Whats it all about


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Workshop presented at the Idaho Library Association meeting, October 2013

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  • In order to know where we’re going, we need to understand where we came from. A quick trip through some 175 years of catalog and cataloging study….I’m leaving a lot out here...Panizzi “Keeper of the Printed Books” at British MuseusHis work is the cornerstone of the modern catalog.He believed that people looking for a specific work should find it in the catalog. Also conveyed the importance of relationships (for example relating works by a different author together)91 rules 1841 – first major modern statement of principles underlying cataloging rulesCutterimportance of collocatingHe added to the function of the catalog. Not only was it to point people to resources but to assemble and organize literary units.Collocation.Rules for a Dictionary Catalogwas published in 1876Enable user to find a book if any of the following is known:Au, Ti, SuShow what lib has: By au, On a su, In a given kind of literature assist in choice of bk, as to its ed., as to its character (literary or topical)In the early 1900s, there was no ONE code. Very elaborate and complicated.1901: LC starts selling its printed cards. This is important because then you need rules that would allow your cards to fit in to the catalogs of other libraries!There were several ALA codes, and LC wrote one...LubetzkyIn 1951 ALA invited him to prepare a critical study of cataloging rules. He said it was all too complicated and arbritrary. 1960 he produced the draft Code of Cataloging Rules; Author and Title Entry , upon which the Paris Principles are based.Famous Lubetsky quote: “the catalog has to tell you more than what you ask for” (@ 1977 conference)Paris Principles 1961Functions of the catalog:1. Catalog should be efficient tool for ascertaining if lib has specific book by: au & ti, ti alone if au not named, substitute for ti2. Which works by an au3. Which editions of wk in libThese were adopted and participants from 53 countries agreed to work for revised rules in agreement with the code. First step towards internationalization....AACR1967 Based on the Paris Principles. version had a British and a North American texts 1978 incorporated the North American and British texts into a single version. You can see that AACR2 has been revised, but still, it was first written in a card environment. And there are underlying problems with its structure. A lot has changed since then….
  • Speaking of users.....another one is on the scene now...Computer as userCreating better data!
  • AACR2 is based on a card environment..3x5 inch boundary
  • 2nd to last bullet:Important distinctionFRBR is a conceptual model.RDA is a content standard (AACR2 was a mix of content and display, since it was based on isbd)ISBD is a display format/standardMARC21 is a communication standard (like ONIX, Dublin Core)
  • RDA is an application of the FRBR, FRAD, and in future FRSAD conceptual models. FRBR was the first report. There followed 2 more, and a Statement of International Cataloguing Principles. All of these became the foundations of RDA.FRBR, FRAD and FRSAD are CONCEPTUAL MODELS. Highly theoretical.Though RDA has links to AACR2, it is quite different because it is based on a theoretical framework, designed for the digital environment, and has a broader scope.ICP: the highest principle directing the construction of cataloging codes is convenience of the user. ICP “replaces and broadens the scope of the Paris Principles”The important thing to know (besides FRBR WEMI) is that RDA is based on a conceptual framework. This is a difference between it and AACR2. RDA is NOT the SAME as FRBR.
  • RDA Objectives (many, this is selection)IncorporatesFRBR and FRAD user tasks. ICP 2.1 Convenience of the user. Decisions taken in the making of descriptions and controlled forms of names for access should be made with the user in mind.
  • My screen shots will be from the electronic RDA[2parts of RDA, but different than AACR2's two parts; RDA's based on goals: identify, relate]Part IAACR2 Part I (Description) broken down by class of materials (books, scores, sound recordings, etc.)Part IIAccess points (AACR2 pt. II)
  • Appendices on capitalization, abbreviations (not as long as AACR2’s), initial articles, presentation of descriptive data, access point control data (ISBD), mapping, relatorsD has ISBD to RDA map, and MARC 21 to RDA (descriptive)E has MARC 21 Auth to RDA (access points) mapF has names, in various languagesI - Relationships Between A Resource And Persons, Families, And Corporate Bodies Associated With The ResourceJ - Relationships Between Works, Expressions, Manifestations, And ItemsK - Relationships Between Persons, Families, And Corporate Bodies Associated With The ResourceL - Relationships Between Concepts, Objects, Events, And Places (L is placeholder, at present)There’s also a glossary, but it’s not labeled as an appendix (unlike that of AACR2)
  • Core elements are listed in 0.6 and also in subsequent “general guidelines” chaptersTitle = CORECopyright date = Core if
  • Can use these documents as a guide for local policy. Also this is a good learning tool. (where is that instruction?)combination of RDA “Core,” RDA “Core if,” “PCC Core,” and “PCC Recommended” URLs will be in Selected Works document.
