The outer solar system & the oort could, NAte and Alex
THE OUTER SOLARSYSTEM & THE OORT CLOUDBy Alex Wang & Nate Grams
JUPITER Cool Facts:One cool Fact is that Jupiter essentially acts as earths shield, drawing commits heading towards the Earth and flings them into the sun. A second fact is that Jupiter has a mass which is greater than the mass of allof the other planets in our solar system combined even though it is composed of gas Perhaps the most interesting fact about Jupiter is that one of its moons, Europa, is believed to have a subterranean salt water sea, therefor it might have the neccicary elements needed for life. Discovery: No one can be sure when Jupiter was discovered as it is one of the five planets that are visible with the naked eye. But what we can be sure about is that Galileo was the first person to view Jupiter in detail through a telescope.
SATURN Good things to know: Saturn has a diameter of 120,536 km (at the equator.)Saturn is the second biggest planet in our solar system in terms of mass, weighing in at 5.85e26 kg. Saturn is the sixth planet form the sun and its orbit brings it 1,429,400 AMU.s from the sun at any point. Discovery: Gallileo was the first person to observe Saturn and made thediscovery in 1610, but it wasn’t until 1659 that Christian Huygens discovered that it actually had rings.
URANUS Cool Facts: Uranus’s Atmosphere, like the other big gas giants (Jupiter and Saturn) is consisted mainly of Hydrogen and Helium but unlike Jupiter and Saturn’satmosphere Uranus’s atmosphere has more “icy material” in it’s atmosphere such as water and methane.Uranus has the coldest atmosphere of all the planets in our atmosphere with atmospheric temperatures that can fall to -224C. Discovery: Uranus was Discovered on March 13th 1781 by Sir. William Herschel
NEPTUNE Facts: Since Pluto’s orbit sometimes crosses Neptune’s it is the farthest planet/planetish object in our solar system from the sun for a while.Neptune’s composition is similar to Uranus’ in the fact that it is made mostly of gasses and “icy” materials such as water, ammonia, and methane.Uranus’s blue color is partially due to the methane which absorbs red light but there is still an unknown factor which makes Neptune have a bluish hue . Like most gas planets Neptune has very extreme winds which can cause very intense weather.Like Jupiter and Saturn, Neptune radiates heat so in the end it ends up emitting twice as much heat as it receives from the sun.Like Uranus Neptune has rings and also like Uranus, Neptune’s rings are made out of darker matter so they are harder to see and their composition is unknown. Neptune’s three rings have been named, the first is called Adam which has been divided into three prominent arks which have been named library, Equality, and
NEPTUNE (CONTINUED)Neptune’s three rings have been named, the first is called Adam which has been divided into three prominent arks which have been named library, Equality, and Farternier. The second ring is called Leverrier, and the third is called GalleOne of Neptune’s more prominent figures is The Great Dark Spot on it’ssurface which is about half the size of Jupiter’s Great Red Spot, which is approximately the diameter of earth Neptune’s Magnetic Field is like Uranus’s which is oddly oriented, this isprobably caused by the motions of conductive materials (probably water) moving around it’s inner layers.
NEPTUNE’S SATELLITES Neptune has 13 moons.Naida, Thalassa, Despina, Galatea, Larissa, Proteus, Triton, Nereid, Halimede, Sao, Laomedeia, Psamathe, and Neso. Here is the distance they are from the Neptune, in order ( distance in km), 48, 50, 53, 62, 74, 118, 355, 5509, 15728, 22422, 23571, 46695, 48387.
BIBLIOGRAPHY Anon Anon. The Oort Cloud . 2012. Photograph. Anon, Anon. . "Saturn." www.thenineplanet.com. N.p., 1994. Web. 3 May 2012. http://nineplanets.org/saturn.htmlCessna , Abby. "When was Saturn discovered ." www.theuniversetoday.com. N.p., Nov.- 15-2009. Web. 3 May 2012. <http://www.universetoday.com/45087/when- NASA, . "The Outer Solar System." NASA Science. NASA, N.D. Web. 2 May 2012. <http:// science.nasa.gov/planetary-science/focus-areas/outer- solar-system/>.Cain, Farser. "When was Uranus discovered ." The Universe today. . N.p., 11/27/09. Web. 4 May 2012. <http://www.universetoday.com/46249/when-was-uranus- discovered/>.