Where	  to	  peer?	  Selecting an IXP              ©2012	  DrPeering	  Interna5onal	                Licensed	  material	  ...
 	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	                                                                TH...
Internet	  Exchange	  Point	  (IXP)	  Model	  •  Defini6on:	  An	  Internet	  Exchange	     Point	  is	  physical	  loca5on...
The	  IX	  Selec5on	  Criteria	                                          4	  
Typical	  IXP	  Selec5on	  Goals	  1.  get	  peering	  set	  up	  as	  soon	  as	  possible,	  2.  minimize	  the	  cost	 ...
The	  Top	  10	  IX	  Selec5on	  Criteria	  1.  Telecommunica5ons	  Access	  Issues	  2.  Deployment	  Issues	  3.  ISP	  ...
1)	  Telecommunica5ons	  Access	  Issues	  •  Fiber,	  Wavelengths,	     Circuits,	  etc.	  •  Layer	  1	  and	  2	  prefe...
2)	  Deployment	  Issues	  •    How	  get	  equipment	  in?	  •    Remote	  hands?	  •    Costs	  of	  deployment	  •    S...
3)	  ISP	  Current	  Presences	  •  Get	  peering	  set	  up	     quickly	                                          9	  
4)	  IX	  Opera5ons	  Issues	  •  Private	  Peering	     supported?	  •  Access?	  Security?	  	  •  Colo	  choice?	  •  S...
5)	  Business	  Issues	  •  Suppor5ng	  compe5tor?	  •  Neutrality	  –	  Turkey	  story	  •  Neutrality	  -­‐	  JPIX	  KDD...
6)	  Cost	  Issues	  •  Transport,	  Colo,	     Equipment,	  Port	  and	     install	  fees,	  etc.	  •  Minimize	  cost	 ...
7)	  Credibility	  Issues	  1.  Will	  they	  ever	  reach	      cri5cal	  mass?	  Does	  it	      have	  the	  financial	 ...
8)	  Exchange	  Popula5on	  Issues	  •  Who	  else	  is	  there?	  (Besides	     my	  target	  peer)	  •  Is	  there	  a	 ...
9)	  Exis5ng	  vs	  Emerging	  IXP?	  ISPs	  prefer	  an	  exis5ng	  IXP	  over	  an	  emerging	  one	  	                 ...
10)	  Regional	  Route	  Strength	  Value	  of	  IX	  propor5onal	  to:	  1.  #	  of	  par5cipants	  2.  Amount	  of	  tra...
Weigh5ng	  •  Varies	  widely	  across	  ISP	                                             17	  
Ques5ons	                                    Telecommunica5ons	  Access	  Issues	  •  If	  100	  ISPs	                    ...
Break	                            Next	  Up:	  The	  Evolu5on	  of	  the	  U.S.	  Peering	  Ecosystem	                    ...
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06 selecting an-ixp