  • They will try to work with groups/consortiums on pricing. Info is on the toolkit pricing page.
  • $150In future, they are planning a print release of:RDA: Element Set “collects relevant information based on cataloging workflow in one place, for ease of use, and offers the full text of selected RDA instructions and examples organized by FRBR and FRAD entity and then alphabetically by RDA element, including sub-elements, element definitions, and related RDA-defined vocabularies. RDA elements are the data elements described by RDA instructions and encoded in formats such as MARC, Dublin Core, and others. Online, the RDA Element Set also offers links to current and evolving encoding standards documentation (currently MARC 21, with others planned over time) and to applicable national library policy statements (currently LC-PCC PS, with others planned over time).RDA: Element Set is available online on the Tools tab in the RDA Toolkit, and there are plans to release RDA: Element Set in print, organized in two parts (sold as a single package). Part 1, Attributes, would describe the characteristics of the FRBR and FRAD entities, such as ISBN, ISSN, publisher, date of publication, scale, or type of score. Part 2, Relationships, would include data elements that describe the relationships among the FR entities, such as created by, composed by, or subject of, and the index to the entire Element Set.The print RDA: Element Set would serve an offline access point for the single and partial cataloger institutions to evaluate RDA, as well as support training and classroom use in any size institution. The RDA Toolkit includes printable PDFs, but the snapshot-in-time print version would be a convenient, time-saving option.”
  • After this slide take a tour of the toolkit
  • At this point, have participants look at the 2 side by side records. elicit differences. Stress that it it still a marc record, still isbd, etc.Note isbd punctuation.
  • 344: technical specifications relating to the encoding of sound in a resource.Here you would record if: analog, digitalAnd playing speed, etc.345: technical specifications relating to the projection of a moving image resourceHere you would record: IMAX, projection speed346: Technical specifications relating to the encoding of analog video images in a resource. Example: Beta, VHS347: Technical specification relating to the digital encoding of text, image, audio, video, and other types of data in a resource. This information could also be recorded in field 300 (Physical Description) $b (Other physical details). Example: Text—PDVVideo file—Blu-rayAlso, file size 182 KBAnd other things.
  • 046 $k: PCC Core for moving imageswhen the date of production isdifferent from the date of publication. Found this in BSR document. RDA 2.20.6So perhaps not necessary here…..
  • Check out fields 344-347….
  • This one is one of the JSC examples you can find at RDA Toolkit.
  • Check out fields 344-347….
  • What’s with this record?It’s not RDA, but it has 3xx fields.....300 field is spelled out....???This is a hybrid. and it’s perfectly acceptable
  • wrapupprize for whoever identifies the little theme running through....
  • Whats it all about

    1. 1. RDA. What’s it all about? Pre-Conference for Idaho Library Association October 2, 2013 Beth Thornton Head, Serials Cataloging, University of Georgia bethj@uga.edu LYRASIS © 2013
    2. 2. • • • • • Slide content credits Christee Pascale (NC State) Shana McDonald (Georgetown) Melissa Powell Laura Kane McElfresh Library of Congress • Barbara Tillett, Judy Kuhagen, and the staff of Acquisitions Cooperative and Instructional Programs Division • Joint Steering Committee for the Development of RDA • and many others, I’m sure.
