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Climate Change and Responsible Travel 
Chan Beng Seng 
Global Alternative Tourism Network 
Asia and Pacific Alliance of YM...
What is Climate Change? 
• 'Climate change refers to a change of climate which is 
attributed directly or indirectly to hu...
Some faces of Climate Change 
Just a few degrees increase in the earth's temperature… 
• melting of polar ice caps 
and fo...
Global Warming 
Global warming is the increased heat trapped in the earth's 
atmosphere resulting from excess greenhouse g...
Impact of Climate Change on Tourism 
• The tourism sector depends heavily on a natural and cultural 
heritage. 
• The tour...
Impact of Climate Change on Tourism 
Sub­sectors 
at risk include: 
•Mountain and Snow tourism 
•Forest and Lake tourism 
...
Impact of Climate Change on Tourism 
Operational level impacts will include: 
•Reduced water availability could lead to di...
Some impacts of climate change in 
Asia 
http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2011/10/bangkok-underwater/100178/#img10 
http...
Destroyed infrastructure and beaches in Thailand 
• Destroyed infrastructure and beaches in Thailand 
Source: Bread for th...
Coral reef in Philippines destroyed by typhoon
Impact of Tourism on Climate Change 
• emissions responsible for 4.9-14% of global warming (Lee et al, 
2009), until 2050 ...
Impact of Tourism on Climate Change 
• According to a new UN report, emission from shipping are 
responsible for 4.5% of g...
CO2 emissions from tourism
Increasing emission from Tourism Sector 
• Increasing travel frequency 
• More trips done by aircraft 
• Decreasing durati...
Tourism Overview 
• Mass Tourism is developing at an alarming rate with the 
advancement in air travel and globalization 
...
Impacts of Mass Tourism 
• Resources 
o Water consumption in hotels 
o Electricity consumption for air-cons 
o High consum...
Climate friendly tourism means… 
The basic principles for climate friendly tourism development relating 
to any GHG emitti...
Responsible Travel 
• Modes of transportation 
o Consider walking or cycling during your trip, using public transportation...
Climate friend supply chain 
Using public 
transport 
Monitoring 
energy 
consumed 
Moderate 
consumption 
Gained 
knowled...
Tourism supply chain
YMCAs on the way to a climate friendly tourism 
Some of our measures … 
•monitoringg energy consumption or climate and env...
The special roll of APAY/GATN 
• APAY is a well established network at world level 
• Has human resources working in the f...
Call for Action 
• Support the “two-degrees-target” - limiting the rise in globally 
averaged temperature to no more than ...
Call for Action 
• Develop credible carbon offsetting activities 
• Develop clear and practical ways of reducing their car...
Thank you 
very much! 
CHAN Beng Seng 
GATN Coordinator 
Asia Pacific Alliance of YMCAs 
Hong Kong 
Tel.: +852 2780 8347 
...
Tourism & Climate Change
Tourism & Climate Change
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Tourism & Climate Change

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With its close connections to the environment and climate itself, tourism is considered to be a vulnerable and highly climate-sensitive economic sector. Climate affects a wide range of environmental resources that are essential attraction factors for tourism. Climate change will make destinations less attractive and jeopardize major sources of income. There are direct impacts like altered seasonal patterns or coastal erosion, loss of beach area and higher costs to protect and maintain waterfronts. Also there are indirect impacts of climate change like water shortages. Higher costs for risk management for touristic infrastructure might change the demand side of tourism markets or the visitor numbers. Furthermore, the awareness of tourists towards climate change and other environmental issues is likely to be a major driver of their future holiday choices. Operators that do not adapt to this emerging ‘climate aware’ market risk losing market share to more responsive competitors. This clinic will discuss the important relation between climate change and tourism, and will try to show some alternatives and help to promote a responsible and sustainable tourism, which bring not only benefits for the tourism industry but also to the people whose livelihood depends on tourism.

