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Foundation day


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A lecture I gave in preparation for Foundation Day. It mainly focuses on Moses and Joshua's courses looking at the parallels and challenges between that time and this time. Also looking at some issues in the period of the monarchy and Temple. There is an accompanying video

Foundation day

  1. 1. Foundation DayFrom Egypt to Canaan Lancaster Gate 19th January 2013
  2. 2. The course to restore the substantialCanaan under the leadership of Christ atthe second advent While Moses could enter Canaan only in spirit, Joshua walked the national course as a substantial course and actually conquered the promised land. Likewise, while Jesus has been restoring Canaan as a worldwide spiritual realm, Christ at the Second Advent is to complete this third worldwide course as a substantial course and build the actual Kingdom of Heaven on earth. Christ at the Second Advent must realize, on earth, God‟s ideal which was left unfulfilled at the First Coming.
  3. 3. The pattern for the natural subjugationof Satan Moses Jesus Jacob True Parents Joshua Family National World
  4. 4. What were the Hebrewsdoing in Egypt?• Abraham‟s faith in God‟s promise“Look toward heaven, andnumber the stars, if you are able to number them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your offspring be.” And he believed the Lord, and he counted it to him as righteousness. Genesis15:5-6• Abraham doubts God‟s promise“I am the Lord whobrought you out from Ur of the Chaldeans to give you this land to possess.” But he said, “O Lord God, how am I to know that I shall possess it?” Genesis 15:7-8
  5. 5. Restoring the foundation offaith God Heifer Completion Offering Ram & goat Growth Dove & pigeon Formation What did the offerings represent? Abraham Previous symbolic offerings Generations: Adam, Noah, AbrahamCentral person
  6. 6. Why the heavy ‘punishment’? Satan claimed 400 year period Noah Abraham Satan God Condition Curse Blessing Condition decides ownershipGreater indemnity Lesser indemnity
  7. 7. National foundation to receivethe messiah And the WordFoundation for the Messiah became flesh Divine grace + Human will → God‟s will Foundation Remove sinful nature of substance Unity between Moses and Hebrews Moses Foundation Offering - Word of God of faith 40 years
  8. 8. What does this mean inpractice for the individual?• Foundation of faith • Living a life of prayer, study, tithing and a clear conscience• Foundation of substance • Saying sorry to anyone you have hurt or offended • Forgiving anyone who has hurt or offended you
  9. 9. What does this mean inpractice for the society?• Foundation of faith – A spiritual community so that when the messiah comes they can understand him• Foundation of substance – A spiritual community in which there is freedom of belief – Cain does not kill Abel – Rule of law
  10. 10. What was life like in Egypt?• Jacob took family into Egypt• Prospered and multiplied• Now there arose a new king over Egypt who did not know Joseph.Exodus 1:8• Building projects Goshen where Hebrews thought to have lived – Ramses, Pithom• Slavery
  11. 11. What is a slave society like?• Someone‟s property – Bought and sold• No freedom – Movement – Religion – Work• No family life
  12. 12. First national course to restore Canaan
  13. 13. What should have happened next? God1. Loved Moses2. Respected Moses as mediator3. Listened to Moses4. Multiplied goodness Canaan 21 days What did happen?1st national foundationto receive the messiah Hebrews Mosesfailed “Who made you a prince and judge over us? Do you mean to kill me as you killed the Egyptian?” Then Moses was afraid, and thought, “Surely the thing is known.” Ex. 2:14
  14. 14. Why 21 days?• Egypt to Canaan• Time from ark landing till Noah left• Time to reach maturity – 21 years• Dwells in direct dominion of God• Hebrews to move from slavery to freedom in 21 days• From obedience to responsibility• Is it possible?• What needs to change?
