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  1. 1. Steps in the Research Process Defining the task Research Project CalculatorKeep Up with the Process https://rpc.elm4you.orgUse an original teacher-made checklist /templates/196 or Getting Started Template http://libguides.csd.k12.nh. us/content.php? pid=84329&sid=893260Choose A Topic If a topic is not assigned, choose a topic that interests you.Locate Background Information Use encyclopedias and other reference tools both online and in print to gain some depth in your topic. • Wikipedia • Answers.com2. Selecting resources and gathering information Keyword HelperResearch Strategy • http://www.l ib.utexas.ed • Keywords are So Important u/keywords/ index.php Topic what would have happened if the south had won the Civil war • http://woodbur y.sau57.libguide Key governmen economy slaves the North php? Concepts t pid=349222&si d=2856911 Related Constitutio Jobs Freedom international Keywords n adopted relevance or ignored international racism trade relation with foriegn economic South policy currency success after government political freedom parties •
  2. 2. • • Define Research Questions Search Tools m/content.php? pid=184760&sid=155848 6 http://toolsforsearch.wi Think about what you want to know. Googling "malaria" really doesnt help you when you arent sure what you need. Think of research as fill in the blanks. For example, some research questions on malaria might be: • What is the incidence of malaria world-wide and are some areas hit harder than others? • How does malaria affect the body? • What treatments are available and how do they work? • What environment al factors contribute to conditions favorable to the spread of malaria? When you know what you want, it is easier to know when you have found it. A list of research questions will help you to know when your research is done. Search Poster http://springfieldlibrary. Poster
  3. 3. • • Find Experts Are there organizations or authors who might be experts on your subject? Learn about recent developments and see whats important to scholars in your area of interest.• • Identify a Variety of Information Sources Use Library databases and the EHS Catalog to find information on your topic. podium/default.aspx? t=131572 Web Searching – Where to Search Books Web Databases Database vs Websites http://libguides.ensworth.c om/content.php? pid=201826&sid=1695416 3. Organizing and Analyzing information You must develop a critical eye when doing Evaluate Information serious research. Question assumptions. Question methods. Question conclusions. Question everything! Remember to ask the following questions: • What are the credentials of the author of the work? Does this make him/her an expert? • What is the purpose of the work and is it biased? Be sure to balance your research among different viewpoints if you are researching something controversial.
  4. 4. Part of making a good argument is knowing your opponent. • Are stated assumptions and conclusions grounded in factual evidence and can you verify those facts? • Are other experts in agreement?Take Efficient Notes Noodletools y9t8 Cite and Document4. Creating a product and communicating findings Now that you have all your information, youWrite Paper/Project should be able to write your paper. Be sure to follow your instructors guidelines for the assignment. Guidelines http://owl.english.purdu /1/ Fill in Guide on Writing a Research Paper 6cPeer Review Have one or two classmates review the first draft of your paper. Here are some guiding questions that will help them provide you with good feedback. 1. List the main ideas of the paper in the order in which they appear. Does the order make sense? 2. Name three weak areas of the paper where a
  5. 5. statement is made that is either not fully explained or supported. 3. Name three jargon words that are not adequately defined. 4. List three questions that you still have on the topic (that might contribute to a more "complete" paper). 5. State the topic as you understand it in three sentences.Research Paper Template http://libguides.csd.k12. pid=84329&sid=893260Sources: Joyce Valenza University and David Runyon esearchtools