SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Mine the Gap: Using Handouts With Gaps

Wiley
Wiley
WileyWiley

Learn how to introduce active learning into your course and still cover your entire syllabus. STEM education expert and Professor Emeritus at North Carolina State University, Richard M. Felder, and Rebecca Brent, President of Education Design, Inc., and an expert consultant in faculty development, show you step-by-step how to introduce active learning into your class using a well-tested, and easy to implement strategy . The information contained in this deck is derived from Felder and Brent’s new book, Teaching and Learning STEM: A Practical Guide, published by Wiley.

Mine the Gap: Using Handouts With Gaps

1 of 13
Download to read offline
How to Use Handouts
with Gaps to Foster
Active Learning
Mine the Gap*
Dr. Richard M. Felder, Hoechst Celanese Professor Emeritus
of Chemical Engineering at North Carolina State University
Dr. Rebecca Brent, President of Education Designs, Inc.
*Based on material in Reference 1.
The Active Learning Dilemma
The words on most educators’ lips these days are active
learning. We have conducted scores of teaching workshops,
and there is always at least one participant who will ask,
“How can I cover my syllabus if I start
filling my lectures with activities?”
Resolving the Active
Learning Dilemma
When faced with this question, there are three
answers we typically provide;
1. Teaching is not about coverage, but about learning.
Coverage ≠ Learning.
2. Start small. A few minutes worth of activity in a 50
min class won’t do irreparable harm to your syllabus.
3. You can maintain and even expand your syllabus
using a simple technique—handouts with gaps.
Mining the Gap - Preparation
1. Put your lecture notes into class handouts, or a course pack.
2. Show the straightforward parts of the lecture material—
definitions, facts, key equations, etc.
3. Intersperse the above with gaps (blank spaces),
into which students will be asked to place more challenging
material such as partial solutions, diagrams, derivations,
process or flow charts, labels, and code snippets.
For an example of a handout with gaps and an outline of how it would be covered in class, copy
and access this web page: www.ncsu.edu/felder-public/Handout_with_gaps.pdf
Mining the Gap – Using
Handouts With Gaps in Class
1. Ask your students to open their handout or course
pack to the appropriate page.
2. Allow them a short period of time to read the
portion of the page that precedes a gap.
3. Stop the reading and ask if any students have
questions. (They usually don’t.)
What’s next?
Mining the Gap – Using
Handouts With Gaps in Class
Your students have read a portion of the handout, and
they say they don’t have any questions. Now what?
Go to the gap!
From this point you can select one of three options.
Ad

Recommended

Classroom Management Success
Classroom Management SuccessClassroom Management Success
Classroom Management SuccessLewis Seals
 
Lesson Plan A. Basics and Principles
Lesson Plan A. Basics and PrinciplesLesson Plan A. Basics and Principles
Lesson Plan A. Basics and PrinciplesMatiaAhmed
 
Effective Teaching & Learning Process in the Classroom
Effective Teaching & Learning Process in the ClassroomEffective Teaching & Learning Process in the Classroom
Effective Teaching & Learning Process in the ClassroomAjay Kumar
 
How to Manage Classroom Discipline
How to Manage Classroom DisciplineHow to Manage Classroom Discipline
How to Manage Classroom DisciplineFahmina Arshad
 
LET Practice test in Professional Education-principles and strategies in teac...
LET Practice test in Professional Education-principles and strategies in teac...LET Practice test in Professional Education-principles and strategies in teac...
LET Practice test in Professional Education-principles and strategies in teac...University of Santo Tomas
 
Learner centered teaching
Learner centered teachingLearner centered teaching
Learner centered teachingDeborahBowles2
 

More Related Content

What's hot

Creating a Positive Classroom Environment
Creating a Positive Classroom EnvironmentCreating a Positive Classroom Environment
Creating a Positive Classroom Environmentkstashuk
 
Experience the Discovery Learning Approach – Paradigm Learning
Experience the Discovery Learning Approach – Paradigm LearningExperience the Discovery Learning Approach – Paradigm Learning
Experience the Discovery Learning Approach – Paradigm LearningParadigm Learning
 
