Impact of Digital Technology on Education 2005

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G N Wikramanayake (2005) Impact of Digital Technology on Education In: 24th National Information Technology Conference 82-91 Computer Society of Sri Lanka Colombo, Sri Lanka: CSSL Aug 15-16, ISBN: 955-9155-13-X
Article: http://www.slideshare.net/wikramanayake/impact-of-digital-technology-on-education

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  • Impact of Digital Technology on Education 2005

    1. 1. Impact of Digital Technology on Education University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) G.N. Wikramanayake
    2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Society Changes through Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Society to Knowledge Society </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Overview contd. <ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impact & Changes Taken Placed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure Requirements </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Early Education <ul><li>Emphasises learning by listening </li></ul><ul><li>Also through reading </li></ul><ul><li>Performed by well educated and knowledgeable Teachers </li></ul>School
    5. 5. Industrial Cities <ul><li>Many schools </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Institutes </li></ul>
    6. 6. Lack of Good Teachers <ul><li>Many go for higher remuneration </li></ul><ul><li>Through technology we could address this problem </li></ul>E-learning
    7. 7. Information [100 Yrs Ago] Books information
    8. 8. Library [100 Yrs Ago] <ul><ul><li>Organisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul>Library
    9. 9. Electronic & Digital Era <ul><li>Telegraph Messages </li></ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Recording </li></ul><ul><li>Movies </li></ul><ul><li>Television </li></ul><ul><li>CDs, VCD, DVD </li></ul>
    10. 10. Electronic & Digital Era Convey Information Informal and Effective way
    11. 11. Electronic & Digital Era <ul><li>Computers </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Information is widely available </li></ul><ul><li>What is required is knowledge </li></ul>
    12. 12. Role of Computers - then <ul><li>Computer Scientist – 1960s </li></ul><ul><li>Instructions of how to use the computer – low-level interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Solve time consuming problems </li></ul>Terminals
    13. 13. Role of Computers - now <ul><li>Business Use </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Use </li></ul><ul><li>Homes Use </li></ul><ul><li>Possible due to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration of text, graphics and colour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affordable Prices </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Technology Offers <ul><li>Shopping </li></ul>
    15. 15. Technology Offers
    16. 16. Technology Offers <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Forums </li></ul><ul><li>Access to Digital Libraries </li></ul>
    17. 17. At Home
    18. 18. Education
    19. 19. Supporting Technologies for Knowledge Management <ul><li>Local Area Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Internet and Intranets </li></ul>COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK
    20. 20. Organisation of Explicit Knowledge <ul><li>Organisation of Knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Processes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- RDBMS </li></ul></ul>… .---- ---- --- -- .. … .---- ---- --- -- ..
    21. 21. Organisation of Explicit Knowledge <ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EDMS </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Organisation of Explicit Knowledge <ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LMS </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Media for Explicit Knowledge <ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Accessing Explicit Knowledge <ul><li>Internet / Intranet </li></ul><ul><li>Search Engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Meta Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Hierarchical Structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Attribute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Content </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Accessing Explicit Knowledge <ul><li>Workflow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Using Explicit Knowledge <ul><li>Decision Support System </li></ul>
    27. 27. Using Explicit Knowledge <ul><li>Data Mining </li></ul><ul><li>Data Warehousing </li></ul>Data Cleaning Databases Data Integration Data Warehouse Knowledge Task-relevant Data Selection Data Mining Pattern Evaluation
    28. 28. Sharing Knowledge <ul><li>E-Mail </li></ul><ul><li>Video Conferencing </li></ul>
    29. 29. Sharing Knowledge <ul><li>Virtual Meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Document Collaboration </li></ul>
    30. 30. Changes Taken Placed Machine / Industrial Era <ul><li>Production is Products </li></ul><ul><li>Workplace is Physical </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is Worker </li></ul>
    31. 31. Changes Taken Placed … Technology / Information Era <ul><li>Production is Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Workplace is Virtual </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is Customer </li></ul>
    32. 32. Changes in Education <ul><li>Knowledge accessible virtually with focus on student </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher’s role and Student’s learning process has changed </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual access achieved through Internet / Intranets </li></ul>
    33. 33. Changes in Education <ul><li>Techniques such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e-mail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>web notices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>discussion forums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>video conferencing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>allows access to information without visiting the physical location of delivery. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Typical e-learning system will have these characteristics </li></ul>
    34. 34. Changes in Classroom Facilities <ul><li>Verbal </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Transparencies </li></ul><ul><li>Slides </li></ul><ul><li>E-learning </li></ul>
    35. 35. Curriculum Changes <ul><li>Focus on Multidisciplinary themes </li></ul><ul><li>Skills required to manage many jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasise on thinking skills, knowledge integration and application. </li></ul><ul><li>Depth of understanding than breath of knowledge. </li></ul>
    36. 36. Assessment Changes <ul><li>Instead of measuring a student on fact knowledge and discrete skill </li></ul><ul><li>Focus should be application of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Problem solving skills </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate understanding and creativity. </li></ul>
    37. 37. Society Changes <ul><li>Computers for public services </li></ul><ul><li>Internet banking </li></ul><ul><li>Airports </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul>
    38. 38. Society Changes <ul><li>Wireless technology at public places </li></ul><ul><li>Modern society uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>laptops, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PDAs, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>smart phones, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CDs, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>thumb drives </li></ul></ul>
    39. 39. Infrastructure Facilities Student Requirement <ul><li>Learning cannot be done without computers </li></ul><ul><li>All educational institutes must have computers with a minimum ratio of 1:5 </li></ul><ul><li>For computing minimum ratio of 1:3 </li></ul><ul><li>All should have access to Internet. </li></ul>
    40. 40. Infrastructure Facilities Teacher Requirement <ul><li>Unlimited computer and internet access to prepare their educational material. </li></ul>
    41. 41. Education System <ul><li>Many graduates are produced without any exposure to computers. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of them are recruited to the educational system. </li></ul><ul><li>All Universities must move towards using technology to provide education. </li></ul>
    42. 42. Conclusion <ul><li>Education reforms should be integrated with technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology will flood the World with Information. </li></ul><ul><li>For effective access to knowledge, people have to develop their skills to the level of finding problem-relevant information, interpreting and applying them in solving problems. </li></ul>

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