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Area of Study 1Handel – ‘And the glory of the Lord’Composed in 1741Time signature – 3/4Written for SATB (Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass)4 main melodic ideas – They contrast. Motif 1 (‘and the glory…’) is syllabic. Motif 2 (shall bereve------aled) is melismatic. Motif 3 (and all flesh shall see it together). Motif 4 (for themouth of the Lord…) is a pedal on A.The mood is joyful. Baroque music has a mood known as the ‘affection’.Cadences – There are a number of perfect cadences and the piece ends with a plagalcadence (IV – I)Dynamics – they are ‘terraced’. There are no crescendos or diminuendos.Texture – There are a number of textures. At the first vocal entry the alto sings motif 1, thisis monophonic. The vocals are either together (homophonic) or enter in canon (polyphonic).The piece ends with a sudden pause and loud plagal cadence, this is homophonic.Mozart – Symphony No 40 in G minorThere is no percussion or trumpets usedThe piece is in sonata form. This means there is an exposition (where the 1st and 2ndsubjects are heard or ‘exposed’ for the first time), there is then a development section (thekey changes many times) and finally a recapitulation (returns to the melodies heard in theexposition)There is also a coda at the end and a bridge passage between the 1st and 2nd subjects1st subject is a melody in G minor2nd subject is in Bb major, the relative major. It also has chromatic notes.Dynamics begin p (piano) which is unusual for a symphony.
The time signature is 4/4.There are lots of perfect cadences. The ending alternates between chords I and V.Textures – Homophonic (particularly at the end) and polyphonic.Chopin – Prelude no. 15 in Db majorTonality - Db major for the A section, C# minor for the B section.The harmony is diatonic (meaning – belongs to the key)Structure – ABA Coda, ternary with short coda or codetta.Romantic era.Composed in 1838.Keyboard techniques – expressive. Melodies are played cantabile (‘in the singing style’). Useof pedals. The piece is played rubato(‘robbed time’ – ebb and flow to the music).Section B – key change to C# minor (tonic minor). The right hand plays the ‘raindrop’ note,or pedal, which becomes G# instead of Ab (also enharmonically the same note). Section Bthe music becomes louder. This section is longer than section A. Melody is played by the lefthand.