Let reviewer professional education
Let reviewer professional educationLet reviewer professional education
Let reviewer professional educationchinnex23
 
Planning and analyzing mathematics lesson
Planning and analyzing mathematics lessonPlanning and analyzing mathematics lesson
Planning and analyzing mathematics lessonupnismedmultimedia
 
Ppt learning strategies
Ppt learning strategiesPpt learning strategies
Ppt learning strategiesAnita Malhotra
 
2011-2012 Classroom Management Plan
2011-2012 Classroom Management Plan2011-2012 Classroom Management Plan
2011-2012 Classroom Management PlanArtfulArtsyAmy
 
Different Methods of Teaching
Different Methods of TeachingDifferent Methods of Teaching
Different Methods of TeachingEdgie Echem
 
Approaches in teaching and learning mathematics
Approaches in teaching and learning mathematicsApproaches in teaching and learning mathematics
Approaches in teaching and learning mathematicstangyokechoo
 
Learning Objectives
Learning ObjectivesLearning Objectives
Learning ObjectivesLisa Benson
 
Demonstration lesson plan math
Demonstration lesson plan mathDemonstration lesson plan math
Demonstration lesson plan mathmaynard23
 
Aids for teaching Mathematics
Aids for teaching Mathematics Aids for teaching Mathematics
Aids for teaching Mathematics St_chris_learning
 
B.ed innovative work
B.ed innovative workB.ed innovative work
B.ed innovative workReshmaDinoj
 
A CLOSE ENCOUNTER WITH THE SCHOOL CURRICULUM - MIKE S BORIBOR.pptx
A CLOSE ENCOUNTER WITH THE SCHOOL CURRICULUM - MIKE S BORIBOR.pptxA CLOSE ENCOUNTER WITH THE SCHOOL CURRICULUM - MIKE S BORIBOR.pptx
A CLOSE ENCOUNTER WITH THE SCHOOL CURRICULUM - MIKE S BORIBOR.pptxMikeSB3
 

What's hot (20)

Creating a Positive Classroom Environment
Creating a Positive Classroom EnvironmentCreating a Positive Classroom Environment
Creating a Positive Classroom Environment
 
Effective Classroom Management
Effective Classroom ManagementEffective Classroom Management
Effective Classroom Management
 
Experience the Discovery Learning Approach – Paradigm Learning
Experience the Discovery Learning Approach – Paradigm LearningExperience the Discovery Learning Approach – Paradigm Learning
Experience the Discovery Learning Approach – Paradigm Learning
 
Let reviewer professional education
Let reviewer professional educationLet reviewer professional education
Let reviewer professional education
 
Planning and analyzing mathematics lesson
Planning and analyzing mathematics lessonPlanning and analyzing mathematics lesson
Planning and analyzing mathematics lesson
 
Ppt learning strategies
Ppt learning strategiesPpt learning strategies
Ppt learning strategies
 
2011-2012 Classroom Management Plan
2011-2012 Classroom Management Plan2011-2012 Classroom Management Plan
2011-2012 Classroom Management Plan
 
Class room management
Class room managementClass room management
Class room management
 
Different Methods of Teaching
Different Methods of TeachingDifferent Methods of Teaching
Different Methods of Teaching
 
Reading models
Reading modelsReading models
Reading models
 
Approaches in teaching and learning mathematics
Approaches in teaching and learning mathematicsApproaches in teaching and learning mathematics
Approaches in teaching and learning mathematics
 
Learning Objectives
Learning ObjectivesLearning Objectives
Learning Objectives
 
Demonstration lesson plan math
Demonstration lesson plan mathDemonstration lesson plan math
Demonstration lesson plan math
 
The art of teaching
The art of teachingThe art of teaching
The art of teaching
 
Skill of Reading
Skill of Reading Skill of Reading
Skill of Reading
 
Aids for teaching Mathematics
Aids for teaching Mathematics Aids for teaching Mathematics
Aids for teaching Mathematics
 
B.ed innovative work
B.ed innovative workB.ed innovative work
B.ed innovative work
 
What is Reading ?
What is Reading ?What is Reading ?
What is Reading ?
 
