PracticingOpen ScienceWilliam J Schroeder, Kitware, Inc.Brian Wylie, Sandia National LabsMarcus Hanwell, Kitware, Inc.
Speakers & Topics William Schroeder, President & CEO, Kitware, Inc. - The whys and hows of Open Science Dr. Marcus Hanwell, R&D Engineer, Kitware, Inc. - Building an open-source research program Brian Wylie, Sandia National Labs - Research collaborations from a government perspective
The Scientific Method • Document • Share • Data • Methodology • Archive Galileo Galilei 1613
Open Science Ensuring reproducibility Open Documents - Hypothesis - Descriptions REPRODUCIBILITY - Results Positive Evidence Negative Evidence Open Data Accumulate Disproof Support Hypothesis Open Methodology - Experimental apparatus - Software If it isn’t reproducible, it isn’t - Workflow science - Parameter Sets
Example: Insight Journal Timely publishing of publications, data, and software Evaluated automatically; further reviewed by community PDF doc Journal Git Repository Code Input Author Data Results Web Build Data Site Machines
Example: OSA Interactive Science Publishing (ISP) Augmented PDF Contains links to executable viewer Downloads data and viewer as necessary to reproduce paper images (results)
Benefits of Open Science Collaboration “…much of our intelligence and creativity results from interactions with tools and - Leveraging international communities artifacts and from collaborating with other and expertize individuals.” -- Shneiderman Innovation - Facilitate technology mashups - Move science to application faster - More focus on technology; less on protection Business Models - Growing the pie, creating new opportunities - Customization, software integration
Example: Collaboration NIH National Center of Biomedical Computing NA-MIC Developing the OS NA-MIC Kit; 3D Slicer application
Example: Innovation (Open Source for Medical Imaging)Creating VTK (VisualizationToolkit) Led to the creation of: - ITK - VolView - BioImageXD - Osirix - MedINRIA - VisTrails - NIH / NCI caBIG – XIP - VR-Renderer - IGSTK - ParaView - Etc….
Example: Business Models Kitware: Building open source collaboration platforms - Engaging in collaborative R&D - Providing technology integration services - Creating custom solutions CMake CDash
The Open Technology Highway Provide an open infrastructure - Support research, teaching, non-profit and commercial activities - Any (legal) activity can hang off of the highway - Spur innovation, create opportunities - Get from idea to product faster - Do not have to replicate technology - Too many toll gates (i.e., closed systems) slows everything down
Next Up Marcus: Building a research program for chemistry Brian: open science and research collaboration from a government perspective