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Directly linking tourism &
conservation
WCS Projects in Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar
ITB Asia 2015
Paul Eshoo
If local people earn a lot of money
from ecotourism will they protect
wildlife, rivers and forests?
Yes, because …
• Peopl...
Village receives 10,000 tourists
per year and earns
$50,000/year
But some people nearby the village still
cut down the for...
Decrease
Threats
Increase
Prey
Levels
WCS Ecotourism Model
Revenue linked to conservation
$
$15 $15
Cambodia - Tmatboey
Indigenous Bunong village -
Andong Kralong,
Seima Protection Forest,
Cambodia
But facing many threats
Rich in biodiversity
Jahoo Gibbon Camp
Directly linking:
Economic benefit
Conservation of
wildlife and the forest
$15
$15
Nam Nern Night Safari - Laos
Including All Potential Hunters
• 14 (originally 9) villages are partners in tourism
• Villages have responsibilities and benefits
• All families involved...
$3 -
$200
Year Tours Tourists Gross Rev. Village Fund
1 (’09/’10) 22 50 $3,486 $450
4 (‘12/’13) 45 `116 $18,191 $3,006
Total 134 373...
Protecting Irrawaddy Dolphins in Myanmar
with ecotourism
Irrawaddy Dolphin
Orcaella brevirostris
Threats:
• electric fishing
• gill nets
• pollution,
• siltation,
• boat traffic
Conceptual Model
Other fishermen = electric fishermen, fishermen using gill nets, and others
1
2a
2b
3
2c
4
5
Model Supporting Community-led Dolphin Conservation
through Tourism
Village
Dolphin
Conservatio
n &
Ecotourism
Groups
$
To...
Village Dolphin
Leadership Committee
Myit Ken Gyi Village
Conservation &
Ecotourism Association
Sein Pa Kone
Conservation ...
Ecotourism can create positive impacts if
linked directly to reducing threats
www.wcs.org
www.samveasna.org/
www.namet.org...
HOW TO USE TOURISM AS AN INCENTIVE FOR CONSERVATION: STORIES FROM CAMBODIA, LAOS & MYANMAR
HOW TO USE TOURISM AS AN INCENTIVE FOR CONSERVATION: STORIES FROM CAMBODIA, LAOS & MYANMAR
HOW TO USE TOURISM AS AN INCENTIVE FOR CONSERVATION: STORIES FROM CAMBODIA, LAOS & MYANMAR
HOW TO USE TOURISM AS AN INCENTIVE FOR CONSERVATION: STORIES FROM CAMBODIA, LAOS & MYANMAR
HOW TO USE TOURISM AS AN INCENTIVE FOR CONSERVATION: STORIES FROM CAMBODIA, LAOS & MYANMAR
HOW TO USE TOURISM AS AN INCENTIVE FOR CONSERVATION: STORIES FROM CAMBODIA, LAOS & MYANMAR
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HOW TO USE TOURISM AS AN INCENTIVE FOR CONSERVATION: STORIES FROM CAMBODIA, LAOS & MYANMAR

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Tourism is often described as a way to provide alternative livelihoods for people living around protected areas. For the sake of conservation, this general theory may be more effective with more targeted incentives for the protection of specific species. The use of incentives through tourism payments is being explored by WCS at sites in Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar. Lessons learned can be applied by others in the industry with little cost and high impact.

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HOW TO USE TOURISM AS AN INCENTIVE FOR CONSERVATION: STORIES FROM CAMBODIA, LAOS & MYANMAR

  1. 1. Directly linking tourism & conservation WCS Projects in Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar ITB Asia 2015 Paul Eshoo
  2. 2. If local people earn a lot of money from ecotourism will they protect wildlife, rivers and forests? Yes, because … • People living around protected areas are poor and need alternative income • If people have alternative income, they will reduce their reliance on natural resources
  3. 3. Village receives 10,000 tourists per year and earns $50,000/year But some people nearby the village still cut down the forest and go hunting. Why?  Everyone does not benefit  Only 13 families in the village own the elephants and earn the income  Only 1 village earns the income  When people go hunting or cut the forest, they do not lose their job in tourism Recommendations • Share income from tourism with all villages through a fund • Directly link benefits to conservation indicators
  4. 4. Decrease Threats Increase Prey Levels WCS Ecotourism Model Revenue linked to conservation $
  5. 5. $15 $15 Cambodia - Tmatboey
  6. 6. Indigenous Bunong village - Andong Kralong, Seima Protection Forest, Cambodia But facing many threats Rich in biodiversity
  7. 7. Jahoo Gibbon Camp Directly linking: Economic benefit Conservation of wildlife and the forest $15 $15
  8. 8. Nam Nern Night Safari - Laos
  9. 9. Including All Potential Hunters
  10. 10. • 14 (originally 9) villages are partners in tourism • Villages have responsibilities and benefits • All families involved Contract
  11. 11. $3 - $200
  12. 12. Year Tours Tourists Gross Rev. Village Fund 1 (’09/’10) 22 50 $3,486 $450 4 (‘12/’13) 45 `116 $18,191 $3,006 Total 134 373 $46,176 $6,622 $64,000 indirect revenue to local economy Year Average Sightings per boat Infractions Baseline (‘08/’09) 2.08 6 4 (‘12/’13) 3.59 2 640 rare mammals seen Revenue Wildlife / Threats
  13. 13. Protecting Irrawaddy Dolphins in Myanmar with ecotourism
  14. 14. Irrawaddy Dolphin Orcaella brevirostris Threats: • electric fishing • gill nets • pollution, • siltation, • boat traffic
  15. 15. Conceptual Model Other fishermen = electric fishermen, fishermen using gill nets, and others 1 2a 2b 3 2c 4 5
  16. 16. Model Supporting Community-led Dolphin Conservation through Tourism Village Dolphin Conservatio n & Ecotourism Groups $ Tour Companies Independen t Travelers, Guides & Boats Dolphin Viewing Increased Monitoring Village Fund / Microfinance Income to good fishermen Village Dolphin Conservation & Ecotourism Groups Village Dolphin Conservation & Ecotourism Groups
  17. 17. Village Dolphin Leadership Committee Myit Ken Gyi Village Conservation & Ecotourism Association Sein Pa Kone Conservation & Ecotourism Association Myay Zun Conservation & Ecotourism Association Sithe Village Conservation & Ecotourism Association Sin Kyun Conservation & Ecotourism association Aye Kyun Village Conservation & Ecotourism Association Mwae Kha La and Mwae Yae Yin Conservation & Ecotourism Committee Mandalay Dolphin Conservation & Ecotourism Coordination Group Electric Fishing Action Committee Members = 5 • Dept of Fisheries (1) • Ministry of Hotels and Tourism • Tourism Police (1) • Mandalay Guide Association (1) • Boat Association (1) • Leadership Committee (1) Members: 1 representative from every community 1 elected leader 1 elected assistant leader (secretary) 1 elected accountant Members: • Village leader • Elected head of group • Elected secretary • Elected accountant • Cooperative Fishermen (volunteer) • Fishermen (volunteer) Goals: • Villagers do conservation because they want to • Villagers manage tourism without need of project • Villagers agree to share money on their own • More fishermen and villages join Members = 11 • Regional DOF (2) • Regional Police (2) • Township Officers (4) • District Officer (2) • Project DOF (1) Village Dolphin Conservation & Ecotourism Groups
  18. 18. Ecotourism can create positive impacts if linked directly to reducing threats www.wcs.org www.samveasna.org/ www.namet.org peshoo@wcs.org

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