The Academic Library and Student Retention


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This is a general presentation of my current research interest and the general focus of my dissertation.

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The Academic Library and Student Retention

  1. 1. The Academic Library and Retention Wil Weston
  2. 2. What do I want to know… <ul><li>Examine undergraduate library student worker experiences and how those experiences contribute to their persistence in college. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why are library Experiences important? <ul><li>Library is always grouped with Academics, but relationship is not clearly defined. </li></ul><ul><li>Library appears to meet description for social integration according to Tinto (1993) model of student persistence. (Interactions s/f) </li></ul><ul><li>Improved retention of student workers. (SES) </li></ul><ul><li>Target those who are in most need of benefit. (Work-study – financial need) </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Question is important because… <ul><li>Library is often the largest employer of student workers on a college campus. </li></ul><ul><li>Astin’s research has shown that on campus employment can positively impact retention. </li></ul><ul><li>Work-study and campus employment related strongly to SES, and financial. (Cermak & Filkins, 2004). </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is already known about the question… <ul><li>Kuh and Gonyea’s (2003) study revealed… </li></ul><ul><li>That “academic challenge is positively related to library use” </li></ul><ul><li>That “students who frequently use library resources are also more likely to work harder to meet a faculty member’s expectations.” </li></ul><ul><li>Students “at more challenging universities are more likely to ask a librarian for help, use an index/database, and make thoughtful judgments about the information that they receive.” </li></ul><ul><li>This implies that there is a relationship between persistence and library use and student excellence. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is known… <ul><li>Lemuel Watson’s (2001) study revealed… </li></ul><ul><li>That students on average use the library for multiple reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Students that are comfortable with the library agree more that the library helps them in their academic work. </li></ul><ul><li>Students who dread using the library for schoolwork – that feeling has a negative effect on their academic success. </li></ul><ul><li>Students who perceive the library as a place to study correlate the library with their academic success. </li></ul><ul><li>This further reveals a connection between the persistence and the library. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is not known… <ul><li>Library Workers’ perceptions about… </li></ul><ul><li>Library skills </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations of library work </li></ul><ul><li>Actual use of the library </li></ul><ul><li>Experiences, positive and negative </li></ul><ul><li>Library influence upon their persistence behavior </li></ul>
  8. 8. Framework that informs my study. <ul><li>Tinto’s Student Integration Model (SIM) </li></ul><ul><li>The extent to which the individual becomes academically and socially integrated into the academic and social systems of an institution over time determines the decision to dropout. </li></ul><ul><li>The absence of successful integration arises due to incongruence (odds with the institution) and isolation (disconnected from the institution). </li></ul><ul><li>The individual’s goals and commitments interact over time with institutional experiences (the formal and informal academic and social systems). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Methodology <ul><li>Qualitative research provides insight and understanding of the problem setting, while quantitative seeks to quantify data. </li></ul><ul><li>Their perceptions of the Library contributing to their persistence. </li></ul><ul><li>Their perceptions of the Library in general (place and service, social and academic) </li></ul><ul><li>The need to describe and interpret a phenomena. </li></ul><ul><li>Phenomenological Research is particularly useful in exploring areas not well researched or conceptualized. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Contribution <ul><li>Informing practice in... </li></ul><ul><li>Library’s role on campus </li></ul><ul><li>Library’s role in Student Services </li></ul><ul><li>Library’s academic role </li></ul><ul><li>Library’s social role </li></ul><ul><li>Library role, specifically, in the retention of Library Student Workers. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Thank you! Questions?