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2009 GEOLOGIC TIME SCALE                                 CENOZOIC                                                         ...
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Tabela do tempo geológico

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Tabela do tempo geológico

  1. 1. 2009 GEOLOGIC TIME SCALE CENOZOIC MESOZOIC PALEOZOIC PRECAMBRIAN MAGNETIC MAGNETIC BDY.AGE POLARITY PICKS AGE POLARITY PICKS AGE PICKS AGE PERIOD EPOCH AGE PERIOD EPOCH AGE PERIOD EPOCH AGE EON ERA PERIOD AGES CHRON. CHRON.(Ma) (Ma) (Ma) (Ma) (Ma) (Ma) ANOM. (Ma) ANOM. HIST. HIST. (Ma) 1 C1 QUATER- HOLOCENE 0.01 30 C30 65.5 542 NARY PLEISTOCENE CALABRIAN 1.8 31 C31 MAASTRICHTIAN 251 2 C2 GELASIAN 2.6 70 70.6 CHANGHSINGIAN EDIACARAN L 254 2A C2A PIACENZIAN 32 C32 WUCHIAPINGIAN 630 PLIOCENE 3.6 260 ZANCLEAN CAMPANIAN 260 CAPITANIAN PERMIAN 33 5 3 C3 5.3 266 750 NEOPRO- CRYOGENIAN CRETACEOUS 80 C33 M WORDIAN 3A C3A MESSINIAN LATE 83.5 ROADIAN 268 TEROZOIC 7.2 SANTONIAN 271 850 4 85.8 KUNGURIAN 276 C4 CONIACIAN 280 TONIAN 4A L 89.3 ARTINSKIAN C4A TORTONIAN 90 TURONIAN 284 E NEOGENE10 93.5 1000 1000 5 C5 SAKMARIAN MIOCENE 11.6 CENOMANIAN 297 PROTEROZOIC 99.6 ASSELIAN STENIAN 5A SERRAVALLIAN 100 34 C34 300 GZELIAN 299.0 C5A 13.8 304 CARBONIFEROUS M KASIMOVIAN 1200 LANGHIAN PENNSYL- 30615 5B C5B ALBIAN MOSCOVIAN 1250 MESOPRO- VANIAN 312 ECTASIAN 5C C5C 16.0 110 BASHKIRIAN TEROZOIC 5D C5D 112 320 318 1400 5E C5E BURDIGALIAN SERPUKHOVIAN 326 6 C6 120 APTIAN 1500 CALYMMIAN20 E 20.4 EARLY MISSIS- 6A C6A M0r 125 VISEAN 1600 6B C6B AQUITANIAN M1 340 SIPPIAN 23.0 M3 BARREMIAN 345 6C C6C 130 M5 130 STATHERIAN HAUTERIVIAN TOURNAISIAN 1750 OLIGOCENE 7 C725 7A C7A M10 359 136 TERTIARY 8 C8 L CHATTIAN M12 VALANGINIAN 360 L 1800 140 M14 140 9 C9 M16 FAMENNIAN BERRIASIAN OROSIRIAN DEVONIAN 10 C10 M18 28.4 M20 145.5 200030 11 C11 M22 TITHONIAN 374 PALEOPRO- 2050 150 380 FRASNIAN 12 E RUPELIAN 151 TEROZOIC C12 M25 LATE KIMMERIDGIAN 385 JURASSIC 156 GIVETIAN RHYACIAN M29 M 392 13 33.9 160 OXFORDIAN 2250 C13 161 EIFELIAN 39835 15 C15 L CALLOVIAN 400 2300 16 C16 PRIABONIAN 165 EMSIAN RAPID POLARITY CHANGES BATHONIAN E 407 17 C17 37.2 MIDDLE 168 PRAGHIAN 411 SIDERIAN 170 BAJOCIAN LOCKHOVIAN BARTONIAN 172 416 2500 2500 18 AALENIAN PRIDOLIAN ORDOVICIAN SILURIAN 420 L 41940 C18 176 LUDFORDIAN 421 40.4 GORSTIAN 423 PALEOGENE 19 C19 180 TOARCIAN HOMERIAN M 426 NEOARCHEAN EOCENE SHEINWOODIAN 428 183 TELYCHIAN 20 436 C20 PLIENSBACHIAN 440 E AERONIAN 439 2750 M 190 EARLY RHUDDANIAN 280045 LUTETIAN 190 HIRNANTIAN 444 SINEMURIAN 446 21 197 L KATIAN C21 455 ARCHEAN 200 HETTANGIAN SANDBIAN MESO- 48.6 201.6 460 461 3000 22 RHAETIAN DARRIWILIAN ARCHEAN50 C22 204 M 468 23 DAPINGIAN 472 TRIASSIC C23 E YPRESIAN 210 FLOIAN 24 479 3200 480 E TREMADOCIAN 3250 C24 LATE NORIAN55 488 55.8 220 Furon- STAGE 10 STAGE 9 492 PALEO- PALEOCENE 25 THANETIAN CAMBRIAN* gian 496 ARCHEAN C25 L 500 PAIBIAN 501 26 228 GUZHANGIAN 503 3500 58.7 230 Series 3 DRUMIAN 50760 C26 CARNIAN STAGE 5 510 3600 M SELANDIAN 235 STAGE 4 Series 2 517 27 61.7 LADINIAN 520 STAGE 3 C27 240 MIDDLE 521 241 3750 28 C28 E DANIAN ANISIAN Terre- EOARCHEAN 29 245 STAGE 265 OLENEKIAN neuvian 535 3850 C29 65.5 250 EARLY 250 FORTUNIAN 30 C30 INDUAN 251.0 540 542 HADEAN *International ages have not been fully established. These are current names as reported by the International Commission on Stratigraphy. Walker, J.D., and Geissman, J.W., compilers, 2009, Geologic Time Scale: Geological Society of America, doi: 10.1130/2009.CTS004R2C. ©2009 The Geological Society of America. Sources for nomenclature and ages are primarily from Gradstein, F., Ogg, J., Smith, A., et al., 2004, A Geologic Time Scale 2004: Cambridge University Press, 589 p. Modifications to the Triassic after: Furin, S., Preto, N., Rigo, M., Roghi, G., Gianolla, P., Crowley, J.L., and Bowring, S.A., 2006, High-precision U-Pb zircon age from the Triassic of Italy: Implications for the Triassic time scale and the Carnian origin of calcareous nannoplankton and dinosaurs: Geology, v. 34, p. 1009–1012, doi: 10.1130/G22967A.1; and Kent, D.V., and Olsen, P.E., 2008, Early Jurassic magnetostratigraphy and paleolatitudes from the Hartford continental rift basin (eastern North America): Testing for polarity bias and abrupt polar wander in association with the central Atlantic magmatic province: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 113, B06105, doi: 10.1029/2007JB005407.

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