HOW HAS PHOTOGRAPHY BEEN USED OVER TIME <ul><li>Portrait photography is the oldest type of photography.
Before the invention of cameras portrait painting was used. This was all about capturing a persons likeness and was highly...
It was different from modern usage of photography. Now we use photography to capture emotions events and feelings but befo...
Now we use photography in different ways. </li></ul>
DIFFERENT USES OF PHOTOGRAPHY <ul><li>Photography is now used in may different ways for many different reasons.
uses are to document, to sell a product or service, for publicity, commentary, art.
Photographs are important because they record memories, and the are also used as a way to sway public opinion, and to docu...
DIFFERENT USES OF PHOTOGRAPHY <ul><li>Photography is used for:
Artistic Expression: art photography, experimental, still life...
Communication: advertising, marketing, news photography, entertainment...
Documentation: photojournalism (documenting the &quot;human condition); identification (for ID cards, prison mug shots, et...
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Different styles and types of photography for record

  2. 2. HOW HAS PHOTOGRAPHY BEEN USED OVER TIME <ul><li>Portrait photography is the oldest type of photography.
  3. 3. Before the invention of cameras portrait painting was used. This was all about capturing a persons likeness and was highly based on social status and wealth as poor families couldn't afford this luxury. When cameras were first invented they were still used for this same purpose.
  4. 4. It was different from modern usage of photography. Now we use photography to capture emotions events and feelings but before this was not the case as the subjects had to keep still and rigid.
  5. 5. Now we use photography in different ways. </li></ul>
  6. 6. DIFFERENT USES OF PHOTOGRAPHY <ul><li>Photography is now used in may different ways for many different reasons.
  7. 7. uses are to document, to sell a product or service, for publicity, commentary, art.
  8. 8. Photographs are important because they record memories, and the are also used as a way to sway public opinion, and to documents historic events. </li></ul>
  9. 9. DIFFERENT USES OF PHOTOGRAPHY <ul><li>Photography is used for:
  10. 10. Billboards
  11. 11. magazines
  12. 12. papers
  13. 13. leaflets
  14. 14. tv
  15. 15. Fun
  16. 16. Artistic Expression: art photography, experimental, still life...
  17. 17. Communication: advertising, marketing, news photography, entertainment...
  18. 18. Documentation: photojournalism (documenting the &quot;human condition); identification (for ID cards, prison mug shots, etc.); forensic photography
  19. 19. Military, police, and security forces use photography for surveillance, recognition and data storage
  20. 20. to record travel and exotic scenery
  21. 21. Advertising
  22. 22. Voyeurism
  23. 23. archives </li></ul>
  24. 24. DIFERENT PHOTOGRAPHY TECHNIQUES <ul><li>High Speed Photography
  25. 25. Tilt-Shift Photography
  26. 26. Black and White Photography
  27. 27. Motion Blur Photography
  28. 28. Infrared Photography
  29. 29. Night Photography
  30. 30. Smoke Art Photography
  31. 31. Macro Photography
  32. 32. HDR
  33. 33. RAW Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Panoramic Photography
  34. 34. Special Issues
  35. 35. Close up photography
  36. 36. Visit the website below for all of the details and tutorials of these techniques and how to use then </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2009/04/22/the-ultimate-photography-round-up/ </li></ul>
  37. 37. DIFERENT STYLES PHOTOGRAPHY <ul><li>Photographic Methods </li></ul><ul><li>The growth of science and technology in the recent years has brought forth the inventions of many innovative devices. In the field of photography too, there has been mass development. Starting from pinhole cameras and chemical photography, the evolution has been tremendous and the world has seen its own beauty through black and white photographs and then through color photographs. Recently, digital photographs have taken the world by storm. Almost all the images taken around the world now are through digital cameras. These are preferred because of their high quality and sensitivity to the surroundings. </li></ul><ul><li>Styles of Photography </li></ul><ul><li>People around the world use different styles of photography. These are classified as the following, </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial photography
  38. 38. Artistic photography
  39. 39. Technical photography </li></ul>
  40. 40. DIFERENT STYLES OF PHOTOGRAPHY <ul><li>Wildlife Photography </li></ul><ul><li>Research in wildlife and other fields like aquatic definitely need the assistance of photographic techniques. Photography has become part and process of these researches since they are used to depict and explain about the secrets hidden inside the wildlife myths to the outside world. </li></ul><ul><li>Artistic photography </li></ul><ul><li>Since photography is totally related to art and tastes, representation of the worldly beauty can bring in rave reviews from the people. Beautiful photographs of the landscapes and of scenic lands are welcomed all over the world by holding places in posters and image backgrounds. Art exhibitions that are being conducted all around the world can expose the artistic talents and the glory of art to the outsiders. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Photography </li></ul><ul><li>Technical photography involves the usage of photographic techniques in researches and scientific studies and in crime scenes in the police department.