  15. 15. Where is all this happening? 21 days route Ramsees • Moses fled
  16. 16. Second national course to restore Canaan
  17. 17. What conditions should beestablished in the second course? Foundation of faith Central person: Moses God Object: Word - tablets Time period: 40 yearsFoundation of substanceHebrews shouldLove,Respect, Hebrews MosesListen to andMultiply goodness
  18. 18. Exodus
  19. 19. Second course ofrestoration into CanaanThe first foundation for the tabernacle
  20. 20. God woos the Hebrews“You yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and howI bore you on eagleswings and brought you to myself. Now therefore, if you will indeed hearken to my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine; and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.” Exodus 19:4-6
  21. 21. How did the people respond?So Moses came and called the elders of the people and set before them all these words that the Lord had commanded him. All the people answered together and said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do.” And Moses reported the words of the people to the Lord. And the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I am coming to you in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with you, and may also believe you for ever.” Exodus 19:7-9
  22. 22. Words, words, words . . .• 7 pictogram writing systems – Elite hierarchical societies• First alphabet was Semitic – Equal society – literacy – Western & Indian alphabets descended from it• Kingdom of priests Proto-Sinaitic script 1950 BC• Study word of God – Equality before God & law – Equality of access to law
  23. 23. How did the people prepare toreceive God?• 3 days of purification• Consecration - prayer• Wash and clean clothes• Apologised to and forgave family, friends, neighbours and enemies God descends on Mount Sinai Exodus 19
  24. 24. How was the covenant made?Moses rose early in the morning and built an altar atthe foot of the mountain, and twelve pillars, for thetwelve tribes of Israel. And he sent young men tosacrifice oxen to the Lord. And Moses took half ofthe blood and put it in basins, and half of the bloodhe threw against the altar. Then he took the Book ofthe Covenant and read it in the hearing of thepeople. And they said, “All that the Lord has spokenwe will do, and we will attend him.” And Moses tookthe blood and threw it on the people and said,“Behold the blood of the covenant that the Lord hasmade with you in accordance with all these words.” Exodus 24:4-8
  25. 25. Becoming the people of God Foundation day of the Jewish people 3500 years ago Fifty days after Exodus Pentecost – Foundation of the Christian church
  26. 26. Celebrating the covenantMoses and Aaron, and theseventy elders of Israelwent up and saw the Godof Israel. Under his feetwas something like apavement made ofsapphire, clear as the skyitself. But God did notraise his hand againstthese leaders of theIsraelites; they saw God,and they ate and drank. The elders before the throne of God Exodus 24:9-11
  27. 27. What was change of lineage?• Change of identity to the people of God• Change from Satan‟s way of life to God‟s way of life
  28. 28. What is Satan’s way of life?• False sense of identity• Things are purpose of life• Bad language• Workaholic or fun loving• Disrespecting parents
  29. 29. What is Satan’s way of life?• Violence and murder• Promiscuity• Stealing• Lying• Envy
  30. 30. The Ten Words challenge Satan’s tradition andestablish the minimum for living a righteous life
  31. 31. The Ten Words1. I am the Lord your God. You shall have no other gods before me2. You shall not make a graven image3. You shall not take the Lord‟s name in vain4. Remember the Sabbath5. You shall honour your father and your mother
  32. 32. The Ten Words• You shall not murder• You shall not commit adultery• You shall not steal• You shall not bear false witness• You shall not covet
  33. 33. Development of the moral life “You shall not wrong a stranger or oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.” (Exodus 22:20)Earliest appearance of empathy in ancient worldEmpathy and compassion the basis of morality
  34. 34. What is the Biblical attitude tothe law?I rejoice in following your statutes as one rejoices in great riches.I shall walk at liberty, for I have sought out your precepts.How sweet are your words to my taste, sweeter than honey to my mouth!Your statutes are wonderful; therefore I keep them.Streams of tears flow from my eyes, for your law is not followed. Psalm 119
  35. 35. Law as mitzvah (act of human kindness)• Tikkunolam – “Repairing the world” or “perfecting the world.”• Performing ritual mitzvothastens the messianic age• Strengthens good spiritual forces• Makes people better which influences society and thus the world