    3. 3. You may ask yourself, “how did I get here?” • • • • • • • • Early rules Paris Principles (1961) ISBDs (1969) –consolidated in 2007 Anglo American Cataloging Rules (1967) – British and American versions AACR2 (1978) AACR2r (1988) AACR2r98 (1998) AACR2r 2002
    4. 4. The changed environment • Automation and new technologies • Bibliographic utilities – Large scale bibliographic databases • Cooperative cataloging • Administrative desire to decrease costs – Economic pressure • Greater variety of media in library collections – Electronic publishing • User expectations and needs
    5. 5. You may ask yourself, “Where does that highway go to” “Library data has been designed to be read by librarians and interpreted by librarians and users...Now there’s yet another potential user of library data, and that user is the Web and services function on the Web.” Karen Coyle RDA Vocabularies for a Twenty-First Century Data Environment (2010)
    6. 6. What is RDA? Resource Description and Access is RDA 0.0 • “a set of guidelines and instructions on formulating data to support resource discovery.” • “a comprehensive set of guidelines and instructions covering all types of content and media.”
    7. 7. RDA: Specific goals • • • • • • Easy to use and interpret Applicable to an online, networked environment Provide effective bibliographic control for all media Encourage use beyond the library community Compatible with other standards Logical structure based on internationally agreed-upon principles • Separate content and carrier data, and separate content from display • Numerous and appropriate examples
    8. 8. Foundations of RDA • Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) 1998 • Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD) 2009 • Statement of International Cataloguing Principles (ICP) 2009 • In the future: Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Data (FRSAD) 2010
    9. 9. Foundations: FRBR How do catalog users • Find • Identify • Select • Obtain … the resources they want?
    10. 10. Foundations: FRBR Entities Group 1 – products of intellectual or artistic endeavor Group 2 – responsible for the content, production or custodianship of Group 1 entities Group 3 – subjects of Group 1 entities • Group 1 and group 2 entities too!
    11. 11. Group 1 Entities Work A distinct intellectual or artistic creation Expression Intellectual or artistic realization of a work Manifestation Physical embodiment of an expression of a work Item Single exemplar of a manifestation
    12. 12. Group 1 Entities WORK The Novel Critical Edition Original Text Translation PDF HTML Paper Copy 1 EXPRESSION MANIFESTATION ITEM
    13. 13. Group 1 Entities: Attributes Work A distinct intellectual or artistic creation Expression Intellectual or artistic realization of a work Manifestation Physical embodiment of an expression of a work Item Single exemplar of a manifestation
    14. 14. Group 1 Entities: Attributes Work A distinct intellectual or artistic creation Choderos Laclos’ Les Liaisons dangereuses 1794 series
    15. 15. Group 1 Entities: Attributes Work A distinct intellectual or artistic creation Expression Intellectual or artistic realization of a work Manifestation Physical embodiment of an expression of a work Item Single exemplar of a manifestation
    16. 16. Group 1 Entities: Attributes Expression Intellectual or artistic realization of a work Liaisons dangereuses. $l English Other distinguishing characteristics: Illustrated “Director’s cut” Content type: text, spoken word, still image
    17. 17. Group 1 Entities: Attributes Work A distinct intellectual or artistic creation Expression Intellectual or artistic realization of a work Manifestation Physical embodiment of an expression of a work Item Single exemplar of a manifestation
    18. 18. Group 1 Entities: Attributes Manifestation Physical embodiment of an expression of a work
    19. 19. Group 1 Entities: Attributes Work A distinct intellectual or artistic creation Expression Intellectual or artistic realization of a work Manifestation Physical embodiment of an expression of a work Item Single exemplar of a manifestation
    20. 20. Group 1 Entities: Attributes Item Single exemplar of a manifestation The copy of Dangerous Liaisons, published by Penguin, in your library’s collection. The barcode is an attribute of that item.
    21. 21. Quick check! Margaret Mitchell’s Gone With the Wind. The autographed copy of Gone With the Wind in your library’s special collections A French translation of Gone With the Wind. The paperback Gone With the Wind published in New York by MacMillian in 1961.