  41. 41. In general, scientific researches involve the usage of multiple sequential photographs to study the movement of microorganisms and other creatures. They are useful in recording the study of those organisms for future uses.
  42. 42. In crime scenes, photographs play a major role in detecting the suspects since they assist, largely, the detectives and help in giving out the clues in inspections. </li></ul>
  43. 43. DIFERENT STYLES OF PHOTOGRAPHY <ul><li>Commercial Photography </li></ul><ul><li>Photography is widely used in the commercial field only. Almost every part of the world uses the method of photography in the commercial field. It has become inevitable and unavoidable in everyone’s lives. The following are the fields where photography has been used commercially. </li></ul><ul><li>Advertisements and Publicities </li></ul><ul><li>Photographs have been acting as the most important source to be used for advertisements. Photography is used extensively to market and publicize products and also in the pictorial illustration of the same. There are numerous advertising agencies around the world for this purpose. Most of the photographs used for this purpose involve catchy digital and graphical images in order to capture the view of the end-user. </li></ul><ul><li>Journalism and Editorial photography </li></ul><ul><li>Photographs are used to bring out the news and information related to incidents. They are used in media like television, newspapers, magazines etc to depict the actual situation. Photographs accompanying a news editorial will be very useful for the reader to understand. Hence, photography is used extensively here. </li></ul><ul><li>Fashion and designing fields </li></ul><ul><li>Photography has started to be used extensively in the field of fashion and modeling. Here, the general use is for emphasizing models for marketing of clothes and designer items. This needs experience and talents because the main intent is to bring out the beauty out of the null . </li></ul>
  44. 44. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PHOTOGRAPHY <ul><li>Still Life Photography : </li></ul><ul><li>Still life photography is all about capturing objects on camera that are deliberately grouped together to create a particular composition. This form of art requires the photographer to have an excellent sense of composition and lighting. A photographer in this case can create different textures and use objects that add interest to an otherwise normal composition. </li></ul><ul><li>Wedding Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>Wedding photography is a specialized field of this art form, which is dedicated to snapping the most memorable moments in various creative ways. A photographer can take his/her own approach towards this subject. While some prefer the traditional ‘posed’ ways, there are others who base their photographs purely on the actual moment. Photographers can also make these pictures fashionable with particular themes if agreeable with the client. There are many cases where such glamorous wedding photographs are captured especially in the studio. Today, many people are willing to explore new ideas, which open up many new creative avenues for experts in wedding photography. </li></ul><ul><li>Fine Art Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>Fine art photography is all about visuals that resemble a work of art. These are highly creative images that have an abstract appeal. Therefore, these photographs can be equivalent to an artist’s expression on canvas. This genre of photography is not restricted for commercial purposes but could be used for creative pursuits as well. A fine art p hotographer should have the ability to look beyond the obvious settings. </li></ul>
  45. 45. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PHOTOGRAPHY <ul><li>Fashion Photography:
  46. 46. This genre of photography is one of the most lucrative kinds. Photographs are one of the most effective ways of communication in the world of fashion. Here, photography is used to bring attention to the clothes and the accessories. Models are exclusively selected to showcase products in the best way possible. Fashion photographers today create the particular look, either in natural environment or one that is created in the studio. Often, these fashionable photographs find their way in the leading fashion magazines. These magazines cater to the niche crowd that loves to know the best in clothing and other fashion accessories. </li></ul><ul><li>Glamour Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>Glamour photography is also about fashionable visuals, however with a touch of difference. Glamour photography highlights the model in a different light rather than laying emphasis on the clothing or accessories. Often, nude images are also a part of glamour photography. These can be found on the covers of magazines like ‘Playboy’. </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising photography is all about creating the right environment to highlight the product to be advertised in the best way possible. The photographers generally come up with ideas or visuals or at times, design houses also brief photographers with the concept required in order to obtain the specific results. These photographs are always planned in co-ordination with the advertising firm </li></ul>
  47. 47. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PHOTOGRAPHY <ul><li>Nature Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>Nature photographers are very much sought-after by media houses. Works of these creative geniuses can be seen in magazines like ‘National Geographic’. Nature photography encompasses various other types of photography, such as-
  48. 48. Landscape Photography: These photographs mainly highlight the natural beauty of any place. It includes areas of wilderness, deserts, mountains or even waterfalls.
