Critical Appraisal of UNFCCC Negotiations
2 streams of the negotiations <ul><li>REDD (reduced emissions from deforestation & forest degradation), a mechanism to be ...
Weird World of Text <ul><li>`When I use a word,' Humpty Dumpty said in rather a scornful tone, `it means just what I choos...
Objective of REDD <ul><li>Must be to  reduce emissions  from deforestation and forest degradation and set targets for this...
Forests Definition in use by the UNFCCC <ul><li>A structural definition </li></ul><ul><li>A minimum area of land of 0.05 h...
Scope <ul><li>Should be  (builds on & clarifies existing proposals): </li></ul><ul><li>(a) reducing immediate and ongoing ...
Scope <ul><li>(b) enhancing removals by restoring degraded forests to functioning ecosystems;   </li></ul><ul><li>(c) sust...
Demand Side <ul><li>2  (New Paragraph)  All parties shall support REDD actions by undertaking policies and measures, that ...
Expansion to other Ecosystems <ul><li>2  (New Paragraph) .  Activities may be expanded over time to cover the full land se...
Safeguards <ul><li>Ensure  rights & interests of indigenous peoples and forest dependant communities </li></ul><ul><li>Ens...
Text Text
 
 
 
LULUCF Cheating <ul><li>Credits in land use sector used to offset emissions in other sectors </li></ul><ul><li>But countri...
 
Instead of fixing this up so that there is more comprehensive and symmetrical accounting, even more scams have been put on...
Our Key Asks <ul><li>higher-level commitment to protect forests, but this is missing </li></ul><ul><li>plug the biggest ho...
To sum up <ul><li>Time is short – under 4 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>There is an urgent need to put on political pressure at ...
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A Critical Appraisal of UNFCC Negotiations, Peg Putt

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Peg Putt, Climate Change Policy, Wilderness Society Australia, spoke during the Tuesday (10 November) WILD9 plenary panel on "Wild Nature and Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation."

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A Critical Appraisal of UNFCC Negotiations, Peg Putt

  1. 1. Critical Appraisal of UNFCCC Negotiations
  2. 2. 2 streams of the negotiations <ul><li>REDD (reduced emissions from deforestation & forest degradation), a mechanism to be applied in developing countries pursuant to the Bali Action Plan </li></ul><ul><li>LULUCF (land use, land use change & forestry) applied to Annex 1 (developed) countries under the Kyoto Protocol </li></ul>
  3. 3. Weird World of Text <ul><li>`When I use a word,' Humpty Dumpty said in rather a scornful tone, `it means just what I choose it to mean -- neither more nor less.' </li></ul><ul><li>Through the Looking Glass </li></ul>
  4. 4. Objective of REDD <ul><li>Must be to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and set targets for this </li></ul><ul><li>Currently framed as halting forest cover loss in a strong option on the table </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the problem? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Forests Definition in use by the UNFCCC <ul><li>A structural definition </li></ul><ul><li>A minimum area of land of 0.05 ha with crown tree cover (or equivalent stocking level) of more than 10% with trees with the potential to reach a minimum height of 2 meters at maturity in situ </li></ul><ul><li>It includes (i) young stands of natural regeneration, (ii) all plantations which have yet to reach a crown density of 10-30% or tree height of 2-5 meters, (iii) areas normally forming part of the forest area which are temporarily un-stocked as a result of human intervention such as harvesting or natural causes but which are expected to revert to forest </li></ul><ul><li>Includes plantations – blind to conversion </li></ul>
  6. 6. Scope <ul><li>Should be (builds on & clarifies existing proposals): </li></ul><ul><li>(a) reducing immediate and ongoing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, giving priority to protecting intact natural forests and maintaining their existing carbon stocks, above and below ground; </li></ul>
  7. 7. Scope <ul><li>(b) enhancing removals by restoring degraded forests to functioning ecosystems; </li></ul><ul><li>(c) sustainable management of secondary forests to the extent that it reduces pressure on intact forests and reduces deforestation and forest degradation. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Demand Side <ul><li>2 (New Paragraph) All parties shall support REDD actions by undertaking policies and measures, that identify and address the diverse social and economic drivers of deforestation and forest degradation to relieve the pressures on forests and land that result in greenhouse gas emissions. </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal logging & sustainable consumption </li></ul>
  9. 9. Expansion to other Ecosystems <ul><li>2 (New Paragraph) . Activities may be expanded over time to cover the full land sector as part of a phased approach that starts with first establishing effective actions on deforestation and forest degradation. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Safeguards <ul><li>Ensure rights & interests of indigenous peoples and forest dependant communities </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure biodiversity & ecosystems services </li></ul><ul><li>Against plantation conversion </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure strong forest governance </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor, report and verify application of safeguards </li></ul>
  11. 11. Text Text
  12. 15. LULUCF Cheating <ul><li>Credits in land use sector used to offset emissions in other sectors </li></ul><ul><li>But countries can pick & choose which activities to account – so they don’t choose emissive activities </li></ul><ul><li>Only 3 are compulsory – deforestation, afforestation and reforestation </li></ul><ul><li>With forest definition problem this is also skewed to understate emissions </li></ul>
  13. 17. Instead of fixing this up so that there is more comprehensive and symmetrical accounting, even more scams have been put on the table Developed countries should show more ambition to reduce emissions in this sector, rather than hiding them This would enable greater emissions reductions overall
  14. 18. Our Key Asks <ul><li>higher-level commitment to protect forests, but this is missing </li></ul><ul><li>plug the biggest holes (forest conversion and forest degradation) </li></ul><ul><li>accounting for changes from historical levels - serious proposal for each country to set their own reference level is on table </li></ul><ul><li>Note: U.S. is no where to be seen on this and seems to think it can just use its own rules </li></ul>
  15. 19. To sum up <ul><li>Time is short – under 4 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>There is an urgent need to put on political pressure at home before Copenhagen </li></ul><ul><li>This means you! </li></ul>

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