Chapter 2 Version 1

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Chapter 2 Version 1

  1. 1. Chapter 2 Ethics in our Law
  2. 2. 2-1: What is Ethics? <ul><li>Ethics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is Right or Wrong </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ethical Decisions follow Three Elements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision about Right or Wrong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision is Reasoned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision is Impartial </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. 2-2: Right and Wrong Reasoning <ul><li>Ethical Reasoning based on Consequences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe Alternative Actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forecast Consequences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate Consequences (“The Good”) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fundamental Ethical Rules (Acts of Right v. Wrong) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decisions Based on Authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decisions Based on Reasoning (Universalizing) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 2-3: Ethics in our Law <ul><li>Majority Rule – Majority of individuals determine Right v. Wrong </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights – Right or Wrong actions of the Government in terms of others (Women, Minorities, Subgroups, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Most laws reflect the ethics of the people </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity: The capacity to do what is right, even when pressured </li></ul>
  5. 5. Expressing Dissatisfaction in the Ethics of the Law <ul><li>Civil Disobedience: Open, peaceful, violation of a law to protest its alleged injustice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See Page 28 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scofflaws: Persons who do not respect law. Openly violate laws </li></ul>

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