Material and compositions of moons sam e.

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Material and compositions of moons sam e.

  1. 1. By Sam Ephron
  2. 2.  The Moon  The Earth’s 1st and only Moon Titan  The 15th Moon of Saturn Phobos  Mars’s second moon
  3. 3.  Our Moon has Five Layers The Top Layer is the Crust The 2nd Layer is the Mantle The 3rd Layer is the Outer Core The 4th Layer is the Liquid Core The 5th Layer is the Solid inner Core
  4. 4.  The Crust is the surface of the Moon  It consists of regolith and hardened lava  Regolith consists of:  40% Oxygen  20% Silicon  12% Iron  8.5% Calcium  7.3% Aluminum  4.8% Magnesium  4.5% Titanium  0.33% Sodium  0.2% Chromium  0.16%Manganese  0.11% Potassium  540 ppm Sulfur  200 ppm Carbon  100 ppm Nitrogen  40 ppm Hydrogen  428ppm Helium
  5. 5.  The Mantle is the inside of the Moon that is not the Core  The Mantle contains ○ Some olivine ○ some orthopyroxene ○ It is also richer in iron then earth
  6. 6.  All parts of the Core consist of the same thing The Outer Core is a state that is somewhat Fluid state  The Outer Core consists of ○ Iron ○ Some other metals
  7. 7.  The Middle Core is Liquid  The Middle Core consists of ○ Iron ○ Some other metals
  8. 8.  The Inner Core is solid  The Inner Core is mainly solid because of how cold the moon is  The Inner Core consists of ○ Iron ○ Some other metals
  9. 9.  The Moon is 238,900 miles from Earth The Moon’s day is 27.3 Earth days The temperature of the moon is between -170 to 110 °C There are 1,500 Moonquakes every year The Moon also drifts one centimeter away from Earth every year
  10. 10.  The Moon  The Earth’s 1st and only Moon Titan  The 15th Moon of Saturn Phobos  Mars’s second moon
  11. 11.  The first layer of Titan is the Atmosphere The second layer of Titan is frozen liquid Hydrogen The third layer is Liquid water The fourth layer is high-pressure ice The fifth layer is the SilicateCore
  12. 12.  Titan’s Atmosphere is so thick that it prevented us from learning about Titan’s surface for a while Something unknown is recycling methane in Titan’s Atmosphere
  13. 13.  Titan’s second layer consists of liquid hydrogen  The temperature of Liquid Hydrogen is between -200°C and -258°C
  14. 14.  Titan’s third layer is water  Water consists of ○ 66.6∞ Hydrogen ○ 33.3∞ Oxygen
  15. 15.  The Fourth layer is high pressure ice  High pressure ice is gas that is put under so much pressure that it behaves like a solid ○ It consists of  Methane
  16. 16.  Titan’s Core consists of Silicate  Silicate consists of ○ 80% Oxygen ○ 20% Silicon
  17. 17.  It originally thought the biggest moon in the solar system The surface pressure of Titan would feel like the bottom of a swimming pool Titan is larger than Mercury Titan has many lakes and mountains like Earth Titan is 3,200 miles wide In 1655 Christiaan Huygens Discovered Titan Titans atmosphere is 124 miles deep Titan is the second biggest moon in our solar system
  18. 18.  The Moon  The Earth’s 1st and only Moon Titan  The 15th Moon of Saturn Phobos  Mars’s second moon
  19. 19.  Phobos consists of a C-type rock similar to the blackish carbonaceous chondrite asteroids
  20. 20.  Phobos surface is basically dust because it has been hit by thousands of asteroids One of the most prominent features is the 6 mile wide Stickney crater
  21. 21.  It orbits Mars three times a day Phobos has no atmosphere Asaph Hall discovered Phobos on August 17th, 1877 Asaph named Phobos, Phobos for the son of Ares, the Greek counterpart of the Roman god, Mars Phobos means fear or panic Every one-hundred years Phobos drifts 1.8 miles closer to Mars
  22. 22.  Green, Dan, and Simon Basher.Astronomy / Out of This World! New York: Kingfisher, 2009. Print. Naik, Abhijit. "What Is the Moon Made of." Buzzle.com. Buzzle.com, 18 Feb. 2010. Web. 30 Apr. 2012. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/what-is-the-moon-made- of.html>. Knight, J. D. "Titan, Moon of Saturn - The Solar System on Sea and Sky." Sea and Sky. Sea and Sky. Web. 30 Apr. 2012. <http://www.seasky.org/solar-system/saturn-titan.html>. "The Physical Moon and Its History." Moon Origins, Facts and Phenomena. Web. 27 Apr. 2012. <http://www.moonlightsys.com/themoon/facts.html>. "Lunar Regolith." The Moon Miner. Web. 26 Apr. 2012. <http://www.moonminer.com/Lunar_regolith.html>.
  23. 23.  "Hydrogen : Hydrogen, Liquid And Solid." Organic and Inorganic Chemistry. Quid United Ltd. Web. 27 Apr. 2012. <http://chemistry.proteincrystallography.org/article21.html>. Hamilton, Calvin J. "Saturns Moon Titan." Views of the Solar System. Calvin J. Hamilton. Web. 25 Apr. 2012. <http://www.solarviews.com/eng/titan.htm>. "The Habitable Zone." PBS. PBS. Web. 26 Apr. 2012. <http://www.pbs.org/lifebeyondearth/alone/titan.html>. "Solar System Exploration: Planets: Mars: Moons: Phobos: Overview." Solar System Exploration. NASA. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=Mar_ Phobos>.
  24. 24.  Moon Layers cut away, http://astrobob.areavoices.com/2012/01/01/lunar-anatomy- from-skin-to-guts/, April 23,2012 Titan Cut away, http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-5IzhBFczuiI/TxSAuPx- YQI/AAAAAAAAQtY/4-8dDr0JD_g/s1600/titanocean.png, April 23, 2012 Moon surface, http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_YuR6V_Yr7Bk/TJR- pinSsFI/AAAAAAAAGGg/btpd-QqJYoc/s1600/moon.jpg, April 24, 2012 Silicate molecules, http://chemcases.com/silicon/images/f19_042.jpg, April 23, 2012

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