  36. 36. What was the holiness code?• “Consecrate yourselves and be holy, because I am the Lord your God. Keep my decrees and follow them. I am the Lord, who makes you holy.”• “Speak to the entire assembly of Israel and say to them: Be holy because I, the Lord your God, am holy.‟” – Many laws on sexual relations, sexual purity – Justice, animal welfare, etc. – Good diet and healthy lifestyle
  37. 37. Foundation of faith andsubstance Foundation of faith Central person: Moses God Object: Word - tabernacle Time period: 40 daysFoundation of substanceHebrews shouldLove,Respect, Hebrews MosesListen to andMultiply goodness Cain Abel
  38. 38. Foundation of faith• Central person: Moses• Offering: Word - tablets• Time period: 40 days scouting by 12 spies representing 12 tribes Moses sends out 12 spies
  39. 39. Foundation of substance“We came to the land. Itflows with milk andhoney, and this is itsfruit. Yet the people whodwell in the land arestrong, and the cities arefortified.”Caleb said, “Let us go upat once and occupy; forwe are well able toovercome it.” Numbers 13:27-30
  40. 40. Satan invades• “We are not able to go up against the people; for they are stronger God than we.” So they brought to the people of Israel an evil report.”• People lamented 12 spies Moses• “Let us choose a captain and return to Egypt.”• Only 2 spies, Joshua and Caleb, argue against them
  41. 41. Moses pleads with GodGod: “How long will this people despise me? I will strike them and disinherit them, and I will make of you a nation greater and mightier than they.”Moses replied:“The Egyptians will hear of it.”Moses reminded God of what he had said,“The Lord is slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love, forgiving iniquity . . . Pardon the iniquity of this people.” Numbers 14:11-13, 18-19
  42. 42. 40 days becomes 40 years“According to the number of days in which you spied out the land, forty days, for every day a year, you shall bear your iniquity, forty years, and you shall know my displeasure.” Numbers 14:34• All those over 20 years old to die in the wilderness• Some decide to enter Canaan immediately – Defeated
  43. 43. Korah’s rebellion• Korah and 250 chiefs of the congregation They assembled themselves together against Moses and against Aaron and said to them, “You have gone too far! For all in the congregation are holy, every one of them, and the LORD is among them. Why then do you exalt yourselves above the assembly of the LORD?” Numbers 16: 2-3
  44. 44. Third foundation for the tabernacle Three failures to lay foundation for the tabernacleSatan invades the second national course to restore Canaan
  45. 45. Third national course to restore Canaan
  46. 46. Foundation of faith andsubstance Foundation of faith Central person: Moses God Object: Word - tablets Time period: 40 yearsFoundation of substanceHebrews shouldLove,Respect, Hebrews MosesListen to andMultiply goodness
  47. 47. Wandering in the wilderness CANAAN Mediterranean Sea Jericho Rameses 40 years Kadesh-barnea EGYPT SINAI PENINSULA MIDIAN Mt. Sinai
  48. 48. Starting out from KadeshMiriam died there and wasburied there. Now there wasno water for thecongregation; and theyassembled themselvesagainst Moses and Aaron.The Lord said to Moses,“Take the rod and tell therock before their eyes toyield its water.” Moses strikes the rockNumbers 20:1,2,8
  49. 49. Moses makes a mistake “Hear now, you rebels; shall we bring forth water for you out of this rock?” And Moses lifted up his hand and struck the rock with his rod twice; and water came forth. And the Lord said, “Because you did not believe in me to sanctify me in the eyes of the people, you shall not bring this assembly into the land I have given them.” Numbers 20:10-12
  50. 50. Why was this a problem? MosesFirst strike Second strike Rock Rock with Rock with without water water waterFallen Adam Restored Adam Restored Adam = = Messiah Messiah
  51. 51. Joshua inherits Moses positionas AbelSo the Lord said to Moses, “Take Joshua son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit, and lay your hand on him. Have him stand before Eleazar the priest and the entire assembly and commission him in their presence. Give him some of your authority so the whole Israelite community will listen to him.” Numbers 27:18-20
  52. 52. Spying out Jericho• Two spies go to Jericho• Rahab the prostitute hides them• They report back: “Truly the Lord has given all the land into our hands; and moreover the inhabitants of the land are fainthearted because of us.” Joshua 2:24 Rahab and the spies
  53. 53. Setting out for Canaan• 3 days before Jordan• Ark crossed the river• Took 12 stones• Built altar• Circumcised people• Celebrated Passover• Met commander of the army of the Lord Crossing the River Jordan with the Ark of the Covenant
  54. 54. Capture of Jericho• 40,000 soldiers• 7 priests blowing trumpets• 6 times circled city• 7th day shouted• Walls came down• Defeated 31 kings Circling Jericho with trumpets and Ark
  55. 55. The national level foundation to receive the Messiah was established