    22. 22. Relationships
    23. 23. Family of works In: Relationships in the Organization of Knowledge. From Barbara Tillett’s presentation “FRBR Model”, Feb. 2, 2004 Carol Bean and Rebecca Green, eds., Kluwer, 2001 (ISBN: 07923-68134)
    24. 24. FRBR Group 1 Relationships: Bibliographic / Content • Work to Work – successor, supplement, complement, summarization, adaptation, transformation, imitation • Expression to Expression – abridgement, revision, translation, arrangement • Manifestation to Manifestation – reproduction (reproduction, reprint, facsimile, etc.) – alternate (format, simultaneously released ed.) • Whole / Part Relationships – volume of a multivolume manifestation; aggregate/component • Part / Part Relationships – sequential, accompanying, companion
    25. 25. RDA Objectives “The data should enable a user to: RDA find resources that correspond to the user’s stated search criteria… identity the resource described (i.e., confirm that the resource described corresponds to the resource sought… select a resource appropriate to the user's requirements with respect to form, intended audience, language, etc. … obtain a resource (i.e., acquire a resource through purchase, loan, etc., or access a resource electronically … understand why a particular name or title has been chosen as the preferred name or title for the entity... etc.
    26. 26. RDA Entities • Group 1- Products of intellectual or artistic endeavor: Work, expression, manifestation, item • Group 2- Responsible for the content, production or custodianship of Group 1 entities: Person, corporate body, family (FRAD) • Group 3-Serve as subjects of Group 1 entities: Concept, object, event, place (FRSAR) Relationships between & among these.
    27. 27. RDA’s Structure • General introduction • Entities and their Attributes: Chapters 1-16 – Based on FRBR and FRAD • Recording Relationships: Chapters 17-37 • Appendices • Glossary • Index
    28. 28. Recording Attributes 1. Chapter 1-4: Manifestation and Item title, edition statement, date, identifier, etc. 2. Chapter 5-7: Work and Expression preferred title, content type, date, form, etc. 3. Chapter 8-11: Person, Family, or Corporate Body name, identifier, dates, etc. 4. Chapter 12-16: Concept, Object, Event & Place chapters 12-15 are not yet written
    29. 29. Recording Relationships 5. Chapter 17: Recording primary relationships between work, expression, manifestation and item 6. Chapter 18-22: To persons, families, and corporate bodies associated with resource 7. Chapter 23: To concepts, objects, events and places associated with a work (not yet written) 8. Chapter 24-28: Between works, expressions, manifestations and items 9. Chapter 29-32: Between persons, families, and corporate bodies 10. Chapter 33-37: Between concepts, objects, events and places (not yet written)
    30. 30. Appendices A Capitalization B Abbreviations C Initial Articles D Record Syntaxes for Descriptive Data E Record Syntaxes for Access Point Control F Additional Instructions on Names of Persons G Titles of Nobility, Terms of Rank, etc. H Dates in the Christian Calendar I, J, K and L Relationship Designators
    31. 31. Core elements • Selected to support user tasks RDA 0.6 – Core elements: recorded if applicable and available – Core If elements: recorded only in certain situations • Other elements open to judgment and local policy
    32. 32. PCC RDA BIBCO Standard Record Metadata Application Profile
    33. 33. How do I work this? (this is not my large automobile)
    34. 34. Access to RDA http://www.rdatoolkit.org/
    35. 35. Access to RDA Print RDA is available through ALA Editions
    36. 36. Access to RDA LC PCC Policy statements http://www.loc.gov/aba/rda/lcps_access.html
    37. 37. Interlude….quick MARC review MAchine Readable Cataloging 245 1 0 $a How music works / $c David Byrne.
    38. 38. New MARC fields •264 Production, Publication, Distribution, Manufacture, and Copyright Notice •336 Content type •337 Media type •338 Carrier type •344 Sound characteristics •345 Projection characteristics of a moving image •346 Video characteristics •347 Digital file characteristics
    39. 39. New field: 264 Production, Publication, Distribution, Manufacture Statements and Copyright Notice Date (R) First indicator: Sequence of statements: # = Not applicable / no information provided/ earliest 2 = Intervening 3 = Current/latest Second indicator: Function of entity 0 = Production 1 = Publication RDA 2.8-2.11 2 = Distribution 3 = Manufacture 4 = Copyright
    40. 40. 264 examples 264 #1 $a [Beltsville, Md.] : $b U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library, $c 2012. 264 #1 $a Manchester, England : $b Industrial Systems Research, $c [2011] 264 #4 $c ©2011 264 #1 $3 <1976->: $a New York, NY : $b Alan R. Liss, Inc. 264 31 $3 <2005->: $a Hoboken, N.J. : $b Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    41. 41. What’s a nice date like you doing in a place like this? 264 #1 $a Oxford : $b Archaeopress, $c 2012.
