The Impacts Of Tourism In Kenya

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  • hi please email me the publication date for ur slideshow, i would like to use it for my ppts. its very nice . i am a Nigerian and wish to know more about tourism in Kenya. thanx. email me on chidinmai@yahoo.com it will be highly appreciated.
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  • Hi, I would be grateful if you could email me this presentation on samir2001@hotmail.com. I am doing a tourism course and need to do a presentation on Kenya Tourism. Thanks in advance. Regards Samir - Mumbai, India
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  • hi please email me the publication date for ur slideshow, i would like to use it for my alevel studies. and its really cool how u put it together considering i am a kenyan. thanx. email me on angelakamau70@yahoo.com it will be highly appreciated if you do.
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  • Hello, could you please email me with you name, and information of the publication date for my A Level Geography assignment for referencing ect! Thanks
    email; acarter-davies06@oakgrove.milton-keynes.sch.uk
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  • could you please send me the publication date and your full name, for my assignment in the tourism of kenya (educational purposes) in order to reference the information. My email is elise_barry7@hotmail,com
    Thank you so much!
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The Impacts Of Tourism In Kenya

  1. 1. Tourism in LEDCs Case Study: Kenya
  2. 2. Why has there been a growth in international tourism? Cheaper long haul flights. People in MEDCs have more money and leisure time. Media coverage on TV, film and magazines. Promotion of tourist sites by LEDC countries. Changing tastes as people look for new and different holidays. Improvements in technology and communication.
  3. 3. Why are so many LEDCs encouraging tourism? <ul><li>Tourism in now the largest employer in the world and is growing by an average of 9% a year. </li></ul><ul><li>It provides an alternative to cash crops (e.g. coffee, cocoa) and other exported primary products that are slowly going down in price. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes positive links with other countries that may lead to trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Most importantly it creates a huge amount of jobs. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Case Study: Tourism in Kenya Kenya is on the east coast of Africa and was one of the first LEDCs to develop mass tourism in the 1970’s. In 1997 over $450 million was earned from tourism. Why do tourists go to Kenya? Natural resources – year round hot climate, sandy beaches, coral reefs and wildlife reserves Man-made resources – well developed infrastructure and interesting diversity of cultures such as Masai Mara Most tourists mix a beach holiday in Mombassa with a short safari or game drive. Nairobi Mombassa Tsavo National Park (game reserve) LEDC
  5. 5. Attractions & Activities For Tourists <ul><li>ATTRACTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife & game reserves – EG; the Maasai Mara – Elephants, Rhinos, Lions </li></ul><ul><li>Coast Eg: Mombassa - White sand beaches and coral reefs </li></ul><ul><li>Stunning scenery – savannahs and plateaus – Eg: The Rift Valley </li></ul><ul><li>Mt Kenya –Africa’s second highest peak </li></ul><ul><li>Agreeable climate with temperatures over 20 degrees all year, lots of sunshine. </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively good roads, good rail links, air transport. </li></ul><ul><li>ACTIVITIES </li></ul><ul><li>Motorised & walking safaris, </li></ul><ul><li>Beach holidays, </li></ul><ul><li>Balloon/air safaris, </li></ul><ul><li>Water sports, </li></ul><ul><li>Walking/climbing, </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural tours of local tribes, </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reasons for Growth in Tourism <ul><li>1. Improved standards of living, more paid holidays, flexible working, earlier retirement </li></ul><ul><li>2. Improved transport - quicker, easier, cheaper </li></ul><ul><li>3. Package holidays - easy, convenient, affordable </li></ul><ul><li>4. Increased awareness - education, TV, newspapers & magazines, fashion. </li></ul><ul><li>5. LEDC’s develop tourism as a way of economic progress - attract foreign investment & currency </li></ul>
  7. 7. Advantages of tourism in Kenya <ul><li>Provides a major source of income into Kenyan economy – 21% of foreign exchange earnings </li></ul><ul><li>Provides jobs - 11 percent of paid employment comes from tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Just under 1 million tourists from Germany, UK, USA provides a market for local goods </li></ul><ul><li>Helps to protect wild animals & scenery and develops facilities e.g. Bamburi Nature Trail near Mombasa. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes understanding of culture </li></ul><ul><li>Money is used to provide local schools and healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism has helped improve other related industries and the infrastructure. </li></ul>LEDC
  8. 8. Disadvantages of tourism in Kenya <ul><li>Poorly paid, unreliable, seasonal employment in menial jobs ( tourist numbers dropped by nearly 2/3rds between 199-1997) </li></ul><ul><li>Money goes to big companies not local people (only 15% reaches Kenya from traditional tourism) </li></ul><ul><li>Environment polluted and natural environments spoiled – boats dropping anchors damages coral, people taking parts of coral reef, wildlife disturbed by trucks, ground damaged & eroded </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts between local tribes e.g. Masai Mara and Kenyan government through exploitation of local culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Local tribal people have been forced to change lifestyle to accommodate tourists, for example Masi people were driven off their land. </li></ul><ul><li>Nomadic tribes forced of their land </li></ul><ul><li>Local people can be exploited </li></ul><ul><li>Overcrowding of game parks & accommodation. 90% tourists visit south & east. </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife disturbed - tourist numbers, mini-buses, balloons. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourists may offend locals e.g. scantily dressed in Muslim areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure on resources like fresh water. </li></ul>LEDC
  9. 9. ECO-TOURISM - sustainable tourism in Kenya <ul><li>1. Other activities developed to take pressure off Safari areas - climbing, white water rafting, more distant safaris, diving off coral coast, hotels built in west, measures to protect coral reef. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Attempts made to preserve Masai way of life - improved settled housing, controlled flow of visitors to traditional Masai village to watch dancing & selling of crafts. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Bamburi Nature Trail near Mombasa - old cement quarry reclaimed. No soil, plants or wildlife - trees planted, insects introduced - transformed into tropical rainforest, wildlife & tourist facilities added. 100,000 visitors/year. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Case Study - Basecamp Masai Mara <ul><li>Set up in 1998 - The main camp has 16 tents (consisting of 32 beds). </li></ul><ul><li>The camp activities include; Day game drives, nature walks, tree-planting </li></ul><ul><li>Use of “Maasai grammar” to explain culture. In guest rooms furniture is made of Maasai designs, to encourage visitors to learn more about the Maasai culture   </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive use of local material, including deadwood, and labour for construction. Buildings can be dismantled and taken away safely – no permanent damage. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of a tree-top wildlife viewing post has reduced the need for game drives </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive use of solar energy and use of energy saving LED bulbs. The solar water heaters and communication systems are powered by solar energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a solar cooker at the kitchen area, as a demonstration to the local community on efficient technologies available </li></ul><ul><li>Garbage is sorted & composted. Has clean and well-fenced garbage disposal and composting areas.  </li></ul><ul><li>Waste (grey) water is collected and re-used to water plants in the compound </li></ul><ul><li>Use of dry toilets uses less water. </li></ul><ul><li>Have planted an estimated 25,000 trees since 2000, as part of restoring vegetation along the river near Basecamp. Done jointly with the local community. </li></ul><ul><li>A percentage of bed night goes to an education fund that mainly supports girl-child education. </li></ul><ul><li>Of the 43 staff, 95% are local, including 10 women – promotes gender equality. </li></ul>

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