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Tourism & Climate Change

  1. 1. Climate Change and Responsible Travel Chan Beng Seng Global Alternative Tourism Network Asia and Pacific Alliance of YMCAs
  2. 2. What is Climate Change? • 'Climate change refers to a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods.‘ - United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change -
  3. 3. Some faces of Climate Change Just a few degrees increase in the earth's temperature… • melting of polar ice caps and for this reason rising water levels in costal zones (e.g. Bangladesh, Maldives Islands) • long drought periods and for this reason hunger, suffering and desertification • storms, hurricanes and typhoons causing catastrophes and disaster
  4. 4. Global Warming Global warming is the increased heat trapped in the earth's atmosphere resulting from excess greenhouse gases such as Carbon Dioxide (CO2). These naturally occurring gases including Methane (CH4) & Nitrous Oxide (N20) form a layer in the atmosphere reflecting the sun's rays back down to the earth. These gases are exacerbated in the atmosphere by fossil fuel use for energy (ie. coal and oil) and the alteration to our natural landscape. This has an unnatural warming effect on our fragile environment.
  5. 5. Impact of Climate Change on Tourism • The tourism sector depends heavily on a natural and cultural heritage. • The tourism sector is highly climate sensitive as climate defines the length and quality of tourism seasons, affects tourism operations, and influences environmental conditions that both attract and deter visitors. • Tourists will quickly switch their choice of destination when the results of climate change impact on their enjoyment. • Generating more than USD 6 trillion in revenue each year and providing livelihoods to more than 255 million people, the tourism sector is particularly important for some of the world’s poorest countries.
  6. 6. Impact of Climate Change on Tourism Sub­sectors at risk include: •Mountain and Snow tourism •Forest and Lake tourism •Biodiversity and Agricultural tourism •Cities and Urban Centre tourism •Beach and Coastal tourism •Ocean and Sea Life tourism
  7. 7. Impact of Climate Change on Tourism Operational level impacts will include: •Reduced water availability could lead to disputes with local industry and communities •Extreme weather events will increase operational uncertainty, particularly in poorer countries •Expensive or unavailable insurance in areas exposed to extreme weather or sea-level rise •Efforts to cut emissions may add costs to the industry, particularly from transport emissions
  8. 8. Some impacts of climate change in Asia http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2011/10/bangkok-underwater/100178/#img10 http://daily.bangkokbiznews.com/gallery/20111011 http://61.19.55.253/mcrd/?p=83 10
  9. 9. Destroyed infrastructure and beaches in Thailand • Destroyed infrastructure and beaches in Thailand Source: Bread for the World 11
  10. 10. Coral reef in Philippines destroyed by typhoon
  11. 11. Impact of Tourism on Climate Change • emissions responsible for 4.9-14% of global warming (Lee et al, 2009), until 2050 responsible for 25% of global warming • Only 2% of the world population actively takes part in aviation, 80% of all flights for holiday reasons • massive expansion of airports and low-cost carriers • (Boing 747 beim Start in Frankfurt/Main © Daniel Roland/AFP/GettyImages) www.google.de/images)
  12. 12. Impact of Tourism on Climate Change • According to a new UN report, emission from shipping are responsible for 4.5% of global warming , IPCC assumes that in 2020 it‘ll be 30% more • Cruise tourism- prove critical (!) because of its huge impact to the environment, the often bad social conditions for staff and the less benefits for the visited destinations • Massive expansion of cruising tourism • • http://www.ftd.de/unternehmen/handel-dienstleister/:co2-emissionen-dicke-poette-werden-oeko/50165706.html
  13. 13. CO2 emissions from tourism
  14. 14. Increasing emission from Tourism Sector • Increasing travel frequency • More trips done by aircraft • Decreasing duration in the destination • Increasing distances to the destination • Increasing numbers of travelers (UNWTO-UNEP-WMO, 2008) • 2010: 940 million international arrivals • 2020: Expected 1.6 billion international tourist arrivals • 2030: Expected 1.8 billion international tourist arrivals (UNWTO , 2013) Under a business-as-usual scenario, the sector’s emissions are forecast to grow by 130% between 2005 and 2035; the emissions from air travel and accommodation are projected to triple.
  15. 15. Tourism Overview • Mass Tourism is developing at an alarming rate with the advancement in air travel and globalization * World Tourism Organisaiton
  16. 16. Impacts of Mass Tourism • Resources o Water consumption in hotels o Electricity consumption for air-cons o High consumption of imported foods • Pollution o Greenhouse emissions o Disposable bottles, food containers, etc
  17. 17. Climate friendly tourism means… The basic principles for climate friendly tourism development relating to any GHG emitting activities should be • Avoidance • Substitution • Offsetting •Develop alternative travel- and transport facilities •Balance between consumers based responses and political framework response
  18. 18. Responsible Travel • Modes of transportation o Consider walking or cycling during your trip, using public transportation, • Economy o Buy local products. Ensure benefit to local people, employ local people. • Respect for local culture o Immerse yourself in and accept the differences of other cultures... • Environmental conservation. o Choose a trip that strengthens the conservation efforts • Natural resource use o consider the efficient use of water, energy, and building materials as well as the method of waste disposal
  19. 19. Climate friend supply chain Using public transport Monitoring energy consumed Moderate consumption Gained knowledge, friendship Memory as your eco-footprint Sustainable and responsible Using alternative transport Meet local people Non motorised sports Using local furniture Enjoy local food Compensate carbon footprint Enjoy local culture and festivals Local economy, products
  20. 20. Tourism supply chain
  21. 21. YMCAs on the way to a climate friendly tourism Some of our measures … •monitoringg energy consumption or climate and environmental issues •providing sensitization & training-programs for staff and guests •learning from best practices, exchange ideas, worldwide networking •being aware about climate policy issues •analyzing issues and create studies •appointing an environmental specialized staff (CSR/environment Manager) •developing a special environmental and climate friendly strategy for YMCAs •establishing standards and certification criteria
  22. 22. The special roll of APAY/GATN • APAY is a well established network at world level • Has human resources working in the field of tourism • Has a multiplier effect because of education and communicating with young people • Has a perfect structure in different Asian countries • Its own strategy is in harmony with climate friendly tourism strategies • The approach of APAY - Global Alternative Tourism Network: o Community centered o Holistic approach o Advocate global citizenship and global networking o Nature conservation o Gender sensitive o Economically viable
  23. 23. Call for Action • Support the “two-degrees-target” - limiting the rise in globally averaged temperature to no more than 2 C above ⁰ pre industrial level • Tourism must play a role in climate change negotiations/UNFCCC. Aviation and shipping must be addressed in the UNFCCC process. IMO and ICAO must consider binding reductions. • Initiate small scale activities like environmental education, using green technology or natural costal zone protection (Mangroves, corals)
  24. 24. Call for Action • Develop credible carbon offsetting activities • Develop clear and practical ways of reducing their carbon footprint – reducing carbon emissions through design, equipment selection and changes in operational practices • Include product management that takes into account the consequences of climate change
  25. 25. Thank you very much! CHAN Beng Seng GATN Coordinator Asia Pacific Alliance of YMCAs Hong Kong Tel.: +852 2780 8347 Fax: +852 2385 4692 bengseng@asiapacificymca.org www.asiapacificymca.org 25

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