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06 selecting an-ixp

  1. 1. Where  to  peer?  Selecting an IXP ©2012  DrPeering  Interna5onal   Licensed  material  –  sales@DrPeering.net   h?p://DrPeering.net  
  2. 2.                                         THE  TOP  10  IXP  SELECTION   CRITERIA   How  do  network  operators  choose  an  Internet  Exchange  Point?               2  
  3. 3. Internet  Exchange  Point  (IXP)  Model  •  Defini6on:  An  Internet  Exchange   Point  is  physical  loca5on  where   mul5ple  ISPs  interconnect  their   networks  together.    •  Defini6on:  Private  Peering  is   peering  across  a  dedicated  layer  2   circuit  between  exactly  two   par5es,  typically  using  a  fiber  cross   connect  at  an  Internet  Exchange   Point.  •  Defini6on:  Public  Peering  is   peering  between  more  than  two   par5es,  usually  across  a  shared   fabric  such  as  an  Ethernet  switch.   3  
  4. 4. The  IX  Selec5on  Criteria   4  
  5. 5. Typical  IXP  Selec5on  Goals  1.  get  peering  set  up  as  soon  as  possible,  2.  minimize  the  cost  of  the  interconnec5on  and   transit  costs,  3.  maximize  the  benefits  of  a  systema5c   approach  to  peering,  4.  execute  the  regional  opera5ons  plan  as   strategy  dictates  (may  be  architecture/network   development  group  goal),  and  5.  fulfill  obliga5ons  of  a  larger  business   arrangement.   5  
  6. 6. The  Top  10  IX  Selec5on  Criteria  1.  Telecommunica5ons  Access  Issues  2.  Deployment  Issues  3.  ISP  Current  Presences  4.  Opera5ons  Issues  5.  Business  and  Legal  Issues  6.  Cost  Issues  7.  Credibility  Issues  8.  Exchange  Popula5on  Issues  9.  Exis5ng  vs  New  Exchange?  10. Internet  Exchange  Point  Regional  Route   Strength   6  
  7. 7. 1)  Telecommunica5ons  Access  Issues  •  Fiber,  Wavelengths,   Circuits,  etc.  •  Layer  1  and  2  preferred   vendors  •  Speed  to  provision   access  in?   7  
  8. 8. 2)  Deployment  Issues  •  How  get  equipment  in?  •  Remote  hands?  •  Costs  of  deployment  •  Space,  power  avail  •  Drop  ship?  •  Sufficient  capacity  now?   8  
  9. 9. 3)  ISP  Current  Presences  •  Get  peering  set  up   quickly   9  
  10. 10. 4)  IX  Opera5ons  Issues  •  Private  Peering   supported?  •  Access?  Security?    •  Colo  choice?  •  Sufficient  Capacity?  •  Legal  5me  for   contracts?  •  Upgrade  space/power?   ROFR   Bill’s  Model  of  the  Internet  Data  Center   Chapter  12  in  The  Internet  Peering  Playbook   10  
  11. 11. 5)  Business  Issues  •  Suppor5ng  compe5tor?  •  Neutrality  –  Turkey  story  •  Neutrality  -­‐  JPIX  KDDI  may   not  run  XC  if  peering  is  not   in  interests  of  KDDI  •  Neutrality  –  visitor  and  tour   sheets  available  to  colo  and   carrier  sales  •  Business  interests  impact   the  success  of  the  IX  •  Regulatory  environment  in   effect  has  an  impact  as  well   11  
  12. 12. 6)  Cost  Issues  •  Transport,  Colo,   Equipment,  Port  and   install  fees,  etc.  •  Minimize  cost  of   peering,  maximize  value   into  the  future   (everything  grows)   12  
  13. 13. 7)  Credibility  Issues  1.  Will  they  ever  reach   cri5cal  mass?  Does  it   have  the  financial   backing  to  make  it   there?  2.  Backing  and  credibility   to  a?ract  the  more   valuable  peering   candidates.  Leap  of  faith  that  it  will  grow  to  cri5cal  mass…   13  
  14. 14. 8)  Exchange  Popula5on  Issues  •  Who  else  is  there?  (Besides   my  target  peer)  •  Is  there  a  transit  sale   possible?  •  “Cost  savings  is  cool  but   revenue  genera5on  is  sexy.”  •  Who  will  likely  be  at  the  IX  in   the  future?  •  When  will  the  cost  be  less   than  the  value  derived?  •  ISPs  prefer  a  well  populated   IX  over  one  trying  to  reach   cri5cal  mass.   14  
  15. 15. 9)  Exis5ng  vs  Emerging  IXP?  ISPs  prefer  an  exis5ng  IXP  over  an  emerging  one     15  
  16. 16. 10)  Regional  Route  Strength  Value  of  IX  propor5onal  to:  1.  #  of  par5cipants  2.  Amount  of  traffic  peerable  3.  Uniqueness  of  routes  4.  Some  Regional  IXes  are  strong  in  access  to  different   routes.  5.  Example:  DEC-­‐IX  for  Eastern  Europe,  Middle  East  6.  LINX  for  U.S.  and  Western  Europe   16  
  17. 17. Weigh5ng  •  Varies  widely  across  ISP   17  
  18. 18. Ques5ons   Telecommunica5ons  Access  Issues  •  If  100  ISPs   1.  2.  Deployment  Issues   were   3.  ISP  Current  Presences   surveyed,   4.  Opera5ons  Issues   which   5.  Business  and  Legal  Issues   Cost  Issues   selec5on   6.  7.  Credibility  Issues   criteria   8.  Exchange  Popula5on  Issues   would  be   9.  Exis5ng  vs  New  Exchange?   most   10.  Internet  Exchange  Point  Regional  Route  Strength   important?   18  
  19. 19. Break   Next  Up:  The  Evolu5on  of  the  U.S.  Peering  Ecosystem   19  

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