  56. 56. Settled in Canaan• Loose confederation• Charismatic leadership – Judges• God was their King• Gideon told them, "I will not rule over you, nor will my son rule over you. The Lord will rule over you.”Judges 8:23• Ruled by law• Justice chief value
  57. 57. “The government of the Israelites was a federation,held together by no political authority, but by theunity of race and faith, and founded, not on physicalforce, but on a voluntary covenant. The principle ofself-government was carried out not only in eachtribe, but in every group of at least 120 families; andthere was neither privilege of rank, nor inequalitybefore the law. Monarchy was so alien to theprimitive spirit of the community that it was resistedby Samuel.”The History of Freedom and Other Essays by John Acton
  58. 58. The people demand a king• People said to Samuel:“We want a king over us. Then we will be like all the other nations, with a king to lead us and to go out before us and fight our battles.”• God replied to Samuel: “Listen to all that the people are saying to you; it is not you they have rejected, but they have rejected me as their king.” Samuel 9
  59. 59. What will the king do?• God warned the people that a king would: – Conscript their sons as soldiers – Turn their daughters into servants – Take best fields and vineyards – Take one tenth of harvest – Take one tenth of flocks – “You shall be his slaves”
  60. 60. How did David inherit the throne? Own sons corrupt Samuel Saul Tried to kill Filial Providence for the start Filial piety piety Won love and respect Jonathan David Goliath Offered his position Cain Abel SatanJonathan made a covenant with David, because he loved him as his own soul.And Jonathan gave his robe and armour and sword and bow to David.I Samuel 18:3-4
  61. 61. Reign of SolomonSong of SolomonProverbs of SolomonBuilt TempleTemple completionof Exodus
  62. 62. How did Solomon build the temple? King Solomon conscripted labourers from all Israel—30,000 men. He sent them off to Lebanon in shifts of 10,000 a month, so that they spent one month in Lebanon and two months at home. Adoniram was in charge of the forced labour. Solomon had 70,000 carriers and 80,000 stonecutters in the hills, as well as 3,300 foremen who supervised the project and directed the work. I Kings 5:27-30
  63. 63. How was the tabernaclebuilt?God spoke to Moses saying: “Speak to the Israelites and have them bring Me an offering. Take My offering from everyone whose heart impels him to give . . . They shall make a Sanctuary for Me and I will dwell in them.” Exodus 25:2,8
  64. 64. Solomon’s family problems Now King Solomon loved many foreign women, along with the daughter of Pharaoh: Moabite, Ammonite, Edomite, Sidonian, and Hittite women, from the nations concerning which the LORD had said to the people of Israel, “You shall not enter into marriage with them, neither shall they with you, for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods.” Solomon clung to these in love.
  65. 65. What came next?He had 700 wives, princesses, and 300 concubines. And his wives turned away his heart. For when Solomon was old his wives turned away his heart after other gods, and his heart was not wholly true to the LORD his God, as was the heart of David his father. So Solomon did what was evil in the sight of the LORD and did not wholly follow the LORD, as David his father had done.
  66. 66. God’s judgement And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart had turned away from the LORD, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice and had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods. But he did not keep what the LORD commanded. Therefore the LORD said to Solomon, “Since this has been your practice and you have not kept my covenant and my statutes that I have commanded you, I will surely tear the kingdom from you and will give it to your servant. I Kings 11:9-11
  67. 67. Why did the kingdom split?• Jeroboam chosen by God to rule 10 tribes – Ahijah the prophet (I Kings 11:27-40) – „If you walk in my ways . . . I will be with you.‟• Rehaboam inherits kingship from Solomon• Jeroboam and tribal leaders – “Your father made our yoke heavy. Lighten the yoke upon us and we will serve you faithfully.”• Rehaboam replied: – “I will add to your yoke; my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.” Division
  68. 68. How was the kingdom divided?
  69. 69. What can we learn from this?• Solomon had reversed the Exodus by reducing the Israelites to servitude• Solomon had become a new Pharaoh• Solomon was sexually immoral• Solomon became an idol-worshipper
  70. 70. What can we learn from this?• Indemnity means restoring the original position• We will find ourselves in a similar situation to historical people. We have to overcome the temptation to make the same mistakes• This is not inevitable• This is not easy• Restoration is not repeating the mistakes of the past but trying to do things right