Bulgarian Culture according to Hofstede's 5 dimensions

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A short overview of Geert Hofstede's research on Bulgarian culture accordin the 5 main dimensions

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Bulgarian Culture according to Hofstede's 5 dimensions

  1. 1. BULGARIACULTURAL ASPECTSAccording to Geert Hofstede’s 5 Dimensions
  2. 2. High Power DistanceLow PowerDistance
  3. 3. Power Distancethe way that the less powerful membersof organizations within a country expectthat power is distributed unequally
  4. 4. Power Distance Bulgaria80 •people accept a hierarchical order in which everybody has a place60 •centralization is popular •subordinates expect to be told40 what to do20 •the ideal boss is a benevolent autocrat0 Bulgaria USA China
  5. 5. IndividualismCollectivism
  6. 6. Individualismthe degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members
  7. 7. Individualism Bulgaria100 •a collectivistic society 80 •loyalty is paramount •society fosters strong relationships 60 •offence leads to shame and loss of 40 face 20 •hiring and promotion decisions take account of the employee’s in-group 0 Bulgaria USA China
  8. 8. MasculinityFemininity
  9. 9. Masculinity/Femininity what motivates people: wanting to be the best (masculine) or liking what you do (feminine)
  10. 10. Masculinity/Femininity Bulgaria •a relatively feminine society7060 •the focus is on “working in order to live”5040 •managers strive for consensus30 •people value equality, solidarity and20 quality in their working lives10 •conflicts are resolved by 0 compromise and negotiation Bulgaria USA China •focus is on well-being, status is not shown
  11. 11. High UncertaintyLowUncertainty
  12. 12. Uncertainty Avoidance the extent to which people feel threatened by unknown situations and have created beliefs and institutions that try to avoid these
  13. 13. Uncertainty Avoidance Bulgaria • intolerant of unorthodox behavior100 and ideas 80 • there is an emotional need for rules 60 • time is money 40 • people have an inner urge to be busy and work hard 20 • precision and punctuality are the 0 norm Bulgaria USA China • innovation may be resisted • security is an important element in individual motivation

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