Transformation of the Ol Instructor

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Presentation @ 25th Conference Distance Teaching & Learning

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Transformation of the Ol Instructor

  1. 1. Transformation of the Online Instructor Michael Wilkinson [email_address] Saint Louis University 25 th Annual Conference on Distance Teaching & Learning
  2. 2. Online Faculty Development Online <ul><li>Online Teaching Certification (OTC) created for full- and part-time teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Pathway to higher education teaching is experiential </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Graduate teaching assistant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working with a mentor </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Online Faculty Development Online <ul><li>Pathway to online teaching is technical training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CMS or LMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT training </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Online Faculty Development Online <ul><li>Profile of the effective teacher: </li></ul>(Cruickshank, D.R) <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Well organized </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Efficient </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Task oriented </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledgeable </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Verbally fluent </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aware of student developmental levels </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clear </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enthusiastic </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self-confident </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Confident of student abilities Friendly and warm Encouraging and Supportive Attentive Accepting Hold high expectations “ Can do&quot; attitude
  5. 5. Online Faculty Development Online <ul><li>Profile of the effective teacher: </li></ul>(Higher Education Opportunity Act (HEOA)) <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of content </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of pedagogy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of assessment (formative & diagnostic) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Instruction engages students </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborates with colleagues </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modifies instructions for different learning styles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Online Faculty Development Online <ul><li>Profile of the effective teacher: </li></ul>(Chickering & Gamson) Encourages staff-student contact Encourages cooperation among students Encourages active learning Provides prompt feedback Encourages time on task Communicates high expectations Respects diverse talents and ways of learning
  7. 7. Effective Implementation Online <ul><li>1. ENCOURAGES STAFF-STUDENT CONTACT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introductions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Announcements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual office hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion forums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personalized feedback </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. Effective Implementation Online <ul><li>2. ENCOURAGES COOPERATION AMONG STUDENTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion forums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Team Projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer reviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning community (shared resources) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul></ul>
  9. 12. Effective Implementation Online <ul><li>3. ENCOURAGES ACTIVE LEARNING </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet exploration e.g. Web quests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inquiry/discovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem solving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journals </li></ul></ul>
  10. 14. Effective Implementation Online <ul><li>4. PROVIDES PROMPT FEEDBACK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic grading of tests, quizzes, discussion forums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>24/7 responses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Q & A after each course module </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Grade book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rubrics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online interactive self-scored tests </li></ul></ul>
  11. 16. Effective Implementation Online <ul><li>5. ENCOURAGES TIME ON TASK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deadlines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused discussions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanded learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-tests/re-writes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul></ul>
  12. 19. Effective Implementation Online <ul><li>6. COMMUNICATES HIGH EXPECTATIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Syllabus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourages improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Praises & recognizes excellence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Model desired behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best effort gets the best grade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul></ul>
  13. 22. Effective Implementation Online <ul><li>7. RESPECTS DIVERSE TALENTS AND WAYS OF LEARNING </li></ul><ul><li>Vary formats, PPT, images, video, audio </li></ul><ul><li>Assess for different learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage self-directed paths </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize and accept diverse backgrounds and experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Provide an even playing field (open discussion) </li></ul><ul><li>Respond to students as individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Use the students own words in responses </li></ul>
  14. 26. 8.Other Best Practices: <ul><li>Practice good pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t overuse technology </li></ul><ul><li>Over communicate </li></ul><ul><li>Make applications to real world </li></ul><ul><li>Use Webquest, Blogs, Web resources </li></ul><ul><li>Use library e-Reserve </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain personal & social presence </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforce reading and good writing skills </li></ul><ul><li>Praise student’s work </li></ul><ul><li>Keep high standards </li></ul>
  15. 27. Online Faculty Development Online <ul><li>Profile of the effective Online teacher: </li></ul>
  16. 28. Three Themes Emerged… <ul><li>In relation to the “best Practices”: </li></ul><ul><li>Course design </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encompasses: Practices 2,5 and 8 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Instructor Effectiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encompasses: Practices 1,6 and 7 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Course Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encompasses: Practices 3 and 4 </li></ul></ul>
  17. 29. Competencies <ul><li>Understand online format </li></ul><ul><li>Understand online pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Course Content </li></ul><ul><li>Understand Instructional Design </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate Course Management </li></ul><ul><li>Practice use of Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Quality Assurances </li></ul>
  18. 30. Competency-Based Model <ul><li>Identify “best practices” for online teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Present competencies needed to teach online </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate how competencies cut cross “best practices” </li></ul><ul><li>Provide examples for implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Master competencies with practice </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate practice through peer review. </li></ul>
  19. 31. Format for Model <ul><li>Online Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Mastery Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Open enrollment </li></ul><ul><li>Peer Review </li></ul><ul><li>Director of Faculty Development Oversight </li></ul>
  20. 32. Competency #1: <ul><li>Understand Online Format </li></ul><ul><li>Determine time and effort required </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the medium (CMS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Believe in the outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Discover teaching and social presence </li></ul>