Class room management techniques
Class room management techniquesClass room management techniques
Class room management techniques
 
A CLOSE ENCOUNTER WITH THE SCHOOL CURRICULUM - MIKE S BORIBOR.pptx
A CLOSE ENCOUNTER WITH THE SCHOOL CURRICULUM - MIKE S BORIBOR.pptxA CLOSE ENCOUNTER WITH THE SCHOOL CURRICULUM - MIKE S BORIBOR.pptx
A CLOSE ENCOUNTER WITH THE SCHOOL CURRICULUM - MIKE S BORIBOR.pptx
 

Similar to Mine the Gap: Using Handouts With Gaps

Mixed Ability Classes 2
Mixed Ability Classes 2Mixed Ability Classes 2
Mixed Ability Classes 2Re Martins
 
Mixed Ability Classes 2 1
Mixed Ability Classes 2 1Mixed Ability Classes 2 1
Mixed Ability Classes 2 1Re Martins
 
Teacher, I need more words!
Teacher, I need more words!Teacher, I need more words!
Teacher, I need more words!Hugo Loyola
 
Flipped classroom
Flipped classroomFlipped classroom
Flipped classroomHibaAmmar3
 
Making learning stick staff training 3rd march
Making learning stick staff training 3rd march Making learning stick staff training 3rd march
Making learning stick staff training 3rd march alison davis
 
Teacher centered instructional methodsstrategies
Teacher centered instructional methodsstrategiesTeacher centered instructional methodsstrategies
Teacher centered instructional methodsstrategiesMuhammad salman
 
Lesson Plan
Lesson PlanLesson Plan
Lesson Plantarakbr
 
Lesson Plan
Lesson PlanLesson Plan
Lesson Plantarakbr
 
Teacher training course
Teacher training courseTeacher training course
Teacher training courseMohammed Attia
 
Teaching in the long blocks
Teaching in the long blocksTeaching in the long blocks
Teaching in the long blocksBuffalo Seminary
 
3 2 lauber16
3 2 lauber163 2 lauber16
3 2 lauber16afacct
 
Feedback from Barbara Peterson
Feedback from Barbara PetersonFeedback from Barbara Peterson
Feedback from Barbara PetersonRukhsana Haji
 
TICE - Building Academic Language in the Classroom
TICE - Building Academic Language in the ClassroomTICE - Building Academic Language in the Classroom
TICE - Building Academic Language in the ClassroomElisabeth Chan
 
Classroom observation tasks1
Classroom observation tasks1Classroom observation tasks1
Classroom observation tasks1mahmud43
 
Building Academic Language in the ESL Classroom
Building Academic Language in the ESL ClassroomBuilding Academic Language in the ESL Classroom
Building Academic Language in the ESL ClassroomElisabeth Chan
 

Similar to Mine the Gap: Using Handouts With Gaps (20)

Celta presentation
Celta presentationCelta presentation
Celta presentation
 
Task based learning
Task based learningTask based learning
Task based learning
 
Mixed Ability Classes 2
Mixed Ability Classes 2Mixed Ability Classes 2
Mixed Ability Classes 2
 
Mixed Ability Classes 2 1
Mixed Ability Classes 2 1Mixed Ability Classes 2 1
Mixed Ability Classes 2 1
 
Teacher, I need more words!
Teacher, I need more words!Teacher, I need more words!
Teacher, I need more words!
 
20 Assessment Strategies.pptx
20 Assessment Strategies.pptx20 Assessment Strategies.pptx
20 Assessment Strategies.pptx
 
Flipped classroom
Flipped classroomFlipped classroom
Flipped classroom
 
Making learning stick staff training 3rd march
Making learning stick staff training 3rd march Making learning stick staff training 3rd march
Making learning stick staff training 3rd march
 
Teacher centered instructional methodsstrategies
Teacher centered instructional methodsstrategiesTeacher centered instructional methodsstrategies
Teacher centered instructional methodsstrategies
 
Lesson Plan
Lesson PlanLesson Plan
Lesson Plan
 
Lesson Plan
Lesson PlanLesson Plan
Lesson Plan
 
Lesson Planning
Lesson PlanningLesson Planning
Lesson Planning
 
Teacher training course
Teacher training courseTeacher training course
Teacher training course
 
