Photo Realism Major players: Chuck Close | Richard Estes | Janet Fish They believed that photographic images have become more real to many people than actual objects They used paints and brushes, but saw the world through the lens of a camera. Many of their works were actually mistaken for photographs. Often the artist is detached from the subject. Their works tended not to have an emotional quality at all. Nothing is personal about the subject matter, and there is rarely a single focal point. P H O T O - R E A L I S M
Chuck Close Photo-Realism • Famous American Painter. Recently started working with Photography. • Born in Monroe, Washington on July 5, 1940. • Works on a large scale producing paintings of faces • Close would often complete multiple images of the same person, each time using a different medium (art material)
Chuck Close Photo-Realism • Growing up he had a rough childhood. As a teenager he suffered from a muscular weakness and was not good at sports. Learning disabilities made school difficult, but through these trials he discovered that he could draw better than anyone else. • After graduating from high school Close went on to University of Washington, and eventually graduated with the highest grade point average in the school. • VERY INTERESTING FACT >>>> HE WORKS FROM USING GRIDS!!
Chuck Close Photo-Realism • Close’s works often are the height of an average person and take up to two years to create… and most interestingly Chuck Close has been confined to a wheelchair for the past 20 years. • In 1988 Close suffered from the sudden collapse of a spinal artery, leaving him paralyzed from the neck down. Since then he has regained some use of his arms, but has never been able to regain control of his hands.
Chuck Close Photo-Realism • Chuck Close was influenced by Pop Art. With his enormous, detailed portraits Chuck Close points out society’s dependency on second-hand visual experiences. • None of his “portraits” are traditional. They tell us nothing about the subject’s lives, feelings, character, profession, or social status. • His works are merely paintings of photos of faces. • The overwhelming detail forces us to think not about the subject, but about the image itself- how and why it was made.
Chuck Close Photo-Realism • The work of Chuck Close has progressed throughout the years. Originally his artwork was very realistic. Later his work began to loosen up. His most recent images are built from specks of color that can be “read” as faces only from a distance.
Chuck Close Photo-Realism Leslie. 1973 He magnified every blemish and imperfection. His early work was created using an airbrush, as to mimic the mechanical quality of a photograph. The process of creating the painting was equally important to Chuck Close as the finished image.
Jud/Collage 1982 Pulp paper collage on canvas 96x72”
Fanny/Fingerpainting 1985 Oil based ink on canvas 102x84”
Leslie/Fingerpainting 1986 Oil based ink on canvas 54x41”
Georgia. 1984-1985 Fingerpainting Oil based ink on canvas
Chuck Close Photo-Realism Self Portrait. 1991 “ I paint heads because heads matter to everybody. If you paint a face big enough, it’s hard to ignore.” “ My real subjects are not people, I paint portraits of photographs” “ If you make something new and personal, it may not look like art at all.”
Chuck Close Photo-Realism POST PARALYSIS He continues to paint on the same scale that he had always painted on. Now he has attendants that help him with the preliminary work, but he still does the actual painting. Sometimes he sits on a forklift, and other times he uses a special mechanical easel that raises, lowers, and rotates his canvases for him.
Chuck Close Photo-Realism Keith THE PROCESS: Uses a grid to enlarge the photos onto the canvas. Frontal head posed in almost a passport-photo view Unsmiling lips and dead-pan eyes. Used several different media to create his portraits: Airbrush, Fingerprints, Crayon, Acrylic Paint, Oil Paint, Pencil, Pen, Paper Collage,