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ESAP and ODL at orinoquia and amazonia

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  1. 1. “ Open and distance learning at the Orinoquia and Amazonia regions of Colombia” Wilson Ladino Orjuela Professor Balí, 3rd of October, 2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>Table of content </li></ul><ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>2. ESAP </li></ul><ul><li>2.1. Internal conditions </li></ul><ul><li>3. External conditions. Orinoquia and Amazonia regions. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Students </li></ul><ul><li>5. Conclusions </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Background 46 millions of inhabitants 1.120.000 kmts 2
  4. 4. 1. Background 1.800.000 inhabitants 380.000 kmts 2 International Frontier Savannas and Forest Indigenous, farmers,
  5. 5. 1 . Background National Market GDP, US $435,9 billion (2010 est.) Composition Agriculture 9.2% Industry 37.6 % Services 53.1% Source: DANE, 2010 National Economy 3rd Latin America economy after Brazil and Argentina. Country comparison to the world 29
  6. 6. 2. ESAP -Created in 1958 -Main purpose: Training public bureocracy in Colombia -Started Distance Education in 1983 -Opened undergraduate (distance learning) program in 1983 First: Local public administration program (6 semesters) After: Regional administration program (4 semesters)
  7. 7. 2.1 ESAP. Internal Conditions -Faculty (Few full time professors, temporary lecturers, etc) -Academic project (Education without research) -Academic tradition (Never before the institution have had distance learning experience) -Infrastructure (Without computers, internal networks,etc.)
  8. 8. 2.1 ESAP. Internal Conditions -Eleventh Branch (Amazonas, Guaviare, Guainía, Meta, Vaupés and Vichada departments) -Opened in 1983 -Main office: Villavicencio, Meta. Director -Administrative Organization -Academic Organization -CETAP: started from relationships between ESAP and Local State (Municipality or Department)
  9. 9. 3. Orinoquia and Amazonia regions. External Conditions -Roads (No roads to connect localities with big cities) -Courrier Service (No punctual and safe delivery service) -Flights (Low level of flights, irregular trips, low quality of air planes) -Electricity Service (few hours of service: 6 hours per day)
  10. 10. 3. Orinoquia and Amazonia regions. External Conditions -Local Libraries (Without public libraries or without enough collections) -Comunications (Telephone service) (Few lines, irregular service) -No other universities (ESAP was the only college in those towns)
  11. 11. 4. Students (some personal characteristics) -Old people (many years far way the academic activities) -No reading and writing traditions (weakness from primary schools) -Oral tradition (without logical thinking) -Without distance and open learning experience (responsability, low level of self discipline, without academic routines, etc) -Many of them employees of public administration (low level of attention)
  12. 12. 5. Conclusions -Until now there is no systematic evaluation about the experience -Many of graduates follow the same kind of working (employees) -Internal tradition about distance learning is very important -External insfrastructure is condition to develop Distance and Open Learning -Distance Learning is an opportunity for people
  13. 13. Thanks