Yellowstone to Yukon: Connectivity in Practice for Climate Change Adaptation by Dr. Lisa Graumlich

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Dr. Lisa Graumlich, Professor and Director with the School of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of Arizona, spoke during the Wednesday (11 November) WILD9 plenary session on Global Connectivity.

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  • Population: 400

Location: Atlin is located in the extreme northwest corner of British Columbia, about 112 miles (180 km) southeast of Whitehorse in the Yukon Territory. Access to Atlin is by floatplane on Atlin Lake, or by road from the Yukon to the north.
  • Aligator ice patchHELP—where is this? What is age of artifact?LG talking points: trained in paleoecology, context for current changesWe are beyond natural variability
  • Slight warmingBeetle moves up and north, more rapid life cycles
  • The second map is Y2Y’s map of the transboundary Crown of the Continent ecosystem. You will see that much on the US side is protected in the Glacier Park-Bob Marshall wilderness complex. On the Canadian side, only the small Waterton Lakes National Park is protected. A significant ENGO-led campaign is working to extend Waterton Park westward to the Flathead River valley, so that the west boundary of protected land in Canada matches the west boundary of the protected complex in the U.S. 
  • the impacts of major transportation corridorsmanaging garbage and other attractants to reduce conflicts between bears and peopleDNA and radio-collared bear research to understand how bears are using the landscape and how populations are connected to each otherreducing the impacts of roads and motorized access on remote public lands andidentifying and acquiring through purchase or easement private lands within known wildlife movement areas.
  • Yellowstone to Yukon: Connectivity in Practice for Climate Change Adaptation by Dr. Lisa Graumlich

    1. 1. Yellowstone to Yukon:Connectivity in Practice for Climate Change<br />Lisa J. Graumlich<br />The University of Arizona<br />
    2. 2. Climate change threatens biodiversity.<br />IPCC 2007<br />
    3. 3. How do we protect “protected areas” in the face of climate change? <br />
    4. 4. We must prepare adaptation strategies that address the magnitude and scale of future climate change.<br />Northern Climate ExChange, Yukon College<br />
    5. 5. The Yellowstone to Yukon Climate Change Readiness Project is defining options for biodiversity-based adaptation to climate change.<br />Lisa Graumlich, Erika Rowland (U Arizona)<br />Erika Zavaleta (UC Santa Cruz)<br />Healy Hamilton (CA Academy of Sciences)<br />Richard Hebda (Royal BC Museum)<br />Larry Hamilton (IUCN – WCPA)<br />Laura Hansen (EcoAdapt)<br />Gary Tabor (Center for Large Landscape Conservation)<br />Wendy Francis (YY2)<br />
    6. 6. High altitude + high latitude= urgency<br />1995<br />1938<br />
    7. 7. 9000 year old artifacts revealed by melting snow patches in Yukon.. <br />Images: Government of Yukon<br />
    8. 8. Warmer temperatures and less snow increase size and frequency of wildfires.<br />Westerling et al. 2006;see also McKenzie et al. 2004<br />
    9. 9. Changes in phenology can dramatically alter ecosystem dynamics.<br />Canadian lynx and snowshoe hareScott Mills, U Montana<br />
    10. 10. Connectivity is key to adaptation.<br />Cross et al. in press<br />
    11. 11. Improving connectivity is the most widely recommended action for enabling adaptation. <br />
    12. 12. Connectivity will become more important in the future.<br />Cross et al. in press<br />
    13. 13. Drought and disturbance will fundamentally change connectivity. <br />Cross et al. in press<br />
    14. 14. Connectivity must be managed at landscape scale.<br />Designating new reserves<br />Designating specific corridors<br />Managing the matrix to create buffer zones<br />Planning for redundancy and surprise<br />
    15. 15. Y2Y is primed for landscape-scale adaptation to climate change.<br />
    16. 16. The scale of Y2Y matches that of continental scale species response.<br />Healey Hamilton, CA Academy of Sciences<br />
    17. 17. Multi-scaled connectivity is highest priority.<br />
    18. 18. Cabinet Purcell Mountain project demonstrates engaged, diverse partnerships.<br />
    19. 19. Coming soon:The Yellowstone to Yukon Climate Change Readiness Project Report<br />January 2010<br />www.y2y.net<br />

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