitation of the book in
the philippines, for not only did it
attack directly. (December 29, 1887)
Rizal was accompanied by the civil
guard lieutenant Jose Taviel de
February 1888, Rizal had left the
country, yet nothing had been done to
ban the novel.
Rizal wrote Blumentritt from Hong
Kong that life had been impossible for
him in the Philippines.
The novel was as yet scarcely known
SUCCESS AND FAILURE
Filipino nationalist activity in Europe is
From 1881-1895, a number of reforms
were introduced in the Philipines.
The tobacco monopoly was abolished;
the tribute disappeared; and the
compulsory labor reduced. (Failure)
The penal code was declared to detract.
The provisms for civil marriage were
The basic conditions for participation
in political life were still denied.
(freedom of press, freedom of
The campaign was indeed a failure,
and the program of making Spaniards
out of Filipinos was definitely rejected
A TOTAL LOSS TO THE FILIPINO
ASSIMILATIONISM as STRATEGY
Filipino activists look on independence
as an ultimate goal.
The program La Solidaridad and the
complex organization surrounding it
was professedly assimilationist.
Assimilationist program was a strategy
or first step than the ultimate goal.
Rizal and Del Pilar have been
contrasted as idealist and realist.
Rizal showed himself more realistic
than Del Pilar.
The legal position of the parish priest
was modified but negligibly until the
municipal reform of Maura in 1898.
The difference between Becerra’s first
term as overseas minister in 1889-90,
when he was out to destroy clerical
power in the Phil., and his second
term in 1894, when the earlier
secularization projects were not
ASSIMILATION WAS A QUALIFIED SUCEES
IN DAMAGING THE PRESTIDGE OF THE
FRIARS IN PARTICULAR AND OF THE