  21. 33. Competency #2: <ul><li>Know Online Pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Connectivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student to student…dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student to content…active and applicable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student to instructor… feedback and communication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interactivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer Review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journals </li></ul></ul>
  22. 34. Competency #2: <ul><li>Know Online Pedagogy Connectivity (engagement) </li></ul><ul><li>Student to student: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate discussions (do not overly engage) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivate participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage participation (groups) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage peer feedback </li></ul></ul>
  23. 35. Competency #2: <ul><li>Know Online Pedagogy Connectivity (engagement) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student to Content: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative teaching techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent online activities </li></ul></ul>
  24. 36. Competency #2: <ul><li>Know Online Pedagogy Connectivity (engagement) - Student to Instructor: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate discussions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parameters for feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeat everything, often </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Announcements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflect student ideas </li></ul></ul>
  25. 37. Competency #2: <ul><li>Know Online Pedagogy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactivity: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Community </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Groups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peer Review </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Journaling </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 38. Competency #3: <ul><li>Develop Course Content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build a Course Outline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Course outcomes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Course learning objectives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Course activities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Timelines and Schedules </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assessments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write a Syllabus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Detailed instructions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rubrics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grading, Attendance and Plagiarism policies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deadlines </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 39. Competency #4: <ul><li>Know Instructional Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation of content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chunking and modules </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learning style sensitivity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of HTML, Images and PowerPoint </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Audio and visual </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web quests </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 40. Competency #4: <ul><li>Know Instructional Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Glossary of terms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reading lists…relevant journals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pod casts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web links…to library, writing center, other sources </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 41. Competency #5: <ul><li>Understand Course Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support and CMS navigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Profiles and records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Welcome and ice breakers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start and stop dates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pace and workload </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicate time commitment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication: e-mail and chat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directions, Assignment submission, grades </li></ul></ul>
  30. 42. Competency #6: <ul><li>Practice Use of Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Functionality and Usability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of appropriate technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Navigation on the WWW as well as in CMS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Graphic elements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fonts and formats </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Color, layout and design </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Student support (who, where and when) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 43. Competency #6: <ul><li>Practice Use of Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Media Elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Audio </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simulations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Games </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>graphics </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 44. Competency #7: <ul><li>Develop Quality Assurances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards of conduct (netiquette) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rubrics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluations (informal and formal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open course for preview </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open course for review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check course web links for access </li></ul></ul>
  33. 45. Cross-cutting Competencies <ul><li>Understanding Online Format - Competency #1 Practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5.Time on Task </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6. Expectations </li></ul></ul></ul>
  34. 46. Cross-cutting Competencies <ul><li>Understanding Online Pedagogy – Competency #2 Practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1.Communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Cooperation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. Active Learning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4. Feedback </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5. Time on Task </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6. Expectations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7. Diversity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 47. Cross-cutting Competencies <ul><li>Develop Course Content– Competency #3 Practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5. Time on Task </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6. Expectations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Know Instructional Design-Competency #4 Practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Cooperation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. Active Learning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7. Respect for diversity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 48. Cross-cutting Competencies <ul><li>Understand Course Management - Competency #5 Practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4. Feedback </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5. Time on Task </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6. Expectations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Use of Technology - Competency #6 Practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7. Respect for Diversity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 49. Cross-cutting Competencies <ul><li>Develop Quality Assurances- Competency #7 Practices: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1. Communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Cooperation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4. Feedback </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6. Expectations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7. Respect for Diversity </li></ul></ul></ul>

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