    42. 42. What’s a nice date like you doing in a place like this? Title page TP Verso
    43. 43. What’s a nice date like you doing in a place like this? RDA 264 #1 $a 260 ## $a Stanford, Calif. Stanford, California : : $b Stanford University $b Stanford Business Press, $c c2013. Books, an imprint of Stanford University Press, $c [2013] AACR2 264 #4 $c ©2013
    44. 44. What’s a nice date like you doing in a place like this? What do I do if there is no publication date, and the copyright date is for next year? LC PCC PS for If the copyright date is for the year following the year in which the publication is received, supply a date of publication that corresponds to the copyright date. 264 #1 ....... $c [2014?] 264 #4 $c ©2014 500 $a Resource available in 2013.
    45. 45. 264 quick quiz 264 #__ $a New York : $b St. Martins Press, $c [2012] 264 #__ $c ©2012
    46. 46. 264 quick quiz 264 #__ $a Manchester ; $a New York : $b Manchester University Press, $c [2012] 264#__ $a New York, NY, USA : $b Distributed in the United States exclusively by Palgrave, MacMillan, $c [2012] 264 #_ $c ©2012
    47. 47. New field: 336 Content type •Closed list •Terms in RDA RDA 6.9 –Examples: text, cartographic image, computer dataset, notated music, three-dimensional moving image –Other, unspecified 336 ## $a text $b txt $2 rdacontent 336 ## $a text $b txt $2 rdacontent $3 liner notes
    48. 48. New field: 337 Media type •Closed list •Terms in RDA RDA 3.2 –Examples: unmediated, computer, microform, video –Other, unspecified 337 ## $a unmediated $b n $2 rdamedia
    49. 49. New field: 338 Carrier type •Closed list •Terms in RDA RDA 3.3 –Examples on next slide –Other, unspecified 338 ## $a volume $b nc $2 rdacarrier
    50. 50. 338 carrier type examples
    51. 51. 336-338 macro in OCLC connexion ToolsMacrosManage
    52. 52. 336-338 macro in OCLC connexion
    53. 53. 245 $h 336, 337, 338 replace the 245 $h.... 245 10 $a Stop making sense $h [sound recording] / $c Talking Heads. 336 ## $a performed music $b prm $2 rdacontent 337 ## $a audio $b s $2 rdamedia 338 ## $a audio disc $b sd $2 rdacarrier
    54. 54. Example: print 300 ## $a 417 pages ; $c 24 cm 336 ## $a text $b txt $2 rdacontent 337 ## $a unmediated $b n $2 rdamedia 338 ## $a volume $b nc $2 rdacarrier
    55. 55. Example: DVD movie 300 ## $a 4 videodiscs (NTSC, 692 min.) : $b DVD video, sound, color ; $c 12 cm 336 ## $a two-dimensional moving image $b tdi $2 rdacontent 337 ## $a video $b v $2 rdamedia 338 ## $a videodisc $b vd $2 rdacarrier
    56. 56. Example: audio CD 300 ## $a 2 audio discs : $b digital, CD audio ; $c 4 3/4 in. 336 ## $a performed music $b prm $2 rdacontent 337 ## $a audio $b s $2 rdamedia 338 ## $a audio disc $b sd $2 rdacarrier
    57. 57. Example: e-book 300 ## $a 1 online resource (57, 41 pages) : $b text file, PDF, color illustrations 336 ## $a text $b txt $2 rdacontent 337 ## $a computer $b c $2 rdamedia 338 ## $a online resource $b cr $2 rdacarrier
    58. 58. am I right? am I wrong…… Book 245 10 $a Breakfast at the red bruck house. 246 1# $a Breakfast at the red brick house BUT (serial or integrating) 245 00 $a Directory of world environmental organizations. 246 1 # $i Issue for 1999 has title: $a Directory of wolrd environmental organizations And also for serials: 245 00 $a … newsletter. Title appears as 1999 Newsletter.
