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Strategy<br />Use world knowledge to predict <br />what will be said.<br />Use linguistic knowledge to <br />predict what ...
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Listening strategies match


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matching of strategies and ways of teaching them

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Listening strategies match

  1. 1. Strategy<br />Use world knowledge to predict <br />what will be said.<br />Use linguistic knowledge to <br />predict what will be said.<br />Monitor performance while <br />listening.<br />Pick out only salient points,<br />listening selectively and<br />ignoring irrelevant details<br />Take notes, writing down<br />relevant information.<br />Note an approximation of a difficult word/name. Check later.<br />Listen for key words for <br />topic identification<br />Ask for clarification.<br />Answers:<br />1-E<br />2-G<br />3-H<br />4-F<br />5-B<br />6-C<br />7-A<br />8-D<br />How to teach it<br /> Ask students to listen again and pick out words belonging to a lexical set. Check with the script, if available. <br />Give tasks that require listening for detail, e.g. with train timetables, cinema listings information, etc, which consist mainly of information that is unknown for the individual listener. Use gap-fill exercises.<br />Help students to make a guess based on a phonetic approximation. News broadcasts are excellent for this as they often contains names of place and people.<br />Teach phrases: Could you repeat what you said about…? What did you mean by…? I didn’t catch XXX. Give opportunities for students to use, e.g. by telling and anecdote slightly above the students’ level.<br />Before listening, discuss the subject and how the speaker might view it. Use KWL chats (Know/Want to Know/Learned) to pool knowledge of the topic. Give students headlines/titles. They predict additional content before listening to the recording.<br />Ask students to identify key words (the stressed words, which they should note) in full sentences, give students “Who/Where/What/Why” charts. They take notes in the columns. Explain that note-taking systems only need to make sense to the note-taker (notes are essentially private aids for later recall).<br />Use gap-fill exercises (students fill the gaps in a transcript). Students complete the exercise before listening. As they listen, they can see how accurate their predictions were.<br />Pause at regular intervals during the listening to check comprehension (students in pairs, groups or as a whole class). Ask questions such as who said X? why? What is the topic? Ask students if their answers are logical. (Does it make sense that Russia’s biggest airport is located in Monaco, as one student thought he’d heard?)<br />