An introduction first – with the three headings provided Then onto the rest. Note that there is a paper with much more information with references available to read as well in greater detail.
Note: Enhanced podcast with other material such as text/ppt slides Vodcasts are with video.
It might be safe to say that almost all are familiar with downloading material and/or uploading material to the web or personal devices. A very easy learning curve at any rate.
Assuming you already have the hardware – a computer - it is relatively inexpensive. A microphone that can run $50 (or may be built into your computer) There may be time constraints to producing fine podcasts. This will be up to the instructor/student
There is also EPN (education podcast network) And education podcasts.com
Note: Edison research also shows that 86% of the general population own a media device. SO it may, in fact be larger now.
For my purposes I looked specifically at instructor generated content. For the purposes of our department – that is where we would begin. The most common use intuitively was the most common use studied – instructor podcasts of lectures and of review
Students with the Duke iPod initiative favoured pre-loaded material Students downloaded material mostly just before tests and exams instead of weekly Not everyone will be satisfied all the time with the quality, speed, duration, etc. Visuals were important – enhanced podcasts would be most useful
Podcasting For IETS 2010 (Winter)
Introduction <ul><li>What is a podcast? </li></ul><ul><li>Why podcasts? </li></ul><ul><li>My audience </li></ul>Podcasting as a tool for Teaching and Learning Podcast Use Findings Possible Podcast Problems Podcasting for my Audience?
What is a Podcast? <ul><li>A podcast is a means for distributing a digital media file (text, audio, visual or a combination of any or all of them) or series of files over the internet to be downloaded for playback at a later time </li></ul><ul><li>These various file types may be accessed on any media player and so may be viewed on any computer or on portable devices such as an iPod </li></ul><ul><li>(Lonn & Teasley) </li></ul>
What is a Podcast? <ul><li>Accessing a podcast is very simple through download on a server </li></ul><ul><li>A user can also subscribe to an RSS feed and receive the podcasts directly to their computer or portable device when a new one is posted </li></ul>
Why Podcasts? Easy and Inexpensive <ul><li>One only needs a computer and a reasonable microphone to record the information and work on the podcast. </li></ul><ul><li>Editing software and production help can be free through services such as Audacity (recording and editing software) and Levelator (production clean up of sound) </li></ul><ul><li>One can put podcasts on a number of sites for free if gaining access to one's own server is a problem. </li></ul>
Why Podcasts? <ul><li>The ease in locating podcasts has given rise to their popularity </li></ul><ul><li>Educational podcasts can be quickly accessed through sites such as iTunes University, a section in the iTunes catalog that focuses on college class podcasts (Sprague & Pixley). </li></ul>
Why Podcasts? Podcast Audience Studies also show that more than 80% of American college students own at least one portable audio device like an iPod that can be used to play podcasts (Lonn & Teasley) Over 21 million US internet users download at least one podcast per month
Why Podcasts? The Podcast Advantage <ul><li>As a tool that is already used by a large population it seems to have one important advantage; that is the capability for podcasts to be used anytime-anywhere. </li></ul><ul><li>In a society where time is the most essential resource, this characteristic has allowed podcasting to reach an exceptional position. The creation of small and portable MP3 and Video players has allowed users to decide where and when they want to listen to podcasts, according to their needs. </li></ul><ul><li>(Vicenc Fernandez, Pep Simo, Jose M. Sallan) </li></ul>
My Audience <ul><li>Currently no podcasts are being produced </li></ul><ul><li>For my purposes the audience would be undergraduate humanities students in large first year classes (300 - 600 students) enrolled in Linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of the students are between the ages of 18 – 24 </li></ul><ul><li>Many students are second language students </li></ul>
Podcasting as a tool for Teaching and Learning <ul><li>Instructors </li></ul><ul><li>Record lectures for review and for absentees </li></ul><ul><li>Provide summaries and review of lecture/text </li></ul><ul><li>Give evaluation and feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight news or course-related updates </li></ul><ul><li>Learners </li></ul><ul><li>Have learner created reflections and interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Provide summaries and presentations </li></ul>
Podcast Use Findings <ul><li>Students find podcasts of lectures very useful for if they miss a lecture for whatever reason so they can catch up </li></ul><ul><li>Using podcasts is very helpful for revising notes and reviewing material that was covered in class and was very much embraced for such purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting does not seem to interfere with lecture attendance since students found that lectures and instructor contact were not replaceable </li></ul><ul><li>In distance learning it seemed to help reduce a feeling of isolation while it also increased student motivation. </li></ul>
Possible Podcast Problems <ul><li>Students may need to be motivated to use them regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Student preferences for podcasts vary </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts were considered more useful in conjunction with lecture slides or other material to supplement them </li></ul>
Podcasting for my audience? <ul><li>The benefits are many </li></ul><ul><li>With such large enrollments it is almost a given that for any one lecture someone is going to be away for some reason or another </li></ul><ul><li>Providing podcasts of lectures will guarantee that every student can have access to every lecture in some capacity </li></ul>
<ul><li>Since most of the research suggests that students use podcasts to enhance their learning through review and revision it seems a useful tool in that it will not affect lecture attendance while providing a chance to navigate the course even more successfully </li></ul>
<ul><li>With the large number of second language students, having access to the lectures and other materials at any time will be useful to clarify items they may have missed during the lecture </li></ul>
Support <ul><li>The need for support is minimal </li></ul><ul><li>With access to our LMS or iTunesU, Podcasts can be made available without 2 nd or 3 rd party assistance </li></ul><ul><li>The main concern is time. But with practice it will become easier and the potential benefits of allowing students access for review may save time in office hours </li></ul>
And that is a brief look at Podcasting for me and for you <ul><li>Thank You! </li></ul>