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Consuming The Rural Landscape


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A quick revision presentation for Edexcell A2 Geography, Unit 4 - Option 6: Consuming the Rural Landscape

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Consuming The Rural Landscape

  1. 1. Unit 4 - Option 6: Consuming the Rural Landscape - Edexcell A2 Level<br />Joshua Whale<br />Geography Revision<br />
  2. 2. Economic Influences<br />Positive Impacts/Opportunities<br />Income Generator<br />Employment<br />Multiplier Effect<br />Diversifies Economy<br />Opportunity for Investment/Innovation<br />Supports existing businesses<br />Develops local crafts/trades<br />Negative Impacts/Threats<br />Development and Marketing Costs<br />Demands on Local Public Services, E.g. Water & Waste<br />Seasonal & Part time employment<br />Low wages<br />Leakages of Profit<br />External changes, on visitor numbers, E.g. Foot and Mouth<br />Increase Cost of Living<br />Land use conflict, damage costs<br />
  3. 3. Social Influences<br />Positive Impacts/Opportunities<br />Fosters pride of place<br />Community infrastructure<br />Cultural Exchange<br />Community Spirit<br />Safeguards customs<br />Negative Impacts/Threats<br />New cultures/ideas, conflicting<br />Crime<br />Overcrowding of roads, services, congestion<br />Infringement of Privacy<br />Unequalled share in benefits<br />
  4. 4. Environment Influences<br />Positive Impacts/Opportunities<br />Key factor, Revitalising Natural, Cultural, Historic Resources<br />Village Renewal & Cleaner Countryside<br />Fosters Conservation/Preservation Techniques<br />Visitors may act as “Ambassadors” about the value of a place<br />Negative Impacts/Threats<br />Increased visitor numbers, may degrade Environment<br />Trampling erosion of footpaths, Habitat loss<br />Increased pollution<br />Air<br />Noise<br />Litter<br />Instructive Developments, loss of green land<br />Wildlife & Domestic Stock Disturbed<br />
  5. 5. Butler’s Life Cycle Model<br />Exploration<br />Small/Limited number of tourists<br />Involvement<br />Locals provide limited services, “Tourist Market”<br />Development<br />Large number of Tourists<br />TNC’s get control from locals<br />Increased tension between locals and tourists<br />
  6. 6. Butler’s Life Cycle Model<br />Consolidation<br />Tourism becomes major in local economy<br />Visitor numbers level off<br />Old facilities become 2nd rate<br />Stagnation<br />Carrying capacity<br />Peak number of tourists<br />No longer fashionable<br />
  7. 7. Butler’s Life Cycle Model<br />Rejuvenation/Decline<br />Attractiveness declines<br />Visitors go to other resorts<br />Become dependent on tourists<br />Long term decline unless rejuvenation<br />
  8. 8. Case Study 1 – AMAZON, PERU“Peru Government”“Local Indigenous Community”<br />1998 POSADA AMAZONAS ECO-LODGE<br />Owned by Locals, Managed by Expeditions and Local Peru Company<br />30 Rooms<br />Tourists – Boosts Economy about Rainforest Ecosystem<br />“ECOTOURISM”<br /><br />
  9. 9. Case Study 1 - AMAZON, PERU“Peru Government”“Local Indigenous Community”<br />1990 BAHUAJA SONENE NATIONAL PARK<br />No Development<br />TAMBOPATA NATURE RESERVE<br />Small Scale Sustainable Development<br />High income for locals<br />Care for Environment<br />Less Deforestation, More adventure and Education<br /><br />
  10. 10. Case Study 2 - UK, NEW FOREST NP“International Importance for Nature”“New Forest District Council”<br />Most popular National Park in UK<br />13.5 Million tourists a year<br />Promotes opportunities for public to understand and enjoy the park<br />Gentle Walks<br />Relaxing<br />Sight Seeing<br />Active Holiday<br />“Lymington Yachting Centre”<br />“Winchester & Portsmouth Daytrips”<br /><br /><br />
  11. 11. Case Study 3 - ECUADOR, THE QUICHUARINCANCIE<br />20 Ecotourism Projects<br />1990’s Boost in Local Incomes from Tourism<br />Western Influences<br />Drugs<br />Alcohol<br />Earnings<br />Female Tourists were having late night rendezvous with “Quichua Men”<br /><br /><br />
  12. 12. Case Study 4 - HAWAII, KAUAI<br />1960, National Geographic Article, showing a picture of the “Wailua Falls”<br />Hosted Movies<br />Jurassic Park<br />King Kong<br />500,000 tourists per year<br />2010, Estimate 12 million tourists<br />Preserve or Destroy - Jonathon Croall<br />
  13. 13. Cultural Issues<br />Racism<br />Sexism<br />Stereotypes<br />Litter, Discarded Tents<br />College Kids, Music<br />Long Term Tree Campers<br />Woman shaving legs in “Wailua Falls”<br />Case Study 4 - HAWAII, KAUAI<br />Preserve or Destroy - Jonathon Croall<br />
  14. 14. Research References<br />An Interegated Approach - David Waugh<br />Guardian<br /><br /><br />