    59. 59. Differences: Parallel titles • Parallel titles don’t need to be on the title page to be transcribed. • Catalogers may encounter a parallel title that’s not on the title page That’s OK. Verify that it’s on the piece somewhere • Transcribe any titles in languages not on the title page if they appear elsewhere on the piece 245 00 $a Modern problems of pharmacopsychiatry = $b mes actuels de pharmacopsychiatrie. 246 31 $a Moderne Probleme der Pharmakopsychiatrie 246 31 $a mes actuels de pharmacopsychiatrie
    60. 60. differences Fuller transcription of names Titles of honor, profession, rank, etc. transcribed Example 245 10 $a My Beeland ancestors and related Drafts and Hendrix families / $c by John Guy Jackson, Jr., PhD, PE 245 10 $a Gold fever : $b a narrative of the great Klondike gold rush / $c by the Reverend R.M. Dickey; edited by Art Petersen. 245 00 $a Lasers in medicine / $c edited by Ronald W. Waynant ; forward by the late Dr. Leon Goldman.
    61. 61. differences No more rule of 3 (and no more et al.) AACR2 245 00 $a Naked came the manatee : $b a novel / $c by Carl Hiaasen [et al.]. RDA RDA 100 1# $a Hiaasen, Carl. 245 10 $a Naked came the manatee / $c a novel by Carl Hiaasen, Dave Barry, Elmore Leonard, Edna Buchanan, James W. Hall, Les Standiford, Paul Levine, Brian Antoni, Tananarive Due, John Dufresne, Vicki Hendricks, Carolina Hospital, Evelyn Mayerson. or 245 … $c a novel by Carl Hiaasen [and twelve others].
    62. 62. No more abbreviations • “Key it as you see it” for transcribed areas – title, edition statement, publisher, etc. • In other areas – – – – – – pages volumes illustrations color hardback paperback
    63. 63. Well, no more abbreviations except... • • • • • • Abbreviations on the piece hr. min. sec. in. cm (without a period at the end!) RDA appendix B Examples: 250 ## $a Third edition. 300 ## $a 544 pages : $b illustrations ; $c 24 cm
    64. 64. No more Latin abbreviations! (No more Latin at all) S.l. “no location”  place of publication not identified s.n. “no name”  publisher not identified Example 264 #1 $a [place of publication not identified] : $b [publisher not identified], $c 2005.
    65. 65. Capitalization • May be AACR2 • Like a sentence: capitalize first word and proper nouns • May be as found on piece • May be normalized to title case
    66. 66. Capitalization Can be: The accordion in the Americas : klezmer, polka, tango, zydeco, a nd more! or The Accordion in the Americas : Klezmer, Polka, Tango, Zydeco, a nd More! or THE ACCORDION IN THE AMERICAS : KLEZMER, POLKA, TANGO, ZYDE CO, AND MORE!
    67. 67. Quick quiz 245 14 $a The Idea of Nature in Disney Amination : $b From Snow White to WALL-E.
    68. 68. Quick quiz 250 ## $a 2nd ed. or 250 ## $a Second Edition.
    69. 69. Relationships • RDA appendices provide terms to be used to describe them. • Between name and resource: Appendix I • Resource to resource: Appendix J • Between persons, families, and corporate bodies: Appendix K • Between concepts, objects, events, and places: Appendix L (not yet written)
    70. 70. Relationships Name and resource—Appendix I 700 1# $a Guaraldi, Vince, $e composer. 700 1# $a Blanc, Mel, $e performer. 710 2# $a Warner Home Video (Firm), $e film distributor. Resource to resource—Appendix J 700 1# $i Adaptation of (work) $a Shakespeare, William, $d 1564-1616. $t Henry V.