  49. 49. Wildlife Photography: Photographers that specialize in wildlife photography spend many hours in the wilderness to capture some of the most amazing shots of animals against a natural backdrop. A photographer in this case, would need to be an ardent animal lover and know his way around in the wild.
  50. 50. Underwater Photography: Underwater photography is an interesting art form that explores a whole new world beneath the deep blue seas. It’s an extremely challenging task because a photographer should be equipped with all the knowledge about swimming and scuba diving to capture the best images while swimming in the blue waters!
  51. 51. Seascape Photography : Capturing nature in her many moods would be interesting for all lovers of the environment. A photographer who is dedicated completely to seascape photography should always lie in wait for the beauty of the sea to unfold. Here the concentration is mainly on capturing various moods of the ocean, at different times of the day or even seasons!
  52. 52. Cloudscape Photography: This genre of photography is completely capturing various images of the cloud formations. Black and white photography in particular can be creatively used for this branch of photography. </li></ul>
  53. 53. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PHOTOGRAPHY <ul><li>Travel Photography:
  54. 54. Travel photography involves capturing images of a particular landscape or even people from different countries. A photographer who is dedicated to this type of photography captures various traditions and customs of a place
  55. 55. Architectural Photography:
  56. 56. Architectural photography, as the name suggests, is all about the capturing images of different styles of architecture in different lights. This type of photography would require the photographers to be an expert in the technical, as well as the visual department.
  57. 57. Portrait Photography:
  58. 58. Portrait photography is all about capturing the mood of a person with an emphasis on the face and expression of a person. This style of photography need not only be about professional models, it can encompass any kind of a person. Family portrait photographs are very much in demand but this does not mean it’s all about a basic snapshot. There are many creative ways a photographer can use to make a portrait photograph look equally stunning! </li></ul>
  59. 59. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PHOTOGRAPHY <ul><li>Photojournalism:
  60. 60. Photojournalism is all about telling a story about a particular event or incident through a single photograph. This genre of photography is used mainly by publications to represent the latest news. In this case, the photographer’s visuals and the writer’s story should compliment each other. For example, if a writer is making a specific mention of a particular location in the story, the photographer can find innovative ways to capture the same on camera. Photojournalism can be further classified into –
  61. 61. Documentary photography: Here, the photographer has to present an image that best represents the incident being spoken of in true form. In this case, press photographers usually submit their images to the concerned publication but in recent times, press photographers from all over the world often display these at exhibitions as well.
  62. 62. Street Photography : This is all about capturing candid images of public places or even people in their natural element. A photographer in this case requires the knack to mingle between people and capture the best frames without being conscious of people around. Henri Cartier-Bresson used the technique of wrapping the camera inside his handkerchief. Of course, one also has to consider the legal issues, as there are many places where this type of photography is prohibited for security reasons. </li></ul>
  63. 63. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PHOTOGRAPHY <ul><li>Photojournalism (cont) :
  64. 64. Celebrity Photography : Celebrity photography is all about capturing celebrities from various fields. Various media houses use such photographs - from publications (magazines, newspapers) to the online media. In this case there are various ways of approaching this subject. In the first instance, celebrities are shot with meticulous planning in a studio or at an outdoor location where the styling is well planned for; this includes the clothes, make up and the accessories. Apart from this, photographers who specialize in celebrity photography also need to capture them at various functions or press conferences. Where as, there is a third type of celebrity photography known as the paparazzi. This is about capturing celebrities on camera without their consent. These photographs are exclusive and often fetch the premium price for all photographers.
