Pengantar Government 2.0

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Pengantar Government 2.0

  1. 1. Government 2.0Government 2.0 STUDY PROGRAM: MAGISTER INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, COMPUTER SCIENCE FACULTY, UNIVERSITY OF INDONESIA Lectures: Dana Indra Sensuse, Ph.D Yudho Giri Sucahyo, Ph.D Assistant:Assistant: Wibisono Sastrodiwiryo, S.Kom, M.T.IWibisono Sastrodiwiryo, S.Kom, M.T.I ((wibi@alumni.ui.ac.idwibi@alumni.ui.ac.id)) Date: November 11, 2010Date: November 11, 2010
  2. 2. E-GovernmentE-Government  Millennium Development GoalsMillennium Development Goals  8 tujuan8 tujuan  18 target18 target  ImplementasiImplementasi e-Governmente-Government::  35% gagal total35% gagal total  50% gagal sebagian50% gagal sebagian  15% berhasil15% berhasil
  3. 3. E-Government (APCICT)E-Government (APCICT)  Menurut dokumen APCICT: Permintaan layananMenurut dokumen APCICT: Permintaan layanan e-Gove-Gov akan datang dari meningkatnyaakan datang dari meningkatnya kesadaran akankesadaran akan peluangpeluang yang ditawarkan oleh penyampaian layananyang ditawarkan oleh penyampaian layanan pemerintah yang lebih cepat dan lebih baik.pemerintah yang lebih cepat dan lebih baik.  Empat tujuan: 1. Layanan pemerintah online 2. Pemerintah tanpa kertas (paperless) 3. Pemerintah berbasis pengetahuan 4. Pemerintah yang transparan  Tiga tugas besar: 1. Menginovasi layanan masyarakat (G2C); 2. Menginovasi layanan bisnis (G2B); 3. Menginovasi cara kerja pemerintah (G2G).
  4. 4. E-Government + Web 1.0 = Gov 1.0E-Government + Web 1.0 = Gov 1.0 E-GovernmentE-Government One-way communication Static web 330,000 inaccessible PDFs 106,000 Word docs 6,330 PowerPoint 500,000 static HTML Government voice Bureaucrat-speak Manual processes Careful editorial processes Disclaimers Program-based navigation Complex navigation Crafted communications Reactive Source: Matthew Hodgson PresentationMatthew Hodgson Presentation Government voice Information-based Risk averse
  5. 5. Web 2.0Web 2.0 Source: Matthew Hodgson PresentationMatthew Hodgson Presentation
  6. 6. Web 1.0 vs Web 2.0Web 1.0 vs Web 2.0
  7. 7. E-Government + Web 2.0 = Gov 2.0?E-Government + Web 2.0 = Gov 2.0?  Where public policyWhere public policy is madeis made  People get info and then leavePeople get info and then leave  Focus on official governmentFocus on official government informationinformation  Communicate widely viaCommunicate widely via expensive TV, radio, printexpensive TV, radio, print  Where the people areWhere the people are  People comePeople come to talk,to talk, interact, collaborateinteract, collaborate  Focus on communityFocus on community andand relationshipsrelationships  Communicate cheaply viaCommunicate cheaply via word-of-mouth, discrete,word-of-mouth, discrete, targetedtargeted web channelsweb channels Gov 1.0 Gov 2.0 Source: Matthew Hodgson PresentationMatthew Hodgson Presentation
  8. 8. Obama’s Omni PresentObama’s Omni Present
  9. 9. BlogsBlogs “a survey into Canadian’s views on their government’s use of Web 2.0” Source: Matthew Hodgson PresentationMatthew Hodgson Presentation
  10. 10. TwittersTwitters Engaging and interacting with the public
  11. 11. Government on FacebookGovernment on Facebook
  12. 12. Government Officials on FBGovernment Officials on FB
  13. 13. Congress on FacebookCongress on Facebook
  14. 14. Indonesian’s Gov OfficialsIndonesian’s Gov Officials
  15. 15. Indonesian’s Gov PageIndonesian’s Gov Page
  16. 16. FB PLNFB PLN
  17. 17. FB Kota SoloFB Kota Solo
  18. 18. FB Polisi IndiaFB Polisi India
  19. 19. FB Polisi India 2FB Polisi India 2
  20. 20. Leverage Conversations=EngagementLeverage Conversations=Engagement
  21. 21. E-Government (Level)E-Government (Level)  1. Presence1. Presence  2. Interaction2. Interaction  3. Transaction3. Transaction  4. Transformation (connected governance)4. Transformation (connected governance) UN Survey 2008: Connected Governance (CG) CG adalah ciri generasi ke dua e-Gov Pola solusi mengarah ke shared services
  22. 22. E-Government TrendE-Government Trend
  23. 23. data.australia.gov.audata.australia.gov.au
  24. 24. data.go.ukdata.go.uk
  25. 25. data.govdata.gov
  26. 26. Government 2.0 ProgramGovernment 2.0 Program  Amerika:Amerika: Open GovernmentOpen Government  Inggris:Inggris: Smarter GovernmentSmarter Government  Kanada:Kanada: Visible GovernmentVisible Government  Australia:Australia: Government 2.0Government 2.0  Indonesia: ?Indonesia: ?
  27. 27. Government 2.0 DirectiveGovernment 2.0 Directive  Pidato Obama di UI: “Pidato Obama di UI: “a commitment toa commitment to transparencytransparency that gives every Indonesian athat gives every Indonesian a stake in their government;”stake in their government;”  Open Government Directive: UnprecedentedOpen Government Directive: Unprecedented level of openness in Governmentlevel of openness in Government  Government should be transparentGovernment should be transparent  Government should be participatoryGovernment should be participatory  Government should be collaborativeGovernment should be collaborative http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/TransparencyandOpenGovernment/ http://www.facebook.com/notes/indonesian-government-20-platform/transcript-president
  28. 28. Facebook UsersFacebook Users http://asiancorrespondent.com/jon-russell/indonesia-facebook-s-second- largest-market-as-asia-surpasses-100-million-members
  29. 29. www.elgin.gov.ukwww.elgin.gov.uk
  30. 30. CrimeReportsCrimeReports
  31. 31. CrimeReports: Map MarkerCrimeReports: Map Marker
  32. 32. FB’r Dukung Bibit ChandraFB’r Dukung Bibit Chandra
  33. 33. Koin KeadilanKoin Keadilan
  34. 34. merapi.combine.or.idmerapi.combine.or.id
  35. 35. Gov 2.0: It’s All About The PlatformGov 2.0: It’s All About The Platform
  36. 36. About PlatformAbout Platform  Belajar dari industri KomputerBelajar dari industri Komputer  IBM PC adalahIBM PC adalah platformplatform  MS Windows adalahMS Windows adalah platformplatform  Web adalahWeb adalah platformplatform  iPhoneiPhone  185.000 aplikasi185.000 aplikasi  3.000 aplikasi perhari3.000 aplikasi perhari  FacebookFacebook  +400 juta pengguna+400 juta pengguna  +550.000 aplikasi+550.000 aplikasi  +1 juta pengembang di 180 negara+1 juta pengembang di 180 negara
  37. 37. Blueprint E-Gov KemkominfoBlueprint E-Gov Kemkominfo
  38. 38. Model Platform Gov 2.0 IndonesiaModel Platform Gov 2.0 Indonesia
  39. 39. Web ServicesWeb Services
  40. 40. Any Question?Any Question?  http://www.facebook.com/gov2indonesiahttp://www.facebook.com/gov2indonesia

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