New Energy Horizons Opportunities and ChallengesCommunications – a mission critical enabler for the smart distribution network Wim D’Hondt Accenture Wim.email@example.com
Focus of Talk New Energy Horizons Opportunities and ChallengesThe talk outlines the role of communications as a key enabler to the smart distributionnetwork. It makes the case that innovation in grid capabilities is increasinglydependent on communication capabilities. Required capabilities are briefly explainedand key challenges outlined. It concludes with a clear need for integrating powerengineering systems, communications and IT and recommendations on how utilitiesshould skill up, collaborate with industry and regulators, educate suppliers on utilityneeds and lead the way towards standardization.
Power Engineering innovation requiresincreasingly more cost-effective and capableCommunications New Energy Horizons Opportunities and Challenges• Increased demand because of more innovative uses (electric vehicles, smart cities, high resolution synchrophasors) will require more capable, reliable, efficient and affordable 2-way data communication• The search for increased efficiencies in Grid operations and distributed generation requires the communications architecture to become increasingly more agile in supporting distributed a distributed architecture
Challenges with existingcommunications paradigm New Energy Horizons Opportunities and ChallengesHistorically ChallengesCommunication links purpose-build and Building purpose build links for newexclusive for each application applications is not cost effective and existing links are rapidly becoming unsupportableLimited network connectivity especially Cost of communications was holdingin distribution networks back deployment of comms in distribution.Existing SCADA systems create trickles of Next Generation SCADA / controlData schemes will require high resolution data create a Data TsunamiLimited integration of utilities with Interconnection required to enhanceneighbors. situational awareness between utilities
Key Challenges that need to beaddressed New Energy Horizons Opportunities and ChallengesBusiness Requirements ApproachCost effective solutions that support Integrated communications network that canPlug and Play Applications support multiple applicationsUbiquitous coverage including hard to Complement wired and wireless technologiesreach and hazardous locationsSupport expected Data Tsunami Efficient datatransfer mechanisms that support realtime communications/monitoringSupport for high availability throughout Combine technologies and architectures tothe grid (up to 99,999+%) suit requirementsSupport long 10-15 year lifecycle Select standard technologies that are mature with strong eco systemsProvide secure and efficient Create standardised architecture that supportinterconnectivity with neighbors Plug and Play (e.g. WECC)
Actors to Address the challenge New Energy Horizons Opportunities and ChallengesTo solve this the telecommunications industry, regulatory bodiesand Power engineering need to work togetherTelecommunications industry• The Telecommunication Industry can offer significant experience, knowledge and technology to support the build out of the smart grid.Regulatory bodies• Need to recognize the challenge and importance and support with funding, access to spectrum and ecosystem creation.Utilities• But Utilities have unique needs that will test typical design principles and technologies
But each actor is wrestling withconcrete challenges New Energy Horizons Opportunities and ChallengesTelecommunications industry• Do they understand the utility industry challenge and requirements?• How do they balance their priorities with they existing consumer business?Regulatory• How do I balance different requirements for spectrum (commercial networks, Public Safety, Utilities)Utilities• Do they have the tools/process/people/skills to support complex communication networks?• Do they have access to funding and to build or own the communications network?• Is deploying Smart Metering an asset or hindrance for smart grid• How can I keep the network secure?
Need for integrated vision, blueprint, strategyand Plan New Energy Horizons Opportunities and Challenges Substation Automation: Corporate Applications: • Real Time communication to RTUs, • Very high speed and low latency breakers, relays, and other • Carry Telecom Traffic for Utility equipment. • Carry Video and Security data • Video Surveillance will drive up from critical assets back to data control Center speed requirements. Smart Grid Communications AMI : Blueprint Distribution Automation: • Coverage across entire service territory • Monitor capacitor banks controls, regulators, switches, • Capacity to support meter reading, reclosers, fault circuit indicators demand response and HAN devices and sensors • Reliable, secure and cost-effective • Low throughput, very low 7backhaul latency < 1 second for • Security for data and integration messaging
Key focus areas New Energy Horizons Opportunities and ChallengesKey Areas of innovation required• Need for cost effective communications that can be deployed fast, secure and efficient.• Suitability of IP to support integrated networks and power engineering applications (teleprotection, monitoring etc…)• Adapted distributed control mechanisms to increase survivability and restoration• Wireless technologies that support white space, unlicensed, semi- licensed spectrum bands• Security policies and mechanisms that provide multiple layers of protection• Control mechanisms to reliable support engineering applications over commercial and public safety networks