Teaching in the long blocks
Teaching in the long blocksTeaching in the long blocks
Teaching in the long blocks
 
3 2 lauber16
3 2 lauber163 2 lauber16
3 2 lauber16
 
Feedback from Barbara Peterson
Feedback from Barbara PetersonFeedback from Barbara Peterson
Feedback from Barbara Peterson
 
TICE - Building Academic Language in the Classroom
TICE - Building Academic Language in the ClassroomTICE - Building Academic Language in the Classroom
TICE - Building Academic Language in the Classroom
 
Muddiest point
Muddiest pointMuddiest point
Muddiest point
 
Classroom observation tasks1
Classroom observation tasks1Classroom observation tasks1
Classroom observation tasks1
 
Building Academic Language in the ESL Classroom
Building Academic Language in the ESL ClassroomBuilding Academic Language in the ESL Classroom
Building Academic Language in the ESL Classroom
 

More from Wiley

Publisher as Strategic Partner for Societies October 2019
Publisher as Strategic Partner for Societies October 2019Publisher as Strategic Partner for Societies October 2019
Publisher as Strategic Partner for Societies October 2019Wiley
 
19 Inspiring Books by Jon Gordon
19 Inspiring Books by Jon Gordon19 Inspiring Books by Jon Gordon
19 Inspiring Books by Jon GordonWiley
 
3 Big Myths That Hold Women Back
3 Big Myths That Hold Women Back3 Big Myths That Hold Women Back
3 Big Myths That Hold Women BackWiley
 
The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master-Slide Deck Number Thr...
The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master-Slide Deck Number Thr...The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master-Slide Deck Number Thr...
The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master-Slide Deck Number Thr...Wiley
 
The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master - Slide Deck Number T...
The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master - Slide Deck Number T...The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master - Slide Deck Number T...
The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master - Slide Deck Number T...Wiley
 
A Celebration of Women's History Month
A Celebration of Women's History MonthA Celebration of Women's History Month
A Celebration of Women's History MonthWiley
 
Leadership Is for Everyone
Leadership Is for EveryoneLeadership Is for Everyone
Leadership Is for EveryoneWiley
 
The Five Leadership Practices that Improve Sales Success
The Five Leadership Practices that Improve Sales SuccessThe Five Leadership Practices that Improve Sales Success
The Five Leadership Practices that Improve Sales SuccessWiley
 
7 Steps to Develop Well-Designed Course Objectives
7 Steps to Develop Well-Designed Course Objectives7 Steps to Develop Well-Designed Course Objectives
7 Steps to Develop Well-Designed Course ObjectivesWiley
 
Today's Students: 7 Powerful Facts
Today's Students: 7 Powerful FactsToday's Students: 7 Powerful Facts
Today's Students: 7 Powerful FactsWiley
 
Should you get an MBA?
Should you get an MBA?Should you get an MBA?
Should you get an MBA?Wiley
 
Valuing International Collaboration in Research
Valuing International Collaboration in ResearchValuing International Collaboration in Research
Valuing International Collaboration in ResearchWiley
 
Leadership Makes a Difference
Leadership Makes a DifferenceLeadership Makes a Difference
Leadership Makes a DifferenceWiley
 
5 Reasons to Earn Your CPA License WEL
5 Reasons to Earn Your CPA License WEL5 Reasons to Earn Your CPA License WEL
5 Reasons to Earn Your CPA License WELWiley
 
From DBA to EBA: A Five-year Story from a Consortium Shared E-Book Collection...
From DBA to EBA: A Five-year Story from a Consortium Shared E-Book Collection...From DBA to EBA: A Five-year Story from a Consortium Shared E-Book Collection...
From DBA to EBA: A Five-year Story from a Consortium Shared E-Book Collection...Wiley
 
An Educator's Guide to Cheating
An Educator's Guide to CheatingAn Educator's Guide to Cheating
An Educator's Guide to CheatingWiley
 