    71. 71. Authorized access points • Dates, etc. 100 1# $a Born, R., $d active 1857-1861 100 1# $a Biggs, E. S. $q (Edward Smith), $d -approximately 1820 • Families 100 3# $a Borgia (Family : $d active 14th-18th centuries) • Fictitious persons 100 0# $a Miss Piggy
    72. 72. Authorized access points • Pseudonyms 100 1# $a Dodgson, Charles Lutwidge, $d 18321898 (real names used on works on math and logic) 100 1# $a Carroll, Lewis, $d 1832-1898 (pseudonym for literary works)
    73. 73. Authorized access points • More examples 110 2# $a American Anthropological Association. $b Annual Meeting 100 1# $a Balzac de, $d 1799-1850. $t Works. $k Selections. $l English. $f 1890 100 1# $a Balzac de, $d 1799-1850. $t Short stories. $k Selections. $l German 130 #0 $a Bible. $p Ruth 130 #0 $a Qurʼan
    74. 74. Let’s look at some records
    75. 75. Let’s look at some records But first, please note that examples are: • Illustrative, not prescriptive • They will often represent a particular agency’s guidelines and will always represent a particular cataloger’s interpretation and judgement.
    76. 76. Book 100 1# $a Kontis, Alethea, $e author. 245 10 $a Alpha oops! : $b the day Z went first / $c Alethea Kontis ; illustrated by Bob Kolar. 250 ## $a First edition. 264 #1 $a Cambridge, Massachusetts : $b Candlewick Press, $c [2006] 264 #4 ©2006 300 ## $a 37 unnumbered pages : $b color illustrations ; $c 28 cm 336 ## $a text $b txt $2 rdacontent 336 ## $a still image $b sti $2 rdacontent 337 ## $a unmediated $b n $2 rdamedia 338 ## $a volume $b nc $2 rdacarrier 520 ## $a Chaos ensues when Z thinks that it's time for him to go first in the alphabet for a change. 700 10 $a Kolar, Bob, $e illustrator.
    77. 77. Serial (1) 130 0# $a Online searcher (Medford, N.J.) 245 00 $a Online searcher. 264 #1 $a Medford, NJ : $b Information Today, Inc., $c [2013]310 ## $a Six issues per year 336 ## $a text $b txt $2rdacontent 337 ## $a unmediated $b n $2 rdamedia 338 ## $a volume $b nc $2 rdacarrier
    78. 78. Serial (2) 362 1# $a Began with Volume 37, number 1 (January/February 2013). 580 ## $a Formed by the union of: Online; and: Searcher (Medford, N.J.). 588 ## $a Description based on: Volume 37, number 1 (January/February 2013); title from cover. 588 ## $a Latest issue consulted: Volume 37, number 1 (January/February 2013). 780 14 $t Online $x 0146-5422 $w (DLC) 78640551 $w (OCoLC)2860390 780 14 $t Searcher (Medford, N.J.) $x 1070-4795 $w (DLC) 93640849 $w (OCoLC)28109010
    79. 79. Video recording 046 ## $k 2010 245 00 $a Spartacus, blood, and sand. $n The complete first season / $c Starz Originals. 246 3# $a Spartacus. $n The complete first season 264 #1 $a [place of publication not identified] : $b [publisher not identified], $c [2010] 264 #2 $a Beverly Hills, CA : $b Distributed by Anchor Bay Entertainment, $c [2010] 264 #4 $c ©2010 300 ## $a 4 videodiscs (NTSC, 692 min.) : $b DVD video, sound, color ; $c 12 cm 336 ## $a two-dimensional moving image $b tdi $2 rdacontent 337 ## $a video $b v $2 rdamedia 338 ## $a videodisc $b vd $2 rdacarrier 380 ## $a Television program. 80
    80. 80. Video recording (2) 344 ## $a digital $b optical $g stereo 346 ## $a laser optical $b NTSC 347 ## $a video file $b DVD video $e region 1 500 1# $a Title from container. 546 ## $a In English or Spanish with optional English and Spanish subtitles; English subtitled for the deaf and hard-ofhearing. 500 ## $a Special features on disc 4: Audio commentary, behind the scenes featurette ….. 508 ## $a Creator, Steven DeKnight; producer, Chloe Smith; director of photography, Aaron Morton; music, Joseph Loduca. 511 1# $a Andy Whitfield, John Hannah, Peter Mensah, Lucy Lawless, Manu Bennett, Nick E. Tarabay. 520 ## $a Torn from his homeland and the woman he loves, Spartacus is condemned to the brutal world of the arena, where blood and death are primetime entertainment … 81
