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# Lesson 8 1 a understanding space

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Element of Art Space

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### Lesson 8 1 a understanding space

1. 1. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEMENT OF ART: SPACE Definition Characteristics Manipulations
2. 2. DEFINING SPACE  Refers to the area within, around, above or below an object or objects.  It is important to creating and understanding both two dimensional or three dimensional works of art. With three dimensional art the space things occupy is real as is the space around object. In two dimensional art this is definitely not the case. Two dimensional art exists on a flat surface, so if something looks three dimensional- it is an illusion. Note: Even the most realistic paintings or photographs are illusions. Two dimensional artists use a number of "tricks" for creating the illusion of depth in their art.
3. 3. CHARACTERISTICS OF SPACE: POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE POSITIVE SPACE: SUBJECT NEGATIVE SPACE: BACKGROUND
4. 4. CHARACTERISTICS OF SPACE: OPEN OR CLOSE OPEN: SHAPE IS “VISUALLY FORMED” CLOSE: SHAPE IS DEFINED
5. 5. CHARACTERISTICS OF SPACE: SHALLOW OR DEEP Shallow: objects very close to the viewer Deep: may show objects up close but objects are shown far away too.
6. 6. CHARACTERISTICS OF SPACE: 2-DIMENSIONAL OR 3-DIMENSIONAL 2-Dimensional having or appearing to have length and width but no depth. 3-Dimensional having or appearing to have length, width, and depth.
7. 7. ARTIST MANIPULATION OF SPACE  Foreground the ground or parts situated, or parts situated, or represented, in the front; the portion of a scene nearest to the viewer  Middleground an intermediate position or area, a halfway point  Background the part of an image represented as being at maximum distance from the frontal plane
8. 8. VIDEOS
9. 9. PLATES FOR SPACE PLATE 24: CHARACTERISTICS OF SPACE Material: HB, H, B, Pencils PLATE 25: MANIPULATING SPACE Material: HB, Technical Pen no. 1, 3, 5 PLATE 26: PARTS OF A SPACE Material: HB, Acrylic, Brush SUBMISSION: AUGUST 18, 2016
10. 10. PLATE 24: CHARACTERISTICS OF SPACE  Create 6 Boxes of 2.5 inches each; Label each box accordingly  Create your own interpretation of the space manipulation using only your pencil PPOSITIVE SHALLOW 2-DIMESIONAL NEGATIVE DEEP 3 DIMENSIONAL
11. 11. PLATE 25: MANIPULATION OF SPACE Create 6 Boxes of 2.5 inches each; Label each box accordingly  Create your own interpretation of the space manipulation using only your tech pens; Use different quality, kinds and styles of line. LLINEAR PERSPECTIVE OVERLAP SIZE PLACEMENT COLOR AND PERSPECTIVE DETAIL
12. 12. PLATE 26: PARTS OF SPACE  Create your own landscape painting that will showcase the parts of the space  Use HB pencil to create the guide lines and use your brushes and acrylic paint to create the effect of foreground, midground and background