Katrina Presentation12 8


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Hurricane Katrina UAP Presentation

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Katrina Presentation12 8

  1. 1. Hurricane Katrina<br />Will Drake<br /> Young Kim<br /> Jessica Petrovich<br />
  2. 2. Katrina Overview<br />First Landfall- Hallendale Beach, Florida. Aug 25<br />Peak intensity, Aug 28<br />Category V, sustained winds 175 mph<br />Central pressure 902 mbar (4th most intense, at time)<br />Second Landfall- Buras-Triumph, Louisiana. Aug 29, 2005. 6:10 am. <br />Category III, sustained winds 125 mph<br />
  3. 3. Katrina Overview<br />After third landfall, storm retained hurricane status for 150 miles north<br />Storm impacted Cuba, southern Florida, Gulf Coast, south east, and Ohio valley.<br />Federal Disaster Declarations made for 90,000 square miles<br />Costliest Natural Disaster in U.S. history<br />
  4. 4. Physical Impacts<br />Estimates of property damage range from about $80B to over $125B (this does not include economic damage)<br />Housing makes up over half of that number<br />About 300,000 homes destroyed<br />90,000 square miles of land affected<br />53 levee breaches<br />80% of New Orleans was flooded<br />
  5. 5. Social Impacts<br />Over 750,000 people displaced as a result of the hurricane<br />1833 people dead<br />80% were New Orleans residents<br />Most were elderly and did not have the ability to evacuate<br />As of January 2006, 85 % of New Orleans schools remained closed and 50% of the hospitals remained closed<br />
  6. 6. Social Impacts<br />Separation between families and friends<br />Many pets and animals left abandoned without homes<br />Violence increased during and after the storm<br />Excessive looting and other violent crimes<br />Growth of Community Organizations after the storm<br />
  7. 7. Economic Impacts<br />Gulf Coast Oil production was reduced by 1/3 because of evacuation and destruction of oil rigs<br />Energy Prices in the US skyrocketed overnight<br />Job loss left residents no choice but to relocate in some cases<br />Government revenues in the area sharply decreased because of damage<br />Gulf Coast casinos are a major contributor to government revenues that were lost because of storm damage<br />
  8. 8. Economic Impacts<br />1.3 M acres of forest damage that is estimated at $1.3B worth of damage<br />Lumber and building prices rose as a result<br />Economic losses for industry affected the entire market as a result of Hurricane Katrina<br />
  9. 9. Environmental Impacts<br />Destruction of habitats<br />Beach Erosion<br />Some areas became over-run with water and it never receded<br />
  10. 10. Political Impacts<br />Blame for a slower than preferred response was placed on various levels of government and government agencies<br />Many sought to blame President George W. Bush and some even blamed Mayor Ray Nagin of New Orleans <br />FEMA and the Army Corps of Engineers also blamed<br />
  11. 11. Local/State Response<br />Local<br />Mayor Nagindeclares mandatory evacuation<br />Superdome provided as refuge of last resort<br />State<br />Contra-flow lane reversals for highway Evacuation. <br />80% of population evacuated<br />
  12. 12. Federal Response<br />Coast Guard rescued 24,000 of the 60,000 stranded in New Orleans<br />58,000 National Guard troops<br />ACOE pumped 250 billion gallons<br />FEMA obtained $1 Billion for immediate relief efforts<br />Bush approves $10 Billion relief package 4 days after storm <br />FEMA moved a record 273,000 into transitional homes<br />
  13. 13. International Response<br />$854 Million pledged (including $400 million in oil)<br />As of April 2007, only $126 Million collected and only 1/3 had been spent.<br />State Department and Dept. Homeland Security botched the job.<br />
  14. 14. NGO Response<br />Red Cross received $1.8 MM of the $2.6 MM donated by private citizens.<br />87% of the money was spent within 6 months.<br />International Energy Agency- released extra 2 Million barrels oil/day.<br />International Medical Corps-Deployed to U.S. for the first time.<br />New Orleans Area Habitat for Humanity-plans to build 400+ homes.<br />
  15. 15. Response - What Went Wrong?<br />Mandatory evacuation ordered 19 hours before landfall.<br />Governor Blanco did not initially provide FEMA with specific requests for aid.<br />Blanco waited 2 days after storm to request additional national guard troops.<br />Homeland Security director delayed 36 hours in designating Katrina an Incident of National Significance.<br />
  16. 16. Recovery<br />Recovery efforts have been ongoing efforts by residents, volunteers, NGOs, and various levels of government and government agencies to rebuild what was lost<br />Temporary housing was provided by FEMA<br />Monetary assistance for mortgages and rebuilding has been provided through various sources (private and public) to aid residents<br />
  17. 17. Recovery<br />Road Home<br />Grant program to help New Orleans residents move back to their homes<br />Can receive up to $150,000<br />FHA and HUD assistance to help with financial aspects of rebuilding<br />Various other organizations have also provided monetary assistance for the recovery efforts<br />
  18. 18. Recovery: MAKE IT RIGHT<br />MAKE IT RIGHT was established by Brad Pitt, with the help of Former President Bill Clinton to help rebuild the Lower Ninth Ward in New Orleans<br />Builds “green” homes that are affordable<br />Road Home Grants can be applied to these homes<br />Financing assistance available to those who need it<br />150 homes to be completed and be LEED Certified<br />
  19. 19. Recovery<br />The Army Corps of Engineers worked to improve and rebuild the levee systems in the area<br />They are also working to repair the environmental damage done by the storm with the assistance of the EPA<br />
  20. 20. V. Post-disaster Planning<br />Long-Term Community Recovery Emergency Support Function (ESF-14) of the National Response Plan. – in October 2005 by FEMA<br />- This process was less helpful in New Orleans due to:<br /> 1. the scale of damage<br /> 2. the lack of municipal employees<br /> 3. the absence of an agreed-upon planning process<br />
  21. 21. The same purpose, but different thoughts<br />Lack of communication between local government and state, federal government<br />- After one month Katrina, Bring New Orleans Back Commission (BNOBC) was established by Mayor.<br />- With the wrong impression of FEMA, BNOBC began to work its effort. But, FEMA did not allow money<br /> Critical damage to public trust<br />
  22. 22. Lack of citizen participation<br />Due to the lack of local leadership, there was poor public involvement right after Katrina<br />- Promoting the planning effort<br />- Supporting community involvement<br />- Making city hall a central information and communication node<br />
  23. 23. Preparing for the future disaster<br />Information<br />Training<br />Written agreements and plans<br />Strong organizational structure<br />Improving coordination among non-profits and governments<br />A collaborative network of partners<br />
  24. 24. Questions?<br />