    81. 81. Video recording (3) 505 0# $a disc 1. The red serpent, Sacramentum gladiatorum. Legends. The thing in the pit – disc 2. Shadow games. Delicate things. Great and unfortunate things. Mark of the brotherhoods – disc 3. … 700 1# $a Whitfield, Andy, $d 1972-2011 $e actor. 700 1# $a Hannah, John, $d 1962- $e actor. 700 1# $a Mensah, Peter, $e actor. 700 1# $a Lawless, Lucy, $d 1968- $e actor. 700 1# $a Bennett, Manu, $d 1969 $e actor. 710 2# $a Starz Originals (Firm) $e production company. 730 02 $i Contains (expression): $a Sparticus, blood and sand (Television program). Season 1. $l English. 730 02 $i Contains (expression): $a Sparticus, blood and sand (Television program). Season 1. $l Spanish. 82
    82. 82. Audio Book 100 1# $a Munro, Alice, $d 1931- $e author 245 10 $a $a Lives of girls and women / $c Alice Munro. 250 ## $a Abridged / $b by Ruth Fraser. 264 #1 $a Fredericton, NB, Canada : $b BTC Audiobooks, an imprint of Goose Lane Editions, $c [date of publication not identified]. 264 #4 $c ©2005 300 ## $a $a 3 audio discs (approximately 3 hr.) ; $c 12 cm 336 ## $a spoken word $b spw $2 rdacontent 337 ## $a audio $b s $2 rdamedia 337 ## $a computer $b c $2 rdamedia 338 ## $a audio disc $b sd $2 rdacarrier 338 ## $a computer disc $b cd $2 rdacarrier 344 ## $a digital $b optical 347 ## $a audio file $b CD audio 83
    83. 83. Audio book (2) 500 ## $a Abridgement of the first print edition published by McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1971. 500 ## $a Originally broadcast on CBC Radio 1981. 508 ## $a Credits: producer, Lawrie Seligman; recording engineer: Eric Wagers. 511 ## $a Narrated by Judy Mahbey. 520 ## $a $a Born on the backward “Flats Road,” Del Jordan is a “nice girl” with big dreams in a small town that expects little from women beyond marriage and babies. In linked short stories, Del suffers embarrassment at the hands of her encyclopedia-selling mother, endures her body’s insistent desires, and falls passionately in love with a young lumberyard worker, only to lose her chance for a university scholarship. 84
    84. 84. Audio book (3) 700 1# $a $a Fraser, Ruth, $e abridger. 700 1# $a $a Mahbey, Judy, $e narrator. 700 1# $a $a Seligman, Lawrie, $e producer. 700 1# $a Wagers, Eric, $e recording engineer. 85
    85. 85. ???
    86. 86. Working with copy: choices! • May edit AACR2 copy using RDA conventions – • Spelling out non-transcribed abbreviations, adding complete statements of responsibility instead of [et al.], etc. May add certain RDA elements to AACR2 records without converting to RDA – Relator terms to access points, 336-338 fields, etc. • May convert an AACR2 record to RDA • Never convert an RDA record to AACR2!
    87. 87. Working with copy: Institutional policy • RDA specifies mandatory "core elements“ – "Core" elements: recorded if applicable and available – "Core if" elements: recorded only in certain situations • Other elements open to judgment and local policy – – – Elements outside of “core” and “core if” are optional If needed to help users fulfill user tasks If access points, consider impact on authority work
    88. 88. Working with copy: will you…..? • Convert AACR2 records to RDA? • Add RDA elements to AACR2 records? • Add the 245 $h back in? • Accept capitalization as it is on the record? • Expand statements of responsibility to include all names?
    89. 89. Same as it ever was... Questions? Image: www.virtual-circuit.org