Ch 12.1

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Ch 12.1

  1. 1. CHAPTER 12 The French Revolution and Napoléon Section 1: The Roots of Revolution Section 2: The French Revolution Section 3: The French Republic Section 4: The Napoléonic Era Section 5: A Return to Peace
  2. 2. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution 12.1 Bell Ringer: What factors caused each estate to feel discontented? First Estate Second Estate Bourgeoisie Third Estate (except bourgeoisie)
  3. 3. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution
  4. 4. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution
  5. 5. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution Old Regime term used to describe the society of France before 1789 Society was divided into three estates (classes)
  6. 6. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution
  7. 7. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution The First Estate
  8. 8. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution The Second Estate
  9. 9. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution The Third Estate Everyone Else!
  10. 10. Visual Source The Roots of Revolution What are each of the figures carrying?
  11. 11. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution
  12. 12. Political Cartoon The Roots of Revolution
  13. 13. Political Cartoon The Roots of Revolution
  14. 14. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution
  15. 15. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution Factors of Discontent • Population explosion – more people need more food • Food scarcity – several years of poor harvest • Higher rents • Inflation • Class resentment • No political power • Inequality
  16. 16. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution Louis XV Louis XVI
  17. 17. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution Marie Antoinette daughter of the Austrian Empress Maria Theresa
  18. 18. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution Louis tries to tax the first two estates . . . How do you think that worked out?!? Banks refused to give him credit . . . He calls a meeting of the Estates General . . .
  19. 19. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution Each estate had ONE vote – So who do YOU think always voted together? The Third Estate wanted the representatives to vote as individuals. Who would have the most votes?
  20. 20. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution Louis instructed them to vote as one body … and locked the Third Estate out when they refused. The Tennis Court Oath
  21. 21. Political Cartoon The Roots of Revolution The Third Estate declares Itself to be the National Assembly and invites the First and Second Estates to join them.
  22. 22. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution This marked the true beginning of the French Revolution. They would write a constitution for France. Louis had no choice but to accept. But he didn’t like it.
  23. 23. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution As the National Assembly met, Louis began to move troops into Paris and Versailles. Not a smart move …
  24. 24. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution Most power Least Power Draw this graph and use it to show whom the three estates represented and how power was distributed.
  25. 25. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution First Estate changing economic conditions, political power in hands of kings Second Estate changing economic conditions, desire to protect their privileges Bourgeoisie taxes, lack of political power Third Estate high prices, taxes (except bourgeoisie)
  26. 26. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution Close your book! Quiz Time!
  27. 27. SECTION 1 The Roots of Revolution

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