Get Your Students Motivated: Tips for the Classroom
Get Your Students Motivated: Tips for the ClassroomGet Your Students Motivated: Tips for the Classroom
Get Your Students Motivated: Tips for the ClassroomWiley
 
Level I CFA Exam 2017 Curriculum Updates
Level I CFA Exam 2017 Curriculum UpdatesLevel I CFA Exam 2017 Curriculum Updates
Level I CFA Exam 2017 Curriculum UpdatesWiley
 
6 Steps to Hire Someone with Soft Skills
6 Steps to Hire Someone with Soft Skills6 Steps to Hire Someone with Soft Skills
6 Steps to Hire Someone with Soft SkillsWiley
 
Student Voices, Part 3
Student Voices, Part 3Student Voices, Part 3
Student Voices, Part 3Wiley
 

More from Wiley (20)

Publisher as Strategic Partner for Societies October 2019
Publisher as Strategic Partner for Societies October 2019Publisher as Strategic Partner for Societies October 2019
Publisher as Strategic Partner for Societies October 2019
 
19 Inspiring Books by Jon Gordon
19 Inspiring Books by Jon Gordon19 Inspiring Books by Jon Gordon
19 Inspiring Books by Jon Gordon
 
3 Big Myths That Hold Women Back
3 Big Myths That Hold Women Back3 Big Myths That Hold Women Back
3 Big Myths That Hold Women Back
 
The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master-Slide Deck Number Thr...
The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master-Slide Deck Number Thr...The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master-Slide Deck Number Thr...
The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master-Slide Deck Number Thr...
 
The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master - Slide Deck Number T...
The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master - Slide Deck Number T...The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master - Slide Deck Number T...
The 5 Types of Meetings Project Managers Need to Master - Slide Deck Number T...
 
A Celebration of Women's History Month
A Celebration of Women's History MonthA Celebration of Women's History Month
A Celebration of Women's History Month
 
Leadership Is for Everyone
Leadership Is for EveryoneLeadership Is for Everyone
Leadership Is for Everyone
 
The Five Leadership Practices that Improve Sales Success
The Five Leadership Practices that Improve Sales SuccessThe Five Leadership Practices that Improve Sales Success
The Five Leadership Practices that Improve Sales Success
 
7 Steps to Develop Well-Designed Course Objectives
7 Steps to Develop Well-Designed Course Objectives7 Steps to Develop Well-Designed Course Objectives
7 Steps to Develop Well-Designed Course Objectives
 
Today's Students: 7 Powerful Facts
Today's Students: 7 Powerful FactsToday's Students: 7 Powerful Facts
Today's Students: 7 Powerful Facts
 
Should you get an MBA?
Should you get an MBA?Should you get an MBA?
Should you get an MBA?
 
Valuing International Collaboration in Research
Valuing International Collaboration in ResearchValuing International Collaboration in Research
Valuing International Collaboration in Research
 
Leadership Makes a Difference
Leadership Makes a DifferenceLeadership Makes a Difference
Leadership Makes a Difference
 
5 Reasons to Earn Your CPA License WEL
5 Reasons to Earn Your CPA License WEL5 Reasons to Earn Your CPA License WEL
5 Reasons to Earn Your CPA License WEL
 
From DBA to EBA: A Five-year Story from a Consortium Shared E-Book Collection...
From DBA to EBA: A Five-year Story from a Consortium Shared E-Book Collection...From DBA to EBA: A Five-year Story from a Consortium Shared E-Book Collection...
From DBA to EBA: A Five-year Story from a Consortium Shared E-Book Collection...
 
An Educator's Guide to Cheating
An Educator's Guide to CheatingAn Educator's Guide to Cheating
An Educator's Guide to Cheating
 
Get Your Students Motivated: Tips for the Classroom
Get Your Students Motivated: Tips for the ClassroomGet Your Students Motivated: Tips for the Classroom
Get Your Students Motivated: Tips for the Classroom
 
Level I CFA Exam 2017 Curriculum Updates
Level I CFA Exam 2017 Curriculum UpdatesLevel I CFA Exam 2017 Curriculum Updates
Level I CFA Exam 2017 Curriculum Updates
 