  65. 65. Sports Photography : This genre of photography is dedicated completely to capturing the best images in action, for any kind of sports. A photographer in this case should have the knack to capture stunning images on camera with great speed. There are many photographers who have dedicated themselves completely to this segment. These photographs are mainly used by publishing houses and other branches of media. </li></ul>
  66. 66. <ul><li>Nude Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>Nude photography is about the depiction of the human body in nude form. These photographs are not meant for eroticism but purely for the study of the human body. Here, the face is not always the focal point and the compositions are stylized with experimentation in terms of light and backdrops. </li></ul><ul><li>War Photography : </li></ul><ul><li>War photography is about capturing photographs that depict the situations at war in terms of the people or the particular situation. Here, the photographers are always at risk and often the target of the warring groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Candid Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>Henri Cartier-Bresson is one of the first names that crops up in one’s mind when it comes to candid photography. This can be said to be one of the purest forms of photography, which does not include any staged situations. Candid photography is all about being spontaneous! </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>This form of photography would require the photographer to be equipped with protective clothing. The photographer in this case, clicks photographs of firefighting operations. This type of photography is useful for investigations. </li></ul>DIFFERENT TYPES OF PHOTOGRAPHY
  67. 67. <ul><li>Forensic Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as crime scene photography, here the job of the photographer is mainly to capture images for an accurate representation of the scene of crime. Here, a photographer will have to cover all the possible angles of the particular scene for investigation purposes. These images could be about any scene of crime or even accidents. </li></ul><ul><li>Secret Photography : </li></ul><ul><li>Here, it is the primary aim of the photographer to capture images of people without their knowledge. Professional photographers mainly use this type of photography for investigative purposes and unethical publication of the same can result in various legal issues. Here, the photographer can also conceal himself/herself from the concerned party including the camera being used. </li></ul><ul><li>Macro Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>This style of photography is completely about close-up images of the particular subject. This style is used particularly to capture details of organisms or nature that may not be visible to the naked eye . </li></ul>DIFFERENT TYPES OF PHOTOGRAPHY
  68. 68. <ul><li>Aerial Photography:
  69. 69. A photographer in this case, needs to be an expert at capturing images from an elevated position. There are various techniques used to obtain these images; a photographer can click these images from a helicopter or an aircraft and more recently, kites are also being used wherein the camera is attached to the kite to click photographs when the kite is in the air.
  70. 70. Headshot Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>This type of photography focuses mainly on the person’s face (mug shots) but is different from portrait photography. The images in this case are plainer in nature as the client would need to use these images purely for work purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Food Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>Food photography is mainly in demand due to the rising needs from the advertising industry and publishing houses. It is the photographer’s skill that is required to make the group of objects look very interesting and appealing to the viewer. </li></ul>DIFFERENT TYPES OF PHOTOGRAPHY
  71. 71. <ul><li>Astrophotography: </li></ul><ul><li>Photographers in this case focus completely on capturing images from space. This could range from the planets to the stars or any other interesting formations. It is very difficult to capture a clear image of any incident in the starry skies owing to many technical problems a photographer may face. However, with the advent of new technology in this field, many innovative options are being added to make this type of photography easier for avid photographers dedicated to this field. </li></ul><ul><li>Child Photography : </li></ul><ul><li>In this case, the photographer should definitely have a knack to handle children to capture their best moods and moments! These types of photographs are used for advertising purposes or even for personal reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Black and White Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>With the advent of colour photography, black and white photography would have been passé. However, this is a medium that offers vast options for photographers. The timeless appeal of black and white photography can be used for any topic. Photographers in this case would need to use lighting and textures apart from composition and latest techniques to be rewarded with beautiful visuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Photography : </li></ul><ul><li>Digital photography is all about photographers opting for the digital cameras over the traditional ways to click images that are faster to transmit. However, there are many photographers who still prefer to use film to digital cameras for better clarity and representation of light and dark. </li></ul><ul><li>Night Photography: </li></ul><ul><li>Photographers in this case completely specialize in night scenes. Due to the problem of
  72. 72. minimum light, new techniques are being incorporated. A photographer can use artificial
  73. 73. light or even a long exposure to capture clear and precise images. </li></ul>DIFFERENT TYPES OF PHOTOGRAPHY