Dkw0007 pp tproject.ppt

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Dkw0007 pp tproject.ppt

  1. 1. INSTRUMENT FAMILIESINSTRUMENT FAMILIES September 20, 2012 Dana Whitman
  2. 2. Four Families of Instruments • Woodwinds •Brass •Strings • Percussion
  3. 3. • Originally made of wood FLUTE • Played by blowing across OBOE or into the tube of the instrumentCLARINET • Air column inside tube isBASSOON set in vibration and tones are produced • Different pitches are created by changing the length of the column of air • Pitch is low if column of air is long, high if column of air is shorter
  4. 4. Woodwinds
  5. 5. BRASSTRUMPETTROMBONEFRENCH HORNTUBA
  6. 6. BRASS Consists of a long metal tube with a mouthpiece and a bell- shaped opening To produce sound a player buzzes his lips into the mouthpiece and causes the air inside to vibrate Player blows air into mouthpiece to create the tone The bell helps to make the tone louder and create quality of tone Pitch is low if tube is long, high if tube is short Trumpet/French horn – 3 valves Trombone uses length of slide Tuba – 4 valves
  7. 7. StringsVIOLINVIOLACELLOBASSHARP
  8. 8. STRINGS Made from woods, fingerboard on long neck and four strings Special bow made of wood and fine horse hairs Tone produced by vibrations or motion of strings pulling the bow across or plucking the strings – pizzicato Low pitch – string long and heavy High pitch – string short and lighter
  9. 9. PERCUSSION Timpani / kettledrums/ snare drums Xylophones Orchestra bells/ Chimes Cymbals Tambourine/ triangle Maracas/ claves Woodblock/ sand block Castanets/jingle bells Piano
  10. 10. PERCUSSION Played by being: Struck Shaken scraped
  11. 11. PION
  12. 12. FINALE’
  13. 13. RESOURCES• www.mymusictheory.com• www.sfskids.org• www.orsymphony.org• www.ehow.com

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