6 Steps to Hire Someone with Soft Skills
6 Steps to Hire Someone with Soft Skills6 Steps to Hire Someone with Soft Skills
6 Steps to Hire Someone with Soft Skills
 
Student Voices, Part 3
Student Voices, Part 3Student Voices, Part 3
Student Voices, Part 3
 

Recently uploaded

Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesBayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesTushar Tank
 
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSEDISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSEMYDA ANGELICA SUAN
 
Software Cost Estimation webinar January 2024.pdf
Software Cost Estimation webinar January 2024.pdfSoftware Cost Estimation webinar January 2024.pdf
Software Cost Estimation webinar January 2024.pdfNesma
 
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxPractical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxKatherine Villaluna
 
Media Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations ClassMedia Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations ClassCorinne Weisgerber
 
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications MosaicThe Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications MosaicUniversity of Canberra
 
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxCONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptxDetailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptxDrOsiaMajeed
 
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptxCapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptxCapitolTechU
 
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionShapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionTushar Tank
 
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online PresenceWebsite Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online PresenceSamantha Russell
 
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsIntuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsTushar Tank
 
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdfD.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdfSUMIT TIWARI
 
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdfWriting Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdfMr Bounab Samir
 
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATIONUNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATIONSayali Powar
 
skeletal system details with joints and its types
skeletal system details with joints and its typesskeletal system details with joints and its types
skeletal system details with joints and its typesMinaxi patil. CATALLYST
 
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati RoyThe Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati RoyTrushali Dodiya
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesBayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
 
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSEDISCOURSE:   TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
DISCOURSE: TEXT AS CONNECTED DISCOURSE
 
Software Cost Estimation webinar January 2024.pdf
Software Cost Estimation webinar January 2024.pdfSoftware Cost Estimation webinar January 2024.pdf
Software Cost Estimation webinar January 2024.pdf
 
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxPractical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
 
Media Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations ClassMedia Relations for Public Relations Class
Media Relations for Public Relations Class
 
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications MosaicThe Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
The Institutional Origins of Canada’s Telecommunications Mosaic
 
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxCONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
 
Time-Honored Wisdom: African Teachings for VUCA Leaders
Time-Honored Wisdom: African Teachings for VUCA LeadersTime-Honored Wisdom: African Teachings for VUCA Leaders
Time-Honored Wisdom: African Teachings for VUCA Leaders
 
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
2.20.24 The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.pptx
 
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptxDetailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
 
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptxCapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
CapTechTalks Webinar Feb 2024 Darrell Burrell.pptx
 
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionShapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
 
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online PresenceWebsite Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
 
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsIntuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
 
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdfD.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
D.pharmacy Pharmacology 4th unit notes.pdf
 
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdfWriting Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
Writing Agony Letter & If type O+1 & Diphthongs + Text “Arab Science”.pdf
 
Capter 5 Climate of Ethiopia and the Horn GeES 1011.pdf
Capter 5 Climate of Ethiopia and the Horn GeES 1011.pdfCapter 5 Climate of Ethiopia and the Horn GeES 1011.pdf
Capter 5 Climate of Ethiopia and the Horn GeES 1011.pdf
 
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATIONUNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
UNIT 1 BIOMOLECULE_CARBOHYDRATES PRESENTATION
 
skeletal system details with joints and its types
skeletal system details with joints and its typesskeletal system details with joints and its types
skeletal system details with joints and its types
 
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati RoyThe Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
The Ministry of Utmost Happiness by Arundhati Roy
 

Mine the Gap: Using Handouts With Gaps

  • 1. How to Use Handouts with Gaps to Foster Active Learning Mine the Gap* Dr. Richard M. Felder, Hoechst Celanese Professor Emeritus of Chemical Engineering at North Carolina State University Dr. Rebecca Brent, President of Education Designs, Inc. *Based on material in Reference 1.
  • 2. The Active Learning Dilemma The words on most educators’ lips these days are active learning. We have conducted scores of teaching workshops, and there is always at least one participant who will ask, “How can I cover my syllabus if I start filling my lectures with activities?”
  • 3. Resolving the Active Learning Dilemma When faced with this question, there are three answers we typically provide; 1. Teaching is not about coverage, but about learning. Coverage ≠ Learning. 2. Start small. A few minutes worth of activity in a 50 min class won’t do irreparable harm to your syllabus. 3. You can maintain and even expand your syllabus using a simple technique—handouts with gaps.
  • 4. Mining the Gap - Preparation 1. Put your lecture notes into class handouts, or a course pack. 2. Show the straightforward parts of the lecture material— definitions, facts, key equations, etc. 3. Intersperse the above with gaps (blank spaces), into which students will be asked to place more challenging material such as partial solutions, diagrams, derivations, process or flow charts, labels, and code snippets. For an example of a handout with gaps and an outline of how it would be covered in class, copy and access this web page: www.ncsu.edu/felder-public/Handout_with_gaps.pdf
  • 5. Mining the Gap – Using Handouts With Gaps in Class 1. Ask your students to open their handout or course pack to the appropriate page. 2. Allow them a short period of time to read the portion of the page that precedes a gap. 3. Stop the reading and ask if any students have questions. (They usually don’t.) What’s next?
  • 6. Mining the Gap – Using Handouts With Gaps in Class Your students have read a portion of the handout, and they say they don’t have any questions. Now what? Go to the gap! From this point you can select one of three options.
  • 7. Mining the Gap—Option № 1 1. When you reach the first gap, remind students that what they just read was straightforward but what goes in the gap often gives students trouble. (You don’t need to repeat this reminder for subsequent gaps.) 2. Lecture on the gap traditionally, ideally by writing on a board or tablet computer rather than just showing a slide with the complete gap content. When you use this method, you are focusing the class time on material the students cannot quickly get without your help.
  • 8. Mining the Gap—Option № 2* 1. Ask students to get into groups of two or three. Allow them a short period of time to get as far as they can in filling in the gap. 2. When time’s up, call randomly on students to report on what they got. 3. Write correct answers on the board so everyone in the class gets them. As the answers go up on the board, the students who couldn’t fill the gap will now pay careful attention, ask questions when necessary, and understand it by the end of class. Some students will fill the gap and therefore “own it” because they did it themselves, not by watching you do it and imagining they understood it. (Few students understand complex material when listening passively to a lecture.) *We typically find this option to be more effective than the first.
  • 9. Mining the Gap—Option № 3* Leave filling in the gap as an exercise for the students to complete outside of class. 1. Tell your students that you do not plan on going over the gap in class, but they should make sure they know what goes in the blank space before the next test. 2. Allow students to collaborate with one another and ask about it in class. 3. Open your office to students to come in and discuss if they cannot figure it out on their own. 4. BONUS! If you fall behind your lecture schedule, increase your use of this option for easier and less important material.
  • 10. Mine the Gap—Conclusions When you use handouts with gaps, you’ll cover your syllabus and possibly even extend it, even though you’re taking time for activities. Why? Because you’re letting the students read through the straightforward material themselves, rather than saying every word, drawing every diagram, and working through every step of the problem yourself. The brief amount of time students spend struggling in class is followed by immediate feedback, saving many students from hours of wrestling with similar exercises.
  • 11. Mine the Gap—The Research Research has confirmed that handouts with gaps have a powerful impact on students’ learning and performance on assignments and tests. In several studies, students who got incomplete notes on course material earned higher exam grades, higher course grades, and higher marks on conceptual questions than students who had complete notes.2-4
  • 12. References 1. Felder, R.M., & Brent, R. (2016). Teaching and Learning STEM: A Practical Guide, Section 4.7 and Chapter 6. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass 2. Cornelius, T.L., & Owen-DeSchryver , J. (2008). Differential effects of full and partial notes on learning outcomes and attendance. Teaching of Psychology 3. Hartley, J., & Davies, I.K. (1978). “Note-taking: A critical review.” Programmed Learning & Educational Technology, 15, 207 4. Kiewra, K.A. (1989). A review of note-taking: The encoding storage paradigm and beyond. Educational Psychology Review, 1(2), 147
  • 13. To learn more teaching strategies and tips, visit Wiley Exchanges Educate Blog at hub.wiley